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constituents. I pray you to bear with The victories of Champ Aubert, you the expressions of my sanguine of Montmirail, of Chateau Thierry, hope, that the peace which has of Vauchamp, of Mormans, of been just declared will not only be Montereau, of Craone, of Rheims, the foundation of the most friendly of Arcy-sur-Aube, and of St. Di. intercourse between the United zier; the rising of the brave peaStates and Great Britain, but that sants of Lorraine, of Champagne, it will also be productive of hap- of Alsace, of Franche Comté, and piness and harmony in every sec- of Bourgoin, and the position tion of our beloved country.

which I had taken on the rear of “The influence of your precepts the enemy's army, by separating and example must be every where it from its magazines, from its powerful; and while we accord parks of reserve, from its convoys in grateful acknowledgments for and all its equipages, had placed it the protection which Providence in a desperate situation. The has bestowed upon us, let us never French were never on the point cease to inculcate obedience to the of being more powerful, and the laws, and fidelity to the union, as flower of the enemy's army was constituting the palladium of the lost without resource : it would national independence and pros- have found its grave in those vast perity.

countries which it had mercilessly James Madison. ravaged, when the treason of the Washington, Feb.

Duke of Ragusa gave up the capital 19, 1815.

and disorganised the army. The unexpected conduct of those two

Generals who betrayed at once Bay of Juan, March their country, their Prince, and 1, 1815. their benefactor, changed the des.

The disastrous Napoleon, by the grace of God tiny of the war. and the constitution of the that at the conclusion of the affair

situation of the enemy was such, Empire, Emperor of the French, which took place before Paris, it &c. &c. &c.

was without ammunition, on acTO THE FRENCH PEOPLE.

count of its separation from its Frenchmen!—The defection of parks of reserve. the Duke of Castiglione delivered Under these new and important up Lyons, without defence, to circumstances, my heart was rent, our enemies, the army of which but my soul remained unshaken. I confided to him the command, I consulted only the interest of was, by the number of its bat- the country. I exiled myself on a talions, the bravery and patriotism rock in the middle of the sea. My of the troops which composed it, life was, and ought to be, stiil fully able to beat the Austrian useful to you. I did not permit corps opposed to it, and to get the great number of eitizens, who into the rear of the left wing of wished to accompany me, to parthe enemy's army, which threat- take my lot. I thought their preened Paris.

sence useful to France; and I took with me only a handful of brave Frenchmen! There is no nation, men, necessary for my guard. however small it may be, which

Raised to the Throne by your has not had the right, and which choice, all that has been done may not withdraw itself from the without you is illegitimate. For disgrace of obeying a Prince imtwenty-five years France has had posed on it by an enemy momennew interests, new institutions, tarily victorious. When Charles and new glory, which could only VII, re-entered Paris, and overbe secured by a national Govern- threw the ephemeral throne of ment, and by a Dynasty created Henry V.; he acknowledged that under these new circumstances. he held his throne from the valour A Prince who should reign over of nis heroes, and not from a you, who should be seated on my Prince Regent of England. throne by the power of those very It is thus that to you alone, and armies which ravaged our ter- to the brave men of the army, I ritory, would in vain attempt to account it, and shall always acsupport himself with the principles count it, my glory to owe every of feudal law : he would not be thing: able to recover the honour and By the Emperor. the rights of more than a small (Signed) NAPOLEOX. number of individuals, enemies of The Grand Marshal performing the the people who, for twenty-five functions of Major-General of years, have condemned them in

the Grand Army. all our national assemblies. Your (Signed) Count BERTRAND. tranquillity at home, and your consequence abroad, would be lost for ever.

