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ricane season (already begun) to be lost ; I determined therefore might permit.

to attack the enemy on the mornThe 1st division from Bar- ing of the 8th intant. badoes anchored in the bay of St. Having made the necessary arLouis, Mariegalante, on the 2d rangements with the naval ComAugust, and from thence were mander in Chief, the whole fleet ordered to threaten a lauding to got under weigh at break of day, windward off Point-a-Pitre and and stood towards the Ance St. Fort Fleur d'Epée, where the Sauveur, where the landing most enemy was in force.

to windward was to be effected. The 2d or leeward division as- I had received information that sembling (but were not yet col- the troops of the line, and militia lected) at the Saintes, threatened under arms, altogether amounted the whole coast from St. Marie to 6000. I determined, therefore, to Basseterre and Baillif.

to throw my principal force It was deemed advisable to ac- between that of the enemy in company the demonstration of a Grande - terre 'and Basse-terre, landing in force from Gosier, by a where it was his intention to summons to surrender the forts, have assembled nearly the whole Point-a-Pitre and Grande-Terre. of his force, immediately after It was the Rear-admiral's inten- our demonstration to windward tion and mine to have met the 1st had of necessity terminated. My division in the Venerable, which plan was to attack in three cosailed from the Saintes for that lumns; the scarcity of boats and purpose; calms and currents, the surf, required that the whole however, prevented the Venerable should assist in each disembarkfrom reaching the coast, and ob- ation, which was therefore efliged the 1st division to anchor. fected successively. The first was

The appearance of the atmo- made at the Ance St. Sauveur, sphere denoted the approach of where a detachment of the enemy, a hurricane; it became therefore aboạt 500 strong, moving from necessary to give up secondary Grand-terre to join Admiral Liobjects, and to embrace the first nois and General Boyer, shew. favourable moment for getting ed a disposition to oppose the the fleet into the Saintes, for landing. which the Commander in Chief The brigs of war and gun made the necessary dispositions. boats, however, soon scoured

It was not until the night of that point, and eight hundred and the 7th that the whole force was fifty of the Royal York Rangers, assembled at the Saintes.

under Lieutenant-Colonel Starck, I had previously reconnoitred disembarked (notwithstanding a the coast, in the Barbadoes brig heavy surf) without the loss of a of war which Rear-Admiral Sir man. Charles Durham had sent with Lieutenant-Colonel Starck had me for that purpose..

instructions to make a rapid The internal state of Guada- movement to drive and disperse loupe and the season were both the enemy occupying the strong so critical, that not a moment was country and ravines of Trou-au


chun, Petit Carbet, and looking the troops were put in motion in towards Trois Rivieres; to threat- two columns; the 1st brigade, en the left flank and rear of the under Major-General Sir Charles enemy, posted to oppose the land- Shipley, moved upon, and occuing at Grande Ance, and to drive pied Dolé; the 2d under Majorhim from the important commu- General Stehelin, marched upon nication of Pautrizel, which leads the left of the Morne Palmiste, by to turn the strong post of Dolé Pautrizel. It appeared that Comte and Morne Palmiste, the latter de Linois and General Boyer had being one of the principal keys to evacuated Dolé in the night. The Basseterre.

enemy, however, shewed himself Meanwhile the fleet dropped in considerable force on the left down to Grand Ance, to effect of the Morne Palmiste, and on the principal landing, where the the face of that mountain, comenemy was in force, and posses- manding the main road to Bassesed a strong position, with bat- terre : his advance occupied Peteries commanding the landing tits plantation. place, which was susceptible of Captain Leith Hay, my aid-deobstinate defence. The brigs of camp, was ordered to gain the top war and a gun-boat placed to en- of Morne Boucanier, by a difficult filade soon obliged the enemy to detour, with a rifle company of abandon his guns, one of which the Royal West India Rangers only, a long twelve pounder, was and light company of the 6th found mounted.

