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honour to communicate to his against in these engagements will Excellency the Duke of Richelieu, never be realised. the new Treaty of Alliance which The Allied Cabinets perceive they have signed in the name and the first guarantee of this hope in by the Order of their august So- the enlightened principles, magvereigns: a Treaty, the object of nanimous sentiments, and perwhich is to give to the principles sonał virtues of his Most Chrisconsecrated by the Treaties of tian Majesty. His Majesty has Chaumont and Vienna, the ap- recognised with them that in a plication most analogous to pre- State which has, during the quara sent circumstances, and to con- ter of a century, been torn by nect the destiny of France with revolutionary movements, it does the common interests of Europe. not belong to force alone to re
The Allied Cabinets regard produce calm in the minds, conthe stability of the order of things fidence in the hearts, and equihappily re-established in that librium in the different parts of country, as one of the essential the social body; and that wisdom bases of a solid and durable tran- must be joined with vigour, and quillity. To that object their moderation with firmness, in orunited efforts have constantly been der to operate these happy changes. directed, and their sincere desire Far from fearing that his Most to maintain and consolidate the Christian Majesty will ever lend result of those efforts, has dic- an ear to imprudent or passionate tated all the stipulations of the counsels tending to nourish disnew Treaty. His Most Christian contents, renew alarm, reanimate Majesty will in that act recognise hatred and divisions, the Allied the solicitude with which they Cabinets are completely assured have concerted the measures most by the equally wise and generous proper for removing whatever dispositions which the King has might hereafter compromise the announced in all the epochs of his internal repose of France, and reign, and particularly at that of prepared remedies against the his return after the late criminal dangers with which the Royal usurpation. They know that his Authority, the foundation of pub- Majesty will oppose to all the Jic order, might yet be menaced. enemies of the public welfare and The principles and intentions of tranquillity of his kingdom, unthe Allied Sovereigns are in this der whatever form they may prerespect invariable. Of this, the sent themselves, his attachment engagements which they have to the constitutional laws pro. now contracted, furnish the most mulgated under his own auspices; unequivocal proof; but the most his will decidedly pronounced, to lively interest they take in the be the father of all his subjects, satisfaction of his Most Christian without any distinction of class or Majesty, as well as in the tran: religion ; to efface even the recolquillity and prosperity of his lection of the evils which they kingdom, induces them to hope have suffered, and to preserve of that the occurrences provided past times only the good which
Providence has caused to arise, naval force of the enemy, then even amidst public calamities. It cruising in that sea, and succeeded is only thus that the wishes form- in capturing two of his ships, one ed by the Allied Cabinets, for the of them the principal ship, compreservation of the constitutional manded by the Algerine Admiral. authority of his Most Christian The high character of the AmeMajesty, for the happiness of his rican Commander was brilliantly country, and for the maintenance sustained on the occasion, which of the peace of the world, can be brought his own ship into close crowned with a complete success, action with that of his adversary, and that France, re-established on as was the accustomed gallantry her ancient bases, can resume the of all the officers and men actually place to which she is called in the engaged. Having prepared the European system.
way by this demonstration of The Undersigned have the American skill and prowess, he honour to reiterate to his Excel- hastened to the port of Algiers, lency the Duke of Richelieu their where peace was promptly vielded high consideration.
to his victorious force. In the (Signed)
terms stipulated, the rights and METTERNICH, honour of the United States were CASTLEREAGHI, particularly consulted, by a perHARDENBERG, petual relinquishment, on the part
CAPO D'ISTRIA. of the Dey, of all pretensions to Paris, Nov. 20.
