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ten sail of the line and three frigates, while his own force only amounted to five sail of the line, a frigate, and a polacca. From the moment it was known to the Admiral that the intention of the enemy was to put to sea, he formed the most favourable hopes that the action off Algesiras would lead to a beneficial result for his country. And in this he was not disappointed; for before midnight two of the enemy's three-deckers were blown up, and a 74 captured; it then became so totally dark that none of the enemy's ships were visible. The Admiral continued his course during the night; and in the morning, when he discovered the enemy's ships, was reluctantly compelled to desist from further pursuit, they being too near the port of Cadiz to admit of his again attacking them. The Admiral returned with his prize to Gibraltar, where they were welcomed by the acclamations of all the garrison, and a general illumination took place over the rock; thus, in only six days, ended a series of events, acknowledged by the most experienced judges to have never been surpassed in boldness of attempt, and ultimate success. Nor was England alone benefited by this victory, for Portugal itself may be said to have been preserved by the defeat of Linois, he being destined to seize a fleet of British merchantmen in the Tagus, and to cooperate with the land forces of France in the capture of Lisbon; but in consequence of his ships being so disabled they were laid up at Cadiz, and never again during the war left that port.
For this brave action Sir James received the order of the Bath, Sept. 5, 1802, together with the unanimous thanks of both Houses of Parliament, and a pension of 1,200/. per annum. The Thanks were proposed by Earl St. Vincent, then first Lord of the Admiralty, and seconded by the immortal Nelson, who declared that " A greater action was never fought than that of Sir James Saumarez."
After the short interval of peace, Sir James was appointed to the command of the Guernsey station, and subsequently second in command of the Channel fleet. In 1808 he hoisted his flag as Vice-Admiral of the White on board the Victory, and was made Commander-in-chief of the British fleet in the Baltic, where for five years, by his firmness and conciliation, he kept Sweden faithful to her engagements to this country, and overawed the power of Russia in those seas. The King of Sweden conferred upon him the insignia of a Knight Grand Cross of the order of the Sword, and presented to him a magnificent sword set with dia
monds. His present Majesty, Bernadotte, sent Lord de Saumarez in 1834 his full-length portrait.
When this country was visited by the Emperor of Russia and King of Prussia, Sir James Saumarez received the personal thanks of those monarchs, together with those of Prince Metternich, on the part of the Emperor of Austria, for the services he had rendered to the common cause of Europe. When the Monarchs visited Oxford, Sir James was admitted with them to the honorary degree of D.C.L.
The last of Lord de Saumarez's public services was the command at Plymouth, from 1824 to 1827. In 1831 he was appointed Vice-Admiral of England, which appointment he resigned for that of General of Marines in the year following. It is believed the latter rank will now be abolished. At the coronation of our Sailor-King, he was called to the House of Peers, as Baron de Saumarez, of the Island of Guernsey, by patent dated 12th Sept. 1831, an honour which his friends had looked for at the conclusion of the war.
In 1834, Lord de Saumarez was elected an Elder Brother of the Trinity House.
His lordship married Oct. 27th, 1788, Martha, daughter and heiress of Thomas le Marchant, esq. of Guernsey, (her mother was of the family of Dobree, another of the most ancient houses in the island,) and by that lady, who survives him, he had issue four sons and three daughters:
1. the Right Hon. and Rev. James, now Lord de Saumarez, Rector of Huggate, in Yorkshire, who married in 1814, Mary, second daughter of the late Vice-Adm. Sir William Lechmere, but has no issue;
2. the Hon. Thomas le Marchant Saumarez, who married in 1829, Catharine Spencer le Beresford, youngest daughter of the late Lt.-Col. Spencer Thomas Vassall; 3. the Hon. John St. Vincent Saumarez, a Captain in the Rifle Brigade; 4. Mary - Dobree, who died in 1812; a. the Hon. Martha-Harriet; 6. Carteret, who died in 1814; and 7. the Hon. Amelia, married in 1822 to William Young Herries, esq.
