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to such tribes or nations respec

on both sides without alteration tively, all the possessions, rights, by either of the contracting parand privileges which they may ties, and the ratifications inutuhave enjoyed or been entitled to in ally exchanged, shall be binding 1811, previous to such hostilities. on both parties; and the ratificaProvided always, that such tribes tions shall be exchanged at Washor nations shall agree to desist ington, in the space of four from all hostilities against the months from this day, or sooner United States of America, their if practicable. citizens and subjects, upon the In faith whereof, we the reratification of the present Treaty spective Plenipotentiaries, have being notified to such tribes or signed this Treaty; and have nations, and shall so desist accord- thereunto affixed our seals. ingly.

Done in triplicate at Ghent, the And his Britannic Majesty en- twenty-fourth day of December, gages, on his part, to put an end one thousand eight hundred and immediately after the ratification fourteen. of the present Treaty, to hostili- (L. S.) GAMBIER. ties with all the tribes or nations (L. S.) H. GOULBURX, of Indians with whom he may be (L. S.) Wm. Adams. at war at the time of such ratifi. (L. S.) John QUINCEY ADANS, cation, and forthwith to restore to (L, S.) J. A. BAYARD. such tribes or nations respective- (L. S.) H. Clay. ly, all the possessions, rights, and (L. S.) Jon. RUSSELL. privileges, which they may have (L. S.) Albert GALLATIN. enjoyed or been entitled to in 1811, previous to such hostilities. Provided always, that such tribes Declaration relative to the Slave or nations shall agree to desist

Trade. from all hostilities against his Britannic Majesty and his sub- The Plenipotentiaries of the jects, upon the ratification of the Powers who signed the Treaty of present Treaty being notified to Paris, the 30th of May, 1814, assuch tribes or nations, and shall sembled in Congress :so desist accordingly.

Having taken into consideraArt. X. Whereas the traffic in tion that the traffic known under slaves is irreconcileable with the the name of the African Slare principles of humanity and jus- Trade has been regarded by tice, and whereas both his Ma- just and enlightened men of jesty and the United States are all ages, as repugnant to the desirous of continuing their ef- principles of humanity and of uniforts to promote its entire aboli- versal morality; that the particution, it is hereby agreed that both lar circumstances to which this the contracting parties shall use traffic owes its origin, and the diftheir best endeavours to accom- ficulty of abruptly interrupting its plish so desirable an object. progress, have, to a certain de

Art. XI. This Treaty, when gree, lessened the odium of contithe saine shall have been ratified nuing it; but that at last the pub

lie voice in all civilised countries of Europe, that, looking upon the has demanded that it should be universal abolition of the Slave suppressed as soon as possible; Trade, as a measure particularly that since the character and the worthy of their attention, condetails of this traffic have been formable to the spirit of the age, better known, and the evils of and to the general principles of every sort which accompanied it their august Sovereigns, they are completely unveiled, several Eu- animated with a sincere desire to ropean governments have resolved concur, by every means in their to suppress it; and that succes- power, in the most prompt and sively all powers possessing colo- effectual execution of this mea. nies in different parts of the world sure, and to act in the employhave acknowledged, either by le- ment of those means with all the gislative acts or by treaties and zeal and all the

perseverance other formal engagements, the ob- which so great and good a cause ligation and necessity of abolish- merit. ing it; that by a separate article Too well informed of the senof the last Treaty of Paris, Great timents of their Sovereigns not to Britain and France engaged to foresee, that, however honourable unite their efforts at the Congress may be their object, they would at Vienna to engage all the pow- not pursue it without a just reers of Christendom to pronounce gard to the interests, the habits, the universal and definitive aboli- and even the prejudices of their tion of the slave trade; that the subjects; the said PlenipotentiaPlenipotentiaries Assembled at ries at the same time acknowledge, this Congress cannot better ho- that this general declaration should nour their mission, fulfil their duty, not prejudge the period which and manifest the principles which each particular Power should look guide their august Sovereigns, upon as expedient for the dethan by labouring to realize this finitive abolition of the traffic in engagement, and by proclaiming slaves. Consequently the deterin the name of their Sovereigns mination of the period when this the desire to put an end to a traffic ought universally to cease, scourge, which has so long deso- will be an object of negociation lated Africa, degraded Europe, and between the different Powers; it afflicted humanity.

