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Marshal Brune, who was opposite to Nice with a body of about 5000 infantry, and 300 cavalry, called the corps of observation of the Var, made immediate proposition for an armistice with the commander of the Piedmontese force at Nice, in which object he succeeded, and then marched directly to the relief of Toulon. On the 14th of July, the day on which the troops landed at Marseilles, he caused a letter to be addressed to the admiral, Lord Exmouth, enclosing a copy of the armistice signed at Paris, and demanding an extension of it to the British force in this country, which was immediately rejected.

He then addressed LieutenantGen. the Marquis de Riviere, exercising the King's authority in Provence, stating his desire to send two officers to Paris, to offer the submission of Toulon, and saying he should refrain from hostilities during the ten days neeessary for his communication. This proposition was also object ed to, and the marshal was informed he must resign his authority to the officer who governed Toulon before Buonaparte's invasion, hoist the white flag, and suffer the garrison of Toulon to be composed of national guards and royalists, in as large propertion as the troops of the line. On the same day his letter was reeeived by the Marquis de Riviere, information was had that he was marching towards Aix, on which I immediately ordered the whole of the British troops out of Marseilles, to take up such a position as might menace Toulon, watch him, and secure Marseilles itself

against attack; but the report of his march on Aix gave way to that of his concentring near Toulon, when the following dispositions were made by me:-1 directed the troops to move forward in two columns, one on the high road to Toulon, by Aubagne, Gemenos, and Cujes, and the other by the coast to Cassis and Ciotat, in which latter place I stationed a small garrison, and afterwards moved the column to Leques and Saint Cyr, having an advance at Bandol. My own head-quarters were at Cujes, having an advance at St. Anne's, with very strong ground both to my front and rear, and the power of collecting my force to act along the coast, or on the high road, as circumstances might best point out. The national guards and royalists occupied Beausset, Castelet, La Cadiere, and other strong points in my immediate front or flank. Exmouth had, in the mean time, detached one line of battle ship to Ciotat, and another to Bandol. The enemy's advanced posts were on the outside of the pass of Ollioules. It was whilst the troops were in this position that the Marquis de Riviere and Marshal Brune carried on their negociations, through the means of Admiral Ganteaume, who, on the day after the marshal's first proposition was made, was received in Toulon as the King's commissioner. Various propositions were made, all with the view of gaining time. The two following were immediately rejected-that of acknowledging the King's authority, but retaining the tri-coloured flag, and that of requiring that the

Admiral Lord

British.

British troops should retire, and promise not to attack Toulon; on which no assurance would be given. Whilst these points were discussing, a party of the national guards having moved to St. Nazaire, had thus turned the pass of Ollioules, which caused so much agitation, as having occurred whilst Admiral Ganteaume was treating, that Marquis de Riviere thought proper to withdraw it, whilst I collected my left column and pushed forward an advance to support him, should the circumstance have brought forth an attack. Finally, yesterday, the submission of Marshal Brune and his generals was received, but the regiments still refused to wear the white cockade; and it was only this day, whilst at Ollioules with Admiral Lord Exmouth, the submission of the whole was notified, and consent given to the royalists and national guards occupying the forts, in conjunction with a portion only of the regular troops.

*

The garrison of Toulon consisted of six regiments of the line, a regiment of marines, a detachment of three hundred cavalry, artillery, veterans, &c. battalion of half-pay officers and federalists, called Le Battalion Saere," most of whom, with Marshal Murat, and some of his adherents, were suffered to quit Toulon, and absconded, it is not known where, on the eve of the resolution being taken for hoisting the white flag.

The nature of the operation in which I have been engaged, has

* 9th, 13th, 14th; 16th, 35th, 166th, veterans.

been such as to afford little or no opportunity of distinction for the officers and men under my orders, yet I cannot avoid expressing my sense of the zeal which animated all ranks, nor my obligations to the officers in command of brigades, Col. Burrows and Col. Burke, and the officers of the staff, for their assistance to me in all preparatory arrangements, particularly Major Sir Thomas Reade, Assistant Adjutant General, Major Pratt, Assistant Quarter Master General, Major Gamble, Royal Artillery, Major Gorreyner, Military Secretary, Mr. Cummings, of the Commissariat, and Doctor Porteus.

