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intimated a preference given to ber of deputies, concluded his

the councils of royalist favourites, speech to that chamber, seems to 4 to the general wishes of the na- have been best accommodated to

tion. The following passage points circumstances : “Let us leave it at the grievances which at that to God, who afflicts this nation, time chiefly pressed upon the to judge kings; but let us sura public feelings. “ Meanwhile round our Sovereign with all the foreigners possess France as a power which is necessary for conquered country: to civil dis- extinguishing discord, causing cord they add the ravage of pro- France to be respected, and provinces; they dissipate the funds tecting public liberty." which ought to find their way into The apprehensions of the court the treasury: they devour the pro- from the prevailing spirit of disvisions of the people, who are content were manifested by a threatened with approaching fa- law-project, or bill, presented by mine; they carry off the magazines the King to the chambers on of arms, the ammunition of war, October 17th, for the suppresand the cannon from the ram- sion of seditious cries, speeches, parts of our cities. The white papers, and other incitements to flag floats only over ruins. They insurrections, which descended despoil us of our public monu- to minute particulars that, in ments, the tokens of our former a well-estabished government, glory; they seize the monuments would scarcely have been thougnt of art which alone remain to us worthy of notice. This proposed after twenty years of conquest. measure was the subject of much It is dishonour, Sire, which the discussion, and various amendpeople are most reluctant to par- ments were suggested, which don; and your Majesty has re- were consented to by the King. mained silent in the midst of The law was carried by great all these attacks on the national majorities. The principal court of honour !" To these keen and justice, named thc Cour Royal, natural complaints the only reply was opened on November 2d. to be made was, You are a con- Its first president, Seguier, dequered people, and what you are livered an address, which affordnow suffering is no more than ed a specimen of the political docyou have inflicted upon half trine that may be expected to Europe. It is obvious that the obtain court favour under the King, whom they had deserted, renewed reign of the Bourbons. and who could only have been “ All authority (said he) prorestored by foreign arms, was en- ceeds from God, and it is not tirely powerless to resist foreign given to the people to dispo-e of compulsion; and it was perfectly it. Our ancestors, who guarded natural on his part that he should their franchises, and cherished give his chief confidence to that their liberty, wiser than we, redomestic party from which alone cognized that our kings reigned he could expect personal attach- by the grace of God, and not by ment. The sentiment with which constitutions. The monarch, an M. Laine, president of the cham- image of the Divinity, is not less a representative of his subjects, and the general impression made than a father is of his children. by this act, appears to have been The supremacy of both constitutes favourable to the stability of the the essentially natural state. Every government, since the funds exother political form is a derogation perienced an immediate rise. from the general rule, and con- The rage of bigotry at Nismes tains a principle of relapse to pri- at length rose to a height which mordial disorder.” It will remain obliged the Government to interto be seen how far present France pose with a strong hand. The is brought to acquiesce in such a Duke of Angouleme, whose detheory of Government.

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voted attachment to the Catholic Nothing could be of more im- religion had rendered him susportance to the confirmation of pected of conniving at the persethat spirit of vigour, which the cution of the protestants, had reFrench ministry had determined deemed his character on a visit to to exert with respect to the treat- Nismes, by a gracious reception ment of state criminals, than the of the Protestant deputation, and issue of Marshal Ney's trial, which an order for the re-opening of had now been so long depending, their places of worship. On leavthat an opinion prevailed, of a want ing the place, he had directed of resolution in the court to come General de la Garde to see that to extremities against a man so this promise was fullilled. While high in military reputation. The executing his duty on Sunday, decision had at first been com- November 12, .a furious mob asmitted to a court martial, in which sembled to oppose him, and a there appeared a manifest reluct- villain levelled a pistol and shot ance to pass judgment upon one him through the breast. The of their own body; and after a wound was very severe, but not second sitting, thecourt pronounc- mortal; and the assassin was seized ed, by a majority of five to two, by the military, but afterwards that it was not competent to try escaped. Other violences were Marshal Ney. Immediately after, subsequently committed by the on November 11, the King pub- populace. When this atrocity was lished a decree, enjoining the made known at Paris, an ordiChamber of Peers to proceed with- nance was issued by the King, out delay to the trial of the cul- which, after recognizing the liprit, accused of high treason, and berty of worship granted by the of an outrage against the safety constitutional charter to dissen, of the state. The process imme- tients from the religion of the diately commenced, and after se- State, directed that proceedings veral sittings, was concluded on should be commenced against the December 6, when the Marshal authors of the assassination of was capitally condemned by 139 General la Garde ; that troops votes out of 160. Seventeen peers should be sent to Nismes, and revoted for his banishment, and four main there at the expense of the declined giving any vote. He inhabitants, till the criminal and was executed on the following day his accomplices should be brought (see the Chronicle for particulars), to justice; and that such of the

inhabitants inhabitants should be disarmed as of the articles. These, however, were not entitled to form part of were soon after communicated to the national guard. The Duke of both Chambers by the Duke of Angouleme returned to Nismes, Richelieu, and it may easily be but such a spirit was prevalent conceived that the scene would be there, that it was not thought equally trying to the feelings of prudent to open the Protestant the Speaker and the audience. churches. The national guard, The basis laid down by the allied which had been ordered to disband, powers was, that the indemnity refused to lay down their arms ; due to the powers for their exerand no prospect then appeared of tions, occasioned by the late enterthe restoration of tranquillity. prise of Buonaparte, cannot conBefore the termination of the sist wholly either in cessions of year, however, the interference of territory, or in pecuniary payGovernment seems to have been ments, without greatly injuring effectual ; and on December the the essential interests of France; 25th, the Protestant churches in and therefore that it is better to Nismes were re-opened, and their unite them; and also, that it is congregations assembled with all necessary for a certain time to the usual publicity. Yet, it is to keep the frontier provinces of be apprehended, that the past France occupied by a certain numscenes of violence and animosity ber of the allied troops. Of the arwill have left an impression on ticles which follow, the first dethe minds of tủe two parties, clares, that the frontiers of France which will long foster the rancour remain as they were in 1790, with of religious discord in that part the exception of the modifications of France.

