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MISCELLANIES.

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ACCOUNT OF A DREADFUL ACCI- The mine was very much sub

DENT AT HEATON MAIN COL- ject to what the colliers call the LIERY NEAR NEWCASTLE.

creep, which is a gradual filling up

of the horizontal passages. It had (From Thomson's Annals of been customary for some time Philosophy.)

past to bore in various directions

upon the lines the men were work. THIS Colliery is situated in ing, in order to ascertain whether

the bed of coal called the any body of water lay concealed high main. It is a considerable in the adjacent cavities. This predepth, about 110 fathoms, and the caution was about to be put in shaft is situated at the lower ex- practice at nine o'clock on Wedtremity of the mine. The shaft nesday the 3d of May; but before is divided by boarding all the way that time had arrived, (between down, so that the same opening three and four o'clock in the morn. served for the up and down casting,) a dreadful rush of water shaft. The seam towards the came through the roof in the rise had been formerly worked as north-west part of the colliery, a colliery, under the name of Hea- and continued to flow with such ton Banks, by shafts distinct from rapidity, that only 20 men and the present working, which shafts, boys were enabled to make their when the colliery was given up, escape. In a very short time, the were covered over with boards water closed up the lower mouth and earth. In the course of time of the shaft; and that night it these old workings had become rose to the height of 24 fathoms. filled with water; and the manag. Some faint hopes being entertainers of the present colliery being ed that the men below would rewell aware of the danger attend- tire to the higher parts of the ing so large an accumulation of workings, which were said to be water, the workings were pro- above the level of the water in the ceeded in with the utmost cau- shaft, every exertion was used to tion.

open a communication with them

by

by the old workings. Consider- ANOTHER ACCIDENT AT THE SUCable difficulties, however, pre- CESS COAL-PIT, &c. sented themselves. The rubbish

(From the Same.) which covered and choaked up the mouths of two old shafts, when Another dreadful and destrucdeprived of the support of the tive explosion of carburetted by water, fell in, dragging along drogen gas took place in the Sucwith it some trees which had been cess coal-pit, near Newbottle, in planted round the spot. An old the County of Durham, the proshaft, in front of Heaton Hall, perty of Messrs. Nesham and Co. has not, however, presented a like on Friday, June 2, at half-past impediment, and consequently four o'clock, p. m. by which 57 every exertion is using to open a persons were killed upon the spot, communication by that way.

besides several wounded. They had uncovered the pit, and The immediate cause of this reached the scaffolding on Satur- shocking catastrophe is not clearly day the 6th, which was five fa- ascertained; though it is generally thoms from the surface; and we believed that the pitmen had inunderstand their efforts are likely advertently worked into the old to be successful, if not prevented workings, or some place where by an accumulation of inflamma- there had been a large collection ble air, with which the old work of inflammable air. ings appear to be filled. Ever As all the unfortunate laboursince the accident, three large en- ers were instantly killed, and the gines (one of 130 horse power) explosion and consequent very rahave been constantly employed in pid return of the atmospheric air drawing the water from the pit, after the explosion destroyed the at the rate of about 1200 gallons headings and air courses, the whole per minute, yet on Friday morn- of the colliery became so complete ing it was found to have attained ly altered, that no correct idea the height of 31 fathoms up the of the cause from appearances shaft. In the evening, however, could be formed. It is also the the water had decreased about opinion of well-informed persons, three feet, and we understand has who were present at the time of continued to decrease since that the accident, that from some untime ; so that no doubt is now accountable circumstance the atentertained of the colliery being mospheric air could not be sent at some future period again set to down in sufficient quantity, and work. We now come to state the in a proper direction, after the exextent of the calamity. Mr. Mil. plosion, to those persons who ler (the underviewer, who has might have escaped the destructive left a wife and eight children,) power of the explosion, who 32 workmen, 42 boys, and 37 might live till their scanty supply horses, have perished; and 25 wi- of atmospheric air became e dows, with about 80 children, are hausted. eft to bemoan the sudden death When the explosion took place, of their husbands and fathers. 72 men and boys were at work at