Lieutenant Colonel Faverges, of the Italian Levy, who commanded the advance, merits likewise my best thanks, as also Ma jor Andreis, of the staff, and Lieutenant Smith, of the Royal Engineers, by whom the duties of reconnoissance were principally exercised, and who executed them with an activity and intelligence that left me nothing to desire.

I can never sufficiently express my obligations and gratitude to Lord Exmouth and the navy in general, for the cordial assistance they have shown themselves disposed to render on every occasion, and for the aid in particular which I received from the marines, of which a battalion was formed, under the command of Major Cox, and placed at my disposition.

Accounts have been received that Antibes has hoisted the white flag, so that there is now no declared enemy in the south of France.

This report will be delivered to your lordship by the honourable

Captain

Captain Arden, Deputy Assistant Quarter Master General, who has been very zealous and active in his assistance to me, and who can bring me the honour of any commands your lordship may have for my further proceedings.

marines were landed and took
possession of the forts and castle
of St. Elmo, and united with the
civic guard, and kept the city in a
state of tolerable tranquillity until
the 23d, when the Austrian army
made its public entry with Prince
Leopold, and next day the dif-
ferent forts were delivered over,

I have the honour to be, &c.
(Signed)
H. Lowe, Major-Gen. and the marines embarked.

ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, AUG. 12. Dispatches, of which the following are copies and extracts, have been received at this office, addressed by Admiral Lord Exmouth to John Wilson Croker, Esq.

His Majesty's Ship Boyne,
Naples Bay, May 25,

1815.

My letter of the 12th instant will have informed their Lordships of my movements up to that date, and the arrangements I had made with Lord William Bentinck, and the forces from Sicily, to co-operate with the Allied army upon Naples in continuation I beg to acquaint you, for their Lordships further information, that I arrived off Civita Vecchia on the evening of the 18th, where learning from Mr. Cook (who came from Rome expressly for the purpose) the rapid approach of the Austrians towards Naples, I continued my voyage, without delay, for that place.

I reached Naples on the 20th, finding the Tremendous and Alcmene at anchor close to the Mole, and the two line of battle ships hauled out alongside of them. On the 21st in the morning, the

It is my intention to put the government of King Ferdinand the Fourth, on his arrival, in immediate possession of the naval arsenal, with the Vesuvius of eighty guns, building at Castellamare, and also of all the gunboats, stores, &c. in the arsenal of Naples, which I think are absolutely necessary for conducting the affairs of government, until the pleasure of their Lordships shall be known.

The two ships of the line, Joachim and Capri, which were entirely abandoned to Capt. Campbell by the late government, I have ordered to proceed to Malta, manned and conducted by the Alcmene, there to wait their Lordships' instructions.

Boyne, Genoa Bay,
July 3, 1815.

I have the honour to acquaint you, for their Lordships' information, that I arrived at this anchorage this morning, with the ships named in the margin, having previously landed the first division of the Austrian troops at Leghorn.

From the situation in which I find affairs on the coast of Provence, I have, in concert with

*Boyne, Impregnable, Bombay, and Pilot.

Major

*

Major-General Sir Hudson Lowe, come to the determination to proceed immediately to Marseilles, with about three thousand men of this garrison, which embark with the assent of the Sardinian government, at our request, and it is my intention to take the transports with the arms on board, to be employed as may be found advisable. I shall use every effort to afford all the assistance and cooperation in my power, to carry into effect the intentions of his Majesty's government, as detailed in the papers accompanying your letter of the 30th of May last, which I have this morning had the honour to receive from Sir Hudson Lowe, who embarks on board the Boyne: and I hope to sail in the morning for Marseilles.

