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Proclamation of the King of Prussia of looking to their own independ
to the Inhabitants of Prussian ent existence, and that of care for Saxony.
the common weal of Germany, By the patent which I have this equally require that your provinces day signed, I have united you, should be united to my States, and inhabitants of Saxony, with my yourselves with my people. Gersubjects, your neighbours and many has only won what Prussia German countrymen. The gene- has earned. This you must be ral agreement of the powers here convinced of; and I place conassembled at the Congress has fidence in your German and honest assigned to me your country, minds, that the oath of your fidesubjected by the fate of war, bylity will proceed equally from the way of indemnity, for the loss feelings of the heart, as when I which has on one side diminished take you for my people. Through the circuit of the states guaran- your union with my States rich teed to me. Now separated, by resources are opened to your in. the course of events, from a house dustry. The wounds of war will of Princes with whom you have be healed, when the present danbeen faithfully connected for cen- ger and the necessity for new efturies, you pass over to another, forts in defence of our indepen. which is allied to you by the dence are over. My cares for friendly ties of neighbourhood, your welfare shall anxiously meet language, manners, and religion. your own exertions. A bene. When you beheld with pain your ficent constitution equally dividold connections dissolved, I re- ing the burthens of the State, a spected that grief as furnishing moderate government, well weighan earnest of the German cha- ed laws, a correct and punctual racter, and a pledge that you and distribution of justice, shall proyour children will obey me and mote your domestic prosperity. my House with equal fidelity. Your military youth will faithYou must be convinced of the fully join their brethren in arms. necessity of your separation. My The minsters of religion will in old subjects have made great and future be the venerable instructors severe sacrifices. They have gained in the religion of your ancestors. before the world and posterity a Upon your literary estal lishments, claim that the dangers of the days for many years the nurseries of of Gros Beeren and Dennewitz German science and learning, I should ever be far from them in will bestow especial attention ; future. They have given proof, and when the Prussian throne, that by their valour and fidelity after the lapse of a century, has to their King, Germany also has been firmly founded on the virtues been delivered from the disgraceof of peace and war, and the freeservitude. But that they may main- dom of our native Germany guardtain their own independence and ed, then you will particijate in the freedom of Germany, that the the distinguished ra k which the fruits of severe toils and bloody Prussian name will hold, and hisvictories may not be lost, the duty tory will also write your names, brare Saxons, in the annals of my love and my ardent wishes for Prussian glory
brave 2 C9
your welfare, will always attend (Signed)
you. FREDERICK WILLIAM.
Frederick AUGUSTUS. Vienna, May 22, 1615.
To the Inhabitants of the Ceded
Parts of the Kingdom of Sarony. Prussian Decree respecting the ReBy, the Treaty of Peace con
presentation of the People. aluded on the 18th of this month, and ratified on the 21st, between We, Frederick William, by the me and the courts of Austria, Grace of God, King of Prussia, Russia, and Prussia, I have con- &c. sented to the cession of that part By our decree of the 30th of of my Hereditary States of which last month, we have ordained a the Congress at Vienna had dis- regular administration for our posed, which had at the same time monarchy, taking into consideadded the clause, that the rest of ration at the same time the formy hereditary States would not be mer relations of the provinces. restored till I had consented to The history of the Prussian the cessions demanded.
State shews, indeed, that the hapDuring my long government I py state of civil liberty, and the have been guided in all my ope- duration of a just administration rations solely by my solicitude founded upon order, has hitherto for the good of the subjects who found in the character of the Sowere entrusted to me. The issue vereigns, and in their union with of all human enterprises is in the their people, all that security hand of God. All my efforts to which the imperfection and unavert so painful a sacrifice have certainty of all human institutions been in vain. I must part from would allow. you, and the bonds which your In order, however, that these fidelity and your attachment to advantages may be built on a still my person rendered so dear to firmer basis, and that we may *me, the bonds which have formed give to the Prussian nation a for ages the happiness of my pledge of our confidence, and to House, and of your ancestors, posterity an authentic document must be broken. Conformably of the principles upon which our to the promise made to the Allied ancestors and ourself have con. Powers, 1 release you, subjects ducted the government of our and soldiers, of the provinces se- kingdom with constant regard to parated from my kingdom, from the happiness of our subjects : your oath to me and my House, and that those principles may be and I recommend you to be faith- durably recorded by a written ful and obedient to your new So- document, as the Constitution of vereign.
