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retained. The British govern- ciples of honour, justice, and good ment had not ceased to hope that faith, aggravated by the most flaan amicable adjustment of its dif- grant insolence, presumption, and ferences with the State of Nipaul audacity, and has manifested the might still be accomplished, when existence of a long determined rethe perpetration of this sangui- solution on the part of the court nary and atrocious outrage, by of Catmundhoo, to reject all the which the state of Nipaul at just demands of the British governonce placed itself in the condi- ment, and to refer the decision of tion of a public enemy of the the questions depending between British government, put an end the two states to the issue of a to the possibility of any accommo- war. dation, except on the basis of un- Ever since the murder of the qualified submission and atone- police officers in Bootwul, and ment. Still the Governor Gene- during the unavoidable interval ral would not proceed to actual of inaction which followed, the hostilities, without giving to the Nipaulese, with a baseness and Rajah of Nipaul one other open- barbarity, peculiar to themselves, ing for

avoiding so serious an is- have endeavoured to destroy the sue. Therefore his Excellency British troops and the subjects of wrote to the Rajah of Nipaul, to the Company on the frontier of apprize him of what must be the Sarun, by poisoning the water of consequence of the insolent out- the wells and tanks in a tract of rage which had taken place, unless considerable extent. The fortuthe government of Nipaul should nate discovery of this attempt exonerate itself from the act by baffled the infamous design, and disavowal and punishment of the placed incontrovertible proof of it perpetrators. This letter received in the hands of the British governan answer wholly evasive and even ment. implying menace.

The impediment to military The requisite submission and operations, arising from the seaatonement having thus been with son of the year, is now removed, held, the British government had and the British government is no choice left, but an appeal to prepared, by the active and vigorarms, in order to avenge its in- ous employment of its resources, nocent subjects, and vindicate its to compel the State of Nipaul to insulted dignity and honour. The make that atonement, which it is unfavourable season of the year so justly entitled to demand; the alone prevented it from having British government has long borne instant recourse to the measures the conduct of the Nipaulese with necessary for chastising the inso- unexampled patience, opposing lence, violence, and barbarity of to their violence, insolence, and the Nipaulese, whose whole con- rapacity, a course of procedure duct, not only in the particular uniformly just and moderate. cases above detailed, but in every But forbearance and moderation part of their proceedings towards must have their limits, and the the British government, for a se- British government having been ries of years, has been marked by compelled to take up arms in dean entire disregard of the prin- fence of its rights, its interests,


and its honour, will never lay procity, peace, friendship, and them down, until its enemy shall good understanding between them, be forced to make ample submis. have for that purpose appointed sion and atonement for his out their respective plenipotentiaries, · rageous conduct, to indemnify it that is to say, his Britannic Mafor the expense of the war, and jesty; on his part, has appointed to afford full security for the the Right Honourable James Lord maintenance of those relations, Gambier, late Admiral of the which he has so shamefully vio- White, now Admiral of the Red lated.

Squadron of his Majesty's Fleet; If the misguided councils of the Henry Goulburn, Esq. a Member state of Nipaul shall lead it ob of the Imperial Parliament, and stinately to persist in rejecting Under Secretary of State; and those just demands, it will itself be William Adams, Esq. Doctor of responsible for the consequences. Civil Laws and the President of The British government has stu- the United States, by and with diously endeavoured, by every ef- the advice and consent of the Sefort of conciliation, to avert the nate thercof, has appointed John extremity of a war, but it can Quincey Adams, James A. Bay. have no apprehension of the re- ard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russult; and it relies with confidence sell, and Albert Gallatin, Citizens on the justice of its cause, and on of the United States : who, after the skill, discipline, and valour of a reciprocal communication of its armies, for a speedy, honour- their respective full powers, have able, and decisive termination of agreed upon the following Arthe contest in which it is engaged. ticles :

By command of his Excellency Art. 1. There shall be a firm the Governor-general.

and universal Peace between his (Signed) J. ADAM, Britannic Majesty and the United

Sec. to Govt. States, and between their respecLucknow, Nov. 1, 1814. tive countries, territories, cities,

Published by command of his towns, and people, of every deExcellency the Vice President in gree without exception of places council.

or persons. All hostilities both by J. MONCKTON. sea and land shall cease as soon as Acts. Sec. to Govt. this Treaty shall have been rati

fied by both parties as herein-after

mentioned. AN territory, places, A Treaty of Peace and Amity be- and possessions whatsoever, taken tween his Britannic Majesty and by either party from the other duthe United States of America; ring the war, or which may be signed at Ghent, December, 24, taken after the signing of this 1814.

