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The French Journals have been of late filled with lamentations and complaints on the subject of the unfortunate expedition against Constantina, the details of which are given under the news from Africa. Regret at the loss of thousands of brave men—a conviction of the increased difficulty of extending, or of even maintaining, the African colony of France— pride deeply wounded by a reverse which ought not to have been possible, and the demonstration that disorganization and indiscipline pervade the French army— all tend to fill the strictures of the press on the ill-fated expedition with pain, bitterness, and indignation. The Gazette de France states, that two things had been resolved on by government—the recall of Marshal Clause), and a new expedition.
A society has been formed at Paris on the plan of the London Mechanics' Institution. It was first suggested by the celebrated geometrician, Monge, and the labour of instructing is principally confided to the pupils of the Polytechnic school. Classes are organised to teach the principles of mechanics, optics, and all the branches of natural philosophy; as also, the fine arts, grammar, and languages. Each class is presided over by an advanced member; and the plan is so successful that the society musters at the present time upwards of 1,500 members.
On the 19th of December, the great balloon, which lately left Vauxhall Gardens for the continent, mode an ascent from the barracks in the Rue Poissonniere, in Paris, whither it had been conveyed from Weilburg, in Nassau, for the purpose. Six adventurous voyagers entered the car, consisting of a lady named Roscoe, Lord Yarmouth, M. Guy Lussac, of the Academy of Sciences, M. Pilte, a director of the French Gas Company, Mr. Hughes, one of the proprietors, and Mr. Green. The machine, with its living freight, rose gracefully and majestically amid the plaudits of the crowd: but in less than ninety seconds it was nearly obscured by the fogginess of the atmosphere; and before the expiration of two minutes it was entirely veiled from sight. The aeronauts descended in perfect safety at a quarter past three, about one mile beyond Vitry. The accounts from Spain are of the most unsatisfactory character. There appears not the least prospect of a termination to the civil war. On the contrary, Carlism appears to be every where on the increase—the Constitutional leaders either treacherous or rank cowards—and the cause of the Queen in a condition all but desperate. Generals Rodil and Alaix have been removed from their commands, and succeeded by Rivero and Narvaez. Gomez, according to accounts, was continuing his route to the North, and had got as far as Siguenza. The Queen's troops remain far in the rear, the soldiers of Alaix, it is said, having refused to obey Narvaez.
After a lengthened discussion of many days, the Spanish Cortes have passed the 6th clause of the Ministerial proposition, authorising the banishment of conspirators, by a majority of 94 to 53. By this article the Ministers are authoristd to exile any suspicious person, without trial, or showing cause, or even producing what they term their moral proofs of suspecting the party as a conspirator, for six months to the islands. The immediate effect of this decree was, to terminate the existence of two Madrid journals, the Corsario and the Tribuno. The latter announced its own dissolution in a sheet edged with black, in which was a formal adieu to the subscribers. M. Calvo de Rosas was the editor, who remarks therein, that it remains to be seen whether the despotism of the Ministers, supported by the majesty of the Cortes, will suffice to quell the civil war, or whether it will not rather quell liberty, and all rational hopes of a better state of things.
According to the latest accounts, Bilboa was closely invested by the Carlists, without any hopes of effectual relief. It appears that on the 5th of Dec. General Espartero, commander of the Queen's forces, made a movement to relieve the town, but Eguia and Villareal being on the watch, seized the opportunity, and gave the Christino general battle. The action lasted the whole of the day, at the close of which, Espartero was forced to retire from all his positions, though he had been protected by the fort of Desierto, the steam-boats, chaloupes, &c.
The news from St. Sebastian, of the
11th of Dec. arc bv no means favourable. The troops were almost without supplies, wholly without pay, and beginning to mutiny. The most distinguished of the officers were inclined to leave the place. General Evans was preparing to return to England.
The Portuguese Government has at length, issued a decree for the abolition of the slave-trade, imposing imprisonment and heavy fines on persons engaged either directly or indirectly in the trade, and declaring that all Portuguese seamen found on board slave-vessels will be condemned to serve four years in the navy without pay.
