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specting the 8th Article of the The undersigned, on the ex- Treaty of the 25th of March last, change of the Ratification of the has received orders to declare, Treaty of the 25th of March last, that the interpretation given to that on the part of his Court, is here- article by the British Government by commanded to declare, that is entirely conformable to the the sth article of the said Treaty, principles by which his Imperial wherein his most Christian Ma. Majesty proposes to regulate his jesty is invited to accede, un- policy during the present war. der certain stipulations, is to be The Emperor, although irrevocunderstood as binding the Con- ably resolved to direct all his eftracting Parties, upon the prin- forts against the usurpation of ciples of mutual security, to a Napoleon Buonaparte, as that common effort against the power object is expressed in the 3d of Napoleon Buonaparte, in pur. Article, and to act in that resuance of the 3d article of the spect in the most perfect concert said Treaty ; but is not to be un- with his allies, is nevertheless derstood as binding his Britannic convinced, that the duty imposed Majesty to prosecute the war, upon him by the interest of his with a view of imposing upon subjects, as well as the prinFrance any particular government. ciples by which he is guided,
However solicitous the Prince would not permit him to engage Regent must be to see his most to prosecute the war for the purChristian Majesty restored to the pose of imposing a form of gothrone, and however anxious he vernment on France. is to contribute in conjunction
Whatever wishes his Majesty with his allies, to so auspicious an the Emperor may form, to see event, he nevertheless deems him his most Christian Majesty reself called upon to make this de- placed upon the throne, and whatclaration, on the exchange of the ever may be his constant solicitude, ratifications, as well in considera- to contribute, conjointly with his tion of what is due to his most allies, to the attainment of so desirChristian Majesty's interests in able an object; his Majesty has neFrance, as in conformity to the vertheless thought it right to anprinciples upon which the British swer by this explanation, the declaGovernment has invariably re
ration which his Excellency Lord gulated its conduct.
Castlereagh has transmitted on the exchange of the ratification,
and which the undersigned on his STATE PAPER,
part is fully authorised to accept. Referring to the preceding Declat
METTERNICH. ration. The undersigned Minister of
Vienna, May 9, 1815. State and of Foreign Affairs of his Majesty the Emperor of Aus- Proclamation of the King of Naples: tria, having informed his august Rimini, March 31, 1815. master of the communication made Italians !—The moment is come to him by Lord Castlereagh, re- when great destinies may be acVOL. LVII.
complished. Providence calls you them; let all citizens, friends of at last, to be an independent peo- their country, raise a gencrous ple. One cry echoes from the voice for liberty ; let the whole Alps to the Strait of Scylla force of the nation be drawn forth the independence of Italy. What in all its energy, and in every right have strangers to rob you form. The question to be deof independence, the first right cided is, whether Italy shall be and blessing of all people? What frec, or shall remain for ages right have they to reign in your bent under the yoke of slavery. fertile plains, and to appro- Let the struggle be decisive, and priate to themselves your wealth, we shall have established to a disfor the purpose of transporting tant period the happiness of ou it to countries where it did not finecountry,--that country, which originate? What right have they to though still torn and bleeding, is carry off your sons, to make them full of ardour and strength to serve, languish, and die, far from conquer its independence. The the tombs of your fathers? Is it enlightened men of all countries, that nature has in vain given you the nations which are worthy of the Alps for a bulwark, and the a liberal government, the Princes invincible discrepancy of your who are distinguished by thegreatcharacter, a barrier still more in- hess of their character, will resurmountable ? No! no! let joice in your enterprise, will apevery foreign domination disap- plaud your triumphs, England, pear from the soil of Italy. —can she refuse you her suffrage?
