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acceptance of the new Constitu- . sess a high rank in the state. The tion is carefully removed, so that respect they enjoy, extends to the the inost distinguished members religion itself, which teaches it. of the clergy, according to the However great the personal merit expressions of your Majesty's of the servants of the church may proclamation, are not among the be, yet, in our times, if it is not persons most worthy of the con- supported by high rank and legal fidence of their fellow-citizens ; privileges, which ennoble the lastly, that they are not allowed functions of the priesthood in the to inscribe their disapproving eyes of the people, the clergy can votes on the lists of the notables. oppose but a weak bulwark to the
All these are measures which disorders which they have continu(we say it with grief to your Ma- ally to contend with. The injesty), can appear to us only as ternal
and welfare of a state an unhappy omen for the future, depends chiefly on the state of since your Majesty's ministers als morals. ready account the opinions and
no good morals votes of the whole clergy for no- where there is no religion. As thing, upon subjects which are as things now stand, religion is much within their cognisance as more or less respected in proporthat of other private persons,
tion as its servants are more or nay, their peculiar province, as less honoured and respected acfar as the interest of religion is cording to the existing laws. It concerned.
is easy to confine the good in due It is impossible to calculate all bounds, but the wicked dare the ill consequences that may arise every thing against a clergy which from the continuation of such a does not enjoy a certain respect plan. For if the Catholic clergy in the state. are no more to be consulted upon Your Majesty has doubtless rethe concerns of the church-if it marked that the Catholic religion is decided that they can have no which was established again in share, or at least only an acci- France by the Concordat, did not dental share, in making the laws, produce the expected effect, beespecially those relative to eccle. cause by the system of the Sovesiastical jurisdiction, how can reign the Clergy enjoyed no rank, they hinder any encroachment no consideration, no influence in upon the inalienable rights of the the state. They were to be acepiscopal dignity, which belong counted as nothing. They were to the existence of the Catholic oppressed by all the inferior auchurch, and to the privileges thorities: they soon became, as which your Majesty insures to it? it was intended they should, inMay they not be arbitrarily les capable of doing good, or of presened in national assemblies, venting evil. when the clergy have no influ- We have the confidence that ence, or, at the most, a very pre- your Majesty will deign, in the carious one?
submissive and respectful repreExperience has proved how im- sentations which we make to you, portant it is that the clergy pos- in the frank expression of our Vol. LVII.
sentiments, sentiments, to see only the fulfil- the same institutions; the party. ment of our most important du- walls raised under other circum. ties, under present circumstances, stances must be removed, and only a new proof of our devotion they must mutually regard each to your sacred person, only the other as inhabitants of one house, sincere wish that your Majesty and children of one family. may reign over these fine provin- Your High Mightinesses know ces in constant peace, by a per- that such are also the views of the fectly paternal government, and united Powers of Europe in esby a powerful and durable union tablishing the new Monarchy.between the Clergy and the Royal Faithful to the principle of every Authority.
where maintaining and preservWe are, with the profoundesting the already established relaveneration, your Majesty's most lations, they have especially rehumble, obedient, and faithful quired that our Constitution shall servants,
be maintained, and only altered (Signed)
in so far as the change of circumPrince Maurice of Broglio, stances should, upon common deBishop of Ghent.
liberation, appear to demand. My J. A. BARRETT, Vicar-Gene- own wishes coincide with this de
ral Capitulary of Liege. termination. I have chosen for J. FORGEUR, Vicar-General the revision of the Constitution
of the Archbishoprick of those measures which appeared to Malines.
me most adapted to the end proCHARLES FRANCIS Joseph posed. Men assembled from all
Pisani, Bishop of Namur. the provinces of the kingdom, Francis Joseph, Bishop of without any other end in view Tournay.
than the welfare and glory of July, 29, 1815.
their countrymen, have fulfilled the important task, and, in their
dispassionate, concordant, and Speech of the King of the Nether- confidential deliberations, I have
lunds on opening the Assembly of seen, with joy, a new and flatterthe States General of the United ing presage of the fraternal union Netherlands.
