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..39

States.......

Astronomical.

PAGE.

PAGE. Franking Privilege .24 Foreign Ministers of the Freedmen's Hospitals,.....27

United States..

.43 Eclipses in 1870..

1

Habeas Corpus Extended...23 Governments, Area, Popn-
Jewish Calendar for 1870...
Mohammedan Calendar for

Harper's Ferry to be Soid..23 lation, and Rulers of the
Heintzelman, Gen.-Rank World.

.41 1870.

.28 House of Representatives, Tide Table for 110 Places...

Indians and Quakers.

Politically classified. Seasong – Beginning and

.45 Judge Advocates.. .28 Metrical and American Ending of-Time-How to

Judicial System.

.28 Weights and Measures.. .40 get Correct..

Kansas-Settlers in. .28 Receipts and Expenses of Stars-Morning and Even

Light-Houses.

.28

the Government.. ing for the Year 2

. 42 Liquor and Tobacco.

Senate of the United States, Bright Stars-Table of Six

Liquor and Tobacco Tax...28 Politically Classified. ty-one of them..

3

Loaning Money on United States of the Union-Area, Surveying--Directions to Civil Engineers..

States Notes,

.23 Population, Electors,Cap. 3 Machinery-Duties on.. .23 itals, Governors, Meeting Church Days and Cycles of

Married Women Time....

-Prop of Legislature, and day 3 erty of....

.28 of State Election Planetary Conjunctions and

Mexican Claims..

.27 United States Government Interesting phases,

Montana Election. Planets - When and How

President, Cabinet, and Monuments to Generals.. 26 far Visible...

Supreme Court.

.43 4 Ohio-Bridge over the......27 Day and Night-Length of.... 4 CALENDARS--Changes of the

Oregon-Railroad in..
Moon, Rising and Setting
Oregon - Right of Way

National Finances.

for Railroad in... of Planets, Sun at Noon

Pacific Railroads.

Public Debt, Dec. 1, 1869......38

.29 Mark, Days of Month and

Pacific Railway.

Debt bearing Coin Interest...38 Week, Sidereal Noon,

Poor-Relief of

Debt bearing no Interest... 38 Moon South, Rising, and

Prize Money

Debt on which Interest has Setting of Sun and Moon,

.25 Provisional Governments..26

Ceased since Maturity.. ..38 and High Water for all the

liebel States - Indict

Debt bearing Interest in States... .........5-16 ments in..

.26
wawful Money

.39 San Diego a Port of Entry..29 Bonds issueu to Pacific RailRecapitulation..

.39 Laws, Proclamations, Settlers on Indian Lands... 29 etc. Ship Canal --Lake Superior.29 Public Debt of the United

roads. LAWS OF CONGRESS:

Southern States' Constitu

tions... Constitution of the United

38

,27 States, from the Original

Spanish Vessels-Duties-on, 24 Copy, with all the Amend.

Staff-Chief of..

.27 Election Returns for ments.

...17-22
Substitutes Refunding

1869. Fifteenth Amendment-Ace

Money Paid for,..

.24 tion of the various State Territorial Elections. .26 Alabama

59 Legislatures thereon........22 The White House..... ,28 California.

.65 LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES

PROCLAMATIONS.
Connecticut.

50 Alabama-Grants in.....

by Towns. Alaska-Fur Trade in........27 Eight-Hour Law on Pub lowa...

62 Army-Pay to the.... .28

lic Work....
.30 Kentucky

60 Assay Offlce in Idaho.......23 Southern Constitutions

Maine Banks - Reports to be Submission of....

.29 Maryland.

66 Made from, .24

Massachusetts.

.49 Bounties--About Paying...28 APPROPRIATIONS, Minnesota..

.62 Bounties--Act in Relation Fortieth Congress Third Mississippi.

65 to... 25 Session...

.30
New Hampshiro.

49 Brevet Commissions.. ..24 Forty-first Congress-First

New Jersey.

