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Marshal Brune, who was oppo- against attack; but the report of site to Nice with a body of about his '
march on Aix gave way to 5000 infantry, and 300 cavalry, that of his concentring near Toucalled the corps of observation of lon, when the following disposithe Var, made immediate propo- tions were made by me:-1 disition for an armistice with the rected the troops to move forward commander of the Piedmontese in two columns, one on the high force at Nice, in which object he road to Toulon, by Aubagne, succeeded, and then marched di- Gemenos, and Cujes, and the rectly to the relief of Toulon. other by the coast to Cassis and On the 14th of July, the day on Ciotat, in which latter place I stawhich the troops landed at Mar- tioned a small garrison, and afseilles, he caused a letter to be terwards mored the column to addressed to the admiral, Lord Leques and Saint Cyr, having an Exmouth, enclosing a copy of the advance at Bandol.
My Own armistice signed at Paris, and de- head-quarters were at Cujes, havmanding an extension of it to ing an advance at St. Anne's, the British force in this coun- with very strong ground both to try, which was immediately re- my front and rear, and the power jected.
of collecting my force to act He then addressed Lieutenant- along the coast, or on the high Gen. the Marquis de Riviere, ex- road, as circumstances might best ercising the King's authority in point out. The national guards Provence, stating his desire to and royalists occupied Beausset, send two officers to Paris, to offer Castelet, La Cadiere, and other the submission of Toulon, and strong points in my immediate saying he should refrain from front or flank. Admiral Lord hostilities during the ten days ne
Exmouth had, in the mean time, eessary for his communication. detached one line of battle ship This proposition was also object. to Ciotat, and another to Bandol. ed to, and the marshal was in- The enemy's advanced posts were formed he must resign his autho- on the outside of the pass of Olrity to the officer who governed lionles. It was whilst the troops Toulon before Buonaparte's inva- were in this position that the Marsion, hoist the white fag, and quis de Riviere and Marshal Brune suffer the garrison of Toulon to carried on their negociations, be composed of national guards through the means of Admiral and royalists, in as large proper- Ganteaume, who, on the day after tion as the troops of the line. On the marshal's first proposition the same day his letter was re- was made, was receivell in Touceived by the Marquis de Riviere, lon as the King's commissioner. information was had that he was Various propositions were made", marching towards Aix, on which all with the view of gaining time. I immediately ordered the whole The two following were immeof the British troops out of Mar- diately rejected—that of acknowseilles, to take up such a position ledning the King's authority, but as might menace Toulon, watch retaining the tri-coloured fag, him, and secure Marseilles itself and that of requiring that the
British troops should retire, and been such as to afford little or no promise not to attack Toulon; on opportunity of distinction for the which no assurance would be officers and men under my orders, given. Whilst these points were yet I cannot avoid expressing my discussing, a party of the na- sense of the zeal which animated tional guards having moved to all ranks, nor my obligations to St. Nazaire, had thus turned the the officers in command of bripass of Ollioules, which caused so gades, Col. Burrows and Col. much agitation, as having occur- Burke, and the officers of the red whilst Admiral Ganteaume staff, for their assistance to me in was treating, that Marquis de Ri- all preparatory arrangements, viere thought proper to withdraw particularly Major Sir Thomas it, whilst I collected my left co- Reade, Assistant Adjutant Genelumn and pushed forward an ad- ral, Major Pratt, Assistant Quarvance to support him, should the ter Master General, Major Gamcircumstance have brought forth ble, Royal Artillery, Major Goran attack. Finally, yesterday, the reyner, Military Secretary, Mr. submission of Marshal Brune and Cummings, of the Commissariat, his generals was received, but and Doctor Porteus. the regiments still refused to wear Lieutenant Colonel Faverges, the white cockade; and it was of the Italian Levy, who comonly this day, whilst at Ollioules manded the advance, merits likewith Admiral Lord Exmouth, the wise my best thanks, as also Ma. submission of the whole was no- jor Andreis, of the staff, and tified, and consent given to the Lieutenant Smith, of the Royal royalists and national guards oc- Engineers, by whom the duties of cupying the forts, in conjunction reconnoissance were principally with a portion only of the regu- exercised, and who executed them lar troops.
