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bow many of your brave warriors pulse, she has declared as her deand virtuous patriots have been liverer, the man from whom alone torn from their native soil! how she can expect the guarantee of many groan in dungeons ! how her liberties and independence.muany are victims of unheard of The Emperor has appeared, the exactions and humiliations. royal throne has fallen, and the

Italians !-You must put a pe- Bourbon family have quitted our riod to so many calamities; arise, territory, without one drop of and march in the closest union. blood having been shed for their At the same time that your cou- defence. Borne upon the arms of rage shall assert your external in- his people, his Majesty has tradependence, let a government' of versed France from the point of the your choice, a true national re- coast at which he at first touched presentation, a constitution worthy the ground, as far as the centre of of you and the age, guarantee his capital, even to that residence your internal liberty and protect which is now again, as are all your property. I invite all brave French hearts, filled with our men to come and combat with me; dearest remembrances. No obI invite all brave men who have stacles have delayed his Majesty's reflected on the wants of their triumphal progress; from the incountry, that, in the silence of the stant of his re-landing upon passions, they prepare the consti- French ground, he resumed the tution and laws which must in fu- government of hisempire. Scarceture govern happy and indepen- ly does his first reign appear to dent Italy.

have been for an instant interJOACHIM NAPOLEON. rupted. Every generous passion, By the King

every liberal thought, has rallied Miller De VilLENEUVE, around him; never did any naChief of the Staff. tion present a spectacle of more

awful unanimity:

The report of this great event Letter from M. De Caulaincourt will have reached your Lordship. to Viscount Castlereagh, dated lam commanded to announce it to

Puris, April 4, 1815. you, in the name of the Emperor, My Lord, -The expectations and to request you will convey which induced his Majesty the this declaration to the knowledge Einperor, my august Sovereign, of his Majesty the King of Great to submit to the greatest sacri- Britain, your august master. rices, have not been fulfilled ; This restoration of the ErpeFrance has not received the price ror, to the throne of France, is for of the devotion of its monarch ; him the most brilliant of his triher hopes have been lamentably umphs. His Majesty prides himdeceived. After some months of self above all, on the reflection painful restraint, her sentiments, that he owes it entirely to the concealed with regret, have at love of the French people; and length manifested themselves in he has no other wish than to rean extraordinary manner ; by an pay such affections, no longer by universal and spontaneous im- the trophies of vain ambition, but

2 B 2


by all the advantages of an ho- your Excellency to present it to nourable repose, and by all the his Royal Highness. blessings of a happy tranquillity. The first wish of the Emperor It is to the duration of peace that being, that the repose of Europe the Emperor looks forward for should remain inviolate, his Mathe accomplishment of his noblest jesty has been anxious to maniintentions. With a disposition to fest this disposition to the Soverespect the rights of other nations, reigns who are still assembled at his Majesty has the pleasing hope, Vienna, and to all other Sorethat those of the French nation reigns. will remain inviolate.

I have the honour to be, &e. The maintenance of this pre

(Signed) cious deposit is the first, as it is

ČAULAINCOURT, the dearest of his duties. The

Duc de Vicence. quiet of the world is for a long His Excellency Lord time assured, if all the other So- Castlereagh, &c. vereigns are disposed, as his Majesty is, to make their honour con

(No. 3.) sist in the preservation of peace, Letter from Viscount Castlereagh to by placing peace under the safe

M. Caulaincourt. guard of honour.

Downing-street, April 8, 1815. Such are, my lord, the senti- Sir, I have been honoured ments with which his Majesty is with two letters from your Excelsincerely animated, and which he lency bearing date the fourth inst. hascominanded me to make known from Paris, one of them covering to your government.

a letter addressed to his Royal I have the honour, &c. Highness the Prince Regent. (Signed)

I am to acquaint your EscelCAULAINCOURT, lency, that the Prince Regent has

Duc de Vicence. declined receiving the letter adHis Excellency Lord

dressed to him, and has, at the Castlereagh, &c.

