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searching Mr. Blackburn's house. of the King, for coining and sounThese consisted of a number of terfeiting certain silver pieces, stamps, which had apparently resembling the dollars issued by been cut off from deeds, and other the Governor and Company of the instruments of different denomina- Bank of England. tions, from the value of 501. to Mr. Serjeant Bosanquet stated 18d. There was also a small pa- the case to the Court. By the Act per of gum found. Some of these of Parliament upon which the were contained in envelopes, with present indictment was framed, an indorsement describing their the offence with which the pricontents, in Mr. Blackburu's hand- soners were charged was punishwriting. All those with the in- able with fourteen years transdorsement were described as spoil- portation. too babrunt ed stamps. There was also a kind John Foy, a police officer, deof sketch or design of the words, posed, that the prisoners lived at denominating the value of differ- No. 9, Seward-street, Clerkenent stamps, similar to the dies en well, and that he having received graved by Mr. Topham, and which information from some of the had figures and writing. Mr. neighbours whose houses overAtkinson said, he believed the looked Bagnall's, workshop, rewriting part was in the hand- paired there, accompanied by his writing of Mr. Blackburn, but brother and two others. They could not speak to the figures, or waited till they heard the machine the words resembling printing; at work, and then two of them but Musgrave, who had formerly knocked at the front door, whilst been Mr. Blackburn's clerk, said two entered from behind. The he believed the whole was the elder Bagnall opened the door, writing of Mr. Blackburn. and on securing him they found

The prisoner, after a pathetic four dollars apparently new, and address, called upward of twenty resembling those issued by the witnesses to character, who stated, Bank, in his hand. The eldest that they had known him a very son was observed to drop six siconsiderable time, and that they milar pieces on the approach of always cunsidered him as a man of the oflicers. The machine or the greatest honour in his profes- press was so heavy that to work sion, and of the strictest integrity. it with ease and expedition, he

Mr. Justice Le Blanc then charg- believed would require the exered the jury.

tions of three persons. Besides The jury retired about half-past the pieces found on the two elder three o'clock in the afternoon, prisoners, there was an iron tray and in about a quarter of an hour containing one Spanish dollar, returned into Court, and pro- several with the impression hamnounced the fatal verdict of guilty. mered out, and a paper parcel

containing thirty fit for currency. William Bagnall, the elder, To the identity of these, as well William Bagnall, the younger, and as of the dies for making the imThomas Bagnall, a father and his pression, he could speak positive, two sons, were placed at the bar, ly, having made his marks upon and tried under the act of the 42d them at the time. On taking the

prisoners prisoners into custody, the elder Sir Simon Le Blanc over-ruled Bagnall observed, that he trusted both objections, on the ground the officer would represent the that the dollars now in circulation, business in the most favourable only purported to be, and were light, as he had not employed originally issued as fire shilling base metal, but had only changed pieces. That they at present cirthe impression of genuine Spanish culated at the rate of five shillings dollars.


and sixpence, was for the sake of The testimony of Foy was con- public convenience, and upon an firmed, in all its material parts, by undertaking on the part of the the other witnesses.

Bank, to take them back at a fuMr. Alley now took an object- ture perioil at that value. ion, founded on the expression of The elder Bagnall then put in the act, which, in the part enac- a written paper, in which he soting the penalty, only referred lemnly declared that he never had to the “ said " dollars. Now, the the intention to commit a fraud, " said " dollars, it appeared, by a nor any knowledge that he was preceding clause, were dollars is- transgressing the laws of his counsued at five shillings currency, try. He had made the dollars in but the dollars which the prison- the course of his business as a dye. ers were charged with having sinker, and in the execution of an counterfeited were issued and cirorder which he had received from culated for five and sixpence. a person, who said he intended to However nice the distinction might circulate them in Holland. Whatappear, such distinctions were al- ever the Court might determine ways received, when they could with respect to himself, he hoped be at all established in favour of they would consider his sons as the accused ; so that in the case of innocent, and as acting under his a man who had stolen a horse, it influence. He should call witwas determined that he was not nesses, who he trusted would within the reach of the statute prove that up to this period of his which inflicted the penalty of unintentionally erring, he had death on the offence of stealing maintained the character of an horses; and a new act was made honest man. in consequence.

Several witnesses gave the priMr. Barry, on the same side, soners an excellent character, and argued, that this was not the of- stated that the machine in quesfence distinctly pointed out by the tion was employed by the Bagpreamble of the act, which au- nalls, as dye-sinkers and ornamenthorised the Bank to issue dollars tal engravers. at five shillings, on obtaining an The jury, after a few minutes Order in Council for that purpose. consideration, found all the priIt did not appear by the evidence, soners guilty; but recommended however, that the Bank had ever the two sons, one of whom is 26, obtained an Order in Council to and the other 18 years of age, to enable them to issue dollars at the pardon, as acting under paternal nominal value of five and six. influence. pence.