The Turkish Sultan has recentlyopened in person a bridge 1280 feet in length, and 22 in width, connecting Constantinople with the populous suburbs of Galata and Pera. A road leading to the new edifice from the imperial palace, five miles in length, was constructed in twentyfour hours by a body of twelve thousand workmen.
The French arms, under General Clausel, have sustained a serious defeat in a late attempt against Constantino,
the capital of the province of the same name, composing the eastern part of the territory ot Algiers. He undertook the expedition at the head of 7000 men. Owing, however, to the inclemency of the weather, and the wretched state of the roads, the troops became weary, diseased, and unfit for active service; and on the 22nd Nov. while passing through an almost impracticable defile, exposed to the incessant attacks of the Arabs, they were deprived of nearly the whole of their baggage and provisions. Although some miles from Constantina, they still advanced to the attack, though it was resolwtely defended; nor did they give up the effort, until compelled by the fear* ct starvation and the loss of their remaining ammunition, which was captured by the Arabs, who harassed them at every step, and beheaded all their prisoners. The retreat was most disastrous. Of the 7000 men who accompanied Mursbal Clausel, only 1500 returned to the point from whence they had set out, and of those the greater part were either ill or suffering under extreme hunger and fatigue. On the 27th, they would have been wholly destroyed had not the Second Light Infantry formed into square, borne alone the attacks of the enemy, and thu« saved the remains of the army.
.Dee. 5. A meeting of the clergy of the archdiocese of Armagh was held for the purpose of petitioning against the system of Education now adopted in Ireland, under the auspices of the Government. The Lord Primate presided. A petition to the House of Lords was unanimously agreed to, to which the names of all the clergy present were appended. The petitioners pray, that "the present system may not be persisted in, but that out of the funds set apart for Education in Ireland a portion, such as your Lordships shall in your wisdom deem suitable may be appropriated for the endowment and support of schools, to be conducted solely on Protestant principles; persuaded that such an arrangement, liable as it should seem to no reasonable objection on the part of Roman Catholics, will be found better suited to the divided state of the religious community in Ireland, than a system which, by exacting a forced compliance or a dishonest compromise, from Protestant parents, cannot fail to introduce laxity of opinion on essential points, or to perpetuate that disagreement and contention of which it has already proved a fertile source."
Gent. Mac. Vol. VII.
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS PARTSOF THE COUNTRY.
In a petition lately presented to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England, signed by a great number of the inhabitants of the city and county of Woreenter, it is stated, that in the city of Worcester alone (from the revenues of the cathedral church of which city a considerable sum will hereafter be placed at the disposal of the Board) there are ten livings, of which three only have houses of residence, and three only an annual income amounting to 200/.; and that within the diocese of Worcester there are numerous livings with an average population of nearly 5000 persons, whose joint average income does not exceed 120/., and where there is no house of residence. On these grounds the petitioners pray that no funds arising from the suppression of ecclesiastical offices in the diocese of Worcester (after due provision made for those places from which those funds are locally derived) may be, in any way, alienated, until the just claims and pressing wants of that diocese be supplied.
The York Public Cemetery. —A report of the committee for conducting this important work has been published, from N
which it appears that the committee obtained plans and estimates for the chapel, the lodge, and the fences, which being adopted, were laid before the Archbishop, the Archdeacon, and the Dean of York, who signified their approbation of the whole. The committee afterwards obtained, by public advertisement, tenders for the greater part of the works, which have been let satisfactorily; the costs of the chapel, vaults, iron railing, and wallfencing being about 3000/. The committee have offered two premiums to landscape gardeners for the best designs for ornamenting the grounds; and it is expected that the whole of the buildings will be completed and ready for use by the 1st of next August.
Mr. Faulkner's manufactory at Manchester has been burnt, and property in value exceeding 10,000/. destroyed. It is supposed to be the work of an incendiary.
Loughton-hall, Essex, the seat of Mr. William Whittaker Maitland, the High Sheriff for the county, was, with the exception of a portion of the eastern wing, totally destroyed by an accidental fire, and property to the amount of between 20,000/. and 30,000/. consumed. Amongst the property burnt were upwards of 10.000 volumes of valuable books, comprising a quantity of scarce works, many of them unique.