the

he depth of 108 fathoms; and It is melancholy to relate, that hough the greatest endeavours in the short space of a month 132 vere made to relieve those dis- useful and laborious persons have ressed persons, only 15 survived, been numbered with the dead at ome of whom are in a very pre- Heaton and the Success collieries, arious state. The explosion was leaving nearly 300 widows and o great as to carry every thing orphans to be subsisted by charity vefore it, till it was impeded in its and parochial assistance. progress by a large waggon, which, It is curious, and perhaps worvith the driver and horse, were thy of remark, that Robson and lashed to pieces.

Miller, accomplices with Edward Several men in the colliery, af- Smiles in the robbery at Mr. er they had escaped this tornado Cuthbert Pye's, Scaffold Hill, some of fire, endeavoured to reach the time ago, are amongst the killed in haft; but death arrested them on the late accidents at Heaton and heir road; for breathing an at- Success collieries ; and upon the nosphere surcharged with carbo- 3d inst. the day after the latter acfic acid gas, their destruction now cident, Mr. Cuthbert Pye himself lecame inevitable.

died at Scaffold Hill. Some of the men survived till The efforts at Heaton colliery, hey were brought up the shaft though very considerable, have nto the atmosphere, when they not yet been so far successful as lied, perhaps unable to bear the to remove the water, and permit timulus of the atmospheric air the interment of the unfortunates .fter the state of exhaustion in who were lost in that colliery. vhich they had previously lived On Monday, June 5, another or some time.

explosion occurred at the Tyne After a considerable explo- Main colliery, by which one man ion takes place in a coal-mine, was severely, though not fatally, he pitmen are often drenched scorched. vith water, which is probably oc- As most of the explosions in asioned by the rapid combustion coal-mines have taken place in the f hydrogen gas in such a confined summer season, it appears desirituation, as may be readily un- able that particular care be taken erstood by persons conversant during the hot weather, which, vith chemistry. At the same time perhaps, by expanding such an 11 the partitions and divisions be- elastic fluid as hydrogen gas, may ng broken down, whilst the air- afford a facility to such dreadful ourses are converted into a com- accidents. lete wreck, and the whole at,

Newcastle, June 12, 1815. aosphere of the mine so much gitated, it is to be expected that he carbonic acid gas will be disributed through the bottom of

(From the Same.) he mine, and suffocation become he fate of those persons who On Monday, the 31st of July, scape the immediate effects of the another melancholy accident hapxplosion, Out of 19 horses only pened at Messrs. Nesham and Co.'s ix died.

colliery,

ANOTHER ACCIDENT AT A COAL

MINE NEAR NEWCASTLE.

colliery, at Newbottle, in the cano took place on the 1st day of county of Durham. The proprie- February, 1814. tors had provided a powerful loco- This volcanic mountain is situmotive steam-engine, for the pur- ated in the province of Camarine, pose of drawing 10 or 12 coal. on the southern part of the island waggons to the staith at one time; of Luçon, or Luçonia, one of the and Monday being the day it was Philippine isles in the Indian to be put in motion, a great num. Ocean. ber of persons belonging to the col. Five populous towns were enliery had collected to see it; but tirely destroyed by the eruption; unfortunately, just as it was go- more than 1200 of the inhabitants ing off, the hoiler of the machine perished amidst the roins; and the burst. The engine-man was dash. 20,000 who survived the awful ed to pieces, and his mangled re- catastrophe were stript of their mains blown 114 yards; the top possessions and reduced to beg. of the boiler (nine feet square, gary. weight 19 cwt.) was blown 100 The following account of this yards ; and the two cylinders 90 awful visitation was drawn up by yards. A little boy was also an eye-witness, and intended as thrown to a great distance. By an appeal to the charitable feel. this accident 57 persons were ings of the inhabitants of the Makilled and wounded, of whom 11 nilla Islands : were dead on Sunday night, and More than 13 years had elapsed, several remain dangerously ill. during which the volcano of AlThe cause of the accident is ac- bay, by some called Mayon, had counted for as follows: the en- preserved a continued and progine-man said, “ as there were found silence, without giving the several owners and viewers there, least sign of its existence. It was he would make her (the engine) no longer viewed with that disgo in grand style," and he had trust and horror, with which vol. got upon the boiler to loose the canoes usually inspire those who screw of the safety valve, but be- inhabit the vicinity. In the year ing overheated, it unfortunately 1800 its last eruptions took place, exploded. It will be recollected, in which it emitted a great quanthat at the fatal blast which re- tity of stones, sand, and ashes, as cently took place at this colliery, had always been usual,) and oc. the first who arrived at the bank, casioned considerable damage to holding by a rope, was a little the same villages that it has now boy, about six or seven years of completely destroyed; rendering age. The poor little fellow is useless a great number of fertile among the number dead.

