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night, and firing a few shots, the P.S. The ships having parted enemy hailed to say she had al- company in the gale, no further ready surrendered.
particulars have been obtained. The ship, on being taken pos- Number of persons of all desession of, proved to be the Pre- scriptions on board the President sident as above stated, commanded previous to the action, about 490. by Commodore Decatur.
The vessel in company with her Number and Calibre of her Guns, was the Macedonian brig, a mer- -Main Deck, 30 long twentychant ship laden with provisions, four pounders.- Quarter Deck, which made her escape by very 14 forty-two pounder carronades, superior sailing.
1 long twenty-four pounder, } And now, Sir, a very pleasing twenty-four pounder howitzer.part of my duty is, the bearing Forecastle, 6 forty-two pounder testimony to the able and mas- carronades, 1 long twenty-four terly manner in which the Endy- pounder.--Foretop, 2 brass six mion was conducted, and the gal- pounders.—Maintop, 2 brass six lantry with which she was fought; pounders.—Mizentop, 2 smaller and when the effect produced by her guns.-Total, 59. well-directed fire upon the President is witnessed, it cannot be His Majesty's Ship Endymion, doubted but that Captain Hope
at Sea, Jan. 15. would have succeeded either in capturing or sinking her, had none
Sir,-1 enclose a return of the of the squadron been in sight. killed and wounded, and I have
For your further information, great pleasure in bearing testiI have the honour to enclose Cap- mony of the very great assistance tain Hope's letter, with a return I received from the senior Lieuof killed and wounded on board tenant, Morgan, during the whole the Endymion. I have not yet day's proceedings; together with been able to ascertain the loss of the cool and determined bravery the President, but I believe it to of my officers and ship's combe much greater than the Endy- pany, on this fortunate occasion. mion's; and she had six feet water where every individual has so in the hold when taken possession conspicuously done his duty, it of. Both ships were very much would be injustice for me to parcut in masts and rigging, and had ticularize; but I trust the loss the present most severe gale com- and damage sustained by the enemenced twelve hours sooner, the my's frigate, will shew the steady prize would undoubtedly have and well directed fire kept up by sunk. As soon as the weather his Majesty's ship under my comwill permit a communication, 1 mand. shall procure further particulars,
Although our loss has been seand then send the Endymion and vere, I am happy to state, that it Pomone, with the prize and pri- is trifling when compared with soners, to Bermuda.
that of the enemy.
I have the honour to be, &c.
To John Hayes, Esq. Cap
sissippi on its left, and a trick tain of his Majesty's ship extensive wood on its right; and Majestie, and senior of. open to its front, from which the ficer off New York.
enemy's line was quite distinguishable.
It seems Sir E. Pakenham had Thursday, March 9.
waited for the arrival of the fusiCOLONIAL DEPARTMENT. Downing-street, March 8, 1815.
liers and 43d regiment, in order Dispatches, of which the fol- to make a general attack upon the lowing are copies, have been this enemy's line; and on the sth, the day received by Earl Bathurst, army was formed for that object. one of his Majesty's principal Se
In order to give your Lordship cretaries of State, from Majoras clear a view as I can, I shall General Sir John Lambert, K.C.B. state the position of the enemy. commanding on the coast of Loui- On the left bank of the river it siana.
was simply a straight line of about
a front of one thousand yards with Camp, in front of the Enemy's a parapet, the right resting on the Lines, below New Orleans, river, and the left on a wood which
Jan. 10, 1815. had been made impracticable for My Lord, It becomes my duty any body of troops to pass. This to lay before your Lordship the line was strengthened by flank proceedings of the force lately works, and had a canal of about employed on the coast of Loui- four feet deep generally, but not siana,' under the command of altogether of an equal width; it Major-General the Honourable was supposed to narrow towards Sir E. M. Pakenham, K. B. and their left; about eight heavy guns acting in concert with Vice-Ad- were in position on this line. The miral the Honourable Sir A. Coch- Mississippi is here about eight rane, K. B.