59 Brooklyn Bridge The Session......

30 New Mexico.

65 Law Authorizing... .25

New York-by Counties.. .51 Capital Cases Judg NATIONAL INDEBTEDNESS.

for Senators.....52 ments in...

26
Debts of the Leading Na-

by Towns. 53 Checks-About Certifying..25

Suf. for Negroes.53 Civil Offices-Removals

tions as Compared with
that of the United States...30

Sup. C't Jd gs. 57 from.... .27

C'y Charter Elec.57 Collection Districts. .23 CONSTITUTIONS OF NEW YORK.

Legislature 52 Consular Papers :23 Amendments, and Votes Ohio..

.60 Contested Elections .23 thereon..

.31-32
Pennsylvania.

57 Coolie Trade .23 Voters and those who vote Rhode Island.

50 Copper and Copper Ores in New York......

Tennessee.
Duties on...
. 23

Texas.
Credit-To Strengthen the
HOMESTEAD LAW. Vermont.

49 Public.... ...27 Mode of Settling, Pre-emp

Virginia. Currency-Frauds upon... 27 tions, Prices, &c...

Washington Territory 66 Debates-Publishing of..... 26

-35-37 West Virginia..

59 Deputy Collectors-Pay of.24

General Statistics,
Wisconsin.

.61 Equal Rights in District of

Wyoming,

.63 Columbia... ...27 Committees in Senate and

Woman Suffrage in.53 Extradition of Criminals...25 House.

..47 POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESI. Fifteenth Amendment as Electoral Votes from 1852 to DENT in 1850, 1864, and Proposed... .26 1868.

1868

.66

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.42

Astronomical Department, Computed and arranged expressly for this Work, by SAMUEL H. WRIGHT, A. M., M. D.,

Penn Yan, Yates County, N. Y.

endis.

Eclipses for the Year 1870. There will be six Eclipses this year, as follows:

I. Total Eclipse of the Nioon, January 17, in the morning; visible in Asia, Europe, and the western part of North America. In the United States, cast of the Mississippi River, it is not generally visible; but west of that it is wholly or partially visible. In California and the inte

vior of Oregon, etc., the Moon will set to.

tally cclipscd in the morning of the 17th, at ECLIPSE OF JAN- Eclipse Eclipse Tot:

about sunrise ; and near the coast in NorthCARY 17. begi s. total.

Fclipse ends.

ern California, Oregon, and Washington Morn. Morn. Morn.

Territory the iotal phare pastes off just be

fore the Moon scts; and in Missouri, lowa, H. M. II. M. I. M. H. M. Minnesota, Kansas, and Nebraska, the Moon Chicago, Ill. 7 6

scts partially cclipsed. Fond du Lac, Wis.

7 2 Davenport, lowa.

II. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, January 6 53 St. Paul, Min. 644

31; not visible in the United States, but in Mexico. Mex.. 6 20

the Antarctic regions. St. Louis, Mo. Yankton...

III. An Eclipse of the Sun, June 28; not Sioux City.

visible in America, but in the Southern Pa31

cific Ocean east of Australia. Kansas City

6 28 Omaha.. 6 32

IV. A Total Eclipse of the Moon, July 12; Virginia City.

inyisible in the United States. Along the 5 22 Napa City.

eastern extremity of South America and of 4 47 Salt Lako (ity.

North America, at Nova Scotia, New Bruns. 5 28 Denver City 5 56

wick, and Newfoundland, in the Atlantic Carson City

Ocean, in Europe and Asia, the cclipse will + 57 5 57 Crescent City

be visible; but only partially so in the Brit+40 540 Benicia 4 18

ish Provinces on the northeast coast at the

5 48 Sacramento

time of the Moon's risiug. 4 51 5 51 San Francisco. +47 5 47

V. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, July 28, in Salem, Or..

the Arctic regions. 4.44 541

7 24 Portland, Or 4 17 5 47 7 26

VI. A Total Eclipse of the Sun, December Astoria, Or 441 541 720

28; invisible in the United States. The line Victoria 4 42 542 7 21

of total obscuration runs through southern Sitka, Alaska. 3 55 4 55 6 34

7 33

Spain Algiers, Sicily, Greece, Turkey, and into Russia.