fields, which thenceforth were converted into arid and frightful sands. In the latter part of Oc.

tober of that year the last erupVOLCANO OF ALBAY IN THE tion happened, and caused more INDIA OCEAN.

damage to those villages.

Since that time we had not reA dreadful eruption of this vol- marked uny circumstance indica

tive of the existence of the volca- we experienced on the 5th of Ocno, and therefore all the appre- tober of the year 1811. On Mon. hension that it had formerly in- day night the shocks increased. spired was gradually dissipating. At two in the morning we felt Consequently, its extensive and spa. one more violent than those we cious brow had been converted into had hitherto experienced. It was a highly cultivated and beautiful repeated at four, and from that garden. In particular, the inhabi. hour they were almost continual tants of Camalig and Budiao had until the eruption commenced. planted upon it many cocoa-trees, Tuesday dawned, and I scarcely and every kind of fruit trees, with ever remarkedat Camarines a more a variety of roots and vegetables; serene and pleasant morning, or a which, while they afforded an a- clearer sky. I observed, how. greeable perspective, supplied, by ever, that the ridges nearest to the their excellent productions, many volcano were covered with a mist, industrious families with food. that I supposed to be the smoke

In this state was the volcano on of some house thereabouts that the first day of February last. No had been on fire in the night. At person reflected in the slightest de- eight o'clock on that fatal morn. gree upon the damages and losses ing the volcano began suddenly to that so bad a neighbour had been emit a thick column of stones, in the habit of occasioning. We sand, and ashes, which with the had become persuaded, in conse- greatest velocity was elevated in a quence of so long a silence, that it moment to the highest part of the was now completely extinguished, atmosphere. At this sight we and that all those subterraneous were astonished, and filled with conduits were closed, through the utmost dread, and especially which it attracted to itself and when we observed that in an inkindled the combustible materials, stant the brow of the volcano was which it had formerly so continu- covered by it. We had never seen ally thrown out. Nor had we seen a similar eruption, and were im. or remarked any signs which mediately convinced that a river might indicate to us beforehand of fire was coming towards us, what was about to take place. In and was about to consume us. the former eruptions, there were The first thing that was done in heard, a considerable time previ- my village was to secure the holy ous, certain subterraneous sounds, sacrament from profanation, and that were sure presages of them. betake ourselves to a precipitate It also exhaled almost continually flight. The swiftness with which a thick smoke, by wbich it an- that dreadful tide rolled towards nounced them. But upon the pre- us, did not give us much time sent occasion we remarked no- either for reflection or conversathing of all this. It is true, that tion. The frightful noise that the on the last day of January we per- volcano made caused great terror, ceived some slight shocks; but even in the stoutest hearts. We we scarcely noticed them, on ac- all ran terrified, and filled with count of their having been very the greatest dismay and consterfrequent since the earthquake that nation, endeavouring to reach the

highest

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