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The enemy's camp is supplied that I recommended re-einbarking with a great abundance of provi- the army as soon as possible, with sions, and a very large store of all a view to carry into effect the sorts of ammunition.
other objects of the force employed On moving to the attack, I re- upon this coast: from the 9th ceived a wound, which shortly instant, it was determined that after my reaching the redoubt, oc- the army should retreat, and I casioned me such pain and stiff- have the satisfaction of informing ness, that I have been obliged to your Lordship, that it was effected give over the command of the on the night of the 18th instant, troops on this side to Lieut. Col. and ground was taken up on the Gubbins, of the 85th light infan- morning of the 19th, on both try; but as he has obtained some sides of the Bayone, or creek, which reinforcement, since the attack, of the troops had entered on their sailors and marines, and has taken disembarkation, fourteen miles the best precsutions to cover and from their position before the secure his position, I will be an enemy's line, covering New Orswerable, from my knowledge of leans, on the left bank of the his judgment and experience, that Mississippi, and one mile from the he will retain it, until your plea- entrance into Lac Borgne. The sure and further orders shall be army remained in bivouac until communicated to him.
the 27th instant, when the whole I have, &c.
were re-embarked. (Signed)
In stating the circumstances of W. THORNTON,
this retreat to your Lordship, I Colonel, Lieut.-Col. 85th Regt. shall confidently trust that you will To Major-General the Hon. see, that good order and discipline Sir E. M. Pakenham,
ever existed in this arıny, and that K. B. &c.
zeal for the service and attention
was ever conspicuous in officers of llis Majesty's ship Tonnant, off all ranks. Your Lordship is al
Chandeleur's Island, ready acquainted with the position
Jan. 28, 1815. the army occupied, its advanced My Lord,-After maturely de- post close up to the enemy's line, liberating on the situation of this and the greater part of the army army, after the command had un, were exposed to the fire of his fortunately devolved upon me, on batteries, which was unremitting the 8th instant, and duly consi- day and night since the 1st of Jadering what probability now re: nuary, when the position in admained of carrying on with suc- vance was taken up. The retreat cess, on the same plan, an attack was effected without being haagainst New Orleans, it appeared rassed in any degree by the enemy, to me that it ought not to be per• All the sick and wounded (with sisted in. I immediately commu. the exception of eighty whom it nicated to Vice Admiral Sir A. was considered dangerous to reCochrane, that I did not think it move), field artillery, ammunition, would be prudent to make any hospital and other stores of every further attempt at present, and description, which had been landed
on a very large scale, were brought upon has turned out, it would be away, and nothing fell into the injustice not to point out how enemy's hands excepting six iron much praise is due to their exercighteen pounders, mounted on tions, ever since the 13th of Desea carriages, and two carronades cember, when the army began to which were in position on the left move from the ships; the fatigue bank of the Mississippi : to bring of disembarking and bringing up them off at the moment the army artillery and supplies from such a was retiring was impossible, and distance has been incessant: and to have done it previously would I must add, that owing to the exhave exposed the whole force to ertions of the navy, the army has any fire the enemy might have never wanted provisions. The lasent down the river. These bat- bour and fatigue of the seamen teries were of course destroyed, and soldiers were particularly conand the guns rendered perfectly spicuous on the night of the 7th unserviceable. Only four men instant, when fifty bcats weredragwere reported absent next morn- ged through a canal into the Mising, and these, I suppose, must sissippi, in which there were only have been left behind, and have eighteen inches of water; and I fallen into the hands of the enemy; am confident that Vice Admiral but when it is considered the Sir Alexander Cochrane, who sugtroops were in perfect ignorance gested the possibility of this opeof the movement, until a fixed ration, will be equally ready to adhour during the night, that the mit this, as well as the hearty cobattalions were drawn off in suc- operation of the troops on all cession, and that the picquets did occasions. not move off till half past three From what has come under my o'clock in the morning, and that own obseryation since I joined the whole had to retire through this army, and from official reports the most difficult new made road, that have been made to me, I beg cut in marshy ground, impassable to call your Lordship's attention to for a horse, and where, in many individuals, who from their station places, the men could only go in have rendered themselves pecusingle files, and that the absence liarly conspicuous. Major Forrest, of men might be accounted for in at the head of the Quarter-masterso many ways, it would be rather general's department, I cannot say a matter of surprise the number too much of. Lieut. Evans and was so few.