with an activity and intelligence The garrison of Toulon con- that left me nothing to desire. sisted of six* regiments of the I can never sufficiently express line, a regiment of marines, a de- my obligations and gratitude to tachment of three hundred caval- Lord Exmouth and the navy in ry, artillery, veterans, &c. batta- general, for the cordial assistance lion of half-pay officers and fede- they have shown themselves disralists, called “ Le Battalion Sa- posed to render on every occasion, cre," most of whom, with Mar- and for the aid in particular which shal Murat, and some of his ad- I received from the marines, of herents, were suffered to quit which a battalion was formed, Toulon, and absconded, it is not under the command of Major known where, on the eve of the Cox, and placed at my disposition. resolution being taken for hoist- Accounts have been received ing the white flag.
that Antibes has hoisted the white The nature of the operation in flag, so that there is now no de which I have been engaged, has clared enemy in the south of
France. * 9th, 13th, 14th; 16th, 35th, This report will be delivered to 166th, veterans.
your lordship by the honourable
Captain Arden, Deputy Assistant marines were landed and took Quarter Master General, who has possession of the forts and castle been very zealous and active in of St. Elmo, and united with the his assistance to me, and who can civic guard, and kept the city in a bring me the honour of any com- state of tolerable tranquillity until mands your lordship may have for the 23d, when the Austrian army my further proceedings.
made its public entry with Prince I have the honour to be, &c. Leopold, and next day the dif(Signed)
ferent forts were delivered over, H. Lowe, Major-Gen. and the marines embarked.
It is my intention to put the government of King Ferdinand
the Fourth, on his arrival, in imADMIRALTY-OFFICE, Aug. 12.
mediate possession of the naval Dispatches, of which the fol- arsenal, with the Vesuvius of lowing are copies and extracts, eighty guns, building at Castel have been received at this office, lamare, and also of all the gun. addressed by Admiral Lord Ex- boats, stores, &c. in the arsenal mouth to John Wilson Croker, of Naples, which I think are abEsq.
solutely necessary for conducting
the affairs of government, until His Majesty's Ship Boyne, the pleasure of their Lordships
Naples Bay, May 25, shall be known.
The two ships of the line, JoaMy letter of the 12th instant chim and Capri, which were enwill have informed their Lord- tirely abandoned to Capt. Campships of my movements up to that bell by the late government, I date, and the arrangements I had have ordered to proceed to Malta, made with Lord William Ben- manned and conducted by the tinck, and the forces from Sicily, Alcmene, there to wait their Lord-. to co-operate with the Allied army ships' instructions. upon Naples : in continuation 1 beg to acquaint you, for their
Boyne, Genoa Bay, Lordships' further information,
July 3, 1815. that I arrived off Civita Vecchia I have the honour to acquaint on the evening of the 19th, where you, for their Lordships' informalearning from Mr. Cook (who tion, that I arrived at this anchorcame from Rome expressly for age this morning, with the ships the purpose) the rapid approach named in the margin, * having of the Austrians towards Naples, previously landed the first diviI continued my voyage, without sion of the Austrian troops at delay, for that place.
Leghorn. I reached Naples on the 20th, From the situation in which I finding the Tremendous and Alc- find affairs on the coast of Promene at anchor close to the Mole, vence, I have, in concert with and the two line of battle ships hauled out alongside of them. Boyne, Impregnable, BomOn the 21st in the morning, the bay, and Pilot.
MajorMajor-General Sir Hudson Lowe, Authorities, with every manifes. come to the determination to pro- tation of joy. ceed immediately to Marseilles, On the 13th, the transports with about three thousand men from Genoa, under convoy of the of this garrison, * which embark Aboukir, anchored in the Bay; with the assent of the Sardinian the following morning the troops government, at our request, and it (about 3,000 men) debarked, and is my intention to take the trans- have occupied such positions as ports with the arms on board, to the general and myself have be employed as may be found ad- thought most eligible. I have visable. I shall use every effort landed 500 marines from the line to afford all the assistance and co- of battle ships, who are doing operation in my power, to carry duty with the army. into effect the intentions of his The loyalty of the Marseillois Majesty's government, as detailed is very conspicuous, and the apin the papers accompanying your pearance of a British force, togeletter of the 30th of May last, ther with the arming the national which I have this morning had guard, which the Marquis de Rithe honour to receive from Sir viere has been enabled to accomHudson Lowe, who embarks on plish through my assistance, has board the Boyne: and I hope to produced the best effect in calling sail in the morning for Mar- forth professions of attachment to seilles.