Note from the King of Sarony to Frenchmen! In my exile I heard

the Allied Powers. your complaints and your wishes : you demanded that government “ The King of Saxony has seen of your choice which alone was with the deepest affliction, in the legitimate. You accused my long documents which Princes Metterslumber; you reproached me for nich and Talleyrand and the Duke sacrificing to my repose the great of Wellington were charged to interests of the country.

communicate to him, the deter-- I have crossed the seas in the mination which the five Powers midst of dangers of every kind : have come to with regard to the I arrive amongst you to resume fate of Saxony. my righis which are your's. AU “ Without any other principle that individuals have done, written, but that of convenience, and withor said, since the capture of Paris,

out any regard to the internal reI will be for ever ignorant of: it lations of the nation, a line has shall not at all influence the recol- been traced across the country, lections which I preserve of the which would at once tear from it important services which they have two-tifths of its population, and performed. There are circum

more than one half of its territostances of such a nature as to be

rial extent, as well as the means above human organization.

indispensable for the subsistence

of

of what shall remain to the directed against usurpation, and King.

that they were far removed from “ It is to such sacrifices that every idea of conquest. the King has been invited to give “ His Majesty having only in his assent, while it is added, that view the good of his people, and no negociation will be entered sincerely desirous of seeing his into as to accessary points, until old relations of peace and good his Majesty shall have categori- understanding re-established with cally declared himself on the ter- all the Courts of Europe, flatters ritorial cession.

himself that the five Powers will “ His Majesty can by no means be pleased to pay regard to his acknowledge the validity of these representations, and that they arrangements, made without the will lay to heart his interest and presence and assent of his Ple- those of his states. He again nipotentiary. The King having claims the admission of his Plerecovered his liberty, there is no nipotentiary to the Congress, in longer any obstacle to treating order to treat with the Ministers with him; his rights cannot be of the Allied Powers. pronounced upon without his con- “His Majesty likewise requests, sent, and he cannot admit that his that the Provisional Government states should be considered and of Saxony may be enjoined to susretained as conquered countries. pend all measures which bear reDrawn on by the force of circum- lation to the projected partition. stances, and by the obligations “ The King, in fine, accepts, which he was under the necessity with profound sensibility, the ofof contracting in a war which he fer of the mediation of the august had neither provoked nor declared, Sovereigns who have hitherto inthe King took no part in it but as terested themselves in his favour; an auxiliary; it did not depend on and the conviction which his Mahis Majesty, either at the com- jesty feels of his rights, and of mencement, or during the pro- the equity of his claims, convinces gress of the grand contest, to join him that these monarchs will in the cause of the Allies, however future grant him without restricsincere his wish to that effect, ma- tion their powerful support. nifested in an unequivocal manner, " The undersigned Cabinet and latterly, by a formal appli- Minister and Secretary of State, cation addressed to the Allied So- fulfils the pleasure of the King in vereigns. The Saxon nation, full transmitting to their Excellencies of confidence in the coalesced this note, begging that they will Powers, has made every effort, be pleased to submit it to their and endured with resignation all august Sovereigns, as well as to the sacrifices which have been ex- the Committee, and to accompany acted of it. The right of con- it with their good offices. quest would not, therefore, apply

Presburgh, either against the King or his

March 11, 1915.” people, even though the Allies had not proclaimed, as they have done, that their efforts were exclusively

DECLA

DECLARATION.

replunge the world into the dis. The Powers who have signed orders and miseries of revolutions. the treaty of Paris, assembled in And although entirely perCongress at Vienna, being in- suaded that all France, rallying formed of the escape of Napoleon round its legitimate Sovereign, Buonaparte, and of his entrance will immediatly annihilate this into France with an armed force, attempt of a criminal and impoowe it to their own dignity and tent delirium ; all the Sovereigns the interest of social order, to of Europe, animated by the same make a soleinn declaration of the sentiments, and guided by the same sentiments which this event has principles, declare, that if, conexcited in them.