Abstract Abstract of an Act for ertending Ordinary directing the issue, of a

the Trial by Jury to Civil Causés copy of the jury's verdict, and to in Scotland.

report the proceedings on the trial, In the preamble it is said, that if directed. The jury to be sumwhereas Trial by Jury in Civil moned in the same manner as at Causes would be attended with present to the High Court of Jusbeneficial effects in that part of ticiary; the number summoned, the United Kingdom called Scot- not to be less than 36, nor more land, it is however expedient, that than 50. The names of all such such trials, for a time to be limited, as are not challenged, to be put ia should in the first instance be con- a balloting box, and 12 to be fined to issues directed by either drawn out for the trial. Either division of the Court of Session. of the parties to be allowed to apThe Court of Session is in conse- ply for a special jury. Verdicts to quence empowered, in all cases be given by the agreement of the wherein matters of fact are to be whole number of jurors; and if proved, to direct issues to be sent they do not agree within twelve to a court to be appointed for the hours, to be discharged, and anTrial by Jury.

other jury summoned; or else The court instituted for this the division of the Court of Ses. purpose is to consist of one Chief sion which directed the issue, may Judge, and two other judges, no- dispose of the cause in the manner minated under the seal of Scot- at present practised. The Court land from the Senators of the of Session and the Commissioners College of Justice, or Barons of of the Jury Court may from time the Court of Exchequer in Scot- to time appoint a committee, for land, and to hold their places ad the framing of rules and regulavitam or ad culpam. The issues tions respecting the form of prosent to this court may be tried be- cess and manner of proceeding in fore one or more of these com- the Jury Court. The provisions missioners, the chief commissioner of this act to endure for seven being considered the presiding years and no longer ; and returns judge. The causes may be tried to be made to parliament of the either in Edinburgh, or, in time of proceedings had under the act vacation, in the circuit towns. The once in every year, for the purjudge or presiding judge, to make pose of framing such future reà return to the Division or Lord gulations as may be necessary.



From November 1814, to September 1815.

various purposes.

Robert Dickinson, for improve

Frederick Koenig, for improvements in the art of sadlery. ments in his method of printing by

Ditto, for improvements in the machinery. manufacture of barrels and other John White, for a method of packages.

making candles. Robert Salmon, for improved Joseph Harris, for improvements movements in working cranes, in military clothing. mills, &c.

John Catller, for improvements Edward Glover, for an appara- in fire-places, stoves, &c. tus for extracting bolts, nails, Christopher Dill, for a mastic &c.

cement. Hen. Julius Winter, for a method James Collier, for an apparatus for giving effect to various operat- for raising water, &c. ing processes.

Frederic marquis de Chabanes, John Fr. Wyatt, for a new kind for a method of extracting more of bricks or blocks applicable to caloric from fuel, and applying it

to warming rooms. Joseph C. Dyer, for improve- John Carpenter, for an improved ments in machinery for manufac- knapsack. turing cards, for carding wool,

Jean Raudont, for improvements cotton, silks, &c.

in dioptric telescopes. James Smith, for a self-acting

James Miller, for improvements sash-fastening

in the apparatus for distillation. W. Everhard Baron von Doornich, John Wood, for improvements for improvements in the manu- in the machinery for spinning cot

ton-wool, &c. John Vallance, jun., for an ap- Joseph and Peter Taylor, for paratus for securing brewers' vats improvements in weaving mixed or store casks.

cloths of cotton, worsted, silk, Robert Dickinson, for improve- &c. ments in implements relative to

James Thomson, for improve. navigation.

ments in printing cloth of cotton Edward Jordan and William on linen, or both. Cooke, for an apparatus for the IVilliam Griffith, for an improved detection of thicres.


R. Jones

facture of soap.

R. Jones Tomlinson, for im. Richard Smith, for improveprovements in constructing the ments in smelting and refining roofs of buildings.

metals. William Moult, for a mode of Thomas Bagot, for a machine evaporation and sublimation. for passing boats from a higher to

Joseph Burrell, for a safe-guard a lower level, and the contrary, on getting in and out of car- without loss of water. riages.

William Vaughan Palmer, for a Jonah Dyer, for an improved ma- inethod of twisting and laying of chine for shearing woollen cloth. hemp, flax, ropes, &c.

Samuel Brown, for an improved William Losh, for a plan for rudder and apparatus for govern- furnaces to heat boilers and coning ships.

vert liquids to steam for the purRalph Dodd and George Ste- pose of working machinery. phenson, for improvements in the Joshua Shaw, for improveconstruction of locomotiveengines. ments in the glazier's diamond.

William Michelland John Lawton, William Bell, for a method of for a lock and key applicable to making wire. various purposes.

Michael Billingsley, for improve Thomas Deakin, for a portable ments in the steam-engine. kitchen.

Sam. John Pauley and Durs Egs, Dudley Adams, for improve- for certain aërial conveyances to ments in the construction of tubes be steered by philosophical, cheand other parts of telescopes. mical, or mechanical means. William Wood, for the manu

Jacob Wilson, for improvements facture and application of materi- in bedsteads and furniture. als to render ships and other ves- William Bush, for a method for sels water-tight.

preventing accidents from horses Robert Dickinson, for improve- falling with two-wheeled carriages. ments in the fabrication of sundry Peter and John Martineau, for tools and implements.

methods of refining certain regeJohn Mills, for improved elastic table substances. stays.

J. J. Alexander Maccarthy, for a Eliz. Beveridge, for an improved method of paving streets, roads, &c. bedstead.

Charles Pitt, for a method for Thomas Potts, for the produc- the secure conveyance of small tion of pure fresh warm air. parcels, &c.

Jonathan Ridgway, for a method Samuel Pratt, for a wardrobe of casting and fixing metallic types travelling trunk. upon cylinders.

Archibald Keurick, for improve William Bell, for improvements ments in mills for grinding coffee, in the apparatus for writing or malt, &c. designs.

John Pugh, for a new method Henry Houldsworth, for a me- of making salt-pans. thod of discharging air and steam Jonathan Ridgway, for a new from pipes for heating buildings. method of pumping.

Charles Gent and Square Clark, John Kilby, for improvement for an apparatus for winding silk. in the art of brewing malt liquer.


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