« AnteriorContinuar »
they cannot read, it teaches them condition of the poor of Spitalto be sober and frugal. . fields ?-I have from the year
In the year 1801-2, you were 1800; I have ever since that time overseer of Spitalfields parish - taken a part in parish concerns; I was; and that was a time of I am treasurer of the parish, and very great distress.
that leads me to attend the parish You have for many years had meetings, and to be acquainted an opportunity of observing the with the concerns of the parish.
STATE PAPERS OMITTED.
ment of the world, to invade
France, and twice their armies Delivered in by Viscount Castlereagh have possessed themselves of the
to the Allied Ministers, and placed capital of the state, in which these, upon their protocol.-Paris, Sep- the spoil of the greater part of tember 11, 1815.
Europe, are accumulated.
The legitimate Sovereign of
being laid before the Mini- protection of those armięs, been sters of the Allied Powers from enabled to resume his throne, and the Pope, the Grand Duke of Tus- to mediate for his people a peace cany, the King of the Nether- with the Allies, to the marked lands, and other Sovereigns, claim- indulgencies of which neither their ing, through the intervention of conduct to their own monarch, the high Allied Powers, the res- nor towards other states, had toration of the statues, pictures, given them just pretensions to and other works of art, of which aspire. their respective states have been That the purest sentiments of successively and systematically regard for Louis XVIII. deference stripped by the late revolutionary for his ancient and illustrious government of France, contrary to House, and respect for his misevery principle of justice, and to fortunes, have guided invariably the usages of modern warfare, and the Allied Councils, has been the same having been referred for proved beyond a question, by their the consideration of his court, the having, last year, framed the undersigned has received the com- Treaty of Paris expressly on the mands of the Prince Regent to basis of preserving to France its submit, for the consideration of complete integrity, and still more, his Allies, the following remarks after their late disappointment, upon this interesting subject : by the endeavours they are again
It is now the second time that making, ultimately to combine the powers of Europe have been the substantial integrity of France, compelled, in vindication of their with such an adequate system of own liberties, and for the settle. temporary precaution as they may
satisfy what they owe to the se- as to sanction it by any stipulacurity of their own subjects. tion in their Treaties; such a re
But it would be the height of cognition has been on their part weakness, as well as of injustice, uniformly refused; but they cerand in its effects much more tainly did use their influence to likely to mislead than to bring repress at that moment, any agiback the people of France to tation of their claims, in the hope moral and peaceful habits, if the that France, not less subdued by Allied Sovereigns, to whom the their generosity than by their world is anxiously looking up for arms, might be disposed to preprotection and repose, were to serve inviolate a peace which had deny that principle of integrity been studiously framed to serve in its just and liberal application as a bond of reconciliation, beto other nations, their Allies (more tween the nation and the King. especially to the feeble and to the They had also reason to expect, helpless), which they are about, that his Majesty would be advised for the second time, to concede voluntarily to restore a consi. to a nation against whom theyderable proportion at least of have had occasion so long to these spoils, to their lawful contend in war.
owners. Upon what principle can France, But the question is a very difat the close of such a war, expect ferent one now, and to pursue to sit down with the same extent the same course under circumof possessions which she held stances so essentially altered, before the Revolution, and desire, would be, in the judgment of the at the same time, to retain the or- Prince Regent, equally unwise namented spoils of all other coun- towards France, and unjust totries? Is it, that there can exist wards our Allies, who have a a doubt of the issue of the con- direct interest in this question. test or of the power of the Allies, His Royal Highness, in stating to effectuate what justice and this opinion, feels it necessary to policy require ? If not, upon guard against the possibility of what principle deprive France of misrepresentation. her late territorial acquisitions, Whilst he deems it to be the and preserve to her the spoliations duty of the Allied Sovereigns, appertaining to those territories, not only not to obstruct, but to which all modern conquerors facilitate, upon the present occahave invariably respected, as in- sion, the return of these objects separable from the country to to the places from whence they which they belonged ?
were torn, it seems not less conThe Allied Sovereigns have per- sistent with their delicacy, not to haps something to atone for to suffer the position of their armies Europe, in consequence of the in France, or the removal of these course pursued by them, when at works from the Louvre, to be. Paris, during the last year. It is come the means, either directly true, they never did so far make or indirectly, of bringing within themselves parties in the crimi- their own dominions a single arnality of this mass of plunder, ticle which did not of right, at
the period of their conquest, not necessary to record the exbelong either to their respective ploits of her armies, which, notfamily collections, or to the coun- withstanding the cause in which tries over which they now actu- they were achieved, must ever ally reign.
