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sæn to pronounce, without hesi- tion, adopt the same principles, tation, on the events of which and in concert with the underFrance is the theatre; and boldly signed, resolve on the measures profess sentiments so honourable, which may become necessary to by repelling the proposals made oppose the common danger. by the pretended Government of “But at the same time that the that country to all the States, and powers expect without any doubt, which were every where rejected that Switzerland, agreed with with indignation.
them on the principal object, will “ In this unexpected and unpa- make no difficulty in declaring ralleled crisis, the Helvetic Con- that it is armed to attain it, federation, guided by its ancient and that it has placed itself in the integrity, has joined of itself the same line of policy, they are very systein of Europe, and embraced far from proposing to it to disthe cause of social order, and of play any other force than such as the safety of nations. It has felt is proportioned to the resources the conviction that so long as the and the usages of its people. They volcano, rekindled in France, respect the military system of a should threaten to influence and nation which, remote from all convulse the world, the inesti- ambition, puts forces on foot only mable advantages which the high to defend its liberty and its inde allied powers take a pleasure in pendence; they know the value seeing enjoyed by Switzerland, which Switzerland attaches to the its welfare, its independence, its principle of neutrality; it is not neutrality, would be always ex- to infringe upon it, but solely to posed to the encroachments of accelerate the period when this ibat illegal and destroying power principle may be applied in an which no moral restraint is able advantageous and permanent manto check.
ner, that they propose to the con“ United by the same wish, of federation to assume an energetic annihilating this power, the So- attitude, and adopt vigorous meavereigns assembled at the Congress sures commensurate to the extraof Vienna have proclaimed their ordinary circumstances of the principles in the treaty of the 25th times, but without forming a preof March, as well as the engage- cedent for the future. ments they contracted to maintain “ It is conformably with these them.
principles that the undersigned “ All the other States of Eu- have received from their respective rope have been invited to accede courts, the necessary instructions to it, and they have readily an- to regulate by a Convention which swered this invitation. Thus, cannot but be agreeable to Switthe moment is arrived, when the zerland, the footing upon which august Sovereigns, whose orders its adhesion is to subsist to the the undersigned are commmis- sacred cause which it has already sioned to execute here, expect that embraced. They have, therefore, the Diet, on receipt of the present the honour to invite the Diet official communications, will, by without delay to name Plenipoa formal and authentic declara tentiaries to enter into a negyciation with them upon this sub- took with vigour and celerity the jeet.
measures of safety which the im“ The allied Monarchs impose portance of the circumstances re. upon themselves the greatest sa- quired. The Diet has made know crifices; nevertheless, they require by a proclamation, the object of from Switzerland, only those from these armaments ; it has avoided which it cannot possibly withdraw all connection with the man who itself in a crisis in which its dear- has taken the reins of the French est interests are at stake; and to government, and has refused to alleviate the burden of putting on recognise him. foot the forces necessary for the The Ministers of the Allied vigorous defence of their frontiers, Powers justly infer from this conas well as to insure its success, duct, that Switzerland, united in they propose to keep at the dis- interest and intentions with the posal of Switzerland all the as- other States, must oppose with sistance which the general opera- all its might a power which threattions of the war shall permit theni ens the peace, the tranquillity, the to dedicate to this object.
independence, and the rights of “ The Monarchs desire in this all nations. Such are, in fact, manner among this nation (the the resolutions of the Diet. object of their particular regard “The relations which it inainand esteem) those sentiments of tains with the high allied powers, attachment, confidence, and gra- and even with them alone, leare titude to which they believe them- no doubt respecting its disposition selves sojustly entitled, sentiments or its designs ; it will abide bo which they would have at heart them with that constancy and still to increase and strengthen at fidelity which have been at all the time of a general peace, by times honourable features in the paying particular attention to the Swiss character. interests and the safety of Swit- “ Twenty-tuvo little republics, zerland.