the royal cause, which their unprotected and defenceless state un
til now compelled them to suppress. Boyne, off' Marseilles, July 18. Toulon still displays the triIn reference to my letter of the coloured flag under Marshal 31 instant, a duplicate of which Brune, and great excesses have accompanies this, I have the ho- been committed in raising contrinour to acquaint you, for their butions in that neighbourhood. Lordships' information, that we On the 13th, Marshal Murat, anchored in Marseilles Roads, on who is at Toulon, sent his Aidthe evening of the 10th, with the de-camp, Lieut.-General Rosetti, ships nained in the margin. † The to me to propose his being receivfollowing morning I went on ed on board one of the ships for shore, accompanied by Major- protection and safe conveyance to General Sir Hudson Lowe, where England. In reply, I charged we were received by the Marquis this officer to inform Murat, that de Riviere, the Members of the if he chose to go on board one of Royal Committee of Provence, the ships off Toulon, in order to acting in the name of his Majesty receive personal protection, it Louis XVIII, and all the other would be afforded, but that I
should not enter into any engage-* 14th regiment, 800; Piel- ments with him as to his destinamontaise, 600; Italian levy, 1,400; tion, leaving that point to be setartillery and cavalry, 20. tled by reference to England. I
+ Boyne, Impregnable, Pom- have this day heard, that Murat, fée, and Bombay.
findins (on the return of I s offi
cer) he would not be received on I have no doubt but Toulon will board a British ship on the terms feel immediate benefit from the which he proposed, has left Tou- removal of Marshal Brune. lon, taking an eastern route to- I cannot close my letter withwards Piedmont."
out expressing in the strongest
terms the high satisfaction and Boyne, off Marseilles, July 24, serving with Major-General Sir
pleasure I have experienced in 1815, 10 P. M.
Hudson Lowe, from whose active I hasten to communicate to intelligent mind the service has you, for the information of their derived every advantage. Lordships, that I am this moment returned from the Pass of Olionle, whither Major-General Sir Hud- Boyne, of Marseilles, Aug. 2. son Lowe and myself, accompa- The Marquis de Riviere's letnied the Marquis de Riviere (hister, this moment received, anMajesty's Lieutenant in these nounces the actual departure of provinces) this morning from our Marshal Brune, accompanied by advanced post, to receive the ad-, an officer, as before intimated. hesion of the officers of the army and navy at Toulon, which was tendered to the Marquis, and the
INDIA-BOARD, white flag hoisted under a discharge of one hundred pieces of
Whitehall, Aug. 16. cannon, and acknowledged by one
Dispatches, dated Fort William, of my frigates off the harbour. 25th of January, 1815, together
with their enclosures, of which
the following are extracts, have Boyne, off Marseilles, August 1. been received at the East India
Their lordships will be inform- House, from the Vice-President in ed by my last letter, of the 24th Council. of July, of the arrangement made “ We have the honour to transon the 24th, between the Marquis mit to your honourable court code Riviere and Marshal Brune. pies of documents, in continua
The non-performance of the tion of the subject of our address stipulated removal of Marshal of the 27th ultimo, relating to the Brune and the disaffected regi- operations of the war with the ments, has occasioned a corres- state of Nepaul. pondence between General Sir The successful resistance which Hudson Lowe and myself, and the the enemy has hitherto opposed Marquis de Riviere; which has to the advance of the divisions of this morning happily terminated, Major-Generals Wood and Marby Marshal Brune delivering him- ley, and the disasters which have self into the hands of the Mar- occurred in the division comquis, to be sent (accompanied by manded by Major-General Marhis Aid-de-camp) to Paris. tindell, will be a subject of
The most evident good will deep regret to your honourable prevails amongst all classes of court; but your honourable court people immediately about us : and will derive great satisfaction from Vol. LVII.