of all my subjects. Hague, August S. These deliberations still conti
nued, when the tumult of war, High and Mighty Lords.-A unexpected, and with unusual few months ago I announced to rage (but, God be thanked, for a the States General the union of short time only) surprised our all the Netherlands under the territory. The danger, though Royal Sceptre; but that this short, was urgent; but the coulunion may be permanent and be- rage of our warriors was superior neficial, it is not enough that all to the danger. No consideration, the inhabitants be united under
no examples of a neighbouring one Sovereign ; they must, be- country even, could make one sides, be most intimately bound doubt a moment of the security together by the same laws and of engagements voluntarily taken
by the Netherlanders ; and now, of services useful to the State, to that in a period of danger, united the public institutions, to the deunder the banner; of independ- fence of the country; and, in geence, and by the side of our ge- neral, the royal power is great nerous allies, they have confirmed enough to secure the welfare of their vows by deed ; I flatter my- the community, but insufficient self that the nation and all Europe to oppress or injure a single subpartake my conviction and myject. confidence. History shall one If these observations are just, day shew in the battles of Quatre we may, under the direction of Bras and Waterloo two illustrious the new Constitution, with inpillars of the new State of the creased ability, and with confiNetherlands, and happy the fa- dence in the future, continue and thers are on whose sons the lot complete what, under the Divine has fallen to raise these pillars blessing, is already begun, dewith their arms, and to dye them signed, or prepared for the howith their blood.
nour and the welfare of the Ne. The plan which is to be consi- therlands. To your High Miyhdered in this Assembly should not tinesses is confided the solution of be offered you by me, since, in this question. Each of you knows the review of the fundamental law, the high importance of his mission, scarcely one article was laid aside and each of you willstrive to acquit by which the dearest rights of our himself of it with that zeal which nation was secured. But every we at all times, but especially in care has been taken to extend times like these, owe to our dear these rights as much as possible, ne intry. . and to define them more clearly, that the new political union may have the stamp of an enlightened
Convention between the British and eye, and of the national character.
Dutch Governments. The inviolability of the judicial In the name of the most Holy authority remains irrevocable, and and Undivided Trinity. liberty of conscience is guaranteed His Majesty the King of the to the fullest extent. No property Netherlands, and his Majesty the can be declared confiscated, no King of the United Kingdom of opinion or thought checked in its Great Britain and Ireland, being course. The meanest citizen is both highly desirous of promoting at liberty to make his voice heard and confirming the harmony and even at the Throne.
good understanding which so hapThe people retain their repre- pilly subsist between their states, sentation, the Provincial Assem- by bringing into actual operation blies a suitable degree of power. that part of the stipulaticns of the The burdens of the State are freely first of the additional articles of voted, and equally borne. The the Convention of Aug. 13, 1814, revenues to be accounted for, ac- which imports,
«« that the subcording to fixed rules, can be em- “jects of his Majesty the King of ployed in the hands of the King to “ the Netherlands, being landed no other ends than to the payment “ proprietors in the colonies of
“ Demerary, Essequibo, and Ber- II. Subjects of his Majesty the “ bice, shall have freedom to trade King of the Netherlands, being “ between the forenamed esta- proprietors of land in the said co“blishments, and the territory of lonies, shall enjoy full liberty to “ his said Majesty in Europe, un- proceed to and return from the " der certain conditions ;"
said colonies, without being subHave named as their Plenipo- jected to any delay or difficulty in tentiaries, viz. his Majesty the King this respect; they may also apof the Netherlands, H.Baron Fagel, puint persons in their nanie to Ambassador extraordinary at the carry on their business in this British Court, and his Majesty the trade, or to hold the oversight of King of the United Kingdom of their property there; the said Great Britain and Ireland, Henry persons, however, during their Earl Bathurst, one of his princi- residence in the foresaid Colonies, pal Secretaries of State, who hav- being always subject to the laws ing communicated their respective and ordinances there in force.full powers and found them in They shall also enjoy full liberty good and due form, have agreed to dispose of their property in upon the following Articles :- such way as they shall judge pro
Article I. The foresaid trade per; with this understanding, shall, for the period of five years, that, in regard to the Negroes, beginning with the 1st January, they are subject to the same re1816, be carried on with ships gulations as British subjects. being the property of subjects of IV. In order to protect the own. his Majesty the King of the Ne- ers of plantations in the aforesaid therlands, wherever built, ans · colonies from the destructive conwithout any stipulation or re- sequences which might follow an striction as to the seamen that na- immediate execution of the mortvigate them ; but on the expira- gages, for which they may be intion of the said five years, or debted to subjects of his Majesty sooner, if his Majesty the King the King of the Netherlands, the of the Netherlands think fit, the High Contracting Parties further. said trade shall be confined exclu- agree, that in every case where sively to ships of Dutch built, and the owner of a plantation shall three-fourths of the crew of which present to a holder of a mortgage are subjects of the King of the on that plantation, earlier than Netherlands.