being, however, well understood, The said Plenipotentiaries have that no means proper to ensure agreed to open their deliberations and accelerate its progress should as to the means of accomplishing be neglected; and that the reci80 salutary an object, by a solemn procal engagement contracted by declaration of the prineiples which the present declaration between have guided them in this work. the Sovereigns who have taken

Fully authorized to such an act, part in it, should not be considerby the unanimous adherence of their ed as fulfilled until the moment respective courts to the principles when complete success shall have announced in the said separate ar- crowned their united efforts. ticle of the Treaty of Paris, they In making this declaration in consequence declare, in the face known to Europe, and to all the

civilized civilized nations of the earth, the English Government, to ailov said Plenipotentiaries flatter them- him to doubt for a moment of its selves they shall engage all other fidelity in fulfilling the engagegovernments, and particularly ments which it has contracted tothose who, in abolishing the traf- wards him. fic in slaves, have already mani- If all those reasons which the fested the same sentiments, to sup- undersigned urged in their note of port them with their suffrage in a the 29th of December last recause, of which the final triumph quired to be corroborated by others will be one of the greatest monu- still more powerful, they migbt ments of the age which undertook recall to his Excellency my Lord it, and which shall have glori- Castlereagh the Convention which ously carried it into complete ef- he proposed at Troyes, with the fect.

three other principal Coalesced Vienna, Feb. 8, 1815.

Powers, by which the Britannie
Government, recognising the po-

litical existence of the King of Note from the Plenipotentiaries of Naples, solicited an indemnity in

his Majesty the King of Naples, favour of the King of Sicily, as to Lord Castlereagh.

an indemnification for the kingl'ienna, Feb. 11, 1815. dom of Naples. The undersigned Ministers Ple- Austria, Russia, and Prussia nipotentiaries of his Majesty the adhered by separate acts of acces. King of Naples have had the ho- sion, stipulated at Troyes, the nour of addressing to his Excel- 15th of February, 1814, to that lency my Lord Viscount Castle- Convention, which has irrevocareagh, Principal Secretary of State bly consecrated the principle of of his Britannic Majesty for Fo- the political existence of the King reign Affairs, an oflicial Note, of Naples. dated the 29th of December last, It belonged next to the Powers soliciting the conclusion of the de- in whose hands were all the disnitive Peace between the Crowns posable countries conquered from of Naples and Great Britain. the enemy, to find and to propor

His Excellency my Lord Castle- tion the indemnity to be given to reagh was so good as to assure the King of Sicily. the undersigned first Plenipoten- His Neapolitan Majesty could tiary of his Neapolitan Majesty, concur no otherwise in this than that he would occupy himself with by his good offices ; and he has the object of that note. It has fulfilled on this point the engagenevertheless remained to this day ments which he contracted by without any result.

his Treaty of Alliance of the 11th Although the King cannot but of January, 1814, the undersigned be keenly affected by this silence, having declared by the note which from the eagerness with which he they have had the honour of adis desirous of entering into more dressing to his Excellency my intimate relations with England, Lord Castlereagh, under date of he has too much dependence on the 29th of December last, that the sincerity and justice of the they were ready to concur in the




arrangement which might be proposed for that effect.