the Prussian Monarchy, we have My gratitude for your fidelity, resolved as follows:
1st, A Representation of the Seal. Done at Vienna, May 25, people shall be formed.
1815. 2d. For this end,
(Signed) (a) The Provincial Assemblies,
FREDERICK WILLIAM. where they still exist with more
Countersigned) or less influence, are to be re
C. F. V. HARDENBERG. established and modelled according to the exigencies of the times.
(6) Where there are at present Protest of the Spanish Ambassador no Provincial Assemblies they are
against the Decisions of the Custo be introduced.
gress of Vienna. 3d. From the Provincial As
The undersigned, Ambassador semblies, the Assembly of the of his Majesty the King of Spain, Representatives of the Kingdom has remarked, that no mention is to be chosen which will sit at appears in the Protocol, of that Berlin.
conference which took place yes. 4. The functions of the National terday evening. He presumes, Representatives extend to the de- that, instead of a conference, it liberation upon all the objects of was rather an act of courtesy legislation which concern the per- which Messrs. the Plenipotentiasonal rights of the citizens and ries of Austria, Great Britain, their property, including tax- France, Russia, and Prussia shewation.
ed towards him, in order to com5. A Committee is to be formed municate to him the act with at Berlin without delay, which is which they have resolved to terto consist of experienced Officers minate their labours, and in of State, and inhabitants of the which they, as he is told, hare irprovinces.
revocably agreed among them6. This committee shall em- selves alone respecting the rights
of his Majesty the King of Spain, fa). On the organization of the and his Majesty the King of Provincial Assemblies.
Etruria, in Italy, as well as re(b). The organization of the specting the singular recommen. National Representation.
dation made to his Catholic Ma. (c). On the framing of a Con- jesty, in an article of the treaty, stitution according to the princi- respecting the cession of Olivenza ples laid down.
to Portugal, an affair with which 7. It shall meet on the 1st of the Plenipotentiaries of the above September this year.
powers must surely have inter. 8. Our Chancellor is charged fered by mistake, since it has at with the execution of this decree, no time become the Congress, and and is to lay before us the labour's much less of any of its parts, to of the Committee.
interfere in that business. And He names the members of it, as it is of the greatest importand presides at its meetings, but
ance, that either in the Protocols, is authorised, in case of need, to or in the diplomatic archives, name a Deputy in his room.
some record should remain of Given under our hand and Royal what the undersigned yesterday
declared verbally, therefore, he merely invited to adopt that which has the honour now to repeat it the mediating powers have irrein writing. He then declared, that vocably fixed with the other, and all that he could do, out of respect which is then made the formal to the Powers whose Plenipoten
article of a treaty. tiaries were assembled yesterday 3. Because, among the great evening, was, that he must leave number of articles of which the to his own Court the decision in treaty consists, there is only a relation to the communicated small number, respecting which treaty, and till then, cannot sub- information was given in the conscribe it.
ferences to the Plenipotentiaries 1. Because his instructions for- of the eight powers who signed bid him to subscribe any agree- the peace of Paris, and as all these ment contrary to the inmediate Plenipotentiaries are reciprocally and complete restoration of the equal, and the Powers whom they three Duchies of Parma, Piacenza, represent equally independent, it and Guastalla, as he had the ho- cannot be admitted that a part of nour to make known to Prince them have the right of deciding Metternich in a note of the 3d of and concluding, and the rest of April, which has remained un- them only that of subscribing, or answered, and which has not been refusing subscription, without an imparted to Congress, contrary open contempt of the most essento the express wishes therein set tial forms, without the most maforth.
