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The aide-de-camp it appeared, morning discontinued in the was detained.
river. While this negociation was at- Yesterday, the wind being fatempting, the Hebrus arrived vourable, the squadron again with the charge of a small expe- weighed, and formed in a close dition, with arms and supplies for line for entering the Gironde ; the Royalists, and when it be- the Pactolus led, the Hebrus fol. came evident that no good could lowed, and the Falmouth brought arise out of any attempt to con- up the rear ; the two former had ciliate General Clausel, Captain transports in tow : as we proPalmer made me a very strong ceeded, a person came off with a representation upon the necessity message from the people of the which he conceived there was for town of Royan, saying that they his attempting to enter the Gi- would not fire at us, provided we ronde and open a direct commu- did not assail them. We passed on nication with the Royalist party. with the royal colours of France at After weighing the circumstances, the mast head; the tri-coloured I thought it my duty to accede flag flew along the batteries, to the proposal, and I united which were all in preparation, the ships for the prosecution of but no act of hostility occurred the service.
until we reached the heavy batThe General Donnadieu, being tery at Verdun, which opened its anxious to pursue his mission on fire upon us, and continued it unthe coast, I dispatched the Larne til the ships reached the anwith him to Passages.
chorage. No injury, however, On the ilth the squadron was sustained, and the squadron weighed from an outer anchorage did not return a gun, for I was we had taken, and formed for the unwilling to disturb the feeling purpose of entering theriver; but, which appeared so generally and as we stood in, the enemy's cor- so happily to prevail. Directly vette was perceived to weigh and the ships were secured, a commumanæuvre in the north entrance, nication was sent up with a flag while five sail pushed out through of truce to General Clausel by the southern passage to sea. Un- the Count de Lasteur, deputed by der these circumstances, it became M. La Duchesse D'Angouleme, necessary for the intercepting and we are in expectation of his those vessels that the squadron answer. In the mean time noshould separate for the time ; and thing can wear a more favourin consequence the forcing the able aspect than the face of things river was obliged to be given up in this river. for that day ; during the night, I beg to assure you, that every the squadron united again, after measure shall be adopted, in conhaving examined the vessels junction with the Baron Montawhich it appeared had sailed in leubert, to arm and organise the
so suspicious a manner, which cir- royal party, and establish the Cunustance was developed by power of predominance of his the embargo having been that Majesty the King of France, in
the vicinity of wherever our means throughout directed it, and the can operate.
accident alone of my being the I lose no time in dispatching senior officer, induces me to give the Falmouth to your Lordship, the account to your Lordship. and Captain Knight will explain I have the honour to be, &c. our situation, as well as that we (Signed) F. W. AYLMBR, are taking every precaution in re
Captain. spect to she defence of that river, To Admiral Lord Viscount in the event of General Clausel
Keith, &c. sending down any strong force to stifie the spirit of the people. I shall also write to Rear-Admiral Sir Henry Hotham, and perhaps His Majesty's ship Hebrus, in the Rear-Admiral may strengthen the Gironde, July 14, 1815. our means here, so that we may My Lord,—I have the honour fully avail ourselves of such op- to state to you, that I arrived off portunity of pushing the royal this port on the 6th, where I cause with vigour and celerity, found his Majesty's ship Pactolus, and of cherishing the excellent and I learn from Captain Aylmer disposition with which all here that General Donnadieu (the seem inspired. I have just learnt French officer he had on board) that the enemy evacuated the fort was endeavouring to open a comof Verdun last night, and retired munication with the Commandwith his garrison. We have sent ant at Bourdeaux, General Claua force on shore to dismantle and sel, and that an aide-de-camp destroy the guns, &c. This is had been dispatched in for that the fort which disputed our en- purpose. But as General Clautrance, and it is a very strong sel thought proper to detain the work.
