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CHAPTER 11'.

The Budget, English and Irish.

TI

VIE House of Commons hav- any act of the British government;

ing resolved itself into a and they were felt throughout Committee of Ways and Means, Europe as an electric shock, which on June 14,

in a moment rouzed all its nations The Chancellor of the E.rchequer, into arms. The declaration of the in rising to submit to the com- allies of the 13th of March, issued mittee the terms on which he had at a time when it was not possi. contracted a loan that morning, ble for them to have had any comcould not but regret that circum- munication with this country, stances had made it necessary for proved that the impulse had not him to propose that a provision been given by England, but that should be made for the prosecu- it was the opinion of all the great tion of a war on the most exten- sovereigns on the continent, that sive scale, while the country was with a government like the prepet labouring under the burthens sent government of France, whose thrown upon it by a former con- authority rested on no right test. It would be in the recol- which was founded on oppression lection of the committee, that but at home, and insatiable ambition a few months had elapsed since abroad—there was no safety for that House was employed in de- them but in war; satisfied as bating what provision would be they were, that such a power necessary for the peace establishe would labour to effect the subjument of the country, and by what gation of Europe, if it were not means the nation should be gra- orerpowered itself. This country dually released from the charge of had at that time made some prothe expenditure imposed upon it gress in the reduction of its exby the events of the late struggle pensiiture. The American war in the cause of Europe. Scarcely, was at an end; but at the same however, had the ratification of time large demands were existing the treaty of peace with America against the nation. Though this arrived, before circumstances oc- war was closed, it was still necurred which had led to a renewal cessary to provide for the return of the war with France. The cir- of our army from America, and cumstances which had attended also for the paying off the large. the landing of Buonaparte in

arrears which remained in conseFrance were of a nature so ex- quence of that contest in Europe traordinary and unprecedented, which had preceded it. These that they could neither be by pos- circumstances being taken into sibility foresecn, nor prevented by the consideration of the commii

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tee, they would not wonder that ses on account of the armyamount. a loan, in its amount beyond alled to 13,976,000l. The arrears example, should be called for; and of the extraordinaries unprovided he trusted that it would not be for, were 11,983,0001. For the thought too great, when it was extraordinaries of the current remembered that it was intended year, including Ireland, a sum of to meet not only the charges of a no less than 12,000,0001. had new war in which we were en- been voted. The charge for the gaged, but also to extinguish the barrack service was 99,000l., arrears of an old one. Though which had not yet been voted, but he regretted the necessity for it, which would be proposed in the still he could not but derive some committee of supply the same consolation from the reflection, evening. This sum would apthat the manner in which it had pear uncommonly small; but he been raised would prove to the would shortly assign the reasons world how large were our re- which might be expected to rensources, and how prosperous the der it sufficient, and any further state of the country. Undoubted- circumstances requiring notice ly it was satisfactory to him, that would be fully explained by his great as the sums called for were, right hon. friend in proposing the and extensive as were the charges vote. The total amount of the which the country had to bear, sums called for on account of the he had no reason to comment in barrack service, was 250,0001. detail upon the different articles The difference between the sum which caused this expenditure, as last mentioned and the 99,0001. they had already undergone the proposed to be voted, was occaconsideration, and for the most sioned by a saving arising from part received the sanction, of par- the sale of the old stores, and of liament. He had only to recapi- barracks no longer necessary for tulate the supplies which had been the public service. The commissagranted; and what were the means riat caused a charge of 1,100,000l.; by which it was proposed that they the storekeeper-general one of should be met. There might be 91,6001.; giving a total on acsome further expenses to be pro- count of the military service, of vided for, which in the course of 39,150,0001. For the ordnance his statement he would take an service, the supply was 4,431,0001. opportunity to point out. The For the expense of subsidies this total amount of the charge for the year to the allies, the House had service of the navy for the present voted 5,000,000l. They had also year was 14,897,0001., and for voted 1,650,000l. for the re-paytransports 9,747,0001. making to- ment of the bills of credit created gether the sum of 18,644,0001. under act of 1813; but there reHere, however, it was to be ob- mained other expenses to be proserved, two millions were includ- vided for, arising out of the defied for the repayment of the navy ciency of the force which we were debt, and which therefore formed bound to maintain on the contino part of the service of the cur- nent by the additional treaty of rent year. The different expen- Chaumont, and out of some other