nifest subversion of all principles; 2. Because, while Spain has and without the introduction of a desired of Austria, in its own new law of nations, to which the name, the restoration of Tuscany, Powers of Europe cannot submit and subsidiarily of Parma, and without ipso facto renouncing their while besides his Catholic Ma- independence, and which, howjesty takes an immediate interest ever general it may become, shall in the fate of his Majesty the never be so on the other side of the King of France, even had the un. Pyrennees. dersigned not been summoned, The undersigned requests his like the Plenipotentiaries of other Highness Prince Metternich, in powers who signod the treaty of his capacity of President of the Paris, and admitted to the Con- Congress, to lay this note before gress of Vienna, in no way could the other Plenipotentiaries, and the Plenipotentiaries of Austria, to permit its insertion in the ProBritain, &c. legitin;ately decide tocol of conferences. respecting the fate of Tuscany He embraces this opportunity and Parma, without this concert. of renewing to his Highness the And certainly it will be impossible assurance of his high considera. to persuade any man that can be tion, called entering into negotiation
(Signed) between two powers, when the
P. M. GOMEZ LABRADOR. Plenipotentiary of the one is Vienna, June 5, 1815.
German Act of Confederation. Schwerin, and Mecklenburg Stre
litz 1, Holstein Oldenburg, AnAr: 1. The Sovereign Princes halt, and Schwartzburg i, Hoand free cities of Germany, in- henzollern, Lichtenstein, Reuss, cluding their Majesties the Em- Schaumberg Lippe, Lippe and peror of Austria and the Kings of Waldeck 1, the free cities of LuPrussia, Denmark, and the Ne- beck, Frankfort, Bremen, and therlands, namely, the Emperor Hamburgh 1; total 17 votes. of Austria and the King of Prus- V. Austria has the presidency sia, for those of their possessions in the Diet of the Confederation; which formerly belonged to the every member of the league is enGerman Empire, the King of Den- powered to make propositions and mark for Holstein, the King of bring them under discussion; and the Netherlands for the Grand the presiding member is bound to Duchy of Luxemburg, unite submit such propositions for de themselves into a perpetual league, liberation within a fixed period. which shall be called the German VI. When these propositions Confederation.
relate to the abolition or altera2. The object thereof is the tion of the fundamental laws of maintenance of the internal and the Confederation, or to regulaexternal security of Germany, and tions relating to the Act of Conof thc independence and inviola- federation itself, then the Diet bility of the different German forms itself into a full committee, states.
when the different component 3. The Members of the Con- members shall have the following federation have, as such, equal votes proportioned to the extent rights; they bind themselves, all of their territories :equally to maintain the act of con- Austria, Prussia, Saxony, Barafederation.
ria, Hanover, and Wurtemburg, 4. The affairs of the Confede- four votes each ; Baden, Electoration shall be managed by a ge- rate of Hesse, Grand Duchy of neral assembly, in which all the Hesse, Holstein, and Luxemburg, Members of the Confederation three votes each ; Brunswick, shall be represented by their ple- Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Nasnipotentiaries, who shall each sau, two votes each; Saxe Weihave one vote either severally, or mar, and a great number of mias representing more than one nor German Princes, with the member, as follows :
free towns, one vote each ; total Austria 1 vote, Prussia 1, Ba- 69 votes. varia 1, Saxony 1, Hanover 1, VII. Questions in the Diet sball Wurtemberg 1, Baden 1, Elec- be decided by a simple majority torate of Hesse, 1, Grand Duchy of votes, on ordinary occasions, of Hesse 1, Denmark for Holstein the President to have the casting 1, the Netherlands for Luxem- vote; but when in full committee, burg 1, the Grand-Ducal and Du- the question must be decided by a cal Saxon Houses 1, Brunswick majority of at least three fourths. and Nassau I, Mecklenburg VIII. The Diet of the Conse