Treaty, excepting only the islands His Britannic Majesty and the hereafter-mentioned, shall be reUnited States of America, desirous stored without delay, and without of terminating the war which has causing any destruction, or carryunhappily subsisted between the ing away any of the artillery, or two countries, and of restoring, other public property, originally upon principles of perfect reci- captured in the said forts or places,


and which shall remain therein of the coast of North America, upon the exchange of the Ratifi- from the latitude of 23 degrees cations of this Treaty, or any north, to the latitude of 50 deslaves or other private property.' grees north, and as far eastward And all archives, records, deeds, in the Atlantic Ocean as the 36th and papers, either of a public na- degree of west longitude from the ture, or belonging to private per- meridian of Greenwich, shall be sons, which in the course of the restored on each side: that the war may have fallen into the time shall be thirty days in all hands of the officers of either other parts of the Atlantic Ocean party, shall be, as far as may be north of the cquinoctial line or practicable, forthwith restored, equator, and the same time for and delivered to the proper autho- the British and Irish Channels, rities and persons to whom they for the Gulf of Mexico, and all respectively belong.

parts of the West Indies : forty Such of the islands in the Bay days for the North Seas, for the of Passamaquoddy as are claimed Baltic, and for all parts of the by both parties shall remain in Mediterranean; sixty days for the possession of the party in the Atlantic Ocean, south of the whose occupation they may be at equator, as far as the latitude of the time of the exchange of the the Cape of Good Hope; ninety ratifications of this Treaty, until days for every other part of the the decision respecting the title world south of the equator, and to the said islands shall have been one hundred and twenty days for made, in conformity with the all other parts of the world withfourth article of this Treaty. out exception.

No disposition made by this Art. III. All prisoners of war Treaty, as to such possession of taken on either side, as well by the islands and territories claimed land as by sea, shall be restored by both parties, shall in any man- as soon as practicable after the ner whatever be construed to af. ratification of this Treaty as herein fect the right of either.

after mentioned, on their paying Art. II.-Immediately after the the debts which they may have ratifications of this Treaty by contracted during their captivity. . both parties as hereinafter-men- . The two contracting parties retioned, orders shall be sent to spectively engage to discharge in the armies, squadrons, officers, specie the advances which may subjects, and citizens of the two have been made by the other for powers, to cease from all hosti- the sustenance and maintenance lities. And to prevent all causes of of such prisoners. complaint which might arise on Art. IV. Whereas it was stiaccount of the prizes which may be pulated by the 2d Article in the taken at sea after the said ratifica- Treaty of Peace of 1783, between tions of this Treaty, it is reciprocally his Britannic Majesty and the agreed, that all vessels and ef- United States of Atnerica, that fects which may be taken after the boundary of the United States the

space of twelve days from the should comprehend “all islands said ratifications, upon all parts within twenty leagues of any part Vol. LVII.

