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by insuperable obstacles, and were Boileau, who received a deep sabre in consequence ordered to aban- cut in a personal contest with the don the attack.
Subah.] In this arduous and gallant but unsuccessful struggle, many brave officers and men were killed and
Downing-street, June 22. wounded. The most honourable testimony arrived late last night with a dis
Major the Honourable H. Percy, is borne by Colonel Mawby, to the zeal and courage displayed by the patch from Field-Marshal the Duke officers and men engaged in the of Wellington, K. G. to Earl Baassault ; and although their brave thurst, his Majesty's Principal efforts were not crowned with im. Secretary of State for the War mediate success, they produced Department, of which the follow
ing such an effect as to convince the enemy of the inutility of further
Waterloo, June 19, 1815. resistance; accordingly, on the My Lord,- Buonaparte having 30th, at four a. m. the Nepaulese collected the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and garrison abandoned the Fort of 6th corps of the French army and Kalunga to the British troops. the Imperial Guards, and nearly
[This Supplement also contains all the cavalry on the Sambre, and dispatches from Colonel Ochter- between that river and the Meuse, lony, stating the surrender on the between the 10th and 14th of the 4th of November of the Forts of month, advanced on the 15th, and Nalagar and Tarregar, garrisoned attacked the Prussian posts at by ninety-five Goorka officers and Thuin and Lobez, on the Sambre, privates, with a loss on our side of at day light in the morning. one killed and six wounded; and I did not hear of these events a report dated the 25th of Novem- till the evening of the 15th, and her from Major Bradshaw, of the immediately ordered the troops to successful operations of a division prepare to march, and afterwards of his troops, under Captain Hay, to march to their left, as soon as against Pursaram Thapa, the I had intelligence from other Napaulese Subah of the Teraice. quarters, to prove that the enemy's The Subah, who occupied this po- movement upon Charleroy was sition with about 400 men, was the real attack. completely surprised : he himself
The enemy drove the Prussian was killed; one of his chief Sir- posts from the Sambre on that dars, severely wounded, was found day; and General Zieten, who among the slain, which is stated commanded the corps which had to have amounted to about 51 been at Charleroy, retired upon mountaineer soldiers. A number Fleurus; and Marshal Prince of the enemy were wounded, and Blucher concentrated the Prussian many were drowned in the river army upon Sambref, holding the Bagnutee. Two standards were villages in front of his position of taken. The total of our loss con- St. Amand and Ligny. sisted of two killed and twenty- The enemy continued his march one wounded, including Lieut. along the road from Charleroy towards Bruxelles, and on the same We maintained our position evening, the 15th, attacked a bri- also, and completely defeated and gade of the army of the Nether- repulsed all the enemy's attempts lands, under the Prince de Wei- to get possession of it. The enemar, posted at Frasne, and forced my repeatedly attacked us with a it back to the farm house on the large body of cavalry and infantry, same road, called Les Quatre supported by a numerous and powBras.
erful artillery: he made several The Prince of Orange imme- charges with the cavalry upon our diately reinforced this brigade infantry, but all were repulsed in with another of the same division, the steadiest manner. In this afunder General Perponcher, and in fair His Royal Highness the Prince the morning early regained part of Orange, the Duke of Brunsof the ground which had been wick, and Lieutenant General lost, so as to have the command Sir Thomas Picton, and Major of the communication lcading from General Sir James Kempt, and Nivelles and Bruxelles, with Mar- Sir Denis Pack, who were enshal Blucher's position.
gaged from the commencement of In the mean time I had directed the enemy's attack, highly disthe whole army to march upon tinguished themselves, as well as Les Quatre Bras, and the 5th di- Lieutenant-Gen. Charles Baron vision under Lieut. General Sir Alten, Major-General Sir C. HalkThomas Picton, arrived at about et, Lieutenant-General Cooke, half- -past two in the day, followed and Major-Generals Maitland and by the corps of troops under the Byng, as they successively ar, Duke of Brunswick, and after- riverl. The troops of the 5th diwards by the contingent of Nas- vision and those of the Brunswick sau.