Formerly masters of the world, that nation which holds out to you have expiated that fatal glory all others the model of a national by a servitude of 20 centuries. and constitutional government; Let it now be your glory to have that free people, whose finest title masters no longer. Every people to glory is to have shed its blood must keep within the limits fixed and treasures for the independence to it by nature: the sea and inac- and liberty of nations! cessible mountains,--these are Italians !-Having long invited your frontiers. Never think of and urged us by your wishes, vou passing them ; but expel the fo- were surprised at our inaction ; reigner who passes them, and but the propitious moment was force him to confine himself with- not come; I had not vet rein his own. Eighty thousand ceived proofs of the perfidy of Italians at Naples hasten to you your enemies. It was necessary under the command of their King; that you should be convinced by they swear never to rest until recent experience, how false was Italy be free; and they have prov- the liberality of your present ed more than once, that they know masters, how deceitful and lying how to keep their oaths.
their promises. Fatal and de Italians of all countries !-Se- plorable experience! I call you cond their magnanimous efforts. to witness, brave and unfortunate Let those who have borne arms Italians of Milan, Bologna, Turin, resume them ; let the raw youth Venice, Brescia, Modena, Reggio, accustom themselves to handle and so many other famous cities,
bow many of your brave warriors pulse, she has declared as her deand virtuous patriots have been liverer, the man from whom alone torn from their native soil ! how she can expect the guarantee of many groan in dungeons ! how her liberties and independence.many are victims of unheard of The Emperor has appeared, the exactions and humiliations. royal throne has fallen, and the
Italians !-You must put a pe- Bourbon family have quitted our riod to so many calamities; arise, territory, without one drop of and march in the closest union. blood having been shed for their At the same time that your cou- defence. Borne upon the arms of rage shall assert your external in- his people, his Majesty has tradependence, let a government of versed France from the point of the your choice, a true national re- coast at which he at first touched presentation, a constitution worthy the ground, as far as the centre of of you and the age, guarantee his capital, even to that residence your internal liberty and protect which is now again, as are all your property. I invite all brave French hearts, filled with our men to come and combat with me; dearest remembrances. No obI invite all brave men who have stacles have delayed his Majesty's reflected on the wants of their triumphal progress ; from the incountry, that, in the silence of the stant of his re-landing upon passions, they prepare the consti- French ground, he resumed the tution and laws which must in fu- government of hisempire. Scarceture govern happy and indepen- ly does his first reign appear to dent Italy.
have been for an instant interJOACHIM NAPOLEON. rupted. Every generous passion, By the King
every liberal thought, has rallied Miller De VilLENEUVE, around him; never did any naChief of the Staff. tion present a spectacle of more
The report of this great event Letter from M. De Caulaincourt will have reached your Lordship. to Viscount Castlereagh, dated lam commanded to announce it to
Paris, April 4, 1815. you, in the name of the Emperor, My Lord,-The expectations and to request you will convey which induced his Majesty the this declaration to the knowledge Emperor, my august Sovereign, of his Majesty the King of Great to submit to the greatest sacri- Britain, your august master. fices, have not been fulfilled ; This restoration of the ErpeFrance has not received the price ror, to the throne of France, is for of the devotion of its monarch ; him the most brilliant of his triher hopes have been lamentably unphs. His Majesty prides himdeceived. After some months of self above all, on the reflection painful restraint, her sentiments, that he owes it entirely to the concealed with regret, have at love of the French people; and length manifested themselves in he has no other wish than to rean extraordinary manner ; by an pay such affections, no longer by universal and spontaneous im- the trophies of vain ambition, but
2 B 2
by by all the advantages of an ho- your Excellency to present it to nourable repose, and by all the his Royal Highness. blessings of a happy tranquillity. The first wish of the Emperor It is to the duration of peace that being, that the repose of Europe the Emperor looks forward for should remain inviolate, his Mathe accomplishment of his noblest jesty has been anxious to maniintentions. With a disposition to fest this disposition to the Soverespect the rights of other nations, reigns who are still assembled at his Majesty has the pleasing hope, Vienna, and to all other Sovethat those of the French nation reigns. will remain inviolate.