subsidiary

subsidiary engagements. On ac- for these services, the accounts of count of the supplementary con- which were under the examinavention of Chaumont, (he was tion of the House, to amount to not sure the sum he was about to about 3,500,0001., which, with name was quite correct, as the 1,000,000l. voted as a compensaaccounts were not finally made tion to Sweden for the cession of up, but he was satisfied it would Guadaloupe, made a charge of prove nearly accurate), there was 4,500,0001. for foreign expendi. a charge of 370,0001. To com- ture; of which, about 4,000,0001. plete the subsidies granted to would be payable within the year, Austria under former treaties, a in addition to the 5,000,0001. sum of 400,000l. was necessary. voted as subsidies to the three This arose partly from the cir- great powers, Austria, Russia, cumstance of some stores which and Prussia. The total amount were intended to be delivered for therefore of the charge for foreign the Austrian service, having been payments, including bills of creotherwise employed; and of some dit, was 9,000,0001. He should other stores having been charged have besides to propose to parliain the subsidiary account which ment a vote, to make good to the it had been agreed to omit, and army which had fought under lord the value of which in both cases Wellington the 'amount of the was consequently to be made up value of stores captured by them in money. The greater part of in different fortresses. This charge, this sum had already been paid, not being altogether of an ordiand the account had been laid be- nary nature, would require some fore thc House. He had stated explanation ; but he trusted that, the bills of credit voted by parlia- though considerable in its amount, ment, to amount to 1,650,0001. it would be received with favour, There remained the sum of about in consideration for what that 200,0001. to be made good to army had achieved for the glory complete the two millions and a and advantage of their country, half, which we were bound to On the reduction of a fortress an provide by the treaty, together estimate was commonly made of with the interest due; but for the value of the stores captured, this sum he should not propose which were applied to the public any vote in the present session, as service, and afterwards accountod its amount could not exactly be for to the captors. During the ascertained, depending on the war in the Peninsula, the account course of exchange. There was had been kept in the usual manalso due to Russia on engage- ner, but no payment had yet been ments contracted during the made ; and from the extent of the former war, the sum of about service performed in the course of 530,0001.; 100,0001. had been a war which had continued for paid to Spain, and 200,0001. to seven years, this charge formed a Portugal, on a similar account; considerable item; it was estiand a sum was also due to Hano- mated at eight hundred thousand ver. He considered himself as pounds : to this the sum of one justified in stating the supplies hundred and forty two thousand pounds was to be added, for the was thought to come within the stores and artillery taken at the ordinary principles, and though capture of tlie island of Java. It the honour and accuracy of the was proper liere to observe, that Company's officers were as unin the operations against that questionable as their skilland galisland, no part of the royal artil- lantry, the ordnance department lery was employed. The artillery had not thought proper to issue which was used there was directed an order for the payment of the by the officers of the East India sum which appeared due, without Company's establishment; and first having the special authority therefore the usual certificates, of parliament to do so.

pounds

He now signed by the officers of the royal came to the miscellaneous serartillery, could not be obtained. vices. Of these a great part had In all other respects the ordinary been already voted, but a part forms had been observed, and the still remained for the future concaptors appeared to be entitled to sideration of the House. The the same

remuneration as had amount of the whole he took at been made in other cases when 3,000,0001. The supplies, then, fortified places had been captured; which he would now shortly rebut though the service performed capitulate, stood as follows :

1914.

SUPPLIES.

1815.

Navy.

14,897,255 Transports.

3,746,945

-18,644,200 Army.....

39,150,736 3,955,658 Ordnance

4,431,643 Foreign Payments, including Bills of Credit.....

9,000,000 3,000,000 Vote of Creclit..

6,000,000) 200,000 Ditio for Ireland.

200,000 Army Prize Money

942.317 2,500,000 Miscellaneous..

3,00,0000

*81,305,926 To these were to be added those items to be borne by

England, which come under the lead of

SEPARATE CILARGES. These were as follow:1,900,000 Interest on Exchequer Birls..... 200,000 Sinking lund on ditto....

191,000 Debentures and Loyalty Loan. 6,000,000

note of Credit Bills 1514, and hieduc

tion of Eschequer Bills....

2,000,000 270,000

90,000 6,000,000

Curry forwurd......2.89,725,920

Brought forward. ...... .£89,728,926
Daluct Irish Proportion of Joint
Charge...

9,572,814
Ditto Civil List and Consoli-
dated fund....

189,000

-9,760,814

9,107,094

And there remained to be borne by England........£.79,969,113

The vote of credit intended to ever the hazard might be, have made be proposed this year was to the an appeal to the spirit and magnaextent of 6,000,000l., and would nimity of the country; and from be made good in the usual way, such an appeal he was sure the by an issue of exchequer bills to country would not have shrunk, the same amount. Anxious, how- From the feeling which had ever, that there should not be too been manifested in consequence great a pressure on these securi- of the recent events, he was saties, he should propose a reduc. tisfied that those measures,

which tion of three millions from those the wisdom of parliament might voted last year, besides the re- think necessary to the honour and payment of 5,000,0001., issued on security of the country, would be . the last vote of credit ; by these cheerfully submitted to. But means the sum paid off would be thinking as he did, that an expenequal to that which it might be diture to the amount of that of necessary to issue in the course the present year, was not likely of the present year. When it was again to recur, even if the war foreseen that an expenditure to should continue on the present the immense amount which had scale, which was what he could now become necessary, must be not anticipate, he had thought it provided for in the course of the wiser to have recourse to no other present session, an important con- means than those which it had sideration arose, whether it would been usual for parliament to adopt be better that an extraordinary on former occasions. However exertion should be made to raise large the demand which had in an unusually large proportion of consequence been made on the the supplies within the year, or credit of the country, he saw no whether it would be preferable to reason to regret this resolution. call on the public only for what The right hon. gentleman now they had been accustomed to pay proceeded to state the ways and in former years, and raise what means which would be, in the remained wanting by means of a opinion of his Majesty's ministers, loan. Juch might be said in fa- the fittest to meet the supplies vour of either course. For his which had been voted. He took own part, he had no hesitation in the annual duties at 3,000,000l.; declaring, that if he had consider- the surplus of the consolidated ed it probable that a similar ex- fund he also took at 3,000,000l. penditure would be necessary in fu- It would be satisfactory to the tur years, he would at once, what- House to learn the grounds on

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