Nov. 22. A very numerous meeting of the clergy and gentry of the diocese was held in the Council Chamber, Salisbury, for the purpose of forming a Diocesan Association, in aid of the Incorporated Society for Promoting the Enlargement, &c. of Churches and Chapels. The chair was filled by the Earl of Shaftesbury. Before the meeting broke up, the subscriptions amounted to upwards of 2400/. At different times, within a few years, there have been thirty-eight grants to churches in this diocese, from the parent society, amounting together to 6900/. which sum has been the means of providing 8973 additional sittings.
Lee. 20. A small chapel was consecrated near High Beech Green, Essex, by the Bishop of London, called St. Paul's, Waltham. The venerable Archdeacon Hamilton and many of the neighbouring gentry attended the ceremonies. The edifice has been built by the private subscriptions of Capt. Sotheby, R.N., the lord of the manor, and his friends, there being no place of worship nearer than Loughton or Walham Abbey.
LONDON AND ITS VICINITY.
A preliminary meeting of booksellers
took place Dec. 16, at the Albion Tavern, Aldersgate-street, for the purpose of entering into resolutions, and taking into consideration, the means of establishing an institution for the support and assistanceof decayed Booksellers, their widows, and assistants. The meeting was numerously and respectably attended. Cosmo Orme, esq. of the firm of Longman and Co. was in the chair. Several resolutions for the purpose of carrying the objects of the meeting into effect were unanimously agreed to, and a committee appointed to draw up rules and regulations. It was announced that the Chairman had sent a donation of one hundred guineas. Letters were also read from Mr. Murray, Messrs. Longman and Co., and other eminent booksellers, approving of the objects the meeting had in view.
Nov. 29. The metropolis, in common with many other parts of the kingdom, experienced the effects of a tremendous storm, which was productive of frightful damage; stacks of chimneys were blown down in all directions—in several instances the roofs of houses were wholly carried off or fail in. The whole stack of chimneys on the west side of Brownlow House, Belgrave-square, was carried by a sudden tremendous gale of wind directly through the roof of the mansion, precipitating the ponderous materials into the lower rooms. In the suburbs generally a great number of modern houses were unroofed, or the walls forced in by the hurricane. The utmost confusion prevailed among the shipping in the River, many of which went adrift, and it was reckoned that 200 boats above and below bridge were either sunk or broken. In the Parks and Kensington Gardens nearly 200 trees were uprooted. The number of persons taken to the Metropolitan Hospitals, who suffered from accidents during the gale, were 23—Saint Bartholomew 12, London 3, Guy's 1, Westminster 3, North Loudon 1, and Middlesex 3. The accounts from all parts of the country of the disasters arising from the hurricane were of the most dis. tressing character. At Brighton he chain pier sustained so much damage, that several months must elapse before it can be completed again. At Plymouth the new church was partly unroofed, us well as the Theatre and the Royal Hotel. Indeed, there is scarcely a town or village in the country which has not suffered moreor less. Dec. 14. The opening of the London and Greenwich Railway was celebrated, attended by the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, several Foreign Ministers, and many gentlemen connected with the scientific world. The Southwark end of the railroad was tastefully decorated with flags and banners bearing various devices. An awning, with three tiers of seats, was erected at each side, for the accommodation of those who waited for admission to the carriage trains, and to see the trains go off and return. Five trains of carriages started, conveying 1500 persons. At the Deptford end an address was presented to the Lord Mayor by the parochial authorities; and his lordship, having returned thanks, proceeded to inspect the Company's extensive workshops under the railway, the machinery of a portion of which resembles the patent block machinery in the Dockyard at Portsmouth. On the return the Lord Mayor's train of carriages again took the lead, and performed the journey of three miles in less than eight minutes. Immediately after, upwards of 400 ladies and gentlemen sat down to a splendid dejeuner, prepared in the Bridge-house Tavern, Southwark, at which A. R. Dottin, esq. M.P. (chairman of the company) presided. This great national work reflects the highest honour on the gallant projector Colonel Landmann, and no less credit to the contractor, Mr. Macintosh, under whose orders no less than sixty millions of bricks have been laid by human hands since the Royal Assent was given to the Act of Parliament for its formation in 1833. The surveyors and architects have been
Theatrical Register.—Promotions, Stc.
