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States, shall be sent thither from VIII. All proprietors, being the Netherlands.

subjects of his Majesty the King VI. By Dutch proprietors must of the Netherlands, now resident be understood, ist, all subjects in these colonies, shall be bound, of his Majesty the King of the in order to be entitled to the beNetherlands, residing in his Eu- nefits of this Convention, within ropean States, and now being three months after its publication landed proprietors in the afore- in the said colonies, to declare said colonies.

whether they are satisfied to be 2d. All subjects of his said considered as such in future. Majesty who, in course of time, IX. In all cases where both may come into possession of plan- Dutch and British subjects shall tations in them, now belonging have a mortgage on the same planto Dutch proprietors.

tation, in the said colonies, the 31. All such landed proprietors amount of the produce to be conas, now residing in the said co- signed to the different mortgage lonies, were born in the Nether. holders, shall be in proportion to lands, and who, in conformity to the amount of the debt due to Art. Viil. of this Convention, each respectively. may declare, that they wish to be X. In order that the disposiconsidered as Dutch proprietors tions of the present Convention in future; and

may be the more readily brought 4th. All subjects of his said into and kept in operation, it is Majesty who may be holders of determined that, every year, by mortgages on plantations in the order of the King of the Nethersaid colonies before the date of the lands, correct and specific lists ratification of this convention; shall be made out, containing the and who, in consequence of their names and places of residence of deed of mortgage, possess the proprietors resident in the Netherright of exporting the produce of lands, together with the names the said plantations to the Ne- and descriptions of the plantations therlands, under the restriction to them respectively belonging, stated in Art. IX.

with the addition of whether the VII. In all cases where the last mentioned be sugar or other right of supplying the wants of kind of plantations, and whether mortgaged plantations, and the the first mentioned are owners in right of exporting the produce of whole or only in part of the plan. the same to the Netherlands is not tations. Similar lists shall also be actually secured to the mortgage- made out of the mortgages vested holder, the latter shall be per- on the plantation, in so far as witted to export from the colonies these mortgages are in the posonly such quantity of produce as, session of Dutch subjects, speciestimated by the price current of fying the amount of the debt or the colony, shall be sufficient to mortgage, as they at present expay the amount of interest or ist, or as they are to be paid in capital yearly due to him, and on virtue of Art. IV. the other hand to introduce into These lists shall be given to the the colony articles of necessity in British Government, and sent to the same proportion.

the aforesaid colonies, in order that, with the addition of the list XIII. His Britannic Majesty of Duteh Proprietors resident in engages, in all cases where the the said colonies, they may serve rights and interests of Dutch proto ascertain the whole amount of prietors are concerned, to prothe Dutch population and pro- ceed with the greatest equity and perty or interest in the aforesaid impartiality. colonies.


XIV. The two contracting parXI. His Majesty the King of ties reserve to themselves the the Netherlands, and his Britannic power to make, in future, such Majesty, having considered, that modifications of the present Conthe Dutch merchants and share. vention as experience may sug. holders, known under the name gest to be required by the inteof the Societeit van de Berbice, rests of both Powers. have a just claim to certain plan- XV. Finally, it is agreed, that tations formerly cleared by them, the stipulations of this Convention in the colony of Berbice, and of shall be of force from the day of which they were dispossessed by the exchanging of the ratifications the Revolutionary Government of of it. Holland, and which on the last XVI. The present Convention occupation of the said colony by shall be ratified, and the ratificathe British arms, were considered tions exchanged at London, withas Government property, - his in three weeks after the signing of Britannic Majesty therefore binds the same, or earlier, if possible. himself to restore to the said In testimony whereof the reCompany of Berbice, within the spective Plenipotentiaries have period of six months after the signed the same, and thereto afexchanging of the ratifications of fixed the seal of their arms. the present Convention, the plan- Done at London the 12th of tations Dageraad, Dankbarrheid, August, in the year of our Lord, Johanna, and Sundvoort, with their 1915. negroes and other appurtenances

(L. S.)

