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deserted by the inhabitants, and posed from the office of King stript of all valuable property. His family and relatives, ascendThe King had taken to flight with ing and descending, are also for a small number of adherents; and ever excluded from the throne, after much inquiry, was known and all claim of the Malabar race to be in the Dessavany of Dom- to the sovereignty of the Candian bera, whence he had no means of provinces is abolished. The reescaping. On the 18th he was maining articles prohibit all the surrounded by his own people, relations of the deposed King from and taken prisoner with two of his entering these provinces without wives, his Malabar attendants express permission from the Brialone making a slight resistance. tish government-declare the doHe was bound, reviled, and plun- minion of them to be vested in the dered; and every circumstance of Sovereign of the British empire his fall denoted the general de- -establish the religion of Boodhe testation inspired by a cruel des- -abolish all bodily torture and potism. The conquest was en- mutilation and forbid the exetirely bloodless on the part of the cution of any sentence of death victors, who enjoyed an extraor- except by warrant from the Bridinary degree of health in the tish governor. midst of their fatigues.

Some disputes with the Chinese On March 2d a solemn confer- empire were the source of diffience was held in the audience- culty and disquiet to our traders hall of the palace of Candy, be- in that part of Asia during the tween the Governor and Com- last and the present years. Their mander-in-chief on the part of origin is thus stated : Early in the King of Great Britain, and May, 1814, a boat belonging to the Adigars and principal Candian his Majesty's ship Doris proceedchiefs on the part of the natives, ed up the Tigris to Whampoa, in which a treaty previously fram- and boarded an American sehooner ed for establishing his Majesty's lying in the river. The Viceroy government in the Candian pro- of Canton considered this act as vinces was read and unanimously an insult offered to the governassented to. It was followed by a ment, and demanded satisfaction proclamation declaring the result from the committee of English of the convention, in seven arti- .Supercargoes. The committee, cles. In the first, the cruelties and in various discussions with the oppressions of the Malabar ruler Hong merchants and the chief are recited, consisting in an arbi- magistrates of Macao, represented trary and unjust infliction of tor- that they could not be answerable tures and death, and a general for the conduct of king's ships disregard of all civil rights. The over which they had no controul. second declares that by the habi- The Chinese government appeared tual violation of the most sacred at first to admit the reasonableAuties of a Sovereign, the said ness of this allegation, but it af. ruler, the Rajah Sri Wikreme Ra- terwards addressed the committee, jah Sinha, has forfeited all claims in a memorial stating various comto his title and power, and is de- plaints, and insisting on the immediate departure of the Doris. ported to the government in a A subsequent act of the Com- manner unfavourable to the Brimander of that ship aggravated tish captain ; and though proper the displeasure of the Chinese go- representations on the subject vernment. A vessel belonging to were transmitted to Canton, they Calcutta was captured by an Ame- were returned unopened. About rican privateer, which was pro- the middle of September, the Viceceeding with her to Whampoa, roy issued an order forbidding all when, perceiving the Doris, she Chinese subjects to enter into the took refuge in the hai bour. The service of the British resident in the governor of that settlement, in factory. The committee thereupon conformity with an existing treaty, stated, that for more than a cenordered the prize to quit the Por- tury the servants employed in the tuguese limits, and sent a guard factory were chiefly Chinese, and for her protection till

mediate

was be

hat the houses of the factory were yond them. A boat from the not capable of containing the numDoris immediately afterwards ber of Europeans requisite for the boarded her, and found in her necessary duties.