The Moon sets = to **664 partially eclips'd

The Moon setg en per totally cclipsed

Moon

Jewish Calendar for 1870. The Jewish ycar 5630 is the 6th of the 297th Cycle, and is embolismic, and began September 6. 1869, and ends September 25, 1870. It contains 13 months, or 385 days, and 55 Sabbaths. The year 5631, of 355 days, and 50 Jewish Sabbaths, begins September 26, 1870, and ends September 15, 1871.

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Mohammedan Calendar for 1870. The Mohammedan year 1286, of 355 days, þegins April 13, 1869, and ends April 2, 1870. The year 1287, of 354 days, begins April 3, 1870, and ends March 22, 1871. MONTU. BEGINS. LENGTH.

MONTU.

BEGINS. LENGTH 10 Schewall

January 4

29
4 Rabia II

July 1.

29 11 Ds'l-Kadal

February 2.

30
Jomadhi I

July 30.. 12 De'l-Rejjah

6 Jomadhi II.

August 29..... 29 i Muharrem. April 3

7 Rejeb.

Septeinber 27. 2 Saphar. May 3

:

October 27.... 3 Rabia I June 1

o Ramadan

November 25.

30 10 Schewall..

December 25.. 29

March 4.

DAYS.

DAYS.

New and Valuable Tide Table for 110 Places. To find the time of high-water at any of the places named in the following table, add time indicated in the first column of figures to the time of “Moon South,” or “Moon on Meridian,” found in the calendar pages. If the result is more than 12 hours from noon, the time will be ihe next day in the morning; and if more than 12 hours from midnight, the time will be in the afternoon of the same day. The tide thus found is the first after the Moon's culmination. The second tide occurs 12 hours and 26 minutes later than the first.

PLACES.

Establishm
of Port.

Hight of
Spring Tide.
| Ntap Tide.

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3.12.2

7 43 8.2 5.4 7 53 6.7 5.3

11 43

9 4 7.0 5.1 St. Marks

9 39 4.7 2.2 9 23 5.1 2.8

29 5.6 4.0 Washington

NORTH E. COAST. H.M.FT. FT

H.M.FT. FT

H.M.FT. FT Hanniwell's Point II 15. 9.3 7.0 Castleton

4 29 3.0 2.3 Wilmington...

9 Portland.. 11 25 9.9 7.6 Greenbush.

522 2.5 1.9 Georgetown Ent. 1 56 4.7 2.7 Portsmouth II 23 9.9 7.2 L.ISLAND SOUND.

Bull's Island Bay 1 16 5.7 3.7 Newburyport.. II 22 9.1 6.6 Watch Hill

Charleston....... Rockport...

9 0 3.1 2.4 St. Helena Sound

7 26 6.0 4.1 10 57 10.2 7. Stonington

7 8 7.414.4 Salem

9 7 3.2 2.2 Ft. Pulaski.. 11 13 10.6 7.6 Little Gull Island.

7 20 8.0 5.9

9 38 Bostol Light. II 12 10.9 8.1 |New London

2.3 Savannah 9 28 2.1

8 13 7.6 5.5 Boston. 11 27 11.3 8.5 New Haven...

Doboy Light
II 16 5.2

7 33 7.85.4 Plymouth. II 1911.49.0 Bridgeport

St. Simon's.

11 11 8.04.7 Ft, Clinch.. Wellfeet

11 513.2 9.2 Oyster Bay Provincetown.. 11 22 10.87.7 Sand's Point.

11 7 9:25.4 St. John's River. 1 28 5.5 3.7

11 13 8.9 6.4 St. Augustine.. Monomoy II 58 5.3 2.6 New Rochelle. 11 22 8.6 6.6

8 21 4.9 3.6 Nantucket. 12 24 3.62.6 Throgg's Neck 11 20 9.2.6.1 Indian Key.