tribute froin them. The impres
sions which have thus been made, Message of American President. strengthened as they will have
Washington, Dec. 5. been, by subsequent transactions This day at twelve o'clock, the with the Regencies of Tunis and President of the United States Tripoli, by the appearance of the transmitted to both Houses of larger force which followed under Congress, the following Message, Commodore Bainbridge, the chief by Mr. Todd, his Secretary :-- in command of the expedition,
and by the judicious precautionary Fellow Citizens of the Senate, arrangements left by him in that
and the House of Represen- quarter, afford a reasonable prostatives:
pect of future security for the I have the satisfaction, on valuable portion of our commerce our present meeting, of being which passes within reach of the able to communicate to you the Barbary cruisers. successful termination of the war, It is another source of satiswhich had been commencedagainst faction that the Treaty of Peace the United States by :he Regency with Great Britain has been sucof Algiers. The squadron in ad- ceeded by a convention on the vance, on that service, under subject of commerce, concluded Commodore Decatur, lost not a by the Plenipotentiaries of the two moment after its arrival in the countries. In this result a disMediterranean, in seeking the position is manifested on the part
of that nation, corresponding with restlessness, which has called for the disposition of the United preparatory measures for repressStates, which, it may be hoped, ing it, and for protecting the will be improved into liberal ar- Commissioners engaged in carrangements on other subjects, on rying the terms of the peace into which the parties have mutual in- execution. terests, or which might endanger The execution of the act for their future harmony. Congress fixing the military peace establishwill decide on the expediency of ment, has been attended with difpromoting such a sequel, by givingficulties which, even now, can effect to the measure of contining only be overcome by legislative the American navigation to Ame- ad. The selection of officers; rican seamen; a measure which, the payment and discharge of the at the same time that it might troops enli-ted for the war ; the have that conciliatory tendency, payment of the retained troops, would have the further advantage and their re-union from detached of increasing the independenee of and distant stations ; the collecour navigation, and the resources tion and security of the public for our maritime rights.
property, in the quarter-master, In conformity with the articles commissary, and ordnance deof the treaty of Ghent, relating partments; and the constant meto the Indians, as well as with a dical assistance required in hosview to the tranquillity of our pitals and garrisons, rendered a western and north-western fron complete execution of the act imtiers, measures were taken to practicable on the first of May; establish an immediate peace with the period more immediately conthe several tribes who had been templated. As soon, however, ils engaged in hostilities against the circumstances would permit, and United States. Such of them as as far as has been practicable, were invited to Detroit acceded consistently with the public intereadily to a renewal of the former rests, the reduction of the army treaties of friendship. Of the has been accomplished; but the other tribes who were invited to a appropriations for its pay, and station on the Mississippi, the for other branches of the military greater number have also accepted service, having proved inadequate, the peace offered to them. The the earliest attention to that subresidue, consisting of the more ject will be necessary; and the distant tribes or parts of tribes, expediency of continuing upon remain to be brought over by fur- the peace establishment the Staff ther explanations, or by such Officers, who have hitherto been other means as may be adapted to provisionally retained, is also rethe disposition they may finally commended to the consideration disclose.
of Congress. The Indian tribes within, and In the performance of the exebordering on our southern fron- cutive duty upon this occasion, tier, whom a cruel war on their there has not been wanting a just part had compelled us to chastise sensibility to the merits of the into peace, have lately shewn a American army during the late
war; but the obvious policy and a half of dollars ; the issues of design in fixing an efficient mili- Treasury Notes of every denomi
tary peace establishment, did not nation, during the same period, | afford an opportunity to distin- amounted to the sum of fourteen
guish the aged and infirm on ac- millions of dollars; and there was count of their past services ; nor also obtained upon loan, during the wounded and disabled, on ac- the same period, a sum of nine count of their present sufferings. millions of dollars, of which the The extent of the reduction indeed sum of six millions of dollars was unavoidably involved the exclusion subscribed in cash, and the sum of many meritorious officers of of three millions of dollars is every rank, from the service of Treasury notes. With these means, their country; and so equal, as added to the sum of one million well as so numerous, were the and a half of dollars, being the claims to attention, that a decision balance of money in the Treasury by the standard of comparative on the first of January, there bas merit, could seldom be attained. been paid, between the first of JaJudged, however, in candour, by nuary, and the 1st of October, on a general standard of positive account of the appropriations of merit, the Army Register will, the preceding and of the present it is believed, do honour to the year (exclusively of the amount of establishment; while the case of the Treasury notes subscribed to those officers, whose names are the loan, and the amount redeemed not included in it, devolves, with in the payment of duties and taxes), the strongest interests, upon the the aggregate sum of thirty-three Legislative Authority, for such millions and a half of doilars, provision as shall be deemed the leaving a balance then in the Treabest calculated to give support sury estimated at the sum of three and solace to the veteran and in- millions of dollars. Independent, valid ; to display the beneficence, however, of the arrearages due as well as the justice of the Go- for military services and supplies, vernment; and to inspire a mar- it is presumed, that a further sum tial zeal for the public service, of five millions of dollars, includupon every future emergency. ing the interest on the public debt,
Although the embarrassments payable on the 1st of January arising from the want of an uni- next, will be demanded at the form national currency have not Treasury to complete the expetbeen diminished since the ad.
