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of the retrocession, by the Canton of Geneva, of that territory
To his Excellency the Duc de situated between the road of
Richelieu. Euron and the lake, which had been ceded by his Sardinian Ma- The Allied Sovereigns having jesty, by the Act of the 29th of confided to Marshal the Dake of March, 1815.
Wellington the command in The French Government hav- chief of those of their troops, ing consented to withdraw its lines which, according to the 5th Arof Custom and Excise from the ticle of the Treaty, concluded this frontiers of Switzerland, on the day with France, are to remain side of the Jura, the Cabinets of in this country during a certain the Allied Powers will employ number of years, the undersigned their good offices for inducing his Ministers, &c. &c. &c. think it Sardinian Majesty to withdraw, their duty to give some explanain like manner, his lines of Cus- tion to his Excellency the Duke tom and Excise, on the side of de Richelieu as to the nature and Savoy, at least upwards of a league extent of the powers attached to from the Swiss frontiers, and on this command. the outside of the great road of Although chiefly guided with Saleve, and of the mountains of respect to this measure, by moSion and of Waache.
tives tending to the safety and His Majesty the King of Sar- welfare of their subjects, and bedinia shall receive, moreover, outing very far from having any inof that part of the French con- tention of employing their troops tribution which is destined for in aid of the Police, or of the inthe strengthening the line of de- ternal Administration of France, fence of the States bordering upon or in any manner that might France, the sum of ten millions compromise or interfere with of francs, which is to be laid out the free exercise of the Royal in fortifying his frontiers, in con- authority in this country, the formity with the plans and regu- Allied Sovereigns, have, however, lations which the Powers shall in consideration of the high intesettle in this respect.
rest which they take in supportIt is likewise agreed, that, in ing the power of legitimate Soveconsideration of the advantages reigns, promised to his most Chriswhich his Sardinian Majesty will tian Majesty to support him with derive from these dispositions, their arms against every revoluboth in the extension and in the tionary convulsion which might means, for defending his terri- tend to orerthrow by force, the ortory, that part of the pecuniary der of things at present establishindemnity payable by France, to ed, and to menace, also, again, the which his said Majesty might lay general tranquillity of Europe, elaim, shall serve towards putting They do not, however, dissemble, the indemnities of Austria and that in the variety of forms under Prussia on the level of a just pro- which the revolutionary spirit portion.
might again manifest itself in 2 E 2
France, doubts 'might arise as readily recognise in these arto the nature of the case which rangements the same characmight call for the intervention of ter and the same principles, a foreign force; and feeling the which have been manifested in difficulty of framing any instruc- concerting and adapting the meations precisely applicable to each sures of the military occupaparticular case, the Allied So- tions of a part of France. They vereigns have thought it better to carry with them also, on quitting leave it to the tried prudence and this country, the consoling perdiscretion of the Duke of Wel- suasion, that notwithstanding the lington, to decide when and how elements of disorder which France far it may be advisable to em- may still contain, the effect of ploy the troops under his orders, revolutionary events, a wise and always supposing that he would paternal government proceednot in any case so determine ing in a proper manner to tranwithout having concerted his mea- quillize and conciliate the minds sures with the King of France, or of the people, and abstaining without giving information as from every act, contrary to such soon as possible to the Allied So- a system, may not only sucrceed vereigns, of the motives which in maintaining the public tranmay have induced him to come to quillity, but also in the re-estasuch a determination. And, as blishing universal union and conin order to guide the Duke of fidence, relieving likewise, as Wellington in the choice of his much as the proceedings of the arrangements, it will be impor- Government can effeet it, the tant that he should be correctly Allied Powers, from the paininformed of the events which may ful necessity of having recourse occur in France, the Ministers of to those measures, which, in the Four Allied Courts, accredited case of any new convulsion, to his most Christian Majesty, would be imperiously prescribed have received orders to maintain to them by the duty of providing a regular correspondence with the for the safety of their own subDuke of Wellington, and to pro- jects, and the general tranquillity vide at the same time for an in- of Europe, &c. termediateone between the French The under-signed have the hoGovernment and the Commander nour, &c. in Chief of the Allied Troops, (Signed) METTERSICA. for the purpose of transmitting
