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hazard the system upon which the on the constitution he so- recently peace of Europe had been restored, pretended to establish. Such a we could not but join with the power must be combated. It must confederated powers to give France find its end in internal discord or encouragement to declare herself, by external force, or it would neand to enable the royal party to ver rest satisfied till its military struggle for the liberty of their domination extended over the country before its present chief whole of Europe. He would not should be in possession of its however suffer himself to be led whole resources. How far the into the discussion of topics, hoienterprise might succeed, he could ever interesting and important, not say. But hearing as he did, which were not immediately un. in many parts of France; mur- der the consideration of the commurs half suppressed, and seeing mittee, and was not aware that he in others open hostilities against had omitted to state any thing the ruling power, he could not necessarily connected with the bu. but cherish a belief that the real siness of this evening; but he supporters of Buonaparte were should hold himself ready to offer very few indeed, beyond the li- any further explanation which mits of the army, which had been might be required by the comaccustomed to live under his ban- mittee. He then moved his first ners. But supposing, for the resolution, which was, “That, misery of mankind, and most of towards raising the Supply grantall for that of France, that, car- ed to his Majesty, the sum of 36 ried away by her lust for military millions be raised by Annuities, triumphs, she should prefer a war- whereof the charges of 27 millions like chief to lead her armies to are to be defrayed on the part of the conquest of Europe, and that Great Britain, and 9 inillions on for such a character, she had de- the part of Ireland.” liberately rejected a mild and mo- After some remarks by Mr. derate government, terrible as it Tierney, the resolutions proposed might be to combat the whole by the Chancellor of the Exchestrength of France embodied un- quer were put, and carried. der such a leader, such a consi. Irish Budget.-On June 16th, deration would make litile differ- the House being in a Committee ence with respect to the measures of Ways and Means, that ought to be pursued. Greater Mr. Vesey Fitzgerald (the Chanmeans ought, in fact, to be put cellor of the Irish Exchequer) rose forth, and more intense energy and spoke to the following effect: exerted to crush a government, in It is to-night, Sir, my duty to its nature inimical to all other submit to this committee the governments. He was unwilling amount of the supply which Ireto believe that France had acted land is required to provide for the such a part; that she had rejected service of this year, and the ways the sway of a moderate and legal and means by which I propose to Prince, for one who ruled without make the provision which is nelaw, and who even now trampled cessary; and I cannot lament that

on

[47 on more than one occasion in this tuation; and if, in the extent and House, and in another place, magnitude of her contribution to where an inquiry into the state of the general expenditure of the the finances of Ireland was gone empire, the sacrifices she has into, the attention of gentlemen been called upon to make are has been turned to the revenue great, it must be remembered, of that country and the state of that there are heavy burthens its resources ; since so much of which have hitherto not been imwhat else it would have been my posed on her, though every other duty to offer to the consideration part of the United Kingdom eheerof the committee, has been anti- fully endures them. Let us not cipated by those discussions. In forget, too, that great as the sathe statement which I have to crifices may be for which we are bring before you, it will be seen, called on now, or which may be that however the pressure of the required hereafter, they are the present moment may be felt by price that Ireland pays for her England, however great and un- peace and for her strength, for exampled the demands on her her security and for her glory. may be, as represented by my The right hon. gentleman proright hon. friend the Chancellor ceeded to state, that he should of the Exchequer of England on submit to the committee as disa former evening, I have, stand- tinctly as he could, the amount of ing here on the part of Ireland, a the supply, and the ways and duty comparatively more arduous means which he proposed to meet to discharge. Ireland has been it, as well as the prorision for the called upon, in the last two ses- interest of that loan, which, consions of Parliament, to furnish a jointly with the British loan, had supply, and consequent ways and been contracted for in this counmeans larger than have ever been try, and of which the terms had mnade before. Taxes have been already received all the sanction laid on to an extent which that which, up to this time, they could country, I fear, was little prepar- have received. He should first ed to expect ; and we have now state the estimated quota of conto provide still greater supplies, tribution of the year 1815, at and by imposts exceeding those 10,574,2151. The interest and of the preceding years, great as sinking fund on the present debt, was the exigencies of those times. 6,098,1491. making the total supHow the present charge had been plies 16,672,3641. The state of the aggravated, my right hon. friend consolidated fund was, balance in has sufficiently explained. The the exchequer on the 5th Jaliquidation of the arrears of the nuary 1815, 1,689,2521., remainlate war, has, indeed, swelled that ing of the Irish loan of 1814, charge very considerably beyond 322,500); remaining of the the expenditure of any single loan raised in England in 1914, year It remains for me, how, 3,852,3831. making a total of ever, to perform my duty. I trust 5,861,1651. But from this he that Ireland will not be found un- had to deduct, first, the arequal to the difficulties of her sireais of contribution for 1813, 1,794,3801.; the same for 1814, above in Irish currency, and the 3,194,300l. exclusive of exceed committee would observe that ings of army extraordinaries ap- there was an excess of Ways plicable to 1814, and supplied this and Means above the Supply of year, there was also to be de- 171,000l. ducted the principal of outstand- The Right Hon. Gentleman ing treasury bills and lottery prizes then gave a detail of the proposed 282,2401. and for votes of parlia- taxes, of which he made the folment which remained undischarg- lowing recapitulation. He estied, appropriated to inland naviga- mated the tions and public buildings in Ireland, 57,4381. making the whole Duties on Tobacco,Cusarrear due by the consolidated toms, and Excise £140,000 fund, 5,175,3581.; leaving a net Malt

1,794,390

150,000 surplus of the consolidated fund Assessed Taxes - 180,000 of Ireland on the 5th January last, Silk and Hops

15,000 of 688,8071.

