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worship, and guarantee the ad- 8. The expense of forming and mission of all citizens to public keeping up the dykes shall be for offices and employments, what the account of the districts more ev or be their religious creed. especially interested in this branch

3. The Belgian Provinces shall of the public service, reserving be duly represented in the assem- the obligation of the state in gebly of the States General, whose neral to furnish aid in case of ex. ordinary sittings in time of peace traordinary disasters, all exactly shall be held alternately in a town as has been hitherto practised in in Holland and in a town in Bel- Holland. giun.

The treaty of Vienna having 4. All the inhabitants of the since confirmed, upon these same Netherlands being thus constitu- principles, the formal cession of tionally assimilated among each the Belgic Provinces, to form in other, the several Provinces shall conjunction with the United Proequally enjoy all the commercial vinces of the Netherlands, one and other advantages of which kingdom, we have hastened to aptheir respective situations are sus- point a special committee to exa. ceptible; nor can any obstacle or mine what modifications it would restriction be laid upon one to the be useful or necessary to make in advantage of another.

the constitution already establish5. Immediately after the union, ed in Holland. the provinces and towns of Bel- Citizens distinguished by their gium shall be admitted to the knowledge, their patriotism, and commerce and navigation of the their probity, have employed themcolonies upon the same footing as selves on this important work the provinces and towns of Hol- with a zeal worthy of the greatest land.

praises. 6. As the burdens must be in The project which they have common as well as the advan- just laid before us, contains hotages, the debts contracted till the nourable distinctions for the Notime of the union, by the Dutchbility, insures to all forms of worprovinces on the one hand, and ship equal favour and protection, by the Belgic provinces on the and guarantees the adınission of other, shall be chargeable to the all citizens to public offices and public treasury of the Nether'- employments; it fixes the divilands.

sion of power upon the basis of 7. Conformably to the same protecting institutions, which principles, the expenses required have been at all times dear to the for the establishment and preser- people of Belgium. It recognises vation of the fortresses on the above all things the independence frontier of the new State, shall of the judicial power; it recon. be borne by the public treasury; ciles the integrity and the strength as resulting from an object that of the body politic, with the ininterests the safety and indepen- dividual right of each of its memdence of all the provinces of the bers; and lastly, it contains the whole nation.

elements of every gradual im.


provement, which experience and (journals of proceedings), and at further study may shew to be ne- the collecting of the votes of the cessary.

Notables. However, before we proceed to Such, Belgians, are the meaintroduce the new fundamental sures which we have judged the law, we desire to convince our most proper for the establishment selves of the assent of our sub- of a compact which is to fix your jects to its principal regulations. destinies, and to hasten the moFor this purpose, Deputies (no- ment when your Sovereign will tables) shall be assembled from be surrounded by a representaevery arrondissement, in the pro- tion faithfully constituted. portion of one for 2,000 inhabi- Happy to reign over a free, tants. We have ordered that the brave, and industrious people, we choice shall be made with impar- are sure of finding in it that chatiality among the persons mostracter for openness and sincerity estimable, and most worthy of the which has always so eminently confidence of their fellow citizens. distinguished it. All our efforts But in order to be certain that will be directed to cement the our intentions in this respect have foundations of its prosperity and been fulfilled, and that those who glory, and the citizens of all classare going to be named Deputies, es, and all the provinces shall have are really deserving of the honour in us a benevolent and impartial of being the organs of the general protector of their rights and their opinion; we farther order that welfare. In particular weguaranthe lists shall be published and tee to the Catholic Church its estadeposited for eight days in the blishment and its liberties, and chief towns of the respective dis- we shall not lose sight of the extricts.

amples of wisdom and moderaAt the same time registers shall tion in this respect, which have be opened, in which every inha- been left us by our predecessors, bitant, who is the head of a fa- your ancient Sovereigns, whose juily, may come and insert a sim- memory is so justly revered among ple vote of rejection of one or you. more of the Deputies named.