Cape Florida..

8 31 1.8 1.2 Hyannis 12 22 3.9 1.8

8 23 2.21.3 Edgartown 12 16 2.5 1.6 JERSEY COAST.

Sand Key...

8 40 2.0 0.6 Holmes' Hole.

1.81
1.3
Cold Spring Inlet. 32 5.4 3.6 Key West

9 30 1.5 0. Tarpanlin Cove.. 8 2.8 1:8 CapeMay Landing 19 6.0 4.3 Tortugas.

56 1.510,6 Wood's Hole (N.) 7.59 4.7 3.1 DELA'REBAY, &c.

Charlotte Harb'r 139 1.3 0.8 Wood's Hole (s: 8 34 2:0 1:2 Delaw'e Breakw'r | 8 o 4.5 3.0 Tampa Bay...

II 21 1.8 1.0 Menemsha Light. 7 45 3.9 1.8 Higbee'sCape May 8 33 6.2 3.9 Cedar Keys.

13 15) 3.2 1.6 Quick's Hole (N.) 7 31 4.3 2.9 Egg Island Light.

13 38 2.9 1.4 Quick's Hole (s.) 7 36 3.8 2.3 Mahon's River....

9 52, 6.9 5.0 WESTERN COAST. Cuttyhunk... 7.40 4.2 2.91 Newcastle Kettle Cove.

9 38 5.0 2.3 ií 53 6.9 6.6 San Diego 7 48 5.0 3.7|Philadelphia... Bird Island Light 7 59 5.3 3.5 CHESAPEAKE, &c.

i 18, 6.8 5.1 San Pedro.

Cuyler's Harbor.
New Bedford... 7 57 4.6 2.8
Old PointComfort 8 17' 3.0 2.0 Monterey ..:

San Luis Obispo. 16 8 4.8 2.4 Newport... 745 4.6 3.1 Point Lookout

IO 22 4.32.5 Point Judith 7 321 3.7 2.6

0 32 1.9 0.7 South Farrallone 10 37 4.1 2.8 Block Island...

Annapolis

4 38 1.0 0.8 San Francisco... 12 6 4.3 2.8 Montauk Point...

3 36 3.5 2.0

Bodkin Light. 8 20 2.4 1.8

542 1.30.8 Mare Island. Baltimore

13 401 5.2 4.1 Sandy Hook..

6 33 1.5 0.9 Benicia

14 10 5.1 3.7 New York..

3 1
13 5.4 3.4 City Point.

74.4 3.4 2.0 Ravenswood.... 12 361 7.3 4.9 HUDSON RIVER.

2 II 3.0 2.5 Bodega.

II 17 4.7 2.7 Dobb's Ferry....

Richmond
9 19 4.4 2.7 Tappahannock

4 32 3.42.3 Huinboldt Bay. 12 2 5.5 3.5

0 42 1.91.3 Port Orford. 11 26 6.8 3.7 Verplanck's Point 1: 53 3:8 2:3 SOUTHERN COAST.

Astoria.

12 42 7.4 4.6 West Point 11 2 3.2 2.0 Hatteras Inlet...74 2.2 1.8 Nee-ah Harbor. 12 33 7.1 4.8 Poughkeepsie.... 12 34 3.92.4 Beaufort (N. C.).!! 26 3.3 2.2 Port Townshend. 3 49 5.5 4.0 Tivoli. I 24 4.6 3.2 Bald Head.. 7 26 5.0 3.4 Stellacoom

4 46 1.17.2 Stuyvesant 3 23' 4.43.ol Smithville

7 19 5.5 3.8 Semi-ah-moo Bay) 4 501 6.6 4.8 The Four Seasons. D. H. M.

D. H. N. Winter begins December, 1869.

1 8 ev., and lasts..

89 I 16 Spring begins March, 1870.

24 ev., and lasts.

92

24 Summer begins June, 1870 21 10 48 m., and lasts..

93 14 13 Autumn begins September, 1870..