Lord de Saumarez was no less characterized by his virtues in private life than by his public services. To the poor he was unostentatiously benevolent, and he was a warm supporter of many religious and charitable institutions. He was one of the Vice-Presidents of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and also of the Naval and Military Bible Society; and one of the oldest members of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. His piety was sincere and habitual; he made a point of suppressing, as much as pos
sible, the odious vice of swearing; his manners were ever courteous and affable. In his native island, where he lived much, from the benevolent idea that there his presence would be most useful, he was looked up to with respect and affection. This was amply testified at his funeral: when, although it was his wish that it should be conducted in as private a manner as circumstances would admit, it was impossible to resist the application of the gentlemen composing the Royal Court of the Island, to be admitted to pay the last tribute of respect to bis memory. They accordingly attended in a body, as did almost every gentleman in the island. The pall was supported by General Ross, the Lieut.-Governor of Guernsey; Col. the Hon. W. H. Gardner, Major White of the 70th regiment, Capt. Dueull de Saumarez, R. N., Capt. N. Mauger, R. N., Col. Guille, and Lt.-Col. Gun. ningtiam. The mourners were his Lordship's second son and son-in-law, Mr. Hemes, Capt. John Listron, R. N., Col. Mann, Rev. Thomas Brock, S. Dobree, esq., &c The body was deposited in the family vault in Catel churchyard.
A portrait ot Lord de Saumarez has been published in Brunton's Naval History.
Rev. John Prvce.
Dec. 2. At his seat, Dolvorwyn, Montgomeryshire, after a protracted and painful illness, aged 66, the Rev. John Pryce, Vicar of Bettws, in that county.
Mr. Pryce will long be remembered for his sterling friendship and liberality. Possessing an independent fortune, he restored the vicarage-house, previously a dilapidated and inconvenient residence, but now an elegant cottage ornee, constituting a sweet feature of the retired vale in which the village stands. Although bred to the sacred profession, his constitutional ardour would not allow him to be backward during a period of public solicitude. At the time of Bonaparte's threatened invasion, when nearly every man who could bear arms became a soldier, especially in a county whose comparatively thin population then rendered it difficult to produce a well-mounted force, he assumed the command of a troop of yeomanry. As an equestrian, Mr. Pryce was pre-eminent, and consequently an enthusiastic admirer of that, perhaps, noblest of animals, the horse. His family was a collateral branch from the Pryces of Newtown Hall, the representatives of Elystan Glodredd, a Prince of the tenth century, territorial Lord between the rivers Severn and Wye, who espoused a daughter of Einion ab Hywel Dda; Mr. Pryce was therefore descended from one of the Five Royal Tribes of Wales.
The subject of this memoir, whose death was announced in our Obituary of October last, was descended from a family of Nismes in France; her grandfather, with his family, emigrated from thence to England on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, with many other families now of the first distinction in this country, to preserve unmolested their Protestant faith. Her father, Peter Nouaille, esq. possessed a highly cultivated mind, had spent much time in Italy, and returned to England, from his travels abroad, one of the most accomplished gentlemen of the old school. Soon after, he married the heiress of the Delamare family, then resident at Greatness, near Sevenoaks, Kent, which property he became possessed of in right of his wife; the issue of this marriage was, the subject of this memoir, and one son. On the former, her father bestowed his particular attention in the cultivation of her mind, improving to a high degree a natural taste for those accomplishments which he himself possessed in so eminent a degree. His house, which was constantly frequented by the most distinguished literary characters of the time, both foreign and native, afforded her the opportunity of acquiring a perfect knowledge of the modern languages, and besides French, Italian, and Spanish, she obtained a competent acquaintance with the Latin, and since, with the friendly assistance of the late Reverend Stephen Weston, studied with considerable success the Hebrew, for the purpose of reading the Bible in the original.
Her proficiency in music was of the first excellence, executing the most difficult passages of the most eminent authors with the utmost facility at sight; and the refined taste with which she performed the favourite compositions of Handel, Scarlatti, and other authors of the ancient music, never failed to rivet the attention of her auditors.
Her skill in drawing and etching was equal if not superior, to her knowledge of music, copying from nature only with fidelity and precision, both in landscape and natural history; her knowledge of botany, acquired from the instructions of her husband, enabled her to illustrate his treatises on various new species of plants from New Holland, &c. published in the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th volumes of the Transactions of the Linnean Society, as well as his work on the unpublished plants of Guiana in fifty folio plates; in all of which, the magnified parts of fructification, so difficult to be developed from dried specimens, are drawn with the utmost precision and accuracy, by which she obtained a perfect knowledge of the admirable and wonderful formation of flowers and of the physiology of vegetation.