These, and three British subjects. This was other representations, were made construed by the Chinese Viceroy in the Chinese language, which as the capture of a neutral in Ma- were returned by the Viceroy uncao roads, and he issued a strict opened, with the declaration that prohibition against supplying the he would receive addresses from king's ships with provision. To the English only in their own his demand for the removal of language; the obvious reason for these ships, the committee remon- which was, that by the medium of strated that it would be endanger- false translations he might transing many valuable Indiamen and mit to Pekin garbled accounts of private traders hourly arriving in their contents. After various other the river, which, if deprived of indications of ill-will to the Eng. their protectors, would certainly lish, all intercourse was prohibitfall a prey to the numerous Ame- ed between the Company's ships rican privateers on the station; at Whampoa and the king's ships and it was further said, that it at Champee, boats passing up and was manifestly unjust to admit down the river were stopt, and without question American priva- several English vessels provided teers with their prizes, and exclude with port-clearances were fired at. British ships of war. The Doris, The committee at length, finding in the meantime, whilst convey- that no justice could be expected ing two English vessels up the from the Viceroy, who appeared Bocca of the Tigris, and protect- to be entirely gained over to the ing them from four Americans, American interest, resolved upon lying there, was fired at by the appealing to the imperial court ; Chinese ships of war. Capt. Obrien and in the beginning of October returned one gun without shot, issued orders for all British suband boarding a Chinese ship, de-jects to quit Canton within four manded an explanation of the in- days. The order was suspended sult. This circumstance was re- for the purpose of trying the effect of

a negocia

Enegociation by the medium of Sir the commercial relation between G. Staunton, who acted as repre- the countries, it affirmed that in sentative of the Company ; but return for the valuable products this having proved unsuccessful, exported from China, the English Sir George, in November, left have introduced only articles of Canton, accompanied by all the luxury, the effect of which has British subjects, ships, and trea- been to corrupt his Imperial Masure, leaving with the local go- jesty's subjects. In conclusion, vernment a sealed letter to be for- it informed the supercargoes, that warded to the court of Pekin.- if they were discontented with the This decisive proceeding alarmed paternal protection of the Chinese the Viceroy, who, dreading the government, the wisest thing they defalcation of the revenue, and could do would be to withdraw the consequent displeasure of the themselves from it. Whether or Emperor, deputed the Hong mer- not the supercargoes would take chants to follow Sir G. Staunton, this advice seemed at that time and renew the conference. He undetermined; but the state of was persuaded to return, and ne- affairs was on the whole so un. gociations being recommenced, promising, that a mercantile house several important concessions were in London was strongly advised to made by the Chinese. The king's lay aside speculations to China ships returned to Champee, those for a twelvemonth to come. of the Company proceeded to In the mean time another emWhampoa, and the usual amicable bassy to the court of Pekin has relations were resumed.

been resolved upon by the British Subsequent advices, however, government, at the head of which convey the information that these Lord Amherst has been placed, appearances of conciliation were and great preparations are making fallacious. A month had scarcely to give it due splendour. Wheelapsed when an imperial edict ther it will prove more beneficial was received at Canton, extremely than that of Lord Macartney, hostile to the British both in it's time must discover ; there is howstyle and spirit. After renewing ever too much reason to apprethe complaints against the conduct hend that in the Oriental regions of the English men of war, it pe- the English nation is regarded remptorily ordered the dismissal with more fear and suspicion than of the younger Hong merchants, good-will; and probably the war and the consignment of the whole in Nepaul, and the revolution in British trade to three or four per- Ceylon, if brought to the knowsons. It expressed great displea- ledge of the Chinese government, sure against Sir G. Staunton for his will tend to augment the unfainterference, and appeared to en- vourable impressions it has aljoin his detention. It accused the ready received. English of being a litigious and Reports have been made to the ungrateful race, delighting in Court of Rome from the Roman broils, and insensible of the bless- Catholic Missionaries in China of ing showered upon them. With

a great progress of the Christian the real or affected contempt of religion in that empire. M. de

Molke,

cess;