23
I m., and lasts..

18 Winter begins December, 1870 .. 21 7 5 ev. Trop. year.

5 57 To Get Correct Time. When the shadow cast by the $un reaches the noon-mark, set the clock at the time given in calendar pages of this

Almanac, in the column of " Sun at Noon-mark," and it will be exactly right. If a meridian line is used instead of a noon-mark, the passing the lines by the Sun's center is the moment for setting the clock. Any skillful surveyor can make a noon-mark or meridian lines of small brass or copper wires. In doing so, he must allow for the variation of the magnetic needle from a true or astronomical north

and south line.
Morning Stars.

Evening Stars,
Venus ( 2 ) from February 23 to December 8. Venus until February 23,
Mars ( 3 ) from March 12 to December 16.

Mars until March 12, and all of 1871.
Jupiter ( 2 ) from May 24 to September 18. Jupiter until May 24, and

after September 18. Saturn (3) until March 18, and from December Saturn from March 18 to December 22,

22 to March 30, 1871,

21 20

2

20

I

A Table of Sixty-one Bright Stars. To ascertain when any Star found in the following Table will be on the upper meridian, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of “ Sidereal Noon" found in the calendar pages. For the RISING of a star, subtract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage. For the setting of a star, add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (....) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition, and do not rise nor set north of the latitude of New York (40° 42' 40''), for which latitude the semi-diurnal arcs are calculated. The civil day begins at midnight, and consequently 24 hours after mid. night, or 12 hours from noon, is morning f the succeeding day; and more then 24 hou's from noon, is evening of the next day. From 12h. to 24h, from midnight, or from Oh. to 12h. from noon,

will be in the afternoon of the same day. This table is arranged in the order of culmination,

Surveyors and Civil Engineers may obtain the declination of the magnetic needle by observations on the Pole Star when upon the meridian, or when at the greatest elongation east or west. POLARIS and other stars pass the lower meridian 11h. 58m. after iheir upper transit. To the time of upper transit of Polaris, add 5h. 54m. and it gives the time of greatest western elongation. If the 5h. 54m. be subtracted from the time of upper transit, it will give the time of greatest eastern elongation. Observations made at the time of greatest elongation are less liable to error than those made at the time of transit. The mean distance of Polaris from the pole this year is 1° 23' 1 54. To find its azimuth for any latitude, take from 18.3828965 the logarithmic cosine of the latitude, and the remainder is the logarithmic sine of the azimuth,

NAME OF STAR,

On

Rises
Meridian and Sets

NAME OF STAA.

On Rises Meridian and Sets

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a Ursa Majoris {Pointers....

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a Andromeda (Alpheratz).. y Pegasi (Algenib). a Cassiopeæ (Schedir) B Ceti. B Andromedæ (Merach). a Ursæ Minoris (POLARIS). B Arietis.. y Andromedæ (Almaach).. a Piscium.. a Arietis. a Ceti (Menkar). a Persei (Algenib).. n Tauri (seven stars). å Tauri (Aldebaran) a Aurigæ (Capella). B Orionis (Rigel)... B Tauri (el Nath)

Orionis (Bellatrix)..

Orionis (Min taka), e Orionis (Anilam). Ś Orionis (Alnitak) à Columbæ (Phaet). a Orionis (Betelguese).. a Canis Majoris (Sirius). e Canis Majoris (Adhara) a Geminor (Castor). a Canis Minoris (Procyon).. B Geminor (Pollux) Ś Argus (Naos). a Hydræ (Alphard). a Leonis (Regulus).

H. M.
0 1
06
0 33
0 87
1 2
1 11
1 47
1 55
1 55
1 59
2 55
3 14
3 39
4 28
5 6
5 7
6 17
5 17
5 24
5 29
5 33
5 34
5 47
6 38
6 52

B Leonis (Denebola)..