united among themselves for their “ The undersigned renew to security and the assertion of their his Excellency the President, and independence, must seek their to Messrs. the Deputies to the national strength in the principle Diet, the assurance of their dis of their confederation. This is tinguished consideration.
what is prescribed by the nature “ STRATFORD CANNING, of things, by the geographical
situation, the constitution and
the character of the Swiss peo* CHAMBRIE."
ple. • Zurich, May
“ A consequence of this prin6, 1815."
ciple is its neutrality recognised
in its favour, as the basis of its ANSWER OF THE DIET. future relations with all states. " At the moment when a new It equally results from this prinpolitical convulsion shewed itself ciple, that in the great contest in France, Switzerland, struck which is on the eve of commencwith the dangers of its situation, ing, the part of Switzerland must
Daturally consist in the vigorous ready to hear these overtures : it. defence of its frontiers. By re- has commissioned Messrs. the maining on this line, it does not Burgomaster Wyss, the Avoyer estrange itself from the cause of Merlineu, and the Burgomaster the other powers; on the contrary, Weiland to enter into a negociit embraces it the more sincerely, ation with Messrs. the Ministers and serves it with the more ad- upon these two points, which are vantage, as this cause becomes essentially inseparable. But in immediately its own. Considered every case the right is reserved to in itself, the defence of a frontier the Cantons, to take a definitive 50 leagues in extent, which serves resolution on this head, and to as a point d'appui to the move- give these arrangements legal vament of two armies, is a co-ope- lidity by constitutionally confirmration not only very effectual, but ing them."-(Zurich, May 12.) even of the highest importance. Thirty thousand men anıl more have been put on foot for this Proclamations of the King Prussia purpose. Resolved to maintain
on resuming possession of his Pothis developement of force, Swit- lish Provinces. zerland thinks on its side that it “ Inhabitants of the Grand may expect from the kindness of Duchy of Posen,-At the same the powers, that their armies will time that, according to my letters respect its territory, till it shall patent of this day's date, 1 restore itself call for their aid. Assu- to their original state those parts rances on this head are absolutely of the late Duchy of Warsaw necessary to tranquillize the peo- which belonged originally to ple, and to induce them to bear Prussia, and now revert to my with courage so great a burthen. dominions; I have also had it in
The Diet believes that it has view to fix your political relations : answered, by these explanations, you have now also obtained a the expectations of their Excel- country, and at the same time a lencies the Ministers, at the same proof of my esteem for your attine that it shews its confidence tachment. in the justice and magnanimity of " You are incorporated with
the Monarchs who have but lately my Monarchy, but without being maken such an interest in the fate obliged to renounce your Nationof this country, and thus acquired ality. You will participate in the fresh claims to its gratitude. Constitution which I intend to
“If there is now any thing to be give my faithful subjects, and you done according to the principles will have a provisional constiabove explained, in order to fix tution, like the other provinces of in a more precise manner the po- my kingdom. Your religion shall litical relations of the confede- be inaintained, and a suitable doration with the allied powers, tation be assigned to its servants. during the continuance of the Your personal rights and your present war, and at the same time property shall return under the to agree on the conditions of its protection of the laws, upon which system of defence, the Dict is you will also be called upon in future to deliberate. Your lan- “ By my letters patent of toguage shall be used with the day, I have restored you to your German in all public transactions, ancient connections; I have given and every one of you, according you back to the country to which to his abilities, shall be eligible to you originally belonged, and to public employments in the Grand which you are indebted for your Duchy, and to all the offices, ho- former prosperity. In this renours, and dignities of my king- union, you will participate in the dom.