Peddie of the same, have been reAn exchange of prisoners has markable for their exertions and been effected with the enemy upon indefatigability: Sir John Tylden, very fair terms, and their attention who has acted in the field as Asto the brave prisoners, and wound- sistant Adjutant General with me ed, that have fallen into their (Lieut.-Col. Stovin having been hands, has been kind and humane, wounded on the 23d ult. though I have every reason to believe. doing well, not as yet being per
However unsuccessful the ter- mitted to take active service) has mination of the late service the been very useful. On the night of army and navy have been employed the 7th, previous to the attack,
Rear Admiral Malcolm reports the indebted to the attention and dili. great assistance he received from gence of Mr. Robb, Deputy Inhim in forwarding the boats into spector of Hospitals : he met the the Mississippi. Captain Wood of embarrassments of crowded hosthe 4th regiment, Deputy Assist- pitals, and their immediate reant Adjutant General, has filled moval, with such excellent ar.' that situation since the first dis- rangements, that the wounded embarkation of the troops with were all brought off with every zeal and attention.
favourable cirsumstance, except During the action of the 8th . such cases as would have rendered instant, the command of the 2d their removal dangerous. brigade devolved upon Lieutenant Captain Sir Thomas Troubridge, Colonel Brooke, 4th regiment; royal navy, who commanded a that of the 3d upon Colonel Ha- battalion of seamen, and who was milton, 5th West India regiment; attached to act with the troops, and the reserve upon Colonel rendered the greatest service by Blakeney, royal fusiliers ;-to all his exertions in whatever way they these officers i feel much indebted were required; Col. Dickson, royal for their services. · Lieutenant artillery, particularly mentions how Colonel Dickson, royal artillery, much he was indebted to him. has diplayed his usual abilities and The conduct of the two squadassiduity; he reports to me his rons of the 14th light dragoons, general satisfaction with all the offi- latterly under the command of cers under his command, espe- Lieutenant Colonel Baker, precially Major Munro, senior officer viously of Major Mills, has been of the royal artillery, previous to the admiration of every one, by his arrival, and of the officers the cheerfulness with which they commanding companies.
have performed all descriptions of Lieutenant Colonel Burgoyne, service. I must also mention the royal engineers, afforded me every exertions of the royal staff corps assistance that could be expected under Major Todd, so reported by from his known talents and expe- the Deputy Quarter Master Gerience: that service lost a very valu- neral. able and much esteemed officer Permit me to add the obligations Lieutenant Wright, who was I am under to my personal staff, killed when reconnoitring on the Lieutenant the hon. Edward Curevening of the 31st ultimo. zon, of the royal navy, who was
Lieutenant Colonel Merin, of selected as naval aide-de-camp to the 43d, and Lieutenant Colonel the commanding officer of the Gubbins, 85th regiments, field offi- troops on their first disembarkcers of the picquets on the 18th, ation, each of whom have exhave great credit for the manner in pressed the satisfaction they had which they withdrew the out-posts in his appointment, to which I conon the morning of the 19th, under fidently add my own. the direction of Colonel Blakeney, Major Sinith, of the 95th regi. royal fusiliers.
ment, now acting as Military Se. I request in a particular manner cretary, is so well known for his to express how much this army is zcal and talents, that I can with
truth say, that I think he possesses tenant, 2 ensigns, 1 serje.lt, 34 every qualification to render him rank and file, wounded; 2 rank hereafter one of the brightest or- and file missing naments of his profession.
I cannot conclude without ex- Return of Casualties between the 1st pressing how much indebted the and 5th of January, 1815. army is to Rear Admiral Malcolm, Total-3 lieutenants, % serwho had the immediate charge of jeants, 27 rank and file, killed; landing and re-embarking the 4 lieutenants, 40 rank and file, troops : he remained on shore to wounded; 2 rank and tile missthe last, and by his abilities and ing. activity smoothed every difficulty. I have the honour to be, &c. Return of Casuallies on the 8th of (Signed)
Total loss-1 major general, Major General Commandant. 1 lieutenant colonel, 2 majors, To the Right Hon. Earl
5 captains, 2 lieutenants, 9 enBathurst, &c.