Stamps

45,000 Having thus stated the supply, Spirit-duty

110,000 he should proceed to state the Regulations by increasWays and Means. He should first ed charges

120,000 take the surplus of the consolidated fund as made out above, Making a Total of · 760,000 at . .

£698,807 The Produce of the

British, equal to 823,3331. Irish, Revenue he should

to cover a charge of 727,350l., estimate at - 6,100,000 which the interest and sinking The Profits on Lotte

fund alone had created. ries, one half of

Having submitted to the comwhat had been com

mittee this detailed explanation of puted for Great Bri

the Ways and Means, the right tain

125,000 hon. gentleman alluded shortly to Re-payment of Sums

the produce of the revenues of the advanced by Ireland

former years. The net produce for Naval and Mi

in the year ending the litary Services - 100,000 2-17ths of Old Naval

5th Jan. 1812, Stores, 15 - 17ths

• £4,491,035 having been taken

5th Jan. 1813 4,975,000 credit for by Eng

5th Jan. 1814 5,140,000 land.

90,305 And 5th Jan. 1815 5,627,000 Loan raised in England for the ser

being an increase of revenue in vice of Ireland,

four years of 1,400,000l.; and he 9,000,000 British 9,750,000 had to remark, that of the

taxes of last year, only one Making a Total of

half of the produce had been Ways and Means £16,854,112 brought into this account. The He stated the whole of the diminution of the custom duties

was

in the last year, he had explained paid into the exchequer above the on a previous occasion. It had payment of the foregoing year. not arisen on any of those articles Since the Union, the increase of upon which the increased duties the revenues in Ireland had been had been imposed. The internal 41,633,0001.; the total produce duties, namely, the excise and as having been in the fourteen years sessed taxes, for which he might to 1801, 29,612,0001.; in fourbe deemed in some degree respon- teen years to 1815, 70,245,0001, sible, (the produce depending so He concluded his speech amidst much on their management and the general cheers of the House, collection), had never been so and the resolutions were agreed productive as last year—the sum to without opposition. of nearly 900,000!. having been

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CHAPTER V.

Additional Grant to the Duke of Wellington: Thanks to him, and to

Marshal Blucher, and the Armies.-Motion for a National Monument of the Victory at Waterloo - Message respecting the Duke of Cumberland's Marriage, and debates.-Repeal of the Assize of Bread Laws in London. Financial Acts.-Speech of the Prince Regent on the Prorogation of Parliament.

DUT few of the remaining pro- Prince Regent, that he would be

D ceedings in parliament were pleased to give directions for of sufficient importance to require erecting a National Monument in notice.

honour of the victory at Water· The glorious victory of Water- loo, and in commemoration of loo produced a message to both those who gloriously fell in achievhouses from the Prince Regent ing it, the same was unanimously on June 22d, recommending to agreed to. them "to enable his Royal High- The arrival of his Royal Highness to grant such additional pro- ness the Duke of Cumberland, vision to Field-marshal the Duke with his spouse the Princess of of Wellington as shall afford a Salms, for the purpose of repeatfurther proof of the opinion en- ing the marriage ceremony in this tertained by Parliament of the country, is recorded in our ChroDuke of Wellington's transcend- nicle for the month of June. On ant services, and of the gratitude the 27th of that month a message and munificence of the British from the Prince Regent was renation.” Parliament, never back- ceived by both Houses of Parliaward at such a call, unanimously ment, informing them “ that a concurred in a vote for add- marriage, to which the consent of ing the sum of 200,000l. to the his Royal Highness was duly given, former liberal grants by which its had been solemnized between his sense of his extraordinary merits brother the Duke of Cumberland, had been demonstrated. The and a daughter of the reigning thanks of both Houses were after. Duke of Mecklenburgh Strelitz, wards voted to the Duke of Wel- niece to her Majesty the Queen of lington, and to many officers of dis. the united kingdom of Great Britinction in his army, and to Mar- tain and Ireland, and relict of shal Prince Blucher, the Prus- the Prince Salms Braunfels.” The sian army, and the allied troops message further expressed a conunder the Duke's command. A fidence of the readiness of Parliamotion being afterwards made in ment to enable his Royal Highness the House of Commons by Lord to make such provision for their Castlereagh for an address to the Royal Highnesses on this occasion

as

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