Her labours in the science of botany were duly appreciated on the continent, by her name being given, (in compliment to the excellence of her drawings,) to a species of the Genus Nymphaea or Water Lilly, by Dr. G. F. W. Meyer, of Gottingen, in his elegant work on the new plants of Essequiboe, wherein he has justly distinguished her abilities by classing her with those celebrated botanists, Mrs. Elizabeth Blackwell, .Misses Lawrence and Hutchins, and Mrs. Dawson Turner and her two daughters Maria and Elizabeth, who have embellished the various botanical works of their relatives with their drawings.
Dr. Meyer in his work says: "Domina Anna Rudge, uxor illustris Eduardi Rudge, F.R.S. S.A. L.S. H.S. &c. Londini, femina nobilissima et ornatissima, cujus in gratiam Nymphasim Rudgeanam nostram nominavimus, omnes icones ad opus mariti, cui titulus Plan/amm Gujanae iconen et deicript tones hactentu ineditee, Lond. 1805, pertinentes summa arte laude concinnuvit. Quarum iconum elegantissimarum indolem habitumque naturae fidissimum, an exactitudinem botanicam qua delineate* sunt, magis admireris, vix constare videtur."
This work, on the new plants of Essequiboe, was sent to her from Gottingen by the author, with the following address: "Domina- Annie Rudge, feminseornatissimte, et de re Botanica maxime merits?, hoc specimen offert—observatissimus Auctor."
She also illustrated with her drawings, both her husband's and eldest son's communications to the Society of Antiquaries in the Archaeologia, vol. 17, as well as in the 5th vol. of the Vetusta Monumenta, on the antiquities discovered in tracing the foundations of the entire buildings of the Abbey Church of Evesham, which were demolished with inveterate zeal at the time of the Reformation, of the particulars of which building no traces were to be found in any publication before, of either its dimensions or its style of architecture, until the foundations of this celebrated Abbey Church were, during part of the summer months in the course of fifteen years, gradually laid open and in vestigated, every carved fragment carefully preserved, of which accurate drawings were made by her, and a plan laid down by her son from actual measurement as the work proceeded.
There was no subject, however intricate, but she had the peculiar talent by close and patient investigation of making her own.
The expatriation of her family, on account of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, led her to make herself acquainted with the conflicting tenets professed by the Roman Catholic, and the Protestant Reformed Churches, and availing herself of the opportunity which her husband's library afforded, she perused with great attention and care the histories of the Councils of Trent, Basle, and Constance, the works of Tertullian, Pascal, Abbadie, Saurin, Fenelon, Mosheim, and the lives of the Reformers, from which she obtained an intimate knowledge of the truth of the Christian Religion, and the superiority of the Reformed Church over the Roman, from its consonance with the pure and uncontaminated practice of the first Apostles.
After five weeks of acute and patient suffering, in humble resignation to the divine will, she resigned her spirit into the hands of that Divine Being whose mercy and justice is boundless as the universe, closing a spotless and well employed life, with the best hopes for the enjoyment of eternal happiness, through the merits of our blessed Redeemer.
Her temper and disposition were cast in the mould of human kindness; ever attentive to others, the word self, had no place in her vocabulary—the model so beautifully, and with such true sentimental feeling, set forth in the Gospels, was the object of her constant attention, which all who profess Christianity are bound to use their best endeavours to imitate. No tendency to censure others ever met with any encouragement from her in social intercourse; on the contrary, whenever observations of such a nature were made, she always adduced some trait in the character attacked, to palliate reproach, which cast a bright ray of light on the shadow of obloquy.
Her charities, in the exercise of which she omitted no opportunities, were administered with judgment and discrimination, after obtaining a correct knowledge of the circumstances of the parties relieved. The high degree of estimation in which she was held by the inhabitants of Evesham, was fully manifested on the day of the funeral, the houses, both public and private being closed on the occasion, when the funeral of her whom all delighted to honour, intended to be private and attended only by the family and their connections, was voluntarily accompanied in solemn silence to the family vault in St. Lawrence Church, by a very considerable portion of the population of the borough; the church of All Saints, in which the service was performed (that of St. Lawbeing under repair) was crowded to excess, and with difficulty was a sufficient space
J. L. Mcadam, Esq.
Nov. 26. At Moffat, co. Dumfries, aged 80, John Loudon McAdam, esq. the introducer of the system of Koad-making known by his name.