CASTLEREAGH. to the French Government the
HARDENBERG. communications which the Duke
CAPO D'ISTRIA. of Wellington may have occasion Paris, Nov. 20, 1815. to address to it, and of communicating to the Marshal the sugges- Note addressed by the Ministers of tions or requistions which the the Four United Courts to the Court of France may wish in Duke of Richelieu, on the oth future to make to him. The un- of November. der-signed flatter themselves that The undersigned, Ministers the Duke de Richelieu will of the United Cabinets, have the
honour to communicate to his against in these engagements will Excellency the Duke of Richelieu, never be realised. the new Treaty of Alliance which The Allied Cabinets perceive they have signed in the name and the first guarantee of this hope in by the Order of their august So- the enlightened principles, magvereigns: a Treaty, the object of nanimous sentiments, and perwhich is to give to the principles sonal virtues of his Most Chrisconsecrated by the Treaties of tian Majesty. His Majesty has Chaumont and Vienna, the ap- recognised with them that in a plication most analogous to pre- State which has, during the quara sent circumstances, and to con- ter of a century, been torn by nect the destiny of France with revolutionary movements, it does the common interests of Europe. not belong to force alone to re
The Allied Cabinets regard produce calm in the minds, conthe stability of the order of things fidence in the hearts, and equihappily re-established in that librium in the different parts of country, as one of the essential the social body; and that wisdom bases of a solid and durable tran- must be joined with vigour, and quillity. To that object their moderation with firmness, in orunited efforts have constantly been der to operate these happy changes. directed, and their sincere desire Far from fearing that his Most to maintain and consolidate the Christian Majesty will ever lend result of those efforts, has dic- an ear to imprudent or passionate tated all the stipulations of the counsels tending to nourish disnew Treaty. His Most Christian contents, renew alarm, reanimate Majesty will in that act recognise hatred and divisions, the Allied the solicitude with which they Cabinets are completely assured have concerted the measures most by the equally wise and generous proper for removing whatever dispositions which the King has might hereafter compromise the announced in all the epochs of his internal repose of France, and reign, and particularly at that of prepared remedies against the his return after the late criminal dangers with which the Royal usurpation. They know that his Authority, the foundation of pub- Majesty will oppose to all the Jic order, might yet be menaced. enemies of the public welfare and The principles and intentions of tranquillity of his kingdom, unthe Allied Sovereigns are in this der whatever form they may prerespect invariable. Of this, the sent themselves, his attachment engagements which they have to the constitutional laws pro. now contracted, furnish the most mulgated under his own auspices; unequivocal proof; but the most his will decidedly pronounced, to lively interest they take in the be the father of all his subjects, satisfaction of his Most Christian without any distinction of class or Majesty, as well as in the trane religion; to efface even the recolquillity and prosperity of his lection of the evils which they kingdom, induces them to hope have suffered, and to preserve of that the occurrences provided past times only the good which
Providence has caused to arise, naval force of the enemy, then even amidst public calamities. It cruising in that sea, and succeeded is only thus that the wishes form- in capturing two of his ships, one ed by the Allied Cabinets, for the of them the principal ship, compreservation of the constitutional manded by the Algerine Admiral
. authority of his Most Christian The high character of the AmeMajesty, for the happiness of his rican Commander was brilliantly country, and for the maintenance sustained on the occasion, which of the peace of the world, can be brought his own ship into close crowned with a complete success, action with that of his adversary, and that France, re-established on as was the accustomed gallantry her ancient bases, can resume the of all the officers and men actually place to which she is called in the engaged. Having prepared the European system.