Thus, under whatever point of President's Message to both Houses view the Britannic Government

of Congress. wishes to view its position with regard to the King of Naples, it To the Senate and House of can only consider as just and rea- Representatives of the United sonable the demand which the Stutes. undersigned are charged with rei- I lay before Congress copies terating to his Excellency my of the Treaty of peace and amity Lord Castlereagh, of proceeding between the United States and to the prompt conclusion of a de- his Britannic Majesty, which was finitive Treaty of Peace between signed by the Commissioners of the two Crowns.

both parties at Ghent, on the 24th No person can better be quali- of December, 1814, and the ratified than my Lord Castlereagh to fications of which have been duly enlighten the English Government exchanged. While performing with respect to the affairs of Na- this act, I congratulate you and ples. Having concurred in the our constituents, upon an event negociation which preceded and which is highly honourable to the which followed the accession of nation, and terminates with pehis Neapolitan Majesty to the Coa- culiar felicity a campaign signalition, he was the organ of the lized by the most brilliant sucengagements entered into by the English Government towards the The late war, although reCourt of Naples, and his charac- luctantly declared by Congress, ter for justice and probity is too had become a necessary resort, to well known to allow the under-' assert the rights and independence signed to suppose that his politi- of the nation. It has been waged cal conduct will vary in any man- with a success which is the natural ner, and they are certain that he result of the legislative counsels, will support in London the en- of the patriotism of the people, of gagements which he contracted in the public spirit of the militia, and the name of his Government to- of the valour of the military and wards the King of Naples, as well naval forces of the country. Peace, as the promises and verbal decla- at all times a blessing, is peculiarly rations made by him during the welcoine, therefore, at a period last campaign of the coalesced ar- when the causes of the war have mies, and principally at Chaumont ceased to operate; when the goand Dijon.

vernment has demonstrated the The undersigned beseech his efficiency of its powers of defence; Excellency my Lord Castlereagh and when the nation can review to accept the assurances of their its conduct without regret and very high consideration.

without reproach.

I recommend to your (Signed)

and beneficence the gallant men The Duke de CAMPOCHIARO. whose achievements, in every deThe Prince de Cariati. partment of military service, on



the land and on the water, have in its essential branches, under the essentially contributed to the Ame- liberal patronage of Government. rican name, and to the restoration The resources of our country of peace. The feelings of con- were, at all times, competent to scious patriotism and worth will the attainment of every national animate such men, under every object, but they will now be enchange of fortune and pursuit; riched and invigorated by the acbut their country performs a duty tivity which peace will introduce of itself, when it bestows those tes- to all the scenes of domestic entertimonials of approbation and ap- prise and labour. plause which are at once the re- The provision that has been ward, and the incentive to great made for the public creditors, duractions.

ing the present Session of ConThe reduction of the public gress, must have a decisive effect expenditures to the demands of a in the establishment of the publie peace establishment will doubtless credit both at home and abroad. engage the immediate attention of The reviving interests of comCongress. There are, however, merce will claim the legislative important considerations which attention at the earliest opportuforbid a sudden and general revo- nity; and such regulations will, cation of the measures that have I trust, be seasonably devised, as been produced by the war. shall secure to the United States

Experience has taught us, their just proportion of the navithat neither the pacific dispositions gation of the world. The most of the American people, nor the liberal policy towards other napacific character of their political tions, if met by corresponding disinstitutions, can altogether exempt positions, will in this respect be them from that strife which ap- found the most beneficial policy pears, beyond the ordinary lot of towards ourselves. But there is nations, to be incident to the actual no object that can enter with period of the world; and the same greater force and merit into the faithful monitor demonstrates, that deliberation of Congress, than a à certain degree of preparation for consideration of the means to prewar is not only indispensable to serve and promote the manufac. avert disaster in the onset, but tures which have sprung into existaffords also the best security for ence, and attained an unparalleled the continuance of peace.

maturity throughout the United The wisdom of Congress will, States during the period of Eutherefore, I am confident, pro- ropean wars. This source of navide for the maintenance of an tional independence and wealth, adequate regular force ; for the I anxiously recommend to the gradual advance of the naval esta- prompt and constant guardianship blishment; for improving all the of Congress. means of harbour defence ; for The termination of the Leadding discipline to the distin- gislative Sessions will soon sepa, guished bravery of the militia ; rate you, fellow citizens, from and for cultivating the military art each other, and restore you to your


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