I have the honour to be, &e. The maintenance of this pre
(Signed) cious deposit is the first, as it is
ČAULAINCOURT, the dearest of his duties. The
Duc de Vicence. quiet of the world is for a long His Excellency Lord time assured, if all the other So- Castlereagh, &c. vereigns are disposed, as his Majesty is, to make their honour con
(No. 3.) sist in the preservation of peace, Letter from Viscount Castlereagh to by placing peace under the safe
M. Caulaincourt. guard of honour.
Downing-street, April 8, 1815. Such are, my lord, the senti- Sir,- I have been honoured ments with which his Majesty is with two letters from your Excelsincerely animated, and which he lency bearing date the fourth inst. has cominanded me to make known from Paris, one of them covering to your government.
a letter addressed to his Royal I have the honour, &c. Highness the Prince Regent. (Signed)
I am to acquaint your ExcelČAULAINCOURT,
lency, that the Prince Regent has Duc de Vicence. declined receiving the letter adHis Excellency Lord
dressed to him, and has, at the Castlereagh, &c.
same time, given me his orders
to transmit the letters addressed (No. 2.)-TRANSLATION. by your Excellency to me, to ViLetter from M. Caulaincourt to Vis- enna, for the information and count Castlereagh, dated consideration of the Allied Sove
Paris, April 4, 1815. reigns and Plenipotentiaries there My Lord,- The Emperor was assembled. anxious to express directly to his
I am, &c. Royal Highness the Prince Regent,
CASTLEREAGH. the sentiments which inspire him, and to make known to him the The Earl of Clancarty to Viscount high value which he places on the
Castlereagh. maintenance of the peace happily Vienna, May 6, 1915. existing between the two coun- My Lord,-Adverting to your tries. I am commanded in con- Lordship's dispatch of the sth sequence, my Lord, to address to ult. and to its inclosures, conveyyou the annexed letter, and to beg ing a proposal made by the exist
ing government in France, and in a state of hostility with him your Lordship's answer thereto, I and his adherents, not from choice, have the honour to acquaint you, but from necessity, because past for the information of his Ma- experience has shewn, that no jesty's Government, that at a con- faith has been kept by him, and ference held on the 3d inst. his that no reliance can be placed on Highness Prince Metternich ac. the professions of one who has quainted us, that a M. de Strassant, hitherto no longer regarded the who had been stopped on his way most solemn compacts, than as it hither, at Lintz, from not having may have suited his own convebeen furnished with proper pass- nience to observe them; whose ports, had addressed a letter to word, the only assurance he can his Imperial Majesty, and there. afford for his peaceable disposiwith forwarded some unopened tion, is not less in direct opposiletters which the Emperor had tion to the tenour of his former directed him to unscal in the pre- life, than it is to the military posence of the Plenipotentiaries of sition in which he is actually the Allied Powers.
placed. They feel that they should These proved to be a letter from neither perform their duty to Buonaparte, addressed to his Ma- themselves or to the people comjesty, professing a desire to con- mitted by Providence to their tinue at peace, to observe the sti- charge, if they were now to listen pulations of the Treaty of Paris, to those professions of a desire for &c.; and a letter from M. de peace which have been made, and Caulaincourt to Prince Metter- suffer themselves thus to be lulled nich, containing similar profes- into the supposition that they sions.
might now relieve their people After reading these papers, . it from the burthen of supporting was considered whether any, and immense military masses, by diwhat answer should be made minishing their forces to a peace thereto, when the general opinion establishment, convinced as the appeared to be, that none should several Sovereigns are from past be returned, and no notice what- experience, that no sooner should ever taken of the proposal.
they have been disarmed, than adUpon this, as indeed upon all vantages would be taken of their other occasions subsequent to the want of preparation, to renew resumption of authority by Buo- those scenes of aggression and naparte, wherein the present state bloodshed, from which they had of the Continental Powers with hoped that the peace so gloriously regard to France has come under won at Paris would long have sediscussion, but onc opinion has cured them. appeared to direct the Councils of They are at war, then, for the the several Sovereigns. They ad- purpose of obtaining some secuhere, and from the commence- rity for their own independence, ment have never ceased to adhere, and for the reconquest of that to their Declaration of the 13th peace and permanent tranquillity of March, with respect to the ac- for which the world has so long tual Ruler of France. They are panted. They are not even at war