Ursæ Majoris (Phad).
B Corvi
e Ursæ Majoris (Alioth).
a Virginis (Spica)..
n Ursæ Majoris.
à Bootis (Arcturus).
B Ursa Minoris..
B Libræ....
a Coronæ Borealis.
a Serpentis
B Scorpii
a Scorpii (Antares)..
a Herculis
a Ophiuchi..
B Draconis.
Y

Draconis.
a Lyræ (Vega).
B Lyra
a Aquilæ (Altair)..
a Cygni (Deneb).
a Cephei
B Aquarii.
a Aquarii..
a Pis. Aus. (Fomalhaut)..
B Pegasi (Scheat).
a Pegasi (Markab)..
Vernal Equinox....

7 23 6 57 10 11 5 30 7 50 6 20 5 58 5 55 5 52 3 37 6 25 50 4 7 8 10 6 18 7 50 2 58 5 31 6 43

H. M. 10 11 10 51 10 54 11 40 11 45 12 25 12 46 13 16 13 40 14 7 14 49 15 7 15 27 15 85 15 55 16 19 17 6 17 26 17 25 17 51 18 29 18 42 19 41 20 34 21 12 21 21 21 55 22 47 22 54 22 54 23 56

5 27 7 43 6 23 4 49 4 49 6 50 5 15

8 54 8 16 6 29 9 84

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Cycles of Time and Church Days. Dominical Letter...... B Septuagesima Sunday.Feb. 13 | Easter Sunday......... . April 17 Epact 28 Sexagesima

Low Sunday.

24 Solar Cycle. 3 Quinquagesima"

27 Rogation Sunday .May 22 Golden Number

9 Ash Wednesday.

.Mar. 2
Ascension Day.

26 Roman Indiction.. Quadragesima Sunday." 6 Pentecost Day.

June 5 Jewish Lanar Cycle....

Mid-Lent Sunday.

27 Trinity Sundav. Dionysian Period

199 Palm Sunday ..April 10 Middle of the Year.....July 2 Julian Period. .6583 Good Friday

15 ) Advent Sunday....

Nov. 27

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27 6 W

2 51 N. 4 13 N

D.M.M.
Jan....'o near : 3 I 11 m. 8

12 stationary. 5116 m.
O near

5 II 29 m.
88 Sun.

19 2 21 m.
O near 21 11 8 31 m 21
8 gr. elon.

18 8 5
near 3 27 853 ev. 5

2 stationary.31 6 52 m. Feb....'24 o Sun. I O 25 m 27

near o I 3 37 m. 8
near

2 2 48 ev.
near 21 7 8 35 ey. 21
near

18 4 om. inf. ó Sun. 23 10 17 m.

near 3 24 6 28 m. 2 $ gr. elon. 28 2 36 еу.

near 7 28 II 37 ev.lt Mar...o near

2 5 53 m. 8
near 21 7 0 7 ev. 26
o Sun.

12 I 4ev.
stationary. 14 2 23 ev.
3 o San. 18 7 50 ev. 3
O near 3 23 2 36 ev. 3

o near 28 4 52 m. April : o near 2 4 5 40 m.26

3 stationary. 7 4 24 m.
8 sup. 6 Sun. 13 10 4 m.

near 3 19 10 33 ev. 3

neart 26 4 46 m. May... o near 24 2 0 23 m.26 9 gr. elon.

4 I 10 ev 8 gr. elon.

II 4 22 m. near 3 17 6 33 m. 3 24 Sun.

24 9 17 ev. o near Venus 26 0 24 m. Onear 28 I 41 ev.

near 21 29 7 54 ev.26 June.. o near 3 13 I 51 ev. 3

3
8 Sun.

16 II 20 m. 3
near 25 4 27 m.
o near & 26 3 13 ev. 8
o near 21 26 3 55 ev. 2
21

27 7 59 m. s
% gr. elon.

28 6 54 ev. 8

D. H. M.

0° I 8 S. July... Sun apogee

I 8 4ev.

near 3 10 7 46 ev. 3 2 52 N.

I near 21 13 2 17 ev.