Constitution which I intend for “ My Governor, who was born all my faithful subjects in the among you, will also reside with Provincial Government of the you. He will inform me of your Province of West Prussia. wishes and your wants, and you,
“ This reunion affords you proof the intentions of my Govern- tection and security for your proment. Your fellow citizen, my perty, the certainty that you will high President, will organize the again enjoy yourselves the fruits Grand Duchy according to my of your industry, and the prospect instructions, and till the organi- of future tranquillity. With pazation is complete, govern in ternal care I will exert myself to every department. He will on assist in replacing on a firm this occasion employ the men of foundation your welfare, which business, found among you, ac- has suffered so severely. Exclucording as they are qualified by sively occupied with the future, it their knowledge and your con- is my will that every past error be fidence. When the organization forgotten. is finished, the different branches • The circumstances of the of administration will be intro- moment prevent me from receisduced.
ing in person the renewed oath of “ It is my firm resolve that the your allegiance, and I have, therepast be consigned to perfect obli- fore, appointed my high President vion. My care belongs exclu- of East Prussia, Von Auerswald, sively to the future, in which I to receive the homage from you, hope to find the means to bring in my name, in the city of Dantback the country, which has been zic, and to take the necessary tried beyond its strength, and is measures to this effect. quite exhausted, to the road of “ Given at Vienna, May 15, prosperity.
1915, “Since experience has matured
(Signed) you, I hope that I may depend on
FREDERICK WILLIAM." your acknowledgments.-Given at Vienna, the 15th of May, 1815.. (Signed)
Treaty of Peace between Sarony “ FREDERICK WILLIAM." and Prussia concluded at Vienna
on the 18th of May. To the Inhabitants of the City and Article 2. The cessions of Sax
Territory of Dantzic, the Circle ony prescribed by the Congress of Culm and Michelan, the Town are confirmed and settled anew, of Thorn, aad its Territory. so that from the Elbe to the Bi
shopric of Merseburg, the Baili- of Saxony, shall be performed by wicks of Torgau, Eilenburg, and both governments. Prussian Delitsch, are cut off, with 11. The Treasury Bills shall the exception of some reciprocally also be provided for as a common enclosed districts. The enclarés debt. in the principality of Reuss, which 13. The King of Prussia prowith the circle of Neustadt become mises to settle on the most liberal Prussian, are, Gefall, Blintendorf, footing, all that relates to the Sparenberg, and Blankenberg. property and interests of the sub
4. The King of Prussia assumes, jects on both sides, especially to on account of his new provinces, the commerce of Leipsic. the title of Duke of Saxony, Land- 14 and 15. A committee, comgrave of Thuringia, Margrave of mon to both parties, and sitting both Lusatias, and Count of Hen- at Dresden, shall equalize all neberg
claims under Austrian mediation. 5. Within a fortnight after the 17. The principles adopted by ratification, Prussia cracuates the Congress of Vienna, with rethosé parts of Saxony which she gard to free navigation, shall does not continue to hold. especially apply to the Elbe, the
6. Both divisions reciprocally Elster, and to canal3. renounce all feudal connections or 19. Prussia furnishes yearly dependence.
to Saxony, free of export duty, 7. The deeds, &c. in the Ar- 150,000, or if required, 250,000 chives with regard to the ceded quintals of salt, at a price, which provinces generally, shall be de- without raising the present retail livered up within three months: price to Saxon subjects, may sein regard to the divided provinces, cure to the King of Saxony the the originals shall belong to the enjoyment of a salt tax, approachlarger portions, and authentic co- ing as near as possible to that pies shall be given to the others. which he had before the last
8. As to the Saxon army, the officers and foreign soldiers of 20. Grain, timber, lime, and every rank shall have their choice stone, shall be reciprocally free whether they will enter the Prus- from export duty. sian, or remain in the Saxon ser- 21. No one shall be called to vice: subalterns and privates account for any share he may whose birth-place falls to Prussia have had in military or political enter the Prussian service.
events. 9. The debts of the undivided 22. The King of Saxony re. provinces become a charge on that nounces all claims on the Duchy government to which they are as- of Warsaw, and has therefore signed; those of the divided pro- nothing to do with its debts. vinces are taken by each propor. 23. With regard to the 2,550,000 tionally.
Polish guilders which the Saxon 10. The engagements entered treasury furnished to that of Warinto by the Central Tax-Commit- saw, means shall be taken for tee, on account of the kingdom their liquidation, at Warsaw. Vol. LVII,