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confession. Of these articles the first is perfectly innocent, except so far as it is supposed to justify violence in compelling persons to enter into their communion. Besides, however, that this is a mere inference, supported by no solid argument, it ought to be remembered, that the oaths taken by Bishops and Archbishops, by which it was pretended they were bound to prosecute heretics, was, in 1791, explained in a rescript from the Pope and a congregation of cardinals, to signify merely that they were bound to employ all rational means to reconcile heretics to the Catholic church. And that there might not be the least handle for such a charge, the clause was by the same authority omitted altogether in the following year. The second article, the efficacy of absolution, as hela by Catholics, will not be found to differ from the doctrine of the Church of England on the same subject. It is expressly and positively inculcated upon Catholics in their youth, that the absolution of the priest will not be ratified in heaven, except the subject of it is possessed of unfeigned repentance. Thecharge that Catholics are not bound to keep promises made to heretics was treated as a shameless calumny in the replies of the six universities to Mr. Pitt's inquiries. The Pope himself atfirmed that the doctrine of keeping no faith with heretics was never taught by the church of Rome. Promises and oaths made to heretics and infidels arc asserted to have a binding power upon Catholics from which no dominion on earth can release them. This is expressly laid down in the replies of the six universities, the rescript of the Pope, and in the class-book of the College of Maynooth. As for the Catholic doctrine of auricular confession, it is so much akin to that of the English church, that when the canon, enjoining and explaining it, was read in the House of Commons, by Sir J. C. Hippisley, Mr. Wilberforce interrupted him, by saying it was a canon of the church of Rome---and was quite astonished on discovering bis mistake.
We were very much surprised to find that after all Mr. Thorp has written, he does not think the principles of the Catholics incompatible with admission to the same privileges as their fellow subjects enjoy. Admitting,' says he, that present disabilities are removed, ought not the Catholics to be required upon oath to deny the infallibility of the ancient councils.' Inq. p. 68. It seems then that reliance may be placed on the oaths of Catholics; and consequently that those oaths by which they express their abhorrence of the noxious principles ascribed to them, ought to satisfy even their antagonists of the injusiicc of their imputations.
The above considerations may be enforced by the authority of the most eminent persons in our times,---statesmen, philoVol. X.
sophers, and divines. As living
merit is often questioned, we shall mention only the dead. The opinions of Burke, Pitt, Fox, and Windham, it is well known, were decidedly in favour of removing the catholic disabilities. To these great statesmen mey be added Judge Blackstone, Dr. Johnson, Bishops Horsley and Watson, and Archdeacon Paley. All these most enlightened and patriotic men, no. strangers to the character and conduct of the Catholics, perceived nothing in their principles incompatible with the strictest fidelity to the British government, and consequently with the enjoyment of all the privileges common to good subjects. The most timid and fearful may rest satisfied, that, if the dangers, which the alarmists profess to see, had becn real, they would not have escaped so much sagacity and penetration.
As the opponents of the Catholics rest their charges on the slightest possible foundation, so they are of all men the most pertinacious in re-iterating them. With them, the catechism of the Catholics, their oaths and declarations, the replies of Universities, and the rescript of the Pope go for nothing New demands must be satisfied. Mr. Thorp seems to wish for another general council. “ They must cancel,' he says, 'by an authority equal to that by which they were established, or at least by the highest authority of their universal church in council assembled, those decrees of former councils which strike at the foundation of Protestant communities.' Speech.p. 28. If another general council must be holden, an event almost impossible, before their opponents throw up the game of accusation, the catholics must despair of ever being admitted to the full privileges of British subjects.