ditures of the present year, and journment of Congress, great sa- for which the existing ways and tisfaction has been derived, in means will sufficiently provide. contemplating the revival of the
The national debt, as it was public credit, and the efficiency ascertained on the 1st of October of the public resources. The re- last, amounted in the whole to ceipts into the Treasury from the the sum of one hundred and twenty various branches of revenue, dur- millions of dollars, consisting of ing the nine months ending on the the unredeemed balance of the 30th of September last, have been debt contracted before the late estimated at twelve millions and
war (thirty-nine millions of dol
lars), the amount of the funded public revenue will not only afford debt contracted in consequence of the means of maintaining the faith the war (sixty-four millions of of the Government with its cre. dollars), and the amount of the ditors inviolate, and of prosecutunfunded and floating debt, (in- ing successfully the measures of cluding the various issues of Trea- the most liberal policy; but will sury notes) seventeen millions of also justify an immediate alleviadollars, which is in a gradual tion of burthens imposed by the course of payment. There will, necessities of war. It is, howprobably, be some addition to the ever, essential to every modifica- public debt, upon the liquidation tion of the finances, that the beof various claims which are de- nefits of an uniform national curpending; and a conciliatory dis- rency should be restored to the position on the part of Congress community. The absence of the may lead honourably and ad- precious metals will, it is believed, vantageously to an equitable ar- be a temporary evil; but until rangement of the militia ex- they can be again rendered the penses, incurred by the several general medium of exchange, it States, without the previous sanc- devolves on the wisdom of Contion or authority of the govern- gress to provide a substitute, ment of the United States.-- which shall equally engage the But, when it is considered that confidence and accommodate the the new, as well as the old, por- wants of the citizens throughout tion of the debt has been con- the union. If the operation of the tracted in the assertion of the na- state banks cannot produce this tional rights and independence; result, the probable operation of and when it is recollected, that a national bank will merit consithe public expenditures not being deration; and, if neither of these exclusively bestowed upon sub- expedients be deemed effectual, it jects of a transient nature, will may become necessary to ascerlong be visible in the number and tain the terms upon which the equipments of the American navy, notes of the Government (no in the military works for the de- longer required as an instrument fence of our harbours and our of credit) shall be issued, upon frontiers, and in the supplies of motives of general policy, as a our arsenals and magazines; the common medium of circulation. amount will bear a gratifying Notwithstanding the security comparison with the objects for future repose which the United which have been attained, as well States ought to find in their love as well as with the resources of of peace, and their constant rethe country.
spect for the rights of other naThe arrangement of the fi- tions, the character of the times nances, with a view to the re- particularly inculcates the lesson ceipts and expenditures of a per- that, whether to prevent or repel manent peace establishment, will danger, we ought not to be unnecessarily enter into the delibe- prepared for it. This considerarations of Congress during the tion will sufficiently recommend present session. It is true that to Congress a liberal provision for the improved condition of the the immediate extension and gra