West India regiment, to alarm The surf was very great, and the enemy's right flank and rear, one of the gun boats was lost, which being accomplished, obligbut the exertions of the navy, and ed him to withdraw ; his posts the steadiness of the troops, sur- where every where driven, and mounted overy difficulty.

he retreated to the Morne Pal. The 15th and 25th regiments, miste. with the remainder of the 1st and I determined to push the eneQd brigades, under Major-Generals my as rapidly as was possible, Sir Charles Shipley and Stehelin, considering the nature of the were safely disembarked.

country, of which every part is 1 immediately moved forward not only susceptible of defence, the troops to drive the enemy; but is even difficult of access but if he had before any hopes of without resistance, especially unmaintaining his position for the der the heat of a tropical sun. night, a sharp fire of musquetry, A heavy cannonade now by which we speedily drove him nounced the disembarkation of from Pautrizel, placed his left the 3d brigade, under Majorflank en l'air, and obliged him to General Douglass, in the vicinity retire.

of Bailliff, and to leeward of BasThe approach of darkness left seterre. I had instructed him to no farther means of attack that seize the Batterie des Trois, to night, and I placed the troops in occupy the capital, to mask, or if their bivouac.

practicable, to take Fort St. At break of day on the 9th, Charles by a coup-de-main, to



open his communication with the I received information that the columns moving to the attack of Commandant of Grande-Terre, Morne Palmiste, and to menace with the whole armed force, was, his retreat from thence to Morne as I expected, nioving in my rear Houel.

to form a junction with the main Major-General Douglass was, body at Morne Houel. I accordif necessary, also to detach from ingly reinforced my rcar-guard his rear, for the purpose of tak- to protect our coinmunications, ing the passes of Zougeres, Pont and occupied in force all the pasde Noziere and Constantine, com- ses of the Gallion, a river runmanding the approaches to the ning through a formidable ravine strong heights of Matouba, in re- at the foot of Morne Palmiste. verse : so that the enemy might Thus the troops from Grandenot have the means of equivocat- terre were completely cut off ing between those positions, but from forining their junction, be compelled to choose at once which they attempted without his dernier resource.

success by paths through the The enciny, who had been wood, late in the afternoon, but driven by the vessels covering the with light sufficient to point out landing, collected on the heights, to Comte Linois and General and attacked the light company Boyer that all their plans of con: of the 63d regiment, who were centration were defeated. advanced; they gallantly main- After these laborious move. tained their ground against up- ments, which the troops executed wards of three hundred of the in the most creditable manner, enemy, who came down to attack there was only time before night them. Captain Lynch and Lieut. to place the columns in readiness Wigley were wounded on that oc- to attack the formidable position casion.

of Morne Houel at day-break in Major-General Douglass, in the morning. person, supported them by part The troops accordingly took op of the York Chasseurs, under their bivouacs. It rained heavily. Lieutenant-Colonel Ewart, and At 11 o'clock p. m. in the night he was immediately driven with of the 9th, the commanding loss.

French engineer came to me on While this operation was going the top of Morne Palmiste veron, the columns of the 1st and bally to propose a capitulation in 2d brigades gained the heights of the name of Le Comte de Linois, Morne Palmiste, from whence the to which I replied, that the only cremy was driven at all points, terms I ever would accede to were and was now retiring to Morne already published in the proclaHouel, which he had fortified with mation issued on landing, and cight pieces of artillery. This that I would not delay the attack was the position where Comte on Morne Houel to wait for any Linois and General Boyer had farther communications. It was professed their determination of so dark, and the rain fell in such ultimately disputing the superio- torrents, that the officer from the rity in the field.

enemy and Captain Moody, my

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aide-de-camp, took up the great- reconnoitring Guadaloupe, which est part of the night in finding he executed with much advantage their way to the enemy's posi- to the service. tion.

Major-General Douglass, to The troops were put in motion whose assistance as Adjutantat day-break. An officer soon General I am much indebted, after met me with written propo- served on this expedition with a sals, which I positively refused, brigade, and executed the service and proposed some additional con- on which he was detached, in a ditions. A white flag was dis, gallant and soldierlike manner. played on Morne Houel, but I The exertions of all the capsent Major-General Murray (who tains and officers of the navy who had joined the army from Deme- conveyed troops, covered and conrary the preceding night), and ducted the disembarkation, are my Aid-de-camp, Captain Leith deserving of the highest commenHay, with the British flag, to dation, and I hope may recomsay, that the only signal which mend them to favour. should stop the troops would be Major-General Douglass has to see it displayed on the parapet. especially reported the obligations

