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finding it expedient to place his After a very tedious row of 36 flotilla collectively upon the esta- hours, during which the enemy blishment of a thirty-six gun fri. attempted to escape from us, the gate, I have appointed him to the wind fortunately obliged him to command thereof.
anchor off St. Joseph's island, and Captain Montressor, whom I nearing him on the morning of have placed in the command of the 14th, I discovered his force the gun vessels, until Captain to consist of five gun-vessels of Lockyer's wounds will admit of his the largest dimensions, which serving, and Captain Roberts, were moored in a line abreast, whom I have before had occasion with springs on their cables, and to mention to their Lordships, boarding nettings triced up, evitogether with Lieutenants Tatnell dently prepared for our reception. and Roberts of the Tonnant, and Observing also, as we approachthe whole of the officers mentio ed ed the flotilla, an armed sloop,
Captain Lockyer, I trust will endeavouring to join them, Capnot fail to meet their Lordships' tain Roberts, who volunteered to notice.
take her with part of his division, Our loss has been severe, par- succeeded in cutting her off and ticularly in officers ; but cunsi- capturing her without much op, dering that this successful enteré position. prize has given us the command About ten o'clock having closed of Lac Borgne, and considerably to within long gun-shot, I direduced vur deficiency of trans- rected the boats to come to a ports, the effort has answered my grapple, and the people to get fullest expectation.
their breakfasts; and as scon as I have the lionour to be, &c. they had finished, we again took
ALEXANANDER COCHRANE, to our oars, and pulling up to Vice Admiral and Commander the enemy against a strong curin Chief.
rent, running at the rate of nearly John Wilson Croker, Esq. &c. three miles an hour, exposed to a
heavy and destructive fire of round His Majesty's Sloop Sophie, and grape, about noon I bad the
Cat Island Roads, satisfaction of closing with the
Dec. 18, 1814. Commodore in the Seahorse's Sir,- I beg leave to inform you, barge. that in pursuance of your orders, After several minutes obstinate the boats of the squadron which resistance, in which the greater you did me the honour to place part of the officers and crew of under my command, were formed this boat were either killed or into three divisions (the first wounded, myself amongst the headed by myself, the second by latter, severely, we sueceeded in Captain Montressor, of the Manly, boarding, and being seconded by and the third by Captain Roberts, the Seahorse's first barge, com. of the Meteor), and proceeded on manded by Mr. White, midshipthe night of the 12th instant from man, and aided by the boats of the frigate's anchorage, in quest the Tonnant, commanded by Lieuof the enemy's flotilla.
tenant Tatnell, we soon carried
her, and turned her guns with lines near New Orleans on the 8th good effect upon the remaining instant, having left me to deplore four.
the fall of Major-General the HoDuring this time Capt. Mon- nourable Sir Edward Pakenham, tressor's division was making and Major-General Gibbs; and every possible exertion to close deprived the service of the prewith the enemy, and with the sent assistance of Major-General assistance of the other boats, Keane, who is severely wounded; then joined by Captain Roberts, I send the Plantagenet to England in about five minutes we had to convey a dispatch from Major. possession of the whole of the General Lambert, upon whom flotilla.
the command of the army has de. I have to lament the loss of volved, and to inform my Lord's many of my brave and gallant Commissioners of the Admiralty companions, who gloriously fell of the operations of the combin in this attack; but considering ed forces since my arrival upon the great strength of the enemy's this coast. vessels (whose force is under- The accompanying letters, Nos. neath described) and their state 163 and 169, of the 7th and 16th of preparation, we have by no ult. will acquaint their lordships means suffered so severely as with the proceedings of the squamight have been expected. dron to the 15th of December.