1 near 21 21 II 44 m. 24 2 15 4 21 N

O near

25 10 31 m. 18 41 E

near ] 25 2 39 ev. 8 2 I 43 S.

8 neart 29 10 40 m. Aug... o near 3 7 0 32 m. 5 I 13 S. 90 oE.

near 21 21

6 4 m. 24

I 46 58 N

near ] 23 II 26 m. 041 N 9 28 N

near 2

24 22ev. 1 98. 4 27

3 stationary. 26 3 30 ev. 10 IN

Uranus. 31 II 6 m. 8 0 24 N. Sept... o near 5

5 35 m. 3 I II S. I 26 S. 8 gr. elon.

8 4 m. 8 26 55 E.

5 0 Sun, 15 2 22 m. 3 90 E. II 59 N.

a near 21
4 Sun.

113 8 19 m: 2
near

21 5 27 m. 8 near Venus 23 2 5ev.

near 5 30 I 4ev. 3
90 00 WCct.... 7 & 8 II 5 51 ev. 8 I II S.
I 6 S.

4 stationary. 14 7 32 ev.
near 21 15 6 37 m. 21

N 8 gr, elon.

19 1 34 ev. 18
near
19 8 30 ev. $

1
8 Sun.

19 9 30 ev. near

23 0 52 ev. 354 S. o near 3 28

o 23 m. 3

O 36 S. Nov.... I stationary. I 9 36 ev.

O near 21 11 10 13 m. 21 o

o near Mars. 17. 7 58 m. :
044 S.
near ! 22 O 35 ev.

3
o near 3 24 3 17 ev. 3

017 3 19 N

Dec.... sup. & Sun. 8 2. 9 m. 4 27 N.

Dear 21 8 949 m. 26 I 7N 3 8 Sur.

13 2 in. 2 180 OE. O 51 S.

Dear 3 15 2 32 ev. 1800

O Sun.

16 6 58 m. 8 2 II

82

19 3 2 CV. 3

near 5 22 7 47 m. 3 o o near

22 I 16 ev.lt I 6 o

¿ Sun. 22 5 3 ev. 21 53 W

Neptune stat 30 9 36 ev.

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NOTE.-In the table above it is to be understood that the word " near" and the character & (conjunction) are synonymous, and mean that the two bodies are nearest each other at the time expressed, and that they are then on a line running from the North Pole through both bodics, and have the same right ascension. GR. ELON, means greatest elongation or greatest apparent angular distance from the Sun. STATIONARY means that the planet is then without apparent motion east or west with respect to the Stars, and is about to move in a direction con. trary to that it last had. The character 8 indicates that the planet is opposite the Sun, or 180 deg., or a half circle east of it, and rises when the Sun sets, and sets when he rises. When a planet is a quarter of a circle or go deg. from the Sun, east or west, it is known by [].

PLANETARY CHARACTERS.- ¢ Mercury, ! Venus, & Mars, 24 Jupiter, 3 Saturn, Hi Uranus,
Neptune, o Moon.
The above table enables us to find the planets throughout the year.

Planetary Notes. MERCURY will be at stations favorable for being visible March 3, July 1, October 22, being then in the east just before sunrise ; also January 15, May 8, September 4, and December 29, being then low in the west soon after sunset. The planet is brightest at these times. VENUS will be brightest January 17 and March 30. Mars not coming to the opposition this year, will not be brightest. JUPITER brightest December 13, rising at sunset. SATURN brightest June 16, rising at sunset.

To Ascertain the Length of the Day and Night, at any time of the year, add 12 hours to the time of the Sun's setting, and from the sum subtract the time of rising, for the length of the day. Subtract

the time of setting from 12 hours, and to the remainder add the time of rising next morning, for the length of the night. These rules are equally true for apparent time.

Leap-Year-Every year the number of which is divisible by 4 without a remainder, is a leap-year, except the last year of the century, which is a leap-year only when divisible by 400 without a remainder. Thus the year 1900 will not be a leap-year.

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