corps were long and severely enAt this time the enemy com- gaged, and conducted themselves menced an attack upon Prince with the utmost gallantry. I must Blucher, with his whole force, particularly mention the Sth, excepting the 1st and 2d corps; 42d, 79th, and 92d regiments, and a corps of cavalry under Ge- and the Battalion of Hanoverians. neral Kellerman, with which he Our loss was great, as your attacked our post at Les Quatre Lordship will perceive liy the en
closed return; and I have particuThe Prussian army maintained larly to regret his Serene Hightheir position with their usual ness the Duke of Brunswick, who gallantry and perseverance against fell, fighting gallantly at the head a great disparity of numbers, as
of his troops. the 4th corps of their army, under Although Marshal Blucher had General Bulow, had not joined, maintained his position at Samand I was not able to assist them bref, he still found himself much as I wished, as I was attacked weakened by tlie severity of the myself, and the troops, the cavalry contest, in which he had been enin particular, which had a long gaged, and as the fourth corps distance to march, had not ar- had not arrived, he determined
to fall back, and concentrate bis
army upon Wavre ; and he march- Blucher, atWavre, throughohaim; 'ed in the night after the action and the Marshal promised me, tha was over.
in case we should be attacked, he This movement of the Marshal's would support me with one or rendered necessary a correspond- more corps as might be necessary, ing one on my part; and I re- The enemy collected his army, tired from the farm of Quatre with the exception of the third Bras upon Genappe, and thence corps, which had been sent to obupon Waterloo the next morning, serve Marshal Blucher, on a range the 17th, at ten o'clock.
of heights in our front, in the The enemy made no effort to course of the night of the 17th pursue Marshal Blucher. On the and yesterday morning, and at contrary, a patrole which I sent about ten o'clock he commenced to Sambref in the morning, found a furious attack upon our post at all quiet, and the enemy's videttes Hougoumont. I had occupied fell back as the patrole advanced. that post with a detachment from Neither did he attempt to molest General Byng'e brigade of Guards, our march to the rear, although which was in position in its rear; made in the middle of the day, and it was for some time under excepting by following, with a the command of Lieut.-colonel large body of cavalry, brought Macdonald, and afterwards of Cofrom his right, the cavalry under lonel Home; and I am happy to the Earl of Uxbridge.
add, that it maintained This gave Lord Uxbridge an throughout the day with the utopportunity of charging them most gallantry by these brave with the ist Life Guards, upon troops, notwithstanding the retheir debouché from the village peated efforts of large bodies of of Genappe, upon which occasion the enemy to obtain possession his Lordship has declared himself of it. to be well satisfied with that re- This attack upon the right of giment.
our centre was accompanied by a The position which I took up very heavy cannonade upon our in front of Waterloo, crossed the whole line, which was destined to high roads from Charleroy and support the repeated attacks of Nivelle, and had its right thrown cavalry and infantry occasionally back to a ravine near Merke mixed, but sometimes separate, Braine, which was occupied; and which were made upon it. In its left extended to a height above one of these the enemy carried the the hamlet Ter la Haye, which farm house of La Haye Sainte, as was likewise occupied. In front the detachment of the light batof the right centre, and near the talion of the legion which occuNivelle road, we occupied the pied it had expended all its amhouse and garden of Hougoumont, munition, and the enemy occupied which covered the return of that the only communication there was flank; and in front of the left with them. centre, we occupied the farm of The enemy repeatedly charged La Haye Sainte. By our left we our infantry with his cavalry, but communicated withMarshalPrince these attacks were uniformly un
successful, and they afforded op- assured me of his intention to portunities to our cavalry to follow the enemy throughout the charge, in one of which Lord E. night. He has sent me word this Somerset's brigade, consisting of morning that he had taken sixty the life guards, royal horse guards, pieces of cannon belonging to the and ist dragoon guards, highly Imperial Guard, and several cardistinguished themselves, as did riages, baggage, &c. belonging to that of Major-general Sir W. Pon- Buonaparte, in Genappe. sonby, having taken many pri- I propose to move, this mornsoners and an eagle.