Messrs. Smith and Newman; but the success of the whole is mainly due to the persevering exertions of George Walker, esq. the managing director.
Dec. 2.3. This evening Mr. Charles Keinble having been appointed to the office of Licenser by the Lord Chamberlain, took his leave of the stage, of which he and his family have been for so many years the most distinguished ornaments.
Bee. 26. The Christmas pantomime was Harlequin and George Barnwell, or the London Apprentice.
Xuv. 29. A new play, in five acts, by Mr. Sheridan Knowles,called TheWrecker's Daughter, was acted for the first time. The scene is laid on the coast of Cornwall; and the plot is full of domestic interest. The principal character (Robert the Wrecker) was personated with most powerful effect by the author himself. The play was well acted throughout, and announced for repetition amidst universal applause.
Dec. 1. A grand spectacle, called the Devil on Two Sticks, was produced. It was a very shewy but rather tedious affair.
Dec. 26. The Christmas pantomime was Gammer Gurton, or the Lost Needle.
PROMOTIONS, PREFERMENTS, &c.
Aug. 1. Denbighshire Yeomanry Cavalry, Titos. Fit zh ugh, esq. to be Major.
Aug. 8. Ihos. Ulewitt, esq. late 86th reg. to be one of his Majesty's Hon. Corps of Gentlemen at Anns.
Aor. 25. 14th Foot, Capt. Benj. Whitney to be Major.
Dee. 7- Duncan M'Dougall, esq. and Major J. G. Le Marchant, Brig.-Generals in the service of the Queen of Spain, and Capt. W. Considine, Colonel in her Majesty's service, to accept the insignia of the order of Han Fernando,
Dee. 9. 22d Foot, Capt. Sam. Brendram Boileau to be Major.—37th Foot, Capt. Joseph Bradshaw to be Major.—i9th Foot, Capt. Sam. Blyth to be Major.—51st Foot, Brevet Lieut.Col. Cha. Bayly to be Major. — Unattached, Major John Ross to be Lieut.-Col.
Dec. 14. Charles Pym, of Ryde, in the Isle of Wight, Gent, to be an Assistant Commissioner for the commutation of tithes in England and Wales.
Dec 16. Gilbert Gordon, esq. to be Consul at Havre de Grace.
38th Foot, Gen. H. Pigot, 82d Foot, to be Col..—51st Foot, Captain John Flamank to be Major.—58th Foot, Major John Wharton Frith to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt. W. Firebrace to be Major.— **2d Foot, Major-Gen. Sir John Wilson to be Col.—Brevet, Major James Michael, K.I.C.S. to be Lieut.-Col. in the East Indies only. — Gloucestershire Yeomanry Cavalry,
Lieut.-Col. Benj. Chapman Browne to be Supernumerary Major.
Dec. 23. 93d Foot, Major Robt. Watson Gordon to be Major.—Staff, Major Thos. Falls to be Deputy-Adjutant-general to the Forces serving in the Leeward and Windward Islands, with the rank of Lieutenant-Col. in the Army. —J. R. Wbeatley, esq. to be Secretary to the Privy Purse.
Rev. T. Thorp, to be Archdeacon of Bristol. Rev. H. Barker, a Minor Canon of Bristol Cathedral.
Rev. C. Abbott, Croagh V. co. Limerick. Rev. W. Hell wood, Hinnington P. C. co. York. Rev. J. Bewsner, Lapley V. co. Stafford. Rev. R. Bromehead, Normanton Temple P. C. co. Derby.
Rev. T. R. Brooke, Avening R. co. Gloucester. Rev. 11. Burns, Church of Spott, co. Dunbar. Rev. R. Cooper, Howe R. co. Norfolk. Rev. J. Furnival, St. Helen's P. C. co. Lancast. Rev. C. Gape, Hillington V. co. Lincoln. Rev. R. Garnett, Chebsea V. co. Stafford. Rev. H. R. Gilbert, Cantley R. co. Norfolk. Rev. D. Gordon, parish of Eldeston, co. Ross. Rev. J. M. Harington, Chalbery R. Dorset. Rev. W. Hendrickson, Oakamoor P. C. co. Stafford.