same time, given me his orders

to transmit the letters addressed (No. 2.)-TRANSLATION. by your Excellency to me, to Vi. Letter from M. Caulaincourt to l'is- enna, for the information and count Castlereagh, dated consideration of the Allied Sove

Paris, April 4, 1815. reigns and Plenipotentiaries there My Lord,—The Emperor was assembled. anxious to express directly to his

I am, &c. Royal Highness the Prince Regent,

CASTLEREAGH. the sentiments which inspire him, and to make known to him the The Earl of Clancarty to Viscount high value which he places on the

Castlereagh. maintenance of the peace happily Vienna, May 6, 1915. existing between the two coun- My Lord,-Adverting to your tries. I am commanded in con- Lordship’s dispatch of the sth sequence, my Lord, to address to ult. and to its inclosures, converyou the annexed letter, and to beg ing a proposal made by the exist


ing government in France, and in a state of hostility with him your Lordship's answer thereto, I and his adherents, not from choice, have the honour to acquaint you, but from necessity, because past for the information of his Ma- experience has shewn, that no jesty's Government, that at faith has been kept by him, and ference held on the 3d inst. his that no reliance can be placed on Highness Prince Metternich ac. the professions of one who has quainted us, that a M. de Strassant, hitherto no longer regarded the who had been stopped on his way most solemn compacts, than as it hither, at Lintz, from not having may have suited his own convebeen furnished with proper pass- nience to observe them; whose ports, had addressed a letter to word, the only assurance he can his Imperial Majesty, and there- afford for his peaceable disposiwith forwarded some unopened tion, is not less in direct opposiletters which the Emperor had tion to the tenour of his former directed him to unscal in the pre- life, than it is to the military posence of the Plenipotentiaries of sition in which he is actually the Allied Powers.

placed. They feel that they should These proved to be a letter from neither perform their duty to Buonaparte, addressed to his Ma- themselves or to the people comjesty, professing a desire to con- mitted by Providence to their tinue at peace, to observe the sti- charge, if they were now to listen pulations of the Treaty of Paris, to those professions of a desire for &c.; and a letter from M. de peace which have been made, and Caulaincourt to Prince Metter- suffer themselves thus to be lulled nich, containing similar profes- into the supposition that they sions.

might now relieve their people After reading these papers, it from the burthen of supporting was considered whether any, and immense military masses, by diwhat answer should be made minishing their forces to a peace thereto, when the general opinion establishment, convinced as the appeared to be, that none should several Sovereigns are from past be returned, and no notice what- experience, that no sooner should ever taken of the proposal. they have been disarmed, than ad

Upon this, as indeed upon all vantages would be taken of their other occasions subsequent to the want of preparation, to renew resumption of authority by Buo- those scenes of aggression and naparte, wherein the present state bloodshed, from which they had of the Continental Powers with hoped that the peace so gloriously regard to France has come under won at Paris would long have sediscussion, but onc opinion has cured them. appeared to direct the Councils of They are at war, then, for the the several Sovereigns. They ad- purpose of obtaining some secuhere, and from the commence- rity for their own independence, ment have never ceased to adhere, and for the reconquest of that to their Declaration of the 13th peace and permanent tranquillity of March, with respect to the ac- for which the world has so long tual Ruler of France. They are panted. They are not even at war


for the greater or less proportion only, be open to them, and lay of security which France can af- down those arms which they have ford them of future tranquillity, only taken up, for the purpose of but because France, under its pre- acquiring that tranquillity sa sent Chief, is unable to afford eagerly desired by them on the them any security whatever. part of their respective Empires.