[The letter concludes with ex- The great distance from the pressions of acknowldgement to anchorage of the frigates and several officers.)
troop ships to the Bayone Catalan, (Signed) Nich. LOCKYER, which from the best informa
Captain. tion we could gain appeared to Sir Alexander Cochrane,
offer the most secure, and was &c. &c. &c.
indeed the only unprotected spot A return of the seamen and ma- whereat to effect a disembarka
rines killed and wounded in tion, and our means, even with the boats of his Majesty's ships the addition of the captured eneat the capture of the Ame, my's gun-vessels, only affording rican gun vessels, near New us transport for half the army, Orleans.
exclusive of the supplies that were Total3 midshipmen, 13 sea- required, it became necessary, in men, i private marine, killed; order to have support for the divii Captain, 4 lieutenants, I lieu- sion that would first land, to astenant of marines, 3 masters' semble the whole at sone intermates, 7 midshipmen, 50 sea- mediate position, from whence men, 11 marines, wounded.- the second division could be reGrand total — 17 killed; 77 embarked in vessels draught wounded.
light into the Lake, as near the
Bayone as might be practicable, Armide, off* Isle au Chat, and remain there until the boats
Jan. 18, 1815. could land the first division and Sir,-An unsuccessful attempt return. to gain possession of the enemy's Upon the 16th, therefore, the
advance, adyance, commanded by Colonel vessels, such of the liired craft as Thornton of the 85th regiment, could be brought into the Lahes, was put into the gun vessels and and the Anaconda, which by the boats, and Captain Gordon of the greatest exertions had been got Seahorse proceeded with them over the shoal passages. and took post upon the Isle aux On the 22d these vessels being Poix, a small swampy spot at the filled with about two thousand mouth of the Pearl river, about four hundred men, the advance, 30 miles from the anchorage, and consisting of about sixteen hunnearly the same distance from dred, got into the boats, and at the Bayone, where Major-Ge- eleven o'clock the whole started, neral Keane, Rear-Admiral Cod- with a fair wind, to cross Lac rington and myself joined them Borgne. We had not, however, on the following day; meeting the proceeded above two miles, when gun vessels and boats returning the Anaconda grounded, and the to the shipping for troops, and hired craft and gun-vessels taking supplies of stores and provisions. the ground in succession before
The Hon. Captain Spencer of they had got within ton miles of the Carron, and Lieutenant Peddy the Bayone; the advance pushed of the Quarter Master General's on, and about midnight reached department, who were sent to re- the entrance. connoitre the Bayone Catalan, A picquet, which the enemy now returned with a favourable had taken the precaution to place report of its position for disem- there, being surprised and cut barking the army; having, with off, Major-General Keane, with their guide, pulled up in a canoe Rear-Admiral Malcolm and the to the head of the Bayone, a dis- advance, moved up the Bayone, tance of eight miles, and landed and having effected a landing at within a mile and a half of the day-break, in the course of the high road to, and about six miles day was enabled to take up a pe below, New Orleans, where they sition across the main road to New crossed the road without meeting Orleans, between the river Miswith any interruption, or per sissippi and the Bayone. ceiving the least preparation on In this situation, about an hour the part of the enemy.
after sunset, and before the boats The severe changes of the could return with the second diweather, from rain to fresh gales vision, an enemy's schooner of and hard frost, retarding the boats 14 guns, and an armed ship of in their repeated passages to and 16 guns, having dropped down from the shipping, it was not un- the Mississippi, the former com. til the 21st that (leaving on board menced a brisk cannanading, the greater part of the two black which was followed up by an attack regiments and the dragoons), we of the whole of the American could assemble troops and sup- army. Their troops were, howplies sufficient to admit of our ever, beaten back, and obliged proceeding ; and on that day we to retire with considerable loss, commenced the enibarkation of and Major-General Keane adlthe second division in the gun vanced somewhat beyond his for.
mer position. As soon as the while preparations were making second division was brought up, for a second attack, in the prothe gun vessels and boats re- posed plan for which, it was deturned for the remainder of the cided to throw a body of men troops, the small-armed seamen across the river to gain posesand marines of the squadron, session of the enemy's guns on and such supplies as were re- the right bank. For this purquired.
pose the canal by which we were On the 25th Major-General Sir enabled to conduct provisions E. Pakenham, and Major-Gene- and stores towards the camp, was ral Gibbs, arrived at head-quar- widened and extended to the ters, when the former took com- river, and about fifty barges, pinmand of the army.