messenger, and also to adopt I have also the pleasure to the most decided measures to preadd, that the propositions of the vent any kind of intercourse, Baron Montalembert, and his there appeared no prospect of mission, have hitherto beer: every any accommodation from any where attended with success. The further attempts to conciliate him. forts and the positions are gra
From the nature of this coast, dually pulling down their tri-co- and the complete military possesloured flags, and hoisting that of sion which the enemy had of it, their legitimate Sovereign: and it seemed impossible that any free several of them have saluted the communication could be opened Squadron upon their hoisting the with the Royalists, unless I could white flag. While writing this effect an entrance into the river ; letter, another battery has hoist- and as the Baron de Montalemed the white Hag, and there now bert expressed the greatest anxieremains only the fort at Meche ty upon the subject, and I poswith the tri-colured flag.
sessed a discretionary power of Captain Palmer, who was en- passing into the Gironde, should trusted with the service, has I be of opinion that circumstances
justified justified me in doing so, I de- inform your Lordship, that the cided, after the best considera- ship, with the arms, equipments, tion I could give the matter, and ammunition, placed under that it was the most proper course my charge, entered the Gironde I could pursue for the good of this morning, protected by his the cause I was employed on. Majesty's ships Pactolus, Hebrus,
As I felt, that the committing and Falmouth. On our approach the transports and their lading near the fort of Royan, which in the river, at a time it was in commands the entrance of the full possession of the enemy, was river, Captain Palmer of the Hea strong measure, and as there brus hoisted the white flag at the were serious obstacles to over- main. The effect produced by come, in a well defended en- this emblem of loyalty and honour trance and a hazardous navigation, was instantaneous. Not a gun I considered it my duty to render was fired from the batteries, the our means as effective as possible Verdun one excepted, and we before the attempt was made, and were received as friends and deas the Pactolus was on the spot, I liverers. stated my opinion fully to Captain The communications we bave Aylmer, requesting the junction had with the inhabitants during of his ship to those under my the few hours we have been at orders. Captain Aylmer having anchor, are of the most favouracceded to the request, and being able nature, and such as might the senior officer, of course the have been expected from their command of the squadron devolv- well-known attachment to the ed on him, and your Lordship cause of their legitimate Sovewill learn from that officer the reign. General Clausel still ocfurther proceedings of the expe- cupies Bourdeaux with some force. dition.
Our appearance in this river, and I have the honour to be, &c. the means we will immediately (Signed)
pursue to arm the population, EDMUND PALMER, Captain. will produce the double effect of To Admiral Viscount
paralyzing his measures to keep Keith, G. C. B. &c. &c. &c. possession of the town, and of
preventing his sending any rein
forcement to the French army WAR DEPARTMENT.
behind the Loire. Downing-Street, July 23, 1815. I cannot close this communica
A dispatch, of which the follow- tion, without stating to your ing is a copy, has been this day Lordship, that to Captain Palmreceived by Earl Bathurst, ad- er's zeal for the cause, and indedressed to his Lordship by Co- fatigable exertions, we are enlonel the Baron de Montalem- tirely indebted for our present bert, dated in the Gironde, July advantageous position in thisriver. 13, 1815.
I have, &c.
(Signed) My Lord, With the greatest Le Baron de MONTALEMBERT. gatisfaction I have the honour to To Earl Bathurst, &c.