Mr. M'Adam was the second son of James McAdam, esq. of Waterhead, in the stewartry of Kirkcudbright, and of Susan Cochrane, a near relative of the Earl of Dundonald. The family ranked among the Barons of Scotland, and was seated at Waterhead previous to the accession of James the Sixth of Scotland to the English throne. They were originally descended from the once powerful Highland clan of McGregor; the first Baron of Waterhead having been Adam McGregor, from whom was derived the present family name of McAdam. James M'Adam, the father of John Loudon, was tbe last of his line who professed the ancient Barony. His profuse expenditure occasioned its passing, by purchase, into tbe hands of a junior branch of the McAdam family.
Mr. McAdam was, during the lifetime of his elder brother, adopted by an uncle in America; where he remained until the close of the revolutionary war. On his return, with other royalists, to his native country, he was speedily put on the commission of the peace for Ayrshire, and when, soon after, the lieutenancies of counties were established bylaw in Scotland, he was appointed a deputy-lieutenant for that county in the original Act of Parliament. It was in the course of his active services as a magistrate and trustee of roads, that Mr. McAdam's attention was first attracted to the want of scientific principles in tbe construction of roads. From that time to an advanced period this subject continued tooccupy all the leisure of an active life, and the results were freely given to the country. Mr. Mc Adam was in his 60th year when he first commenced his public career as a reformer of roads; thus effecting a great national measure during that period of life which men of common minds devote to retirement and repose. He resided for some time at Bristol, where he was highly respected. Mr. M'Adam has left a widow, and two or more sons by his first marriage, upon one of whom ( Sir James Nicoll M°Adam) was in 1834 conferred the title of Knighthood, which the father declined on account of hia age and growing infirmities.
In manner and address no man could be more agreeable. He was a man of science generally, conversed most intelligently on almost every subject, kept pace with the advancing knowledge of the age, and composed with all the accuracy of a professed litterateur. From Government he received, in two different instalments, 10,000/.—a very slender reward, indeed, considering the vast utility of the improvement he originated. He was not rich; but he has left behind him what is better than money—a name which is as familiar as a household word.
Charleb Day. Esu. Oct. 25. Charles Day, esq. the wealthy blacking manufacturer, of the firm of Day and Martin, High Hoi horn.
By his will he has left all his property to trustees, viz. William Underwood, of Vere-street, woollen-draper; William Croft, of Gower-street, esq ;and Pinder Simpson, of Old Burlington-street, gentleman, on trust, to pay to Mrs. Day, his widow, 2000/. a-year during her life, in addition to which she is to have the use of the mansion and furniture at Edgeware; to Mrs. Horace Cluggct, bis daughter, he gives 3000/. n-year during her life, and 1000/. on the birth of each child; to the two children of his favourite sister he gives 10,000/. each; to several poor relations he charges his estate with annuities of 40/. a-year during their lives, and an annuity to the same amount to his body servants; and to each of his nephews and nieces he bequeaths 1000/. He then directs 100,000/. to be devoted to the establishment of a charity, to be called "The Poor Blind Man's Friend," the interest of which, after allowing for the salary of a clerk and other expenses, is to be applied, under the sole direction of his executors, to the granting of annuities of from 10/. to 20/. each, to poor blind men and women.
After selling the business of the blacking-manufactory, which he calculates will produce 69,000/. at nearly five years' purchase, he directs that the whole of his residuary estate should accumulate for 21 years, being invested to the best advantage from year to year; at the end of which time the whole amount to be divided amongst the surviving legatees, in sums proportionate to the amount of their legacies. The property, not including the estate at Catterham, near Croydon, in Surrey, is said to amount to 450,000/. sterling.