naces, and cutters, having, in the The schooner which had con- day time of the 7th, been tracktinued at intervals to annoy the ed under cover and unperceived, troops having been burnt on the close up to the bank, at night the 27th by hot shot from our artil- whole were dragged into the Mislery, and the ship having warped sissippi, and placed under the farther up the river, the follow- command of Captain Roberts of ing day the General moved for the Meteor. ward to within gun-shot of an The boats having grounded in entrenchment which the enemy the canal, a distance of three had newly thrown up, extending hundred and fifty yards from across the cultivated ground from the river, and the bank being the Mississippi to an impassable composed of wet clay thrown swampy wood on his left, a dis- out of the canal, it was not until tance of about one thousand nearly day-light that with the utyards.
most possible exertions the serIt being thought necessary to vice was completed. bring heavy artillery against this The 85th regiment, with a work, and also against the ship division of seamen under Captain which bad cannonaded the army Money, and a division of mawhen advancing, guns were rines under Major Adair, the whole brought up from the shipping, amounting to about six hundred and on the 1st instant batteries men, commanded by Colonel were opened; but our fire not Thornton, of the 85th regiment, baving the desired effect, the at- were embar ked and landed on the tack was deferred, until the ar- right bank of the river without rival of the troops under Major- opposition, just after day-light; General Lambert, which were and the armed boats moving up daily exected.
the river as the troops advarced, Major-General Lambert, in the this part of the operations sucVengeur, with a convoy of trans- ceeded perfectly; the enemy havports, having on board the 7thing been driven from every posiand 43d regiinents, reached the tion, leaving behind him sevenouter anchorage on the 1st, and teen pieces of cannon. this reinforcement was all brought The great loss however susup to the advance on the 6th inst. tained by the principal attack hav
ing induced General Lambert to welfare, will be cherished as an send orders to Colonel Thornton example to future generations. to retire, after spiking the guns In justice to the officers and and destroying the carriages, the men of the squadron under my whole were re-embarked and command who have been employbrought back, and the boats by ed upon this expedition, I cannot a similar process of hard labour omit to call the attention of my were again dragged into the ca- Lords Commissioners of the Adnal, and from thence to the miralty to the laborious exertions Bayone, conveying at the same and great privations which have time such of the wounded as it been willingly and cheerfully was thought requisite to send off borne by every class, for a period to the ships.
of nearly six weeksMajor-General Lambert having From the 12th of December, determined to withdraw the army, when the boats proceeded to the measures were taken to re-em- attack of the enemy's gun-ves. bark the whole of the sick and sels, to the present time, but very wounded, that it was possible to few of the officers or men have move, and the stores, ammuni- ever slept one night on board tion, ordnance, &c. with such de- their ships. tachments of the army,
The whole of the army, with men, and marines, as were not the principal part of its proviimmediately wanted; in order sions, its stores, artillery, ammuthat the remainder of the army nition, and the numerous necesmight retire unencumbered, and sary appendages, have been all the last division be furnished with
transported from the shipping to sufficient means of transport. the head of the Bayone, a distance.
This arrangement being in a of seventy miles, chiefly in open forward state of execution, I boats, and are now re-imbarkquitted head-quarters on the 14th ing by the same process. The instant, leaving Rear - Admiral hardships, therefore, which the Malcolm to conduct the naval part boats' crews have undergone, of the operations in that quarter, from their being day and night and I arrived at this anchorage on continually passing and re-passthe 16th, where I am arranging ing in the most changeable and for the reception of the army, severe weather, have rarely been and preparing the fleet for further equalled ; and it has been highly operations.
honourable to both services, and I must in common with the most gratifying to myself, to obnation lament the loss which the serve the emulation and unanimi. service has sustained by the death ty which have pervaded the whole. of Major-General the Hon. Sir Rear-Admiral Malcolm superinEdward Pakenham, and Major- tended the disembarkation of the General Gibbs. Their great mi- army, and the various services litary qualities were justly esti- performed by the boats; and it is mated while living, and their a duty that I fulfil with much pleazealous devotion to our country's sure, assuring their lordships that