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of the shores of the United States, by a declaration or report under and lying between lines to be their hands and seals, decide to drawn due east from the points which of the two contracting where the aforesaid boundaries parties the several islands afore between Nova Scotia on the one said do respectively belong, in part, and East Florida on the conformity with the true intent other, shall respectively touch the of the said Treaty of Peace of Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic 1783 : and if the said Commis. Ocean, excepting such islands as sioners shall agree in their deci. now are, or heretofore have been, sion, both parties shall consider within the limits of Nova Scotia ;" such decision as final and conand whereas the several islands clusive. in the Bay of Passamaquoddy, It is further agreed, that in the which is part of the Bay of Fun- event of the two Commissioners dy, and the island of Grand differing upon all or any of the Menan, in the said bay of Fun- matters so referred to them, or in dy, are clairned by the United the event of both or either of the States, as being comprehended said Commissioners refusing or within their aforesaid boundaries, declining, or wilfully omitting to which said islands are claimed as act as such, they shall make belonging to his Britannic Ma- jointly or separately, report or rejesty, as having been at the time ports, as well to the government of, and previous to the aforesaid of his Britannic Majesty, as to Treaty of 1783, within the limits that of the United States, stating of the province of Nova Scotia ;- in detail the points on which they in order, therefore, finally, to de- differ, and the grounds upon cide upon these claims, it is agreed which their respective opinions that they shall be referred to two have been formed, or the grounds Commissioners, to be appointed upon which they, or either of in the following manner, viz. them, have so refused, declined, One Commissioner shall be ap- or omitted to act. And his Bri. pointed by his Britannic Majesty, tannic Majesty and the Governand one by the President of the ment of the United States hereby United States, by and with the agree to refer the report or readvice and consent of the Senate . ports of the said Commissioners thereof; and the said two Com- to some friendly sovereign or missioners, so appointed, shall be state, to be then named for that sworn impartially to examine and purpose, and who shall be requestdecide upon the said claims, ac- ed to decide on the differences cording to such evidence as shall which may be stated in the said be laid before them on the part of report or reports, or upon the his Britannic Majesty and of the report of one Commissioner, toUnited States respectively. The gether with the grounds upon said Commissioners shall meet at which the other Commissioner St. Andrews, in the province of shall have refused, declined, or New Brunswick, and shall have omitted to act, as the case may power to adjourn to such other be. And if the Commissioner su place or places as they shall think refusing, declining, or omitting fit. The said Commissioners shall to act, shall also wilfully omit to


state the grounds upon which he respect to those mentioned in the he has so done, in such manner next preceding article, unless that the said statement may be otherwise specified in the present referred to such friendly Sovereign article. The said Commissioners or State, together with the report shall meet at St. Andrews, in the of such other Commissioner, that province of New Brunswick, and such Sovereign or state shall de- shall have power to adjourn to cide, ex parte, upon the said re- such other place or places as they port alone; and his Britannic shall think fit. The said Com. Majesty and the Government of missioners shall have power to the United States engage to con- ascertain and determine the points sider the decision of such friendly above mentioned, in conformity Sovereign or State to be final and with the provisions of the said conclusive on all the matters so Treaty of Peace of 1783; and referred.

shall cause the boundary aforeART. V. Whereas neither that said, from the source of the river point of the highlands lying due St. Croix to the river Iroquois or north from the source of the river Cataraguy to be surveyed and St. Croix, designated in the for- marked according to the said promer Treaty of Peace between the visions; the said Commissioners two powers as the north-west shall make a map of the said angle of Noya Scotia, nor the boundary, and annex to it a denorth-westernmost head of Con- claration under their hands and necticut river, hare yet been as seals, certifying it to be a true certained ; and whereas that part map of the said boundary, and of the boundary line between the particularizing the latitude and dominions of the two powers, longitude of the north-west angle which extends from the source of of Nova Scotia, of the norththe river St. Croix, directly north westernmost head of Connecticut to the above mentioned north River, and of such other points of west angle of Nova Scotia, thence the said boundary as they may along the said highlands whioh deem proper : and both parties divide those rivers that empty agree to consider such map and themselves into the river St. Law- declaration as finally and conclurence, from those which fall into sively fixing the said boundary. the Atlantic Ocean to the north- And in the event of the said two westernmost head of Connecticut Commissioners differing, or both, river, thence down along the mid. or either of them, refusing, dedle of that river to the 45th de. clining, or wilfully omitting to gree of north latitude, thence by act, such reports, declarations, or a line due west on said latitude statements, shall be made by until it strikes the river Iroquois them, or either of them, and such or Cataraguy, has not yet been reference to a friendly Sovereign surveyed, it is agreed that for or State shall be made in all rethese several purposes two Com, spects, as in the latter part of the missioners shall be appointed, the fourth article is contained, sworn, and authorised, to act ex- and in as full a manner as if the actly in the manner directed with same was herein repeated.

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