H. FAGEL. at present actually employed upon them; and this in full satisfaction of all claims which the said Com- Treaty between Great Britain and pany may have, or claim to have,

Russia, respecting the Ionian chargeable on his Britannic Ma

Islands, signed at Paris the 5th jesty or his subjects, on the ac- of November, 1815, eount of any property which formerly belonged to the said Com- In the name of the Most Holy and pany in the colony of Berbice.

Undivided Trinity. XII. All questions that may arise between private persons in

His Majesty the King of the relation to rights of property as United Kingdom of Great Britain determined by the present Con- and Ireland, his Majesty the Emvention, shall be decided by the peror of all the Russias, his Mas competent tribunal according to jesty the Emperor of Austria, the laws in force in the said co- King of Hungary and Bohemia, lonies.

and his Majesty the King of Prus

sia, animated by the desire of Cephalonia, Zante, Maura, Ithaca, prosecuting the Negociations ad- Cerigo, and Paxo, with their de: journed at the Congress of Vienna, pendencies, such as they are dein order to fix the destiny of the scribed in the Treaty between Seven Ionian Islands, and to in- his Majesty the Emperor of all the sure the independence, liberty, Russias and the Ottoman Porte, and happiness of the inhabitants of the 21st of March, 1800, shall of those islands, by placing them form a single, free, and indeand their Constitution under the pendent State, under the denoimmediate protection of one of mination of the United States of the Great Powers of Europe, have the Ionian Islands. agreed to settle definitively by a Art. 2. This State shall be placed Special Act, whatever relates to under the immediate and excluthis object, which, grounded upon sive protection of his Majesty the the rights resulting from the King of the United Kingdom of Treaty of Paris, of the 30th of Great Britain and Ireland, bis May, 1814, and likewise upon heirs and successors. The other the British declarations at the pe- Contracting Powers do conseriod when the British arms libe- quently renounce every right or rated Cerigo, Zante, Cephalonia, particular pretension which they Santa-Maura, Ithaca, and Paxo, might have formed in respect to shall be considered as forming them, and formally guarantee all part of the General Treaty con- the dispositions of the present cluded at Vienna on the 9th of Treaty. June, 1815, on the termination Art. 3. The United States of of the Congress; and in order to the Ionian Islands shall, with the settle and sign the said act, the approbation of the protecting High Contracting Powers have Power, regulate their internal nominated Plenipotentiaries: that organization, and in order to give is to say, his Majesty the King to all the parts of this organization of the United Kingdom of Great the necessary consistency and acBritain and Ireland, the Right tion, his Britannic Majesty will Honourable Robert Stewart, Vis- employ a particular solicitude with count Castlereagh, &c.; and the regard to the legislation and the Most Illustrious and Most Noble general administration of those Lord Arthur, Duke, Marquis, States, his Majesty will therefore and Earl of Wellington, Marquis appoint a Lord High Commisof Douro, &c. and his Majesty sioner to reside there, invested the Emperor of all the Russias, with all the necessary power and the Sieur Andre Prince of Rasou- authorities for this purpose. moffsky, &c., and the Sieur John Art. 4. In order to carry into exeCount Capo d'Istria, &c.; who, af-cution without delay the stipulater having exchanged their full tions mentioned in the Articles powers, found to be in good and preceding, and to ground the podue form, have agreed upon the litical re-organization which is following terms ;

actually in force, the Lord High Art. 1. The islands of Corfu, Commissioner of the Protecting


Power shall regulate the forms of wise fix the relations which are to convocation of a Legislative As- to exist between the said armed sembly, of which he shall direct force and the Ionian Governthe proceedings, in order to draw ment. up a New Constitutional Charter Art. 7. The Trading Flag of for the States, which his Majesty the United States of the lonian the King of the united kingdom Islands shall be acknowledged by of Great Britain and Ireland shall all the contracting parties as the be requested to ratify.

flag of a free and independent Until such Constitutional Char- State. It shall carry with the ter shall have been so drawn up, colours, and above the armorial and duly ratified, the existing bearings thereon displayed before constitutions shall remain in force the year 1807, such other as his in the different islands, and no Britannic Majesty may think proalteration shall be made in them, per to grant, as a mark of the except by his Britannic Majesty protection under which the said in Council.