Boyne, off Marseilles, July 18. In reference to my letter of the 3d instant, a duplicate of which accompanies this, I have the honour to acquaint you, for their Lordships' information, that we anchored in Marseilles Roads, on the evening of the 10th, with the ships named in the margin. † The following morning I went on shore, accompanied by MajorGeneral Sir Hudson Lowe, where we were received by the Marquis de Riviere, the Members of the Royal Committee of Provence, acting in the name of his Majesty Louis XVIII. and all the other

* 14th regiment, 800; Piedmontaise, 600; Italian levy, 1,406; artillery and cavalry, 200.

Boyne, Impregnable, Pomfée, and Bombay.

Authorities, with every manifes tation of joy.

On the 18th, the transports from Genoa, under convoy of the Aboukir, anchored in the Bay; the following morning the troops (about 3,000 men) debarked, and have occupied such positions as the general and myself have thought most eligible. I have landed 500 marines from the line. of battle ships, who are doing duty with the army.

The loyalty of the Marseillois is very conspicuous, and the appearance of a British force, together with the arming the national guard, which the Marquis de Riviere has been enabled to accomplish through my assistance, has produced the best effect in calling forth professions of attachment to the royal cause, which their unprotected and defenceless state until now compelled them to suppress. Toulon still displays the tricoloured flag under Marshal Brune, and great excesses have been committed in raising contributions in that neighbourhood.

On the 13th, Marshal Murat, who is at Toulon, sent his Aidde-camp, Lieut.-General Rosetti, to me to propose his being received on board one of the ships for protection and safe conveyance to England. In reply, I charged this officer to inform Murat, that if he chose to go on board one of the ships off Toulon, in order to receive personal protection, it would be afforded, but that I should not enter into any engagements with him as to his destination, leaving that point to be settled by reference to England. I have this day heard, that Murat, finding (on the return of 1 s offi

cer)

cer) he would not be received on I have no doubt but Toulon will feel immediate benefit from the removal of Marshal Brune.

board a British ship on the terms which he proposed, has left Toulon, taking an eastern route towards Piedmont."

Boyne, off Marseilles, July 24,

1815, 10 P. M.

I hasten to communicate to you, for the information of their Lordships, that I am this moment returned from the Pass of Olionle, whither Major-General Sir Hudson Lowe and myself, accompanied the Marquis de Riviere (his Majesty's Lieutenant in these provinces) this morning from our advanced post, to receive the adhesion of the officers of the army and navy at Toulon, which was tendered to the Marquis, and the white flag hoisted under a discharge of one hundred pieces of cannon, and acknowledged by one of my frigates off the harbour.

Boyne, off Marseilles, August 1. Their lordships will be informed by my last letter, of the 24th of July, of the arrangement made on the 24th, between the Marquis de Riviere and Marshal Brune.

The non-performance of the stipulated removal of Marshal Brune and the disaffected regiments, has occasioned a correspondence between General Sir Hudson Lowe and myself, and the Marquis de Riviere; which has this morning happily terminated, by Marshal Brune delivering himself into the hands of the Marquis, to be sent (accompanied by his Aid-de-camp) to Paris.

The most evident good will prevails amongst all classes of people immediately about us: and VOL. LVII.

I cannot close my letter without expressing in the strongest terms the high satisfaction and serving with Major-General Sir pleasure I have experienced in

Hudson Lowe, from whose active intelligent mind the service has derived every advantage.

Boyne, off Marseilles, Aug. 2. The Marquis de Riviere's letter, this moment received, announces the actual departure of Marshal Brune, accompanied by an officer, as before intimated.

INDIA-BOARD,

Whitehall, Aug. 16. Dispatches, dated Fort William, 25th of January, 1815, together with their enclosures, of which the following are extracts, have been received at the East India House, from the Vice-President in Council.

"We have the honour to transmit to your honourable court copies of documents, in continuation of the subject of our address of the 27th ultimo, relating to the operations of the war with the state of Nepaul.

The successful resistance which the enemy has hitherto opposed to the advance of the divisions of Major-Generals Wood and Marley, and the disasters which have occurred in the division commanded by Major-General Martindell, will be a subject of deep regret to your honourable court; but your honourable court will derive great satisfaction from

P

the

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