the 1st of January, 1814, (such II. The King of the Nether- mortgage-holder being a subject lands retains to himself the right of the King of the Netherlands,) of imposing such duties on the the hereafter mentioned security, import of the produce of the said that mortgage-holder shall not be colonies into his European States, at liberty to proceed to the immeand vice versa on the export, as diate execution of the said morthis Majesty shall think fit to ap- gage; it being, however, well point; but the duties which are understood, that in all cases where levied in the colonies, shall apply such security shall not be offered equally to Dutch as to English by the owner, the mortgage-holder trade.
shall enjoy all the rights to pro
ceed to execution, to which he is from this arrangement any the entitled.
smallest competency, to the injury The required security must sti- of the rights of the original crepulate that the mortgage holder ditor ; and that no farther postshall receive, at the expense of the ponement of the payment beyond owner of the plantation, a new what is here fixed, shall take place mortgage for the whole amount without the special consent of the of the debt then due to the for- creditor. mer, therein including both that It is further appointed that, in part of the original debt, which order that the mortgage holder is not discharged, and the interest may be entitled to the security due on the same, to the 31st De- described in this article, he shall cember, 1814. That this secu- be bound, as soon as the said rity shall reserve to the mortgage deed shall have been registered in holder the right of preference the colony, and placed in the before other mortgage-holders hands of the mortgage-holder, or and creditors, to which he was his agent in the colony, (the exentitled under his original mort- penses of which registration must gage; that it shall be subject to be borne by the owner of the a yearly interest, beginning with plantation), to give up, in order the 1st of January, 1815, of the to be cancelled, the deed of mortsame amount, and payable in the gage first placed in his hands, or same way, as prescribed in the to give legal proof that this deed original mortgage; and that the of mortgage or security for debt, whole amount of the new debt has been duly cancelled, and is of shall be payable at eight yearly no farther validity or effect. periods, the first of which shall It being farther expressly detake place on the 1st of January, termined, that with the exception 1920. This new security shall of the provisions specified in this guarantee to the mortgage-holder article, the rights of mortgage all such means of legal redress, holders or creditors shall remain in case of non-payment of interest, in their full force. or being behind-hand in the dis- V. All Dutch proprietors who charge of the principal whenever are recognised as such by this it shall be due ; and all such other Convention, shall be competent to preferable rights and advantages supply, from the Netherlands, as he is entitled to under his al- their plantations with the usual ready existing mortgage; and necessaries, and, in return, may shall place him, in relation to the export to the Netherlands the prodebt, for which the new security duce of the aforesaid plantations; has been given, in the very same but all other import of goods from situation in which he was with the Netherlands into the colonies, respect to his original claim on or export of produce from the the plantation, with the exception colonies to the Netherlands, are alone of what relates to the time strictly prohibited; and it is farther when the payment may be en- determined, that no export of any forced,—in such way, however, article that is prohibited to be that no later creditor shall derive exported thither from the British