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ARMY OF NAPLES.
escape of Marshal Murat to Capua,
who arrived at St. Germano, with Head-Quarters of General only three or four officers, and a
Count Nugent, Bivouac few dragoons, and left it again in of Arce, May 15, 1815. a couple of hours. Towards sun
set on the same day, General NuMy Lord,--My last report, gent resumed the offensive, notdated Rome, the 11th instant, withstanding the disparity of stated the march of Gen. Count numbers, the enemy having near Nugent's corps from Valmontone, 10,000 nien: crossing the Garigin the Roman States, on Firen- liano on a bridge thrown over it, tine, and towards the frontier of to replace that burnt by the the kingdom of Naples : the ene- French General Manheis, when my retiring before him, and only he sacked and burnt the unfortuengaging in partial combat occa- nate town of Ceprano, he pursued sionally, has since that period been his march on the road towards driven beyond the Garigliano, as St. Germano, and bivouacked unfar back as St. Germano, a dis- der the little town of Arce, whence tance of thirty miles from his this report is dated. frontier, followed by the advance General Manheis has been joinguard, close to that town. ed by the Minister at War M'Don
On the 14th, Marshal Murat ald, and it is probable that their having arrived in person at St. combined force will occupy this Germano, and the enemy being night a position on the Melfa, a considerably reinforced, he ad- few miles from this camp. vanced again from St. Germano. On the line of operations of Geand drove back the advance guard neral Count Nugent, the right of this army; the same evening occupies Ponte Corvo, Fondi, and he attacked the outposts at all Itri, and the left extends as far as points, and surrounded them with Isola and Sora. great superiority of numbers; I have great satisfaction in innotwithstanding which, the galo forming your Lordship of the lantry of the troops was such, loyal disposition of the inhabitants that every detached guard not of this part of the country, where only cut its way through the ene- the cockade of the legitimate my, but brought in a number of Sovereign is universally worn. prisoners, to the amount of three The army will advance again or four hundred. The attack of to-morrow, and the details of its the outposts was not followed up, progress transmitted as we had reason to expect, by a Lordship as soon as St. Gersorious operation against our po- mano is occupied, or a combat sition at Ceprano on the Garig- accepted. liano, in expectation of which the I have the honour to be &c. troops remained the greater part
(Signed) of the day in order of battle. Ou
C. CHURCH. the 15th the enemy began again His Excellency Lieut.-Gen. to retire ; his movement was then
vart, G. C. B. plainly ascertained to be a ma- &c. &c. &c. Vienna. nouvre to cover and facilitate the
ARMY OF NAPLES.
from Ponte Corvo to turn the ene
my's left flank, and which had Head-quarters of General already got behind his position,
Count Nugent, San Ger- and the armed inhabitants of the mano, May 17, 1815. village of Piedmonte, with a few
soldiers, possessed themselves of My Lord,—My last dispatch, the strong position of the Convent dated from the bivouac of Arce, of Monte Casino, upon the moun: brought the details of the opera- tain which protects the right flank tions of General Count Nugent's of San Germano : the army at the corps up to the date of the 15th same time advanced upon the instant.
high road, preceded by the whole I have now the satisfaction to of the Tuscan cavalry, and some inform your Lordship, that, since squadrons of hussars. On the that period, a series of bold and approach of the troops, the enemy rapid movements, on the part of declined the combat, and hastily that General, have been crowned abandoned his position, leaving with the most complete success, behind him many prisoners and and the enemy's army opposed deserters, and fell back to the to him defeated and totally dis- village of Mignano, nine miles persed.
distant from this place ; San Ger. On the night of the 15th, the mano was in consequence immeadvanced guard moved forward diately occupied by the allied from the camp of Arce on the troops. road towards St. Germano, hav- The taking of San Germano ing the enemy in front strongly was but the prelude to a moreposted on the banks of the Melfa; ment which terminated gloriously during the night, however, he for this army, in the total annihi retreated to San Germano, break- lation of the enemy's corps oping down the bridge across that posed to it. river. No time was lost in throw- In the position of Mignano, ing a bridge over the Melfa, and where his whole force was again at ten o'clock on the morning of united, he was attacked at midthe 16th, it was crossed by the night by the advanced guard cominfantry: the cavalry in the mean manded by Baron D'Aspre, with time having passed it where it about 7 or 800 men, the darkness was fordable for horses.