subsequently described. These The foreign troops having, for cannot be understood without a the most part, been withdrawn particular map; but the principal from the interior of France, she cessions of territory are on the was left to her own management borders of Belgium and the Upof domestic affairs ; but the terms per Rhine, and in the vicinity of on which she was to be re-admit- Geneva, the whole not considerted into the European community able in extent, but important in were still under determination by point of situation. The indemnity the congress of Vienna, and it was in money to the allied powers was not till after a long and anxious fixed at seven hundred millions of state of suspense, that she was francs, the mode and periods of apprised of its final award. The payment being regulated by a seLondon Gazette, of November the parate convention. The frontier 23d, informed the public of the towns to be occupied by the allies, signature at Paris, on the 20th, of for a term not exceeding five years, the several treaties and conven- and which circumstances might tions for the restoration and reduce to three, were seventeen maintenance of peace between the in number, along the frontiers allied powers on the one part, and of rench Flanders, Champagne, his most Christian Majesty on the Lorrain, and Alsace : the estaother, but without any mention blishment of troops not to be

greater greater than 150,000 men, to of information to be depended upbe maintained by France, and on, since journals and periodical under a commander in chief no- works are under a supervision, minated by the allied powers. not less strict on account of its Particular conventions were made being privately exercised. In the for liquidating the claims of dif- published debates of the twochamferent powers on the French Go- bers, we see an intemperate and vernment. Such was the bitter almost incontrolable ardour for cup of humiliation which France speaking, and much violence of was doomed to drain, after so language and manner, together many triumphs over her neigh- with an apparent ardour of loybours, enjoyed with so little mo- alty, breaking out in mobbish deration. As she had risen higher shouts of Vive le Roi; and what under her late Ruler than at any seems more important, a preponformer period, so she was called derance of what is termed ultraupon to submit to a greater abase- royalism, which opposes the moment. The terms imposed were deration of the court and ministers bowever a proof of the dread still respecting political criminals, and entertained of her power.

inclines to carry retrospective pu· With respect to her internal nishment to the greatest praccondition, the past experience of ticable severity. This spirit has the rapid changes it has under- been particularly displayed in the gone, the known restlessness and debates on the proposed law of impetuosity of the national cha- amnesty, with which the year conracter, and the present super- cluded, and seems to forbode a intendence exercised, by foreign stormy season to come, unless armies, render wholly vague alt Government shall have acquired conjectures on this head for the the strength and the wisdom to future; and even throw much hold the helm with a steady uncertainty on the actual state of hand. things. The press is no medium

CHAPTER CHAPTER IX.

Affairs of the Netherlands.-Union of the Seventeen Provinces under the Prince of Orange as King, completed.-New Constitution. Protest of the Belgian Prelates.- Inauguration of the King.Proceedings of the States-General.Marriage of the hereditary Prince of Orange to a Sister of the Emperor of Russia.

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N the new political system of merly belonged to the first of

Europe, few circumstances are those powers had been placed unmore worthy of attention, or ap- der his sovereignty, with the exparently pregnant with more im- ception of some portions of the portant consequences, than the territory of Limburg and Luxunion of the seventeen provinces emburg. With such an assignof the Low Countries under one ment of territory, the Prince of government. The last year closed Orange acquired the regal title ; with manifest preparations for and in a speech delivered to the such a design. The Prince of Dutch states-general on March Orange had been placed by the 16th, he declared his resolution allied powers at the head of the of taking possession of the sugovernment of the ten catholic preme authority over all the provinces ; and the numerous United Netherlands, and at the strong places of that country had same time of investing himself been occupied by garrisons com- with royalty. An address was reposed for the most part of British turned by the States expressive of and Hanoverian troops, with a their entire satisfaction as well mixture of Dutch and Belgic, ob- with the Belgic union, as with the viously intended as a protection new title assumed by the suveagainst French arms and French reign. influence. The final develope- The recovery of the supreme ment of the plan was, however, power in France by Buonaparte professedly reserved to the termi- was an event peculiarly menacing nation of the congress of Vienna. to the stability of the Belgie Long before this period, that as- throne, since it could not be sembly came to a decision on this doubted, that if he should estabmomentous subject; and a letter lish his authority, the first emfrom the Prince-Sovereign of Hol- ployment of the French arms land to the secretary of state at would be to regain the influence Brussels, dated February 23d, of that nation in the Low-counannounced that by the unanimous tries. The most active efforts consent of Austria, Russia, Eng- were therefore immediately made land, France, and Prussia, all to place the frontier on the French those parts of Belgium which for- border in a state of defence.

Troops,

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