In the beginning of his “ Speech," Mr. Thorp professes great anxiety' to purge the question from all foreign and extraneous matter.' He is for taking it up so abstractedly that he will not allow any mention of the virtues by which,' he says, 'individuals of ihat community (the catholic) are eminently distinguished.' Though this be a very strange proceeding in a case which must be in a great measure determined by considering the vices and virtues of individuals, we should have passed it by in silence, had not Mr. Thorp himself digressed into matter' at least equally foreign and extraneous.' Before he closes his “ speech” he professes it to be easy to divine the various motives by which different men are actuated , in
supporting the Catholic claims; and accordingly he lightly touches upon those topics which he has since thought fit to enlarge into an “Inquiry into the principles and views, &c.” If our memory does not fail ns, an attempt had previously been made to reduce the adversaries of the catholics into classes, and to characterize their views and principles. From this attempt Mr. Thorp, it is likely, however, took the hint for his Inquiry. Considering the number, the rank, character, and talents of those who advocatet he Catholic claims, an attempt to bring the question into discredit by such means, is to say the least, egregious trifling. But to represent them as 'bendiang their force against the laws and liberties of England,' is a flight of extravagance, that we should really have judged it impossible for a man of Mr. Thorpe's acknowledged ability to be guilty of. It is not against, but in favour of the liberties of England, that they bend their force. The penal statutes are anomalies in English law, and a contradiction to the spirit of the constitution : and the advocates of the Catholics, far from wishing to violate the genius of liberty, are honestly desirous of abolishing every unnecessary restraint, and bringing all the subjects of the empire to rejoice alike under her genial influence. ART. XVIII. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the press the Conductors of the Eclectic Review, by sending Information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the public, if consistent with its plan.
Within a few months will be publish- vels through the Diamond and Gold ed, in weekly numbers, price 6d each, District of Brazil, which no stranger intended to forın two large volumes in was ever before allowed to visit. quarto, The Holy Bible, including the volume, octavo, Old and New Testaments; and the Apo" Shortly will be published a History craply, arcording to the authorized of the University of Cambridge, invers on: with Noies, Explanatory and cluding the lives of the Founders. By Practical. The Notes will be taken, George Dyer, with a series of illustrative upon all subjects connected with Doc- Engravings, to correspond with Chaltrine and Discipline, from the most emi- mers's History of Oxford, in octavo and pent writers of the United Church of England and Ireland; in matters in. Ready for publication. Letters to a connected with those subjects, recourse Friend; containing Observations on the. will occasionally be had to other an- Pour Laws, so far as they regard Settlethorities. The Marginal References ments, and establish the modern System will be added, together with appropriate of Poor Houses; for the purpose of Introductions, Tables, Indexes, Maps, shewing the pressing and immediate ne. and Plans : the whole intended to form cessity of bringing back these Laws a Family Bible for general use. Ar- somewhat nearer to the simplicity of ranged under the sanction of the Su
their original Provisions, as well for the ciety for Promoting Christian Know- Relief of the Rates, as for the Comfort ledge : and dedicated by permission, to - and moral Character of the Poor themthe Most Reverend the Lord Archbishop selves. By Sir Egerton Brydges, K. J. of Canterbury. By George D'Oyly, M. P. for Maidstone. B. D. and Richard Mant, M. A. His Mr. Barker intends to prepare for the Grace's Domestic Chaplains.
press a Bibliographical Work, containing Mr. Frey has issued Proposals for a complete View of all the best and publishing by Subscription, a Hebrew most valuable Editions of the Classics, and English Dictionary. Containing together with a complete view of Works 1. All the Hebrew and Chaldee words on Latin Criticism and antiquities (with used in the Old Testament arranged in numerous additions) taken from a púbone Alphabet, with the Derivatives re- lication of the greatest celebrity, where ferred to their respective Roots, the Pro- the student would not expect to find such nunciation in English Letters, and the information, and which he therefore Signification given according to the never thinks of consulting. best authorities. II. The Principal In the Press. The History of Eng. Words in the English Language, with land, from the earliest Periods. By those which correspond 10 them in He- Rapin de Thoyras. Newly translated brew. By Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey. and corrected ; and continued to the pre
In the press a Treatise on Diamonds sent time: with illustrative Annotations, and precious Stones, including their historical, political, and statistical, from H story, Natural and Commercial; to private Collections, and from public Rewhich will be added, some Account of cords, deposited in the British Museum, the best Mode of cutting and Polishing the 'l'ower of London, &c. Presenting thein. By John Mawe, Author of the a luminvus Exposition of every PoliMineralogy of Derbyshire, and of Tra- tical, Military, and Commercial Event,
relating to the British Empire, and to its dren, in Glasgow, during the last thirty Colonial Possessions ; a general View years. of the French Revo'ution, and its con- Dr. Marshall Hall, of the Royal Infirsequent Wars; Accounts of Voyages mary, Edingburgh, is preparing a prac and Discoveries, and of the Progress of tical work on the Physiognomy and At Literature, Science, and the Polite Arts. titude of Patients, and on the Symptoms, By Henry Robertson, LL. D.