In this war, they do not desire Such, my Lord, are the geneto interfere with any legitimate ral sentiments of the Sovereigns right of the French people; they and of their Ministers here ashave no design to oppose the semblęd; and it should seem, claim of that nation to choose that the glorious forbearance ob. their own form of government, or served by them, when masters of intention to trench, in any respect, the French capital in the early upon their independence as a part of the last year, ought to great and free people; but they do prove to the French, that this is think they have a right, and that not a war against their freedom of the highest nature, to contend and independence, or excited by against the re-establishment of an any spirit of ambition, or desire individual as the head of the of conquest, but one arising out French government, whose past of necessity, urged on the princonduct has invariably demon- ciples of self preservation, and strated, that in such a situation founded on that legitimate and he will not suffer other nations to incontrovertible right of obtain: be at peace--whose restless am- ing reasonable security for their bition, whose thirst for foreign own tranquillity and independence conquest, and whose disregard —to which, if France has on her for the rights and independence part a claim, other nations have of other states, must expose the an equal title to claim at the whole of Europe to renewed hands of France. scenes of plunder and devastation. I this day laid before the Ple

However general the feelings nipotentiaries of the three Allied of the Sovereigns may be in fa- Powers in conference, the note vour of the restoration of the proposed to be delivered upon the King, they no otherwise seek to exchange of the ratifications of influence the proceedings of the the treaty of the 25th of March. French, in the choice of this After the opinions which I have or any other dynasty, or form detailed as those with which the of government, than may be Allied Sovereigns are impressed, essential to the safety and per- with respect to the object of the manent tranquillity of the rest war, it is scarcely necessary for of Europe : such reasonable se- me to add, that the explanation curity being afforded by France afforded in this note, as the conin this respect, as other States struction put by his Royal Highhave a legitimate right to claim ness the Prince Regent on the in their own defence, their object eighth article of that treaty, was will be satisfied; and they shall favourably received. Immediate joyfully return to that state of instructions will consequently be peace, which will then, and then issued to the Ambassadors of the


Iinperial Courts of Austria and world the hope of a durable Russia, and to the Minister of peace. his Prussian Majesty, to accept “ This hope is vanished: we of this Note on the exchange of must again march to the combat. A the ratifications of the treaty in perfidious conspiracy has brought question.

back to France the man who for lu order to be assured that I ten years together brought down have advanced nothing in this upon the world unutterable misedispatch which does not accord rics. The people, confounded, with the views of the Cabinets of have not been able to oppose his the Allied Sovereigns, I have ac- armed adherents; though he himquainted the Plenipotentiaries of self, while still at the head of a the High Allied Powers with the considerable armed force, declarcontents thereof, and have the .ed his abdication to be a volunhonour to inform you, that the tary sacrifice to the hippiness and sentiments contained in it entire- repose of France, he now regards ly coincide with those of their re- this, like every other convention, spective Courts.

as nothing; he is at the head of I have the honour to be, &c. perjured soldiers, who desire to (Signed)

render war eternal; Europe is CLANCARTY. again threatened; it cannot suffer

the man to remain on the throne

of France, who loudly proclaimed Proclamation by the King of universal empire to be the object Prussia.

of his continually renewed wars; “ When, in the time of dan- who confounded all moral princiger, I called my people to arms ple by his continued breach of to combat for the freedom and in- faith; and who can, therefore, dependence of the country, the give the world no security for his whole mass of the youth, glowing peaceable intentions. with emulation, thronged round Again, therefore, arise to the the standards, to bear with joyful combat! France itself wants our self-denial unusual hardships, and aid, and all Europe is allied with resolved to brave death itself. us. United with your antient Then the best strength of the companions in victory, reinforced people intrepidly joined the ranks by the accession of new brethren of my brave soldiers, and my ge- in arms, you, brave Prussians, nerals led with me into battle a go to a just war, with me, with host of heroes, who have shewn the Princes of my family, with the themselves worthy of the name of generals who have led you to vie. their fathers, and heirs of their tory. The justice of the cause glory. Thus we and our allies, we defend will ensure us the vic-' attended by victory, conquered tory. the capital of our enemy. Our

ir I have ordered a general banners waved in Paris. —Napo- arming, according to my Decree leon abdicated his authority- of September 3, 1814, which will liberty was restored to Germany, be executed in all my dominions, security to thrones, and to the The army will be completed; the



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