Head-Quarters, Fort-Royal, Downing-Street, July
Martinique, June 10,
1915. 24, 1815. Dispatches, of which the fol
My Lord,- I am happy to inlowing are extracts, have been form you, that I have occupied received at this office, addressed the military points of Martinique to Earl Bathurst, by Major-Gen. by a British auxiliary force, which Sir Hudson Lowe :
landed here on the morning of the
5th instant. Genoa, July 4. The situation of Martinique was, Pursuant to the information indeed, critical; for the troops of contained in my letter of the 1st the line, consisting of thirteen instant, of which a duplicate is hundred men, who possessed the enclosed, I have the honour of ac- forts, shewed too much of the same quainting your Lordship of my disposition which has manifested having embarked a portion of the itself in France. The majority force at this place; and am pro- of the officers were decidedly for ceeding with it, in conjunction Buonaparte, some putting up the with the ships of war, under Lord tri-coloured cockade, and others, Exmouth, to the neighbourhood with similar sentiments, less of Marseilles, there to act as cir- avowed, pretending that they only cumstances may point out. wished to return to France. The
soldiers were chiefly refractory Marseilles, July 11. conscripts, who had never served, · I have the honour to inform and had no attachment to Buonayour Lordship of my arrival at parte, but having escaped from this place, in company with Lord the army under his severe system, Exmouth, having under my com- finding themselves expatriated unmand the force stated in my letter der the King's government, was of the 4th instant from Genoa, of not likely to create an attachment which a duplicate is enclosed. to the Bourbon cause, they gene
The forces will disembark here rally wished to return home. as soon as the transports with the Le Comte de Vaugiraud acted troops and arms shall have come with much good sense in anticito an anchor.
pating the mischief which might have arisen, and which he had not
the power to have controlled, by COLONIAL DEPARTMENT. assembling the troops, and re
Downing-Street, July 24. leasing those of the officers who A dispatch, of which the fol- desired it from their obligations, lowing is a copy, has been this informing them at the same time, day received from Lieut.-Gen. that they must quit Martinique, Sir J. Leith, commanding his and declaring that any attempt to Majesty's forces in the Leeward raise the standard of rebellion Íslands, and addressed to Earl would be repelled by force, and Bathurst, one of his Majesty's punished as an act of mutiny, in Principal Secretaries of State. defiance of the oaths of fidelity l'oi. LVII.
which they had taken to Louis the duty to his Sovereign, of his dig. Eighteenth.
nity and good sense under very I had desired Le Comte de Vau- critical circumstances, and of his giraud to give it to be understood, grateful attachment to the Prince that the white flag was the only Regent, the British government permanent security of the troops, and nation, for the assistance or of the colony, and I immediately which has saved Martinique. The assembled the force now in pos- gratitude, indeed, of the colony session of the island, in Gros Is- at large, has been most unequilet Bay, St. Lucia, within four vocally testified. hours sail of Fort Royal, to give I shall be happy to find that the effect to the Comte de Vaugiraúd's steps I have taken have been such measures.
as may be approved by the Prince This fine colony was several Regent. times on the point of being thrown I have the honour to be, &c. into a state of revolutionary con
James Leith, Lieut. Gen. vulsion, by the conduct of the
Commanding the forces. troops, all of whom, with the ex- Earl Bathurst, &c. ception of the remainder of the 26th regiment, amounting to four
COLONIAL DEPARTMENT. hundred and fifty men, including officers, who remain under the white flag, have been permitted
Downing-street, Aug. 2, 1815. to depart, unarmed, and are actually gone
A dispatch, of which the folThe militia of Martinique ceived from Lieut.-General Sir amount to about 6,000 men, who C. Brownrigg, K. B. dated Can. are well disposed ; one half only dy, February 25, 1815, addressed have arms: 150 are mounted.
to Earl Bathurst, one of his Mation of the military points by the jesty's Principal Secretaries of
State. troops under my command, the government of the colony pub
British Head Quarters, Candy, lished a decree by which British vessels are received on the same
February 25, 1815. footing as the French. This act My Lord,-For some days subwas perfectly spontaneous, and sequent to the date of the last disindeed has been marked by the patch, which I had the honour to same spirit of cordiality which has address to your Lordship, on Canactuated the Comte de Vaugiraud dian affairs, dated 16th January, in every part of the intercourse no circumstance occurred of suffi. which I have had with him. cient consequence to be reported
It would be unjust to Comte de to your Lordship, the several diVaugiraud not to express my visions of the invading force be sense of the honourable devotion ing partly in movement and partly which he has uniformly shewn to preparing to move. the zealous performance of his It was found, however, that