of the hour preventing him from On the same day before day- ascertaining the strength of the light, General Nugent advanced attacking corps, the enemy's troops his whole corps to the Melfa, and after a few discharges of muskehaving there received a reinforce- try were totally routed, saving ment of hussars and chasseurs, only his cavalry and artillery. In he marched forward in order of this attack, singularly successful battle to attack the enemy at San and highly creditable to Baron Germano, where the united forces D'Aspre and the troops under his of Macdonald, Manheis, and Pig- orders, above 1,000 prisoners have natelli had taken post. A small been made, a quantity of arms, corps of advance had marched and military equipments taken,
and this camp.
and the whole of the enemy's in
ARMY OF NAPLES. fantry dispersed. Deserters, in companies of hundreds, have Head-quarters, Bivouac of Ce. come in and are hourly joining janiello (near Calri,) May
18, 1815. This brilliant affair has con- My Lord,-I had the honour cluded the operations of Count to transmit to your Lordship a Nugent in this quarter, in which report, dated yesterday, with dehe has destroyed the army called tails of the occupation of St. Gerthe Army of the Interior, with a mano, and of the defeat of the force originally very inferior to enemy at Mignano; I have now that of the enemy. During the to report the junction of the whole last ten days, the Neapolitan army Austrian force, under the comhas lost at least from 6 to 7,000 mand of General Baron Bianchi, men; and the whole number of at this camp; Cajaniello being this army (alluding solely to the the angle of the junction of the army opposed to General Nugent) high roads leading from Rome, escaped from the general over- Aquila, and Pescara to Capua and throw, cannot amount to more Naples. The different divisions than 700 men. In the course of commanded by the Generals Nuthis General's movements, com- gent, Mohr, Neyperg, and D Eckmencing at Pistoia, he has, at dif- art, form for the moment but one ferent periods, defeated the ene- corps, the advanced guard of my's Generals Carascosa, Man- which, under General Stabremheis, Livron, Macdonald, and the berg, is at Calvi. The shattered two Pignatellis, besides others; and wretched remains of the entand not even the presence of Mar- my's army, which little more than shal Murat himself, at San Ger- a month ago Marshal Murat pubmano, on the 15th, could prevent lished to the world as consisting the destruction of his army, and of 80,000 combatants, is now seconsequently the ruin of his au- duced to a corps perhaps not a. thority.
mounting to 3,000 effective men, General Count Nugent's head- including the detachments of inquarters are at Mignano, from valids, gendarmerie, civic guards, whence I have returned and for- &c. drawn from Naples and the ward this report; and the co- provinces ; with this force, broken Jumn of his right wing, which ad- in spirit, the majority of which vanced from Terracina, occupies detest the cause of the usurper, Mola di Gaeta, the enemy having it appears that Marshal Murat retired over the Garigliano, and will take post in and about Capua, burnt the bridge.
until finally overwhelmed by the I have the honour to be, &c. superb and victorious army which (Signed)
will now surround him in every
C. CHURCH. direction. His Excellency Lieut.-Gen, Having but this moment reach
Lord Stewart, G. C. B. ed the general head-quarters with &c. &c. &c. Vienna,
General Nugent's corps, I cannot
yet state which of the Austrian every hour to hear from Lord corps will march on Naples by Burghersh, and I have now the Caijagga and Caserta, nor which satisfaction to sendan extract from will blockade the enemy's position his letter, which has just been of Capua, and in the present state received, dated Teano, the 21st of affairs it seems immaterial; instant. the great object being now to save “I send this letter in great the capital from any rising of the haste. A Military Convention bas populace, and the consequences been signed, by which the whole that might follow an event so of the kingdom of Naples, save a much dreaded by all classes of the few places, Gaeta, Pescara, and also inhabitants.