hundred yards across, and they The report which I enclose from had on the right bank a heavy Major-General Keane, will put battery of twelve guns, which enyour Lordship in possession of the filaded the whole front of the occurrences which took place, until position on the left bank. the arrival of Major-General the Preparations were made on our Honourable Sir E. Pakenham to side, by very considerable labour, assume the command; from that to clear out and widen a canal that period I send an extract of the communicated with a stream, by journal of Major Forrest, Assist- which the boats had passed up to ant-Quarter Master-General, up the place of disembarkation, to to the time of the joining of the open it into the Mississippi, by troops (which sailed on the 26th which means troops could be got of October last under my com- over to the right bank, and the mand), and which was on the 6th co-operation of armed boats could of January; and from that pe- be secured. riod, I shall detail, as well as I am The disposition for the attack able, the subsequent events. was as follows : a corps, consist
I found the army in position, ing of the 85th light infantry, two in a flat country, with the Mis- hundred seamen, and four hundred marines, the 5th West India was lost, and in a point which was regiment, and four pieces of artil- of the last importance to the atlery, under the command of Co- tack on the left bank of the river, lonel Thornton, of the 85th, was 'although Colonel Thornton, as to pass over during the night, and your Lordship will see in his remove along the right bank to- port, which I enclose, ably exewards New Orleans, clearing its cuted in every particular his infront, until it reached the flanking structions, and fully justified the battery of the enemy on that side, confidence the Commander of the which it had orders to carry. Forces placed in his abilities. The
The assailing of the enemy's delay attending that corps occaline in front of us, was to be made sioned some on the left bank, and by the brigade composed of the the attack did not take place until 4th, 21st, and 44th regiments, the columns were discernible from with three companies of the 95th, the enemy's line at more than two under Major General Gibbs, and hundred yards distance; as they by the 3d brigade, consisting of advanced, a continued and most the 93d, two companies of the galling fire was opened from every 95th, and two companies of the part of their line, and from the fusiliers, and 43d under Major battery on the right bank. General Keane. Some black troops The brave Commander of the were destined to skirmish in the forces, who never in his life could wood on the right. The principal refrain from being at the post of attack was to be made by Major Ge- honour, and sharing the danger neralGibbs. The first brigade con- to which the troops were exsisting of the fusiliers and 43d, posed, as soon as from his staformed the reserve; the attacking tion he had made the signal for columns were to be provided with the troops to advance, gallopped fascines, scaling ladders and rafts, on to the front to animate them the whole to be at their stations by his presence, and he was seen before day light. An advanced with his hat off, encouraging them battery in our front of six 19- on the crest of the glacis: it was pounders was thrown up during there (almost at the same time) he the night, about 800 yards from received two wounds, one in the the enemy's line. The attack was knee, and another which was alto be made at the earliest hour. most instantly fatal, in his body; Unlooked for difficulties, increased he fell in the arms of Major by the falling of the river, occa- M.Dougall, aide-de-champ. The sioned considerable delay in the effect of this in the sight of the entrance of the armed boats, and troops, together with Major Gethose destined to land Colonel neral Gibbs and Major General Thornton's corps, by which four Keane being both borneoff woundor five hours were lost, and it was ed at the same time, with many not until past five in the morning, other commanding officers, and that the first division, consisting of further, the preparations to aid in 500 men, were over. The en- crossing the ditch not being so semble of the general movement forward as they ought to have
been, from, perhaps, the men manding officer of the artillery, being wounded who were carry- Colonel Dickson, to examine the ing them, caused a wavering in situation of the battery, and to the column, which in such a situ- report if it was tenable ; but ination became irreparable; and as forming me that he did not think I advanced with the reserve, at it could be held with security by about two hundred and fifty yards a smaller corps than two thoufroni the line, I had the mortifica- sand men, I consequently ordertion to observe the whole fallo ed Lieutenant-Colonel Gubbins, ing back upon me in the greatest on whom the command had de. confusion.