It is according to the result Given at the Hague, July 19, which these registers shall afford, 1815, and the second year of our that the lists will be finally deter- reign. (Signed) mined on, and the Notables con- By the King. WILLIAM. voked in each arrondissement to For the Secretary of State in vote upon the plan of the funda- his absence, the Cabinet Secremental law which will be laid be- tary (Signed) fore them. Each of these as

P. DE CROMBRUGGE. semblages shall send its proces

(A true Copy). verbal to Brussels, and shall de- The Clerk to the Secretary of pute three of its members to at- State, tend in a general meeting at the

L, VAN GOEBELSCHROY. opening of those proces verbaux



ducal Brunswick Luneburg territories, in virtue of their oath of

allegiance, to be true and obedi. Brunswick, August 2. ent to vur said Cousin and us, on We George, by the grace of account of the guardianship deGod, Prince Regent of the United volved on us, and also the geneKingdom of Great Britain and ral colleges, magistrates, and adIreland, and of the Kingdom of ministrators, to proceed uninterHanover, Duke of Brunswick and rupted in the business of their Luneburg, &c., in guardianship several departments, and to conof Duke Charles Frederick Au- tinue to watch over the interests gustus William of Brunswick of the country and the governLuneburg, to all who see these ment, to the best of their

ability. presents, greeting :

In particular, we hereby authorise As it has pleased Divine Pro- and request the Home College of vidence to call away to a better Counsellors at Brunswick, state in the kingdom of peace chief administrators of the counfrom the midst of his deeply af- try, in future as heretofore, to Aicted family and faithful subjects continue in the regular adminiour dearly beloved cousin the stration of the country, and to rereigning Duke of Brunswick port to us the instructions comLuneburg, Frederick William, by municated, or still to be commua glorious death on the 16th of nicated to them. June, in the conflict for the tran- Given at Carlton-house, this quillity of Europe and the inde- iSth July, 1815. pendence of Germany; and as

GEORGE P.R. through this never enough to be

Count MUNSTER, lamented event, the succession to the said Duchy devolves on his Address of the Belgian Prelates to

much loved the King of the Netherlands. cousin Charles Frederick Augus- Sire-We believe it our duty tus, therefore have we, as well no longer to delay expressing to on account of the ties of con- your Majesty, the surprise and sanguinity as of the expressed the grief which your proclamation wish of the deceased, been moved of the 18th of this month, (July) to take upon us the guardianship has caused us. of our said cousin Duke Charles In the conviction that it is the Frederick Augustus William, dur- first duty of the Bishops, to speak ing his minority!; and we now de- the truth to the Throne when the clare, in the name and as guardi- grand interests of Religion are in ans of our said cousin, that we question, we now fulfil this duty take possession of the ducal ter- with the more confidence and ritories of Brunswick Luneburg, frankness, as your Majesty frewith all the rights, regalia, and quently testified to us your intensuperiorities, as possessed by our tion to protect religion with all deceased cousin Frederick Wil- your power, and as in that very liam: we now, therefore, enjoin proclamation, which is the cause all subjects and inhabitants of the of our uneasiness, you assure to


eldest son,


the Catholic church its establish- rejected schism and heresy from ment and its privileges.

the bosom of the church. Sire, the existence and the pri- The Christian Emperors thought vileges of the Catholic church, in it their duty to maintain these this part of your kingdom, are laws, and to secure their execuinconsistent with an article of the tion, as may be easily seen in the plan of the new Constitution, by collection of edicts upon this subwhich equal favour and protec. ject. From Charlemagne down tion are promised to all religions. to the unhappy epoch of 1781,