On the 24th of November Dr. Lushington applied to the Prerogative Court, for the purpose of having an administration granted, pendente lite, to the effects of
Mr. Day. The executors were desirous of obtaining the opinion of the Court, as the deceased had been totally blind for many years before his death. It was proposed on the part of the executors, in the first instance, to propound the will and codicil of concurrent dates, and then to take the judgment of the Court upon some other codicils, without opposing any of them; but there remained one codicil which they found it their duty to oppose. The Court granted an administration, limited as prayed, for six months, with li. berty to apply for an extension of the term, on security to the amount of 30,000/.
John Bannister, Esq. Nov. 8. At his house in Gower-street, Bedford-square, aged 76, John Bannister, esq.
We have all heard of Jack Bannister, the comedian, the tragedian,and thegentle man ; the latter was a character Jack never lost on any stage. Comparatively few of us have seen him; with thisdisadvantage, if the writer of the present memoir attempts a sketch of the actor, it must needs be drawn from the recollections of his friends and contemporaries.
John Bannister, better known us Jack Bannister, was born in London in the year 1760, the son of Charles Bannister, famous as a singer and as a wit, at that time a very young man, and a provincial actor, with a light purse. He gave his son a better education than might have been expected from his narrow means. Jack appears to have been intelligent when a boy, and to have had an early or natural taste for drawing. The time arrived, when it was considered how to place himout advantageously in life; Jack had hischoice, and chose the profession of a painter. In the hope of obtaining for him a proper master, David Garrick, a man of taste and general influence, was by some friend apprisedof young Bannister's talents and wishes. The great actor desired to see the boy, who without loss of time waited on him, and that interview took place which Bannister afterwards so vividly pourtrayed in his monodramatic performance called "The Budget." The boy was desired to spout some passages from Shakespeare's play; which he did in such a manner as to please the Roscius, who became very fond ot him, and offered to instruct him for the stage. But the boy still preferred the sister art of painting life on canvass. Garrick therefore recommended him as a pupil to Loutherbourgh, who consented to take him on payment of two hundred pounds. The elder Bannister had not this sum to part with, but found a friend who was willing to advance it for
him.By the sudden and untimely death of this kind individual, the agreement was broken off almost as soon as arranged; but young Bannister was enlisted a student of the Royal Academy, lie made some progress in the art of drawing, particularly in the study of heads; but soon discovering, that a tedious time must elapse ere he could hope to make a lucrative business of painting, and that immediate receipts of money were of importance to his parents, he relinquished this pursuit, and joined his father on the stage. We find that "Master J. Bannister" performed at Drury Lane Theatre through the seasons 1772-3-4, the minor characters in Tragedy and walking gentlemen in Comedies. Afterthis he left the theatre for a while to study under his kind patron Mr. Garrick. We cannot be surprised that a boy of fourteen years of age, or little better, should have had to fill the parts of nobodies in nothings. His ambition was to shine in the "higher walks" of tragedy! Mr. Garrick advised the next part in which he should Appear, and it is well known how judicious this advice was.
On the 27th August 1778 "Mr. Bannister, Junior," made his first appearance at the Little Theatre in the Haymarket, on his father's benefit-night, as Dick, the stage struck 'pothecary lad, in Murphy's farce '* The Apprentice." This character called forth his real andadmirable tragicomic powers, and brought him off with eminentsuccess. In the autumn of thesame year he was re-engaged at Drury Lane Theatre, and played the part of Zaphna in the tragedy of "Mahomet," a translation from Voltaire. The play-bill states, "being hisfirst appearance on this, and second on any stage." The fact is, that Jack Bannister wished his right honourable appearance as Dick at the Haymarket might be considered his debut (so called) on the stage, regarding the parts he had formerly played as nothing more than introductions to stage-tactics j which every actor must become familiar with before he can delineate characters of importance with any success. Mr. Garrick greatly admired the play of Mahomet, and took much pains to perfect Jack in it. Besides Zaphna, he played Dorilas in the tragedy of " Merope," during the same season.
In the spring of 1779 the Bannisters, father and son, played at Covent Garden Theatre. Mr. Bannister, Junior, appeared as Achmet in Dr. Brown's tragedy "Barbarossa." Mr. Garrick originally played this part, and influenced Jack to try it; indeed, we have his authority for saying, Garrick taught him to play the four parts of Acbmet, Dorilas, Zaphna,