Molke, the titular bishop of Ca- years, in which he had been enthay, states that in the province of gaged in an expedition for the Fo-kien, twenty-two families had purpose of recovering the holy been converted by him, who, in cities of Mecca and Medina from the course of one year admini- the Wahabees, and for removing stered baptism to 10,400 chil- the obstacles presented by those dren, and 1677 adults, and marauders to all commercial inthat 2675 catechumens were tercourse by sea and land. It is under preparation for receiving affirmed that his exertions have the holy sacrament. In Ho-nan the been attended with complete suclabours of the fathers had ef

that he has driven them fected the conversion of 126 fa- from the holy cities, and the ports milies, and 16,000 adults and chil- along the coasts of the Red Sea, dren had received baptism. In has taken possession of their great other provinces some progress inland capital Tarabe, their prinhad been made; and churches cipal strong hold, and has effected were gradually inultiplying, one their total defeat hy pursuing them of which had been erected in to the remotest confines of their sight of the grand temple of the widely extended territory. It is, idol Fo, in Fo-kien. On the however, known from the expewhole, it is supposed that the rience of ages, that the dispersion new Christians in China cannot and discomfiture of an Arabian be fewer than 60,000 souls. In tribe are far distant from their Tonquin, likewise, the missiop- extirpation. aries had been permitted to pur- The Tunisian government has sue their labours, the fruits of undergone a revolution in this which had been upwards of 6000 year, accompanied with circum, converts. When the many vicis- stances of barbarity characteris situdes of the Christian religion tic of this part of the world.— in the Chinese empire are re- The old Bey, Sidi Ottoman, was collected, and that when it has assassinated on January 20th, by become an object of political his cousin, Sidi Mahomet Flassuspicion, it has always been sup- sen, who had long enjoyed his pressed by despotic power, little confidence and favour.

The two confidence will probably be plac- sons of the Bey, who were in the ed in this revival; not to add, apartments of their wives at the that among a people so immers, time of the assassination, took to ed in ignorance, can only be flight, but were overtaken, and exchanging one form of supersti- dragged into the presence of Sidi tion for another.

Mahomet, who caused their heads An article of intelligence from to be immediately struck off. He Egypt, dated July 25th, affords was then recognized as absolute information which, if to be relied Chief of the Regency; and his on, would import nearly the final prime minister, Jussuf Rogia, suppression of the Wahabee Arabs. commenced his functions with Mahomet Ali, the Viceroy of ordering a favourite of the former Egypt, had returned to the capi. Bey to be impaled, and another tal after an absence of almost two to be strangled,

CHAPTER

CHAPTER XV.

Domestic Occurrences.—Ertension of the Order of the Bath.- Internal

Disorders. - Riots in the Metropolis in consequence of the Corn Bill.Combination of the Sailors in the Coal Trade.Dangerous Disturbances in Ireland Proceedings of the Irish Catholics..-Collection for the Sufferers at Waterloo.-Commercial Affairs.--Distress of Agriculturists. Marriage of the Duke of Cumberland.-State of the King.

HE martial glory acquired first is to consist of Knights

long war had thrown such a is substituted for that of Knights lustre on the military character, Companions. The number of that it had become almost as much these is not at any time to exceed a favourite here, as in the mo- seventy-two, of which a number narchies on the continent; and not exceeding twelve may be nothe Prince 'Regent determined to minated in consideration of emisignalize the conclusion of the nent services rendered to the state arduous contest in which the em- in civil and diplomatic employpire had been engaged, by a splen- ments. By a subsequent article did display of his sense of the it is ordained, that Princes of the meritorious services of the officers blood-royal, holding high commisof his Majesty's forces by sea sions in the army or navy, may and land. The military order of be appointed Grand Crosses withthe Bath was the institution by out being included in the numwhich he was pleased to execute ber above-specified. The mili, this intention; and in virtue of tary rank required for this digthe powers reserved to the So- nity is that of Major-general in vereign in the statutes of this the army, and Rcar-adıniral in order, he made an extension of the navy. The rights and priits plan and limits for the pur- vileges in which they are investpose of including a greater num- ed are the same with those forber of individuals in the honours merly belonging to the Knights bestowed by it. On January 3d, Companions. there was published in the Lon- The second class is to be comdon Gazette an ordinance, the posed of Knights Commanders, substance of which will appear who are to enjoy precedence bein the following summary :-It fore all Knights Bachelors. Upbegins with declaring that from on their first institution, their this time forward the Order of number is not to exceed one huna the Bath shall be composed of dred and eighty, exclusive of fothree classes, differing in their reign officers holding British degrees of rank and dignity. The commissions, of whom ten may be

admitted

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