Since the conversion of the and the following years, all the Belgians to Christianity, such a Sovereigns of this country in dangerous innovation has never every age, exclusively protected been introduced in these provin- the Apostolic Roman Catholic reces, unless by force. The at- ligion, and secured to it the imtempts of Joseph the Second to disturbed enjoyment of all the maintain it were fruitless. The rights and privileges in the pose tyranny of the last French govern- session of which they found it. ment established it in theory; but The Council of Trent, all no religious troubles ensued, be- whose resolutions were published cause the head of the state pro- in these Provinces, and have tected the Protestant sects as lit- thence the effect of ecclesiastical tle as he did the Catholic church. law, after confirming all the old After this, however, the declared laws of the Church, which fix the enemy of all religion was over- spiritual jurisdictions, the rights thrown. The Belgian Church re- of the Bishops, of the Chapters, covered all her spiritual rights.- of the Universities, and in general In the Ordinance of the 7th March, of the regular and secular clergy, 1314, which the Commissioners of commanded the bishops to see to the allied powers expresslyconfirm- the execution of them, and careed, the general Government of Bel- fully to watch not only over the gium declared, “Henceforward maintenance of the sacred pledge the ecclesiastical power, and the of the faith, but also that of the temporal power, will be inviola- laws, which concern the essential bly maintained in their respective discipline of the Catholic Church, limits, as they are fixed by the and secure the consistency and common law, and by the ancient the inviolability of its governconstitution of the country.” ment. These, Sire, are the du

Sire, we do not hesitate to de- ties of the bishops of these proclare to your Majesty, that the vinces, and the laws of the councanonical laws, which are sanc. try have constantly allowed and tioned by the ancient constitu- facilitated the fulfilment of them, tions of the country, are incom- till a higher power prevented patible with the projected consti- them in part from discharging tution which would give in Bel- them. gium equal favour and protection If your Majesty, when you seto all religions.

cure to the Belgie church her exThe canonical laws have always istence and privileges, has the intention, as we conjecture, to the Catholic church in these promaintain the entire execution vinces. of the holy canon law, we are We dare not conceal from you, incapable of duly expressing Sire, that such regulations, if our thanks

tention, acceptance

to your Majesty they were confirined by your Mafor it.

jesty, could only lead to a renewal But we most respectfully take of the troubles which desolated the liberty to lay before your Ma- these provinces in the sixteenth jesty an article of the new consti- century, and that they must sooner tution, which, in securing the or later alienate the hearts of your same protection to all religions, faithful subjects in this part of would be incompatible with the your kingdom, with whom, atfree and entire exercise of our tachment to the Catholic faith is official duties.

stronger and more lively than in We are bound, Sire, incessantly any other country in Europe. to preserve the people entrusted Already the proclamation of to our care, from the doctrines your Majesty, which announced which are in opposition to the that the new Constitution should doctrines of the Catholic church. insure the liberty of religions, and We could not release ourselves give all equal favour and protecfrom this obligation without vio- tion, filled every heart with con. lating our most sacred duties ; sternation. It is known that this and if your Majesty, by virtue of dangerous system is one of the a fundamental law, protected in main articles of the modern phithese provinces the public profes- losophy, which has been the sion and spreading of these doc- source of so many misfortunes to trines, the progress of which we us; that evidently aims at exciting are bound to oppose with all the indifference to all religions, at care and energy which the Catho- lessening their influence from day lic church expects from our office, to day, and at destroying them in we should be in formal opposition the end entirely. We are bound, to the laws of the state, to the Sire, to tell you the truth in its measures which your Majesty full extent. The clergy of these might adopt to maintain them provinces have not observed withamong us, and in spite of all our out pain that your Majesty has endeavours to maintain union and been persuaded to exclude them peace, the public

ranquillity from the assemblies in which the might still be disturbed.

great interests of the state were And since, by Art. 136 of the discussed ; that the plan of the proposed Constitution, the public new Constitution contains hoexercise of a form of worship may nourable distinctions for the no. be hindered, when it might dis- bility, and that the clergy, once turb the public tranquillity; it the first class in the state, are defollows, that the free exercise of prived of them ; that it will not our religion might be hindered even have the right of being reby a possible consequence of the presented in the Provincial As. use of the rights and liberties of semblies, that its influence on the

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