signs, 11 serjeants, 1 drummer, P. S. I regret to have to report, 266 rank and file, killed ; 2 mathat during the night of the 25th, jor generals, 8 lieutenant colonels, in very bad weather, a boat con- 2 majors, 18 captains, 38 lieutaining two officers, viz. Lieu- tenants, 9 ensigns, 1 staff, 54 sertenant Brydges and Cornet Ham- jeants, 9 drummers, 1126 rank mond, with thirty-seven of the and filę, wounded; 3 captains, 14th light dragoons, unfortunately 12 lieutenants, 13 serjeants, 4 fell into the hands of the enemy, drummers, 452 rank and filę off the mouth of the Regolets : missing. I have not been able to ascertain
FRĘD. STOVIN, correctly the particular circum- Lieut. Col. Dep. Adj. Gen. stances.
Return of Casualties between the Return of Casualties in Action with 9th and 26th of January, 1815.
the Enemy near New Orleans, on Total-1 rank and file killed; the 23d and 24th of December, 1 lieutenant, i serjeant, 3 rank 1814.
and file, wounded. Total-4 captains, 1 lieutenant, 7 serjeants, 1 drummer, 33 rank Return of the Ordnance taken and file, killed; I lieutenant co- from the enemy by a detachlonel, 1 major, 2 captains, 8 lieu- ment of the army acting on the tenants, 10 serjeants, 4 drummers, Right Bank of the Mississippi 141 rank and file, wounded; 1 ma- under the command of Colonel jor, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 3 ser- Thornton. jeants, 58 rank and file, missing. Redoubt, Right Bank of the
Mississippi, Jan. 8, 1815. Return of Casualties between the I brass ten-inch howitzer, 9
25th and 31st December, 1814, brass four-pounder field pieces,
Total-1 captain, 1 drummer, 3 twenty-four pounders, 3 twelve14 rank and file, killed; I licu- pounders, 6 nine-pounders, 1 twelve pounder carronade, not principal means of transport open mounted.
boats, it became impossible that On the howitzer is inscribed, any movement of the troops could “ Taken at the surrender of York take place until this formidable Town, 1781."
flotilla was either captured or de(Signed)
stroyed. J. MITCHEL,
Real Admiral Malcolm joined Major, Capt. Royal Artillery. me with the fleet upon the 11th
instant; and upon the 12th I
placed the launches, barges, and Admiralty-Office, March 9. pinnaces of the squadron, with Dispatches, of which the fol- Captain Montressor of the Manly, lowing are copies, addressed by and Captain Roberts, of the MeVice-Admiral the Honourable Sir teor, under the command of CapAlexander Cochrane, G.C.P., &c. tain Lockyer of the Sophie, and to John Wilson Croker, Esq. were
sent them into Lac Borgne in yesterday brought to this office by pursuit of the enemy, while the the Honourable Captain William frigates, troop ships, and smaller Henry Percy, late of his Majesty's vessels moved into the inmost anship Hermes.
chorage, each vessel proceeding
on until she took the ground. Armide, of Isle-au-Chat, After an arduous row of thirtyDec. 16, 1814.
six hours, Captain Lockyer had Sir,--Having arrived at the an- the good fortune to close with the chorage of Chandeleur Islands on flotilla, which he attacked with the sth instant, Captain Gordon, such judgment and determined of the Seahorse (which ship, with bravery, that notwithstanding the Armide and Sophie, I had sent their formidable force, their adon from off Pensacola to the an- vantage of a chosen position, and chorage within Isle au Vaisseau),
their studied and deliberate prereported to me that two gun- paration, he succeeded in capvessels of the enemy, apparently turing the whole of these vessels, large size sloops, of very light in so serviceable a state, as to afdraught of water, had fired at the ford at once the most essential Armide upon her way down, from aid to the expedition. within the chain of snall islands For the particulars of this bril. that ran parallel to the coast from liant affair, I refer their Lordships Mobile towards Lac Borgne, and to the accompanying copy of Cap hasing afterwards joined three tain Lockyer's letter, detailing his others cruising in the Lake, were proceedings, which I am fully then visible from his mast head. aware their Lordships will duly
The Bayone Catalan (or des appreciate. Pecheurs) at the head of Lac Captain Lockyer's conduct on Borgne, being the contemplated this occasion, in which he has point of disembarkation, the dis- been severely wounded, and his tance from the inner anchorage of long and active services as a comthe frigates and troop ships to the mander, justly entitling him to Bayone full sixty miles, and our their Lordships? protection, and