Ancona, has been surrendered to The organization of the Neapo- the allies. Murat has not yet litan volunteers has gone on a.- treated, nor is it exactly known mazingly well; and it is even where he is, but he bas been inprobable that a detachment of formed he must go under a guard them may be sent to pass the Vol- of honour to Austria. The army turno at its mouth, and push on goes into Capua to-day; to-morto Naples, by the road of Pozzuoli; row we occupy the heights round in that case I believe I shall be Naples, and the next day, the 23d, entrusted with this operation. we go into the city.
I am very happy to state, that although the whole of the country through which we have passed FOREIGN-OFFICB, JUNE 7, 1815. has risen in arms against the usurper's forces, no act of dis- The following copy and extract order or excess has been com- of dispatches from Lord Burgmitted by the armed inhabitants, hersh, his Majesty's Envoy Exwho have on no occasion been al- traordinary and Minister Plenilowed to act in independent bo- potentiary to the Court of Flodies, under the denomination of rence, have been received by Vis. Massa; on the contrary, they count Castlereagh, his Majesty's have been obliged to act according Principal Secretary of State for to military discipline, and under Foreign Affairs :the direction of regular officers. I have the honour to be, &c.
Rome, May 16, 1815. (Signed)
My Lord, I have received a C. CHURCH. letter from Captain Campbell, of His Excellency Lieut.-Gen. the Tremendous, dated Naples,
Lord Stewart, G. C. B. the 13th inst. in which he states, &c. &c. &c. Vienna.
that in consequence of the ar
rangements made with me at FloExtract of a second Letter from rence, and transmitted to your Edward Cooke, Esq. dated Lordship in a former dispatch,
he had proceeded off the Bay of Rome, May 22, 1815. Naples. I have kept my courier, hoping He stated, on his arrival there,
to the Neapolitan Government, bell, by whose energy and activity that unless the ships of war were it has been obtained. The feel. surrendered to him, he would ing of the inhabitants of Naples boinbard the town. A French is excellent ; a riot in the town frigate appearing at that moment, against the Government had been Captain Campbell proceeded to- feared, but since the arrival of the wards her, and followed her into British squadron, more order had Gaeta.
been established. He returned on the 11th with On the 13th instant, General his squadron, consisting of his Bianchi, with the greatest part of own ship the Tremendous, the his troops, was at Aquila. His Alcmene frigate, and the Par- advanced guard occupied Solmotridge sloop of war. By a letter na, where his head-quariers were from the Duke de Gallo, he was to be established the following requested not to proceed against day. the town; Prince Cariati was sent General Mohr, having pursued by Madame Murat, to negociate the enemy in his retreat by Ferfor the surrender of the ships, mo, &c. after leaving 2,500 men and Captain Campbell dictated to blockade Pescara, joined Genethe following terms, which were ral Bianchi, on the 13th, at Poagreed to :
poli. Ist. The ships of the line in the General Nugent moved yesterbay to be given up.
day from Ceprano towards St. 2d. The arsenal of Naples to Germano. be delivered over, and Commis- Since the battle of Tolentino, sioners appointed to take an in- the enemy has retreated without ventory of its actual state. shewing the least disposition to
3d. The ship of the line on the make any resistance ; his army has stocks, with all the materials for suffered most considerably by deits completion, to be also given sertion. General Bianchi is morup and guaranteed.
ing by Solmona, Castel di Sangro, These captures to be at the joint and Isernia ; his advanced guard disposition of the Government of was to be at Castel Sangro on the England, and of Ferdinand the 14th. General Bianchi states Fourth of Naples.
Marshal Murat's army to bave In return, Captain Campbell been reduced, when it passed Poengaged not to act against the poli on the 11th, to 12,000 infantown of Naples.
try, and 3000 cavalry. General Captain Campbell was in pos- Bianchi will march from Isernia, session of the two ships of the by Campo Basso, upon Benevento, line when he wrote to me at 8 and thence on Naples. p. m. on the 13th; they were to I have the honour to be, &c. proceed the next day to Palermo
BURGHERS, or Malta.
I beg to congratulate your Lord- The Right Honourable the ship on this success; it reflects Viscount Castlereagh, the highest credit on Capt. Camp- K, G. &c,