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French, but they did nothing for pression which the preceding rethe allies. As to the offer of free solutions might have made. dom, it was well known that a The Earl of Harrowby, in his adBritish general could make no ditional vindication of the trang political arrangement without an fer of Genoa, said, that in 1797 instruction, and he had no such the Genoese placed themselves instruction. The original instruc- under the protection of France, tions contemplated a case of in- and that in 1805 they sent a surrection, which did not exist, formal deputation petitioning that and the case not existing, the in- their country might become a part structions had no force. In the of the French territory :' there meantime came lord Castlereagh's could not, therefore, be a case instructions, which positively di- in which all the prerogatives of rected that no definitive arrange the jus dominii were more strictly înent should be entered into, but applicable. He also quoted Mr. for Tuscany; and the king of Sar- Pitt's opinion, that it was dedinia's territory, which were the sirable that Genoa should be an. only states to be restored to their nexed to Piedmont, as constist old governments. A proof that tuting by their union the best the Genoese did not consider bulwark that could be establishthe arrangement as final, was ed for the defencc of the Italian that they prayed a confirmation frontier. of it from Lord Castlereagh. His

The Earl of Liverpool brought lordship, in his instructions to to the assistance of his colleagues Lord W. Bentinck, expressly de- one argument, which was unsired him, if it had been under- doubtedly founded on the real fact. stood by the Genoese that his He said, that all that lord W. Benproclamation pledged this 'go- tinck could do was to establish vernment to the re-establishment a provisional government, and of their republic, to explain our

Great Britain could do no more, real intentions to them; and re- since there was a combined conquested himn to avoid alluding to cert between her and her allies, the ancient forın of their govern

and we could not make conquests ment in terins which might cause except in their name. The allies their disappointment should the alone could decide the fate of future arrangement be different Genoa. from that form. The Genoese Several lords on the other side themselves did not consider the spoke in favour of the resolutions, provisional government as per- but it was difficult to add any inanent, for they sent a repre- thing to their force. On a discntative to the Congress, not vision there appeared for the momerely with a view of remon- tion 39; against it ill. strating against an annexation to

The same subject was brought Piedmont, but to know on what before the House of Commons on condition they were to be an- April 27th in a motion for siminexed. Such were the principal lar resolutions, introduced by Sir arguments by which this minister James Mackintosh which was neendeavoured to do away the im- gatived by 171 votes to 60.

It has been remarked, in the the allies, by which one individual account of a former debate, that was placed out of the pale of civil no doubt could really exist of the society, and endeavoured to sho:v determination of government to that there was neither justice nor join with the allies in a war policy in making him the object against Buonaparte. This, how- of a war. He concluded by movever, was a measure of such seri- ing, “ That an humble address ous consequence, that many he. be presented to the Prince Resitated to concur in it without gent to intreat his Royal Highfuller proof of its political neces- ness, that he will be pleased to sity; and some felt considerable take such measures as may be doubts as to the moral justice of necessary to prevent this country drawing the sword to compel a being involved in war on the nation to discard a ruler whom it ground of the executive power had with apparent consent adopt- being vested in any particular ed. Under the impression of these person." feelings, Mr. Whitbread, on April Lord Castlereagh, in opposition 28th, rose to make a motion for to the motion, begun with des an address to the Prince Regent. fending the conduct of govern. As his speech, and those of the ment with respect to the charge members on each side who joined of concealment, by saying, that in the debate, consisted chiefly in he was unwilling, by a premathe recapitulation of matter al- ture disclosure of a treaty of ready brought into discussion, a which the ratifications had not very concise account of the result been exchanged, to prevent a will be here sufficient. The Hon. re-consideration of the policy to gentleman began by commenting be pursued towards France under upon the gross delusion practised the circumstances which had re; on the public by the ministers in cently occurred. He then attempt. taking no notice of the treaty be- ed at length to invalidate all the tween the allies signed at Vienna, reasons for placing a confidence on March 25th, of which they had in Buonaparte's future conduct received an account on April 5th, which had been adduced by the when the Regent's message was mover, and expressed a decided brought down on the 6th, and opinion of the necessity as well taken into consideration on the as the justice of dispossessing 7th, by which suppression they him of power. The debate, in had held forth the possibility of which many members partook, an alternative between peace and not without considerable asperity, war, whilst in fact they had en- ended in a division, in which the gaged themselves to the latter. numbers for the motion were He then made some severe ani- 72; against it 273. madversions on the declaration of

CIIAPTER

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Mr?: Tierncy's Motion on the Civil List.Renewal of the Property Tar.

Foreign Slave-trade Bill.-Bill for preventing the illicit Importation of

Slaves.-Motion for a Committee on the Catholic Question.-Prince ni Regent's Message concerning the Treaties with the Allied Powers.is 'Lord Castlereagh's Motion respecting Subsidies. w