ing, upon Nivelles, and not to These attacks were repeated till discontinue my operations. about seven in the evening, when Your Lordship will observe, the enemy made a desperate effort that such a desperate action could with the cavalry and infantry, not be fought, and such advansupported by the fire of artillery, tages could not be gained, withto force our left centre near the out great loss; and I am sorry to farm of La Haye Sainte, which add, that ours has been immense. after a severe contest was defeat- In Lieut.-general Sir Thomas Piced; and having observed that the ton, his Majesty has sustained the troops retired from this attack in loss of an officer who has fregreat confusion, and that the quently distinguished himself in march of General Bulow's corps his service, and he fell gloriously by Euschermont upon Planche- leading his division to a charge norte and La Belle Alliance, had with bayonets, by which one of begun to take effect, and as I could the most serious attacks made by perceive the fire of his cannon, the enemy on our position, was and as Marshal Prince Blucher defeated. The Earl of Uxbridge, had joined in person, with a corps after having successfully got of his army to the left of our line through this arduous day, reby Ohaim, I determined to attack ceived a wound by almost the last the enemy, and immediately ad- shot fired, which will, I am afraid, vanced the whole line of infantry, deprive his Majesty for some time supported by the cavalry and ar- of his services. tillery. The attack succeeded in His Royal Highness the Prince every point; the enemy was forced of Orange distinguished himself from his position on the heights, by his gallantry and conduct till and fled in the utmost confusion, he received a wound from a musleaving behind him, as far as I ket ball through the shoulder, could judge, 150 pieces of can- which obliged him to quit the non, with their ammunition, field. which fell into our hands. I con- It gives me the greatest satistinued the pursuit till long after faction to assure your Lordship, dark; and then discontinued it that the army never, upon any only on account of the fatigue of occasion, conducted itself better. our troops, who had been engag. The division of Guards, under ed during twelve hours, and be- Lieut.-gen. Cooke, who is severe. cause I found myself on the same ly wounded; Major-gen. Maitroad with Marshal Blucher, who land and Major-gen. Byng, set Vol. LVII.
an example which was followed mising officer, and is a serious by all; and there is no officer, nor loss to his Majesty's service. description of troops, that did not General Kruse, of the Nassaui behave well.
service, likewise conducted himI must, however, particularly self much to my satisfaction, as mention, for his Royal Highness's did General Trip, commanding approbation, Lieut.-gen. Sir H. the heavy brigade of cavalry, and Clinton, Major-gen. Adam, Lieut.- General Vanhope, commanding a gen. Charles Baron Alten, severe. brigade of infantry of the King ly wounded; Major-general Sir of the Netherlands. Colin Halket, severely wounded ; General Pozzo di Borgo, GeneColonel Ompteda, Col. Mitchell, ral Baron Vincent, General Mufcommanding a brigade of the 4th fling, and General Alvoa, were in division; Major-gen. Sir James the field during the action, and Kempt, and Sir Denis Pack, Ma
rendered me every assistance in jor-gen. Lambert, Major-general their power. Baron Vincept is Lord E. Somerset ; Major-gen- wounded, but I hope not severely; Sir W. Ponsonby, Major-general and General Pozzo di Borgo reSir C. Grant, and Major-gen. Sir ceived a contusion. H. Vivian; Major-gen. Sir 0. I should not do justice to my Vandeleur; Major-general Count feelings, or to Marshal Blucher Dornberg. I am also particularly and the Prussian army, if I did indebted to General Lord Hill for not attribute the successful result his assistance and conduct upon of this arduous day, to the corthis as upon all former occasions. dial and timely assistance I re
The artillery and engineer de- ceived from them. partment were conducted much
The operation of General Buto iny satisfaction by Col. Sir G. low, upon the enemy's flank, was Wood and Colonel Smyth ; and I a most decisive one; and even if had every reason to be satisfied I had not found myself in a situwith the conduct of the Adjutant- ation to make the attack, which gen. Major-gen. Barnes, who was produced the final result, it would wounded, and of the Quarter- have forced the enemy to retire, Master-general Col. Delancy, who if his attacks should have failed, was killed by a cannon shot in the and would have prevented him middle of the action. This officer from taking advantage of them, is a serious loss to his Majesty's if they should unfortunately have service, and to me at this moment. succeeded. I was likewise much indebted to I send, with this dispatch, two the assistance of Lieut.-col. Lord
eagles, taken by the troops in this Fitzroy Somerset, who was se action, which Major Percy will verely wounderl, and of the offi. have the honour of laying at the cers composing my personal staff, feet of his Royal Highness. who have suffered severely in this I beg leave to recommend him action. Lieut.-col. the hon. Sir
to your Lordship's protection. Alexander Gordon, who has died I have the honour, &c. of his wounds, was a most pro- (Signed) WELLINGTON.