make the arms of the nation reWhatever value the Prince spected abroad. But whilst these. Regent might attach to such ex- objects remain at Paris, constiquisite specimens of the fine arts, tuting, as it were, the title deeds if otherwise acquired, he has no of the countries which have been wish to become possessed of them given up, the sentiments of reat the expense of France, or ra- uniting these countries again to ther of the countries to which France, will never be altogether they of right belong, more espe- extinct: nor will the genius of cially by following up a principle the French people ever completely ia war which he considers as a associate itself with the more lireproach to the nation by which mited existence assigned to the it has been adopted; and so far nation under the Bourbons. from wishing to take advantage Neither is this opinion given of the occasion to purchase from with any disposition on the part the rightful owners any articles of the Prince Regent to humiliate they might, from pecuniary con- the French nation.
His Royal siderations, be disposed to part Highness's general policy, the dewith, his Royal Highness would meanour of his troops in France, on the contrary be disposed rather his having seized the first moment to afford the means of replacing of Buonaparte's surrender to rethem in those very temples and store to France the freedom of galleries, of which they were so her commerce, and, above all, the long the ornaments.
desire he has recently evinced to Were it possible that his Royal preserve ultimately to France her Highness's sentiments towards territorial integrity, with certain the person and cause of Louis modifications essential to the seXVIII. could be brought into curity of neighbouring States, doubt, or that the position of his are the best proofs that, consiMost Christian Majesty would be deration of justice to others, a injured in the eyes of his own desire to heal the wounds inflicted people, the Prince Regent would by the revolution, and not any illinot come to this conclusion with- beral sentiment towards France, out the most painful reluctance; have alone dictated this decision. but, on the contrary, his Royal The whole question resolves Highness really believes that his itself into this:-Are the Powers Majesty will rise in the love and of Europe now forming in sincerespect of his own subjects, in rity a permanent settlement with proportion as he separates him- the King? And if so, upon what self from these remembrances of principles shall it be concluded ? revolutionary warfare. These Shall it be upon the conservation spoils, which impede a moral re- or the abandonment of revolu. conciliation between France and tionary spoliations? the countries she has invaded, are Can the King feel his own dig
nity exalted, or his title improved, pire; and his Majesty may divest ' in being surrounded by nionu- himself of this tainted source of
ments of art, which record not distinction, without prejudice to less the sufferings of his own ll- the due cultivation of the arts in lustrious House, than of the other France. nations of Europe? If the French In applying a remedy to this people be desirous of treading offensive evil, it does not appear back their steps, can they ration- that any middle line can be ally desire to preserve this source adopted, which does not go to reof animosity between them and cognise a variety of spoliations, all other nations; and, if they under the cover of treaties, if are not, is it politic to flatter possible more flagrant in the their vanity, and to keep alive the character than the acts of undishopes which the contemplation of guised rapine, by which these te these trophies are calculated to mains were in general brought excite? Can even the army rea- together. sonably desire it? The recollec- The principle of property retion of their campaigns can never gulated by the claims of the terperish. They are recorded in the ritories from whence these works military annals of Europe. They were taken, is the surest and are emblazoned on the public mo- only guide to justice ; and pernuments of their own country; haps there is nothing which would why is it necessary to associate niore tend to settle the public their glory in the field with a mind of Europe at this day, than system of plunder, by the adop- such an homage, on the part of tion of which, in contravention the King of France, to a prinof the laws of modern war, the ciple of virtue, conciliation, and Chief that led them to battle, in peace. fact, tarnished the lustre of their (Signed) CASTLENEAGR. arms?
If we are really to return to peace and to ancient maxims, it Answer of the Plenipotentiaries of cannot be wise to preserve just France, to the Propositions of so much of the causes of the past; the 20th September. nor can the King desire, out of the wrecks of the revolution, of The undersigned Plenipotenwhich his family has been one of tiaries of his Most Christian Mathe chief victims, to perpetuntę jesty forthwith laid before him in his house this odious monopoly the communications which were of the arts. The splendid collec- made to them in the conference țion which France possessed pre- of yesterday, by their Excellesvious to the revolution, aug- cies the Ministers Plenipotentiary mented by the Borghese collection, of the four united Courts, rewhich has since been purchased specting the definitive arrange(one of the finest in the world), ment, as bases of which their will afford to the King ample Excellencies have proposed : means of ornamenting, in its fair 1. The cession by his Most proportion, the capital of his em- Christian Majesty of a territary