I had the satisfaction imme- he is under to Captains Chads diately after to see the British And Deacon, in the service of the standard flying on Morne Houel, second leeward division. and thereby to ascertain that all Lieutenant Sandilands, of the the troops were prisoners of war, Ang ship, accompanied me as an and all the forts and the colony aid-de-camp, and assisted in our possession.

with such intelligence and actiI am happy to be enabled to vity as I hope may recommend assure your Lordship, that the him to the Lords Commissioners conduct of the troops has been of the Admiralty. most zealous, gallant, and exem- Lieutenant-Colonel Starck conplary.

ducted the service intrusted to To the naval commander-in- him with intelligence and gallanchief, Rear-Admiral Sir Charles try. Durham, the service is highiy in- Lieutenant-Colonel Farquhardebted for his prompt and active son displayed throughout the serexertions in whatever concerned vice a zeal and attention to the the co-operation of the naval discipline of the 25th regiment, force with the army on this ex- which was proved by the usual pedition.

efficiency and good conduct of From Major-Gen. Sir Charles that corps under his command. Shipley, Stehelin, Johnston, and Lieut.-Colonel Ewart, ' York Douglass, I have received most Chasseurs, is reported to me, by useful and zealous assistance, as Major-General Douglass, as havalso from Major-General Murray ing distinguished himself. since his joining the army. Major- During the absence of MajorGeneral Sir Charles Shipley was General Douglass, with the line, employed in the preliminary oc- Licutenant-Colonel Berkeley, Dicupation of Mariegalante, and in puty Adjutant-General, bas con



ducted that department with zeal the royalists, already condemned and ability, and has rendered me to death, it is a subject of conessential assistance. I am parti- gratulation to

I am parti- gratulation to see Cuadeloupe cularly indebted to Lieutenant- completely shielded from Jacobin Colonel Popham, and the officers fury in two days, and without the of the Quarter-Master General's loss of many lives. Department. Lieutenant-Colonel

Thus, my Lord, the flag of the Walker, Assistant Quarter-Master most unprovoked rebellion, unGeneral, fitted up and conducted der which the slaves had been the mortar boats, which would called to armis, and many were have been of great 'use, had an wrought up to a pitch of sanguiopportunity of employing them nary frenzy, threatening the impresented itself.

mediate destruction of the colony, The medical arrangements were has disappeared from the Americonducted by Doctor Fergusson, can Archipelago, while the coloInspector of Hospitals, in a man- nies, faithful to his Most Chrisner that might be expected from tian Majesty, are secured to his his zeal, knowledge, and expe- dominions by British garrisons. rience; and I have every reason I cannot avoid on this occasion to be satisfied with Mr. Bullock, expressing my sense of the hoCommissary-General, and the offi- nourable, firm, and wise conduct cers of his department.

of Admiral le Comte de VaugiI must not omit to mention to raud, Governor-General of Maryour Lordship the zeal and intel- tinique, who had afforded me ligence of the officers of the Royal every information and assistance Artillery and Engineers.

in his power against the common I received every assistance from enemy. the intelligence and activity of the This dispatch will be delivered officers of my personal staff. to you by Captain Leith Hay, my

I have the honour to transmit aid-de-camp and military secreherewith returns of the killed, tary, who was on my staff the wounded, and missing, of the whole Peninsular war; he will troops under my command, which, be enabled to give any informaI am happy to say, are inconsi- tion which you may be pleased to derable.

require. I beg leave to recomWhen it is considered that this mend him to your Lordship's probeautiful and extensive colony, tection. with a population of 110,000 I have the honour to be, &c. souls, with forts, and an armed

James Leith, force numerically greater than Commander of the Forces. ours-when it is known that every sanguinary measure had His Majesty's ship Venerable, been devised, and that the

Aug. 3, 1815. worst scenes of the revolution Sir,

We send you a proclawere to be re-commenced, that ination, which it is our intention the 15ih of August, the birth-day to circulate upon landing at Guaof Buonaparte, was to have been daloupe. soleninized by the execution of It is unnecessary to make any


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