N April 14, Mr. Tierney rose the allowance of $09,0001. The

to move for an inquiry into excess was actually greater, for the excesses of the civil list. He 100,0001. had been voted to his said, there had been such an enor- Royal Highness for an outfit. It mity in the expenditure in that appeared therefore that his Royal department, and such an ineffici- Highness, in less than two years ency in all committees hitherto and three quarters, had expended appointed for an inquiry on the above 900,0001, beyond his allowsubject, that unless a new one ance, and that, after being allowshould be nominated with extra- ed to exceed it by 12+,000l. The ordinary powers, there would be next point was to show that the an end to every thing like con- civil list, for a length of time, had trol over the royal expediture. been in the practice of a yearly He then 'stated, that since 1812, encroachment above the parliaparliament had provided, for the mentary allowance. In no one purpose of squaring the civil list case of an average of years bad accounts, the sum of 2,827,000). it been attempted to keep within In 1819 there was a sort of re- reasonable bounds. The knowcognition of the expenditure of a ledge of this had generally been further sum of 124,000l. ; but in-. kept from parliament till it was stead of this excedent, which' become necessary to have the night be said to be sanctioned civil list debt paid off ; a principal by parliament, the actual ex- means of effecting which, was the cedent in the last two years and leaving of the droits of admiralty three quarters had been 321,0001. at the disposal of the crown, The total of the sums of the Three committees had been ap. parliamentary estimates, and the pointed in different years to in. excedents connived at by parlia- quire into the civil list expendiment, amounted to 3,299,0001. ture, the last of them in 1804, which was the whole entitled to be and they all suggested the pro.. expended in two years and three priety of a new estimate, that quarters ; but the charge during parliament might know to what that period was no less than extent the liberality of the public 4,108,000l. being an excess beyond could go. In Mr. Pitt's time an

estimate

imate was accordingly made, have given it his approbation, as it which stated that 979,0001. in was but anticipating his own iniddition to the relief afforded to tention; but in his opinion no the civil list, by taking 83,0001. case had been made out to warrant from it to other departments, giving powers to a committee never would prevent the necessity of before granted upon the subject any further recurrence to parlia- of the immediate revenues of the ment. It was said that this esti- crown. By taking too narrow a inate fell short of the charge; view of the accounts upon the tabut how this happened to be the ble, he had presented then in a falcase, was left in the dark, and lacious light, and had drawn uninust continue to be so till the ap- fair conclusions. The Chancellor pointment of a committee with then went into a short review of additional powers.

the accounts, and particularly con- Mr. T. then went through a sidered the expenditure since · variety of statements of expen- 1811, which had been charged - diture deduced from the accounts with peculiar extravagance. He - before the House, with remarks said, that in this period, Par** upon them, tending to shew the liament had thrown several bur

profusion and extravagance which dens upon the civil list for political prevailed in different departments. purposes, and for the establishment "It was obvious, he said, either that at Windsor, which made a great there was some person who gave part of the apparent augmentation. - bad advice to the Prince Regent, The attention of the House had or at least some person who ab- especially been drawn to the three * stained from giving good advice; quarters from April, 1819, to for it was impossible not to believe January, 1815, which was taking that his Royal Highness was kept the most unfavourable portion of in the dark upon these subjects. the year, as it included all the He concluded by moving, " That charges for the reception of the a select committee be appointed Royal Visitors. The remaining

to take into consideration the ac- branch of the civil list expendituro, count presented to the House upon was that of the occasional paythe 20th of March last by Mr. ments, chiefly relating to diploArbuthnot, by the command of matic expenses, which he thought his Royal Highness the Prince ought to be provided for by a disRegent, relating to his Majesty's tinct grant, as forming no part of civil list, and to examine the said the expenditure of the King's account, and report the same as it household. On the whole, he shall appear to them, together allowed that it was proper, for with their observations thereupon, the purpose of inquiring into the to the House; and that the said propriety of some alteration of committee have power to send for the plan of the civil list expenpersons, papers, and records. diture, as well as into the reason

The Chancellor of the Exchequer of the excess in the last year's said, that if the Right Honourable expense, that a committee should Gentleman had omitted the latter be appointed, but he saw no neclause of Iris - motion, be should cessity for arming is with extra

ordinary

ordinary powers.

He therefore that such conduct would be indemoved as an amendment the omis, corous in the committee; but they sion of the latter clause of Mr. recommended that a motion for Tierney's ipotion.

the purpose should be made in The remainder of the debate, the House. The right hon. gens in which several members on tleman then entered into a stalerii each side took a part, turned upon ment of particulars of the accounts the propriety of giving these in the Lord Chamberlain's depari.. powers to a committee; they who ment, in order to shew the vast supported 'the original motion and growing increase of expen-. contending, that without them the diture, which made a partioular committee would prove as ineffec- inquiry necessary; and he. cons. tual as all others had been ; while cluded with moving, That the the opposer's spoke of such an select committee appointed to take inquisition as indelicate and dis- into consideration the account prerespectful to the crown, and en- sented to the House on the 20th:4, deavoured to lighten some of the of last March by command of the charges which had been brought Prince Regent, have power to ofextravagance in the expenditure. send for Mr, T. B. Nash, of the Thật however a strong impression Lord Chamberlain's office. had been made by the statements Lord Castlereagh first spoke in produced, was manifest on the reply, and endeavoured to shew, division', when the amendment of that there was na necessity to the Chancellor of the Exchequer deviate from “ the respectful was carried by no greater majority course which had always been than 127 to 94.

adopted towards the crown." For Mr. Tierney determined upon this purpose he gave explanations making another effort for the of various articles which had been same purpose.

A select com- adduced by the mover. mittee having been appointed for Mr. Rose confessed that in all cxamining into the state of the former applications respecting the civil list, he rose, on May the 8th, civil list, the accounts had been in order to make a motion on the furnished in such a way as to subject. He said, that he had throw no light whatever on the made two suggestions to the com- subject; but he said that at present mittee ; 1. that the great object such minute details had been given, ought to be to examine in what that every one might judge of its way the enormous expenditure of state without examining witnesses, the civil list had been superin- viva voce. tended; 2. that the committee After several other members ought to give to the House some had spoken, and Mr. Tierney bad. detailed estimates, in order to made his answer, the House di-z.; ascertain what reasonable bounds yided, when the motion was ne..., ought to be put to the expenditure gatived by 175 against 119; the for the royal family. To the first minority being not only considerof these, the committee had fully able in number, but highly reconsented : with the last they only spectable in weight and character. cornplied in part, being of opinion, The report of the select com

niittee

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