Diagnosis, and Progriosis of Diseases. This work will be comprised in 200 Dr. John Moodie, of Bath, has a weekly numbers, price Eightpence each, work nearly ready for publication on the containing two sheets of elegantly print- Modern Geography of Asia, in two ed Letter press, in folio, on a new and quarto volumes, with an Atlas. bold Type. A superbly engraved Plate Mr. Joseph Wood is preparing a fourth will be given generally in every third volume of the Antiquities of Athens, &c. Number. It will be also published in by Messrs. Stuart and Revett, from parts, each part comprising 12 numbers, drawings made by them at Pona, and in Price 8s. each,
the Greek islands; including some adDr. Butler has made considerable ditional sculptures of the Temple of Miprogress in the fourth volume of bis edi- nerva at Athens, from drawings made by tion of Æschylus, The Doctor is now Mr. Pars. engaged on the Fragınents of his author,
Dr. Herbert Marsh has in the press, and has completed the printing of the a Reply to Dr. Isaac Milner's Strictures, Persæ. Dr. Butler means to give a ncw Miss E. A. Coxe shortly will publish, Index to the Poet, in the additional vo- Liberality and Prejudice, a Tale, in three lume that is to contain his own reading duodecimo volumes. of the text, and in the manner of Beck's Mr. Martin Smart, the late Editor of Index to Euripides. The numbers in this Blair's Class Book, had prepared for Index will refer to the text of Stanley ; the press a work on a similar plan, and an Index Rerum and an Index Auc- adapted exclusively for young ladies, torum, both to the Notæ Variorum, and which will appear in a few days under to those of Stanley, will be included in the title of the Female Class Book. the volume that is now passing through Mr. Meadley, the biographer of Dr.
Paley, has in the press, Memoirs of AlDr. Maltby has dispatched a conside- gernon Syduey, collected from various radle part of his edition of Morell's and scattered sources of information; Greek Thesaurus. It will contain the with an Appendix of curious and imporlatest critical discoveries with many cor
tant documents. rections and additions in regard to the for- The Travels of M. Von Klaproth in mer work, and the various applications of the Caucasus and Georgia, performed each word will be added in Latin.
by order of the Russian Government, Mr. Kidd is preparing for the press, translated from the German by Mr. Shosome Criticisms, Tracts, &c. by the late berl, are in the press. Professor Porson.
A Pictureque Journey to the North Mr. E. H. Barker intends to publish a Cape, by A. K. Skioldebrand, translated Glossarial Index to all the Plays of Æs- from the French, will shortly appear in chylus, which will contain copious illus- au octavo volume. trations of the principal words and Northern Antiquities, or, Tracts dephrases, with such examples, as he has signed to illustrate the early History, either observed himself, in the perusal Poetry, and Romance of the Nations of of the ancient Anthors, or remarked in the North of Europe, is printing in a the commentaries on them, or collected royal quarto volume. from books of miscellaneous criticism. Mr. Luders will shortly give the The Quotations will be made in the very readers of Shakespeare, a tract on the words of the Originals, with the most character of Henry the fifth. exact reference to the authorities.
The Index to the Literary History of Dr. Robert Watt, of Glasgow, has a the Eigteenth Century, which forms the work in the press on the History, Nature, seventh volume, being now complete, and Treatment of Chincough, illustrated will be deliveredl, without any further by a variety of cases and dissections; charge, to the purchasers of the former with an inquiry into the relative mor- volumes; but it is requested that the tality of the principal diseases of child- promissory note which was given with