volved (Colonel Thornton being In this situation, finding that wounded), to retire. no impression had been made, The army remained in position though many men had reach- until night, in order to gain time ed the ditch, and were either to destroy the cighteen pounder drowned or obliged to surren- battery we had constructed the der, and that it was icepossible preceding night in advance. I to restore order in the then gave orders for the troop3 giments where they were, I plac- resuming the ground they oced the reserve in position, un- cupied previous to the attack. til I could obtain such informa- Our loss has been very severe, tion as to determine me how to but I trust it will not be consideract to the best of my judgment, ed, notwithstanding the failure, and whether or not i should re- that this army has suffered the sume the attack, and if so, I felt military character to be tarnishit could be done only by the re- ed. I am satisfied, had I thought serve. The confidence I have in it right to renew the attack, that the corps composing it would have the troops would have advanced encouraged me greatly, though with cheerfulness. The services not without loss, which might of both army and navy, since have made the attempt of serious their landing on the coast, have consequence, as I know it was been arduous beyond any thing I the opinion of the late distinguish- have ever witnessed, and difficulties ed Commander of the Forces, that have been got over with an assithe carrying of the first line would duity and perseverance beyond not be the least arduous service. all example by all ranks, and After making the best reflections the inost hearty co-operation I was capable of, I kept theground has existed between the two serthe troops then held, and went to vices. mëet Vice Admiral Sir Alex- It is not necessary for me to ander Cochrane, and to tell him, expatiate to you upon the loss the that, under all the circumstances, army has sustained in Major-GeI did not think it prudent to re- neral the Hon. Sir E. Pakennew the attack that day. At about ham, Commander in Chief of this 10 o'clock I learnt of the success force, nor could I in adequate of Colonel Thornton's corps on
terms. His services and merits the right bank. I sent the coin- are so well known, that I have only, in common with the whole Major Forrest, Assistant Quarter army, to express my sincere re- Master General, to have it re. gret, and which may be supposed connoitred. Lieutenant Peddie, at this moment to come pecu- of that department, accompanied liarly home to me.
by the Hon. Captain Spencer, of Major-General Gibbs, who died the navy, ascertained on of his wounds the following day night of the 18th that boats could and Major-General Keane, who reach the head of the Bayone, were both carried off the field from which a communication within twenty yards of the glacis, might be made to the high at the head of their brigades, suf- road, on the left bank of the ficiently speak at such a moment Mississippi, leading to New Or how they were conducting them- leans. selves. I am happy to say Major- On the morning of the 22d, General-Keane is doing well. every arrangement being made
Captain Wylly, of the fusiliers, by Vice Admiral the Hon. Sir military secretary to the late Com- Alexander Cochrane, 1 determander of the Forces, will have mined to attempt it.
The light the honour of delivering to your brigade, composed of the s5th Lordship these dis patches. Know- and 95th regiments, Capt. Lane's ing how much he enjoyed his rocketeers, one hundred sappers esteem, and was in his confi- and miners, and the 4th regiment dence from a long experience as a support, the whole under the of his talents, I feel I cannot command of Colonel Thornton, do less than pay this tribute to were placed in the boats, and the what I conceive would be the 21st, 44th, and 93d regiments, wishes of his late General, and under Colonel Brooke, and a to recommend him strongly to large proportion of artillery, unyour Lordship's protection. der Major Munro, were embarkI have, &c.
ed in small vessels. (Signed) John LAMBERT. At 10 a. m. on the 22d, we Major-General, commanding. sailed from Pearl river, and
reached the head of the Bayone Camp on the left Bank of the at day-light next morning.
Mississippi, nine miles from landing was immediately effected New Orleans, Dec. 26, without any oi her opposition than 1814.
the country presented ; Captain Sir, I have the honour to in- Blanchard, of the royal engineers, form you, that between the 17th in the course of two hours, openand 22d instant, the troops des- ed a communication through setined for the attack of New Or. veral fields of reeds, intersected leans were collected at Isle aux by deep muddy ditches, bordered Poix, which is at the entrance of by a low swampy wood ; Colonel the Pearl River.
Thornton then advanced and gainHaving learnt that it was im- ed the high road, taking up a possible to effect a landing at the position with the right resting on head of the Bayone Catalan, which the road, and the left on the Misruns into Lake Borgne, I directed sissippi. In this situation 1 in