Ionian States are placed, and for Art. 5. In order to ensure with- the more effectual furtherance of out restriction to the inhabitants this protection, all the ports and of the United States of the Ionian harbours of the said States are Islands, the advantages resulting hereby declared to be, with refrom the high protection under spect to the honorary and miwhich these States are placed, as litary rights, within British juriswell as for the exercise of the diction. The commerce between rights inherent in the said pro- the United lonian States and the tection, his Britannic Majesty dominions of his Imperial and shall have the right to occupy Royal Apostolic Majesty shall enthe fortresses and places of joy the same advantages and facithose States, and to maintain lities as that of Great Britain with garrisons in the same. The mi- the said United States. None but litary force of the said United Commercial Agents or Consuls States shall also be under the charged solely with the carrying orders of the Commander in on commercial arrangements, and Chief of the troops of his Bri- subject to the regulations to tannic Majesty.

which Commercial Agents or Art. 6. His Britannic Majesty Consuls are subject in other inconsents, that a particular Con- dependent States, shall be accie. vention with the Government of dited to the United States of the the said United States shall regu. Ionian Islands. late, according to the revenues Art. 8. All the Powers which of those States, every thing which signed the Treaty of Paris of the may relate to the maintenance of 30th May, 1814, and the Act the fortresses already existing, as of the Congress of Vienna, of well as to the subsistence and pay- the 9th of June, 1815; and also ment of the British garrisons, his Majesty the King of the Two and to the number of men of Sicilies, and the Ottoman Porte, which they shall be composed in shall be invited to accede to the time of peace.

present Convention. The same Convention shall like- Art. 9. The present act shall


be ratified, and the ratifications Allies proper indemnities for the shall be exchanged in two months, past, and solid guarantees for the or sooner, if possible.

future, they have, in concert with In witness whereof the respec- his Majesty the King of France, tive Plenipotentiaries have signed taken into consideration the means it, and have affixed thereunto the of giving effect to this arrangeseals of their arms.

ment; and being satisfied that the Done at Paris the 5th day of indemity due to the Allied Powers November, in the year of our cannot be either entirely territoLord 1815.

rial or entirely pecuniary, without (Signed) (L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. prejudice to France in the one or

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. other of her essential interests, and (Signed) (L.S.) Le Prince de that it would be more fit to com

RASOUMOFFSKY. bine both the modes, in order to (L.S.)

Le Cointe avoid the inconveniencies whics CAPO D'Istria. would result, were either resorted

to separately: their Imperial and

Royal Majesties have adopted this DEFINITIVE TREATY. basis for their present transactions; In the name of the Most Holy and agreeing alike as to the necesand Uudivided Trinity,

sity of retaining for a fixed time in The Allied Powers having by the frontier Provinces of France, a their united efforts, and by the certain number of allied troops, success of their arms, preserved they have determined to winFrance and Europe from the con- bine their different arrangements, vulsions with which they were founded upon these bases, in a Demenaced by the late enterprize of finitive Treaty. For this purpose, Napoleon Buonaparte, and by the and to this effect, his Majesty the revolutionary system re-produced King of the United Kingdom of in France to promote its success; Great Britain and Ireland, for himparticipating at present with his self and his Allies on the one part, most Christian Majesty in the de- and his Majesty the King of France sire to consolidate, by maintaining and Navarre on the other part, inviolate the Royal authority, and have named their Plenipotentiby restoring the operation of the aries to discuss, settle, and sign, constitutional charter, the order the said Definitive Treaty; namelv, of things which had been happily his Majesty the King of the re-established in France, as also United Kingdom of Great Briin the object of restoring between tain and Ireland, the Right Hon. France and her neighbours those Robert Stewart Viscount Castlerelations of reciprocal confidence reagh, &c.; and the most illusand goodwill, which the fatal ef- trious and most noble Lord Arthur, fects of the revolutions and of the Duke, Marquis, and Earl of Welsystem of conquest had for so long lington, &c.; and his Majesty the a time disturbed; persuaded, at King of France and of Navarre, the same time, that this last ob- the Sieur Armand Emanuel du ject can only be obtained by an ar- Plessis Richelieu, Duke of Richerangement framed to secure to the lieu, &c. who, having exchanged

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