way by this demonstration of The Undersigned
have the American skill and prowess, he honour to reiterate to his Excel- hastened to the port of Algiers, lency the Duke of Richelieu their where peace was promptly vielded high consideration.
to his victorious force. In the (Signed)
terms stipulated, the rights and METTERNICI, honour of the United States were CASTLEREAGH, particularly consulted, by a perHARDENBERG, petual relinquishment, on the part
CAPO D'ISTRIA. of the Dey, of all pretensions to Paris, Nov. 20.
tribute from them. The impres
sions which have thus been made, Message of American President. strengthened as they will have
Washington, Dec. 5. been, by subsequent transactions This day at twelve o'clock, the with the Regencies of Tunis and President of the United States Tripoli, by the appearance of the transmitted to both Houses of larger force which followed under Congress, the following Message, Commodore Bainbridge, the chief by Mr. Todd, his Secretary in command of the expedition,
and by the judicious precautionary Fellow Citizens of the Senate, arrangements left by him in that
and the House of Represen- quarter, afford a reasonable pros. tatives :
pect of future security for the I have the satisfaction, on valuable portion of our commerce our present meeting, of being which passes within reach of the able to communicate to you the Barbary cruisers. successful termination of the war, It is another source of satiswhich had been commenced against faction that the Treaty of Peace the United States by the Regency with Great Britain has been sucof Algiers. The squadron in ad- ceeded by a convention on the vance, on that service, under subject of commerce, concluded Commodore Decatur, lost not a by the Plenipotentiaries of the two moment after its arrival in the countries. In this result a disMediterranean, in seeking the position is manifested on the part
of that nation, corresponding with restlessness, which has called for the disposition of the United preparatory measures for repressStates, which, it may be hoped, ing it, and for protecting the will be improved into liberal ar- Commissioners engaged in carrangements on other subjects, on rying the terms of the peace into which the parties have mutual in- execution. terests, or which might endanger The execution of the act for their future harmony. Congress fixing the military peace establishwill decide on the expediency of ment, has been attended with difpromoting such a sequel, by giving ficulties which, even now, can effect to the measure of contining only be overcome by legislative the American navigation to Ame- aid. The selection of officers; rican seamen; a measure which, the payment and discharge of the at the same time that it might troops enli-ted for the war ; the have that conciliatory tendency, payment of the retained troops, would have the further advantage and their re-union from detached of increasing the independenee of and distant stations; the collecour navigation, and the resources tion and security of the public for our maritime rights.
property, in the quarter-master, In conformity with the articles commissary, and ordnance deof the treaty of Ghent, relating partments; and the constant meto the Indians, as well as with a dical assistance required in hosview to the tranquillity of our pitals and garrisons, rendered a western and north-western fron complete execntion of the act imtiers, measures were taken to practicable on the first of May; establish an immediate peace with the period more immediately conthe several tribes who had been templated. As soon, however, as engaged in hostilities against the circumstances would permit, and United States. Such of them as as far as has been practicable, were invited to Detroit acceded consistently with the public intereadily to a renewal of the former rests, the reduction of the army treaties of friendship. Of the has been accomplished; but the other tribes who were invited to a appropriations for its pay, and station on the Mississippi, the for other branches of the military greater number have also accepted service, having proved inadequate, the peace offered to them. The the earliest attention to that subresidue, consisting of the more ject will be necessary; and the distant tribes or parts of tribes, expediency of continuing upon remain to be brought over by fur- the peace establishment the Staff ther explanations, or by such Officers, who have hitherto been other means as may be adapted to provisionally retained, is also rethe disposition they may finally commended to the consideration disclose.
of Congress. The Indian tribes within, and . In the performance of the exebordering on our southern fron- cutive duty upon this occasion, tier, whom a cruel war on their there has not been wanting a just part had compelled us to chastise sensibility to the merits of the into peace, have lately shewn a American army during the late