trary to all calculations, there By thus breaking the conven- should result from this events any tion which established him in the real danger, they will be ready to Island of Elba, Buonaparte de- give the King of France and to stroys the only legal title on which the French nation, or to any other his existence depended : by ap- Government that shall be attackpearing again in France with pro- ed, as soon as they shall be called jects of confusion and disorder, upon, all the assistance requisite he has deprived himself of the to restore public tranquillity, and protection of the law, and has to make a common cause against manifested to the universe, that all those who should undertake to there can be neither peace nor compromise it. truce with him. The Powers The present declaration insertconsequently declare, that Napo- ed in the Register of the Conleon Buonaparte has placed him- gress assembled at Vienna on the self without the pale of civil and 13th of March, 1815, shall be social relations, and that as an made public. enemy and disturber of the tran- Done and attested by the Plequillity of the world, he has ren- nipotentiaries of the High Powers dered himself liable to public who signed the Treaty of Paris. vengeance.

Vienna, March 13, 1815. They declare, at the same time, that firmly resolved to maintain Here follow the signatures entire the treaty of Paris, of 30th in the alphabetical order of the of May, 1814, and the dispo- Courts. sitions sanctioned by that treaty, Austria. Prince METTERNICH, and those which they have resolved

Baron WESSENBERG. on, or shall hereafter resolve on, Spain. P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. to complete and to consolidate it, France. Prince TALLEYRAND, they will employ all their means,

Duke of DaL BERG, and will unite all their efforts,

LaTour Du Pix, that the general peace, the object

Count ALEXIS DU of the wishes of Europe, and the

NOAILLES. constant purpose

of their labours, Great Brit. WELLINGTON, may not again be troubled, and

CLANCARTY, w guarantee against every at

CATHCART, tempt which shall threaten to

STEWART.

Portugal.

Portugal. Count PalMELA SAL- lemnly engage to unite the reDANHA LOBO.

sources of their respective states Prussia, Prince HARDENBERG, for the purpose of maintaining

Baron HUMBOLDT. entire the conditions of the treaty Russia. Count RASUMOWSKY, of peace concluded at Paris the

Count STACKELBERG, 30th of May, 1814; as also the

Count NESSELRODE. stipulations determined upon and Sweden.. LOEWENHELM. signed at the Congress of Vienna,

with the view to complete the

disposition of that treaty, to preSubstance of Treaties between his serve them against all infringe

Britannic Majesty and the Em- ment, and particularly against the perors of Austria and Russia, designs of Napoleon Buonaparte. and the King of Prussia, re

For this purpose they engage, in spectively; signed at Vienna, on the spirit of the declaration of the the 25th of March, 1815.

13th of March last, to direct in

common, and with one accord, His Majesty the King of the should the case require it, all their United Kingdom of Great Bri- efforts against him, and against tain and Ireland, and his Majesty all those who should already have the

having taken into joined his faction, or shall hereconsideration the consequences after join it, in order to force him which the invasion of France by to desist from his projects, and to Napoleon Buonaparte, and the render him unable to disturb in actual situation of that kingdom, future the tranquillity of Europe, may produce with respect to the and the general peace under the safety of Europe, have resolv- protection

protection of which the rights, ed, in conjunction with his Ma- the liberty, and independence of jesty the, &c. &c. &c. to apply to nations had been recently placed that important circumstance, the and secured. principles consecrated by the Art. 2. Although the means Treaty of Chaumont.

destined for the attainment of so They have consequently resolv- great and salutary an object ought ed to renew, by a solemn treaty, not to be subjected to limitation, signed separately by each of the and although the High Contractfour Powers with each of the ing Parties are resolved to devote three others, the engagement to therein all those means which, in preserve, against every attack, their respective situations, they are the order of things so happily enabled to dispose of, they have established in Europe, and to de- nevertheless agreed to keep contermine upon the most effectual stantly in the field, each, a force of means of fulfilling that engage- 150,000 men complete, including ment, as well as of giving it cavalry, in the proportion of at all the extension which the pre- least one-tenth, and a just prosent circumstances so imperiously portion of artillery, not reckoning call for.

garrisons ; and to employ the same Article 1. The High Contract- actively and conjointly against the ing Parties above-mentioned so- common enemy.

Art.

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