Rev. R. K. Hughes, Compton Winyates R. co. Warwick.
Rev. J. H. Johnson, Tilshend V. Wilts.
Kev. K. Keppell, I-Aineford V. co. Derby. Rev. T. Keppell, Warham R. Norfolk. Rev. J. Knight, Heytesbury P. C. Wilts.
Kev. C. Lloyd, Bettws Bledrws R. co. Cardigan.
Rev. J. R. Marsh, Brimington P.C. co. Derby. Rev. M. W. Mayow, Market Lavington P. 0. Wilts.
Rev. E. Ness, Wyken P. C. co. Warwick. Rev. L. A. Norgate, Bylaugh P. C. Norfolk. Rev. A. Ollivant, Kerry V. co. Montgomery. Rev. C. Overton, Clapham V. co. York. Rev. T. Plgot, Blymbill R. co. Stafford.
Kev. T. Powell, Turnaston R. co. Hereford. Rev. J. Russell, Jacobstow R. Devon. Rev. W. D. Ryland, Hinton R. co. Northampton.
Rev. W. A. Shirley, WThiston R. co. York. Rev. A. Stonhouse, Stratford P. C. Wilts. Rev. W. L. Suttaby, Denston P. C. Suffolk. Rev.— Walpole, W inflow V. Bucks. Rev. T. Whiphain, D.D. Ideford R. Devon. Rev. E.C.Wilson, Crowsby Kavensworth V. co. Westmorland. Rev. H. E. Wright, Litton R. co. Somerset.
the Lord Bishop of Chichester.
John Haggard, D.C.L. Chancellor of Lincoln. Rev. R. Eden, to be Master of Camberwell
Collegiate School. Rev. S. Burnell, second Master of Kensington
Oct. 22. In Portland-place, the wife of Harry Hoyle Oddie, esq. a son.
Nov. 6. The wife of the Rev. Archd. of Cork, a son. 10. At Alwalton rectory, Huntingdonshire, the wife of the Rev. John Hopkin
son, a son. At Ilfracombe, the wife of the
Rev. R.Gould, a son. 13. At the Parsonage, Daresbury, Cheshire, the wife of the Rev.
t. Dodgson, a son 18. The wife of the Rev.
WT. WaTdegrave Park, of Ince Hall, Cheshire, a
son. 20. At Sum Hill. Bath, the wife of
Capt. Geo. Gosling, R.N. a son.- 21. At
Buckland, Faringdon, the Countess of Carnarvon, a son.-— At Drove, the wife of Col. Geo.
Wyndham, a dau. 23. At Shrewsbury, the
wife of the Rev. Dr. Kennedy, a dau. At
Shelford, at the house of her father, Lieut.Gen. Sir Chas. Wale, K.C.B. the lady of Sherlock Willis, esq. a son. 24. In Eaton-place,
the Countess of Denbigh, a dau. 25. At
Loverton House, near Totnes, the wife of T. W. C. Whitbread, esq. of Loutham Park, Suffolk, a son. In Arlington-street, the Countess of Brecknock, a dau. 26. The wife of
the Rev. R. Stephens, of Culver House, Exeter, a dau. At Gittisham, the wife of the
Rev. T. L. Marker, a dau. The wife of the
Rev. G. L. Benson, Vicar Choral of Salisbury,
a dau. 27. The wife of the Rev. W. H.
Bathurst, Rector of Barwick in Elmet, Yorkshire, a Bon. 29. The wife of Alexander Crombie, esq. of Thornton Castle, Kincardineshire, a son. At Heanton Satch
ville, Devon, the Right Hon. Lady Clinton, a
dau. 30. In Bryanstone-sq. the wife of 6. S.
Harcourt, esq. ot Ankerwycke House, Buckinghamshire, a son.
Dtr. 1. In Bryanstone-square, the Lady
Emma Portman, a son. 2. At the vicarage,
East Stoke, near Newark, the wife of the Rev.
J. Hutchinson, a son. 3. In South Audley
street, the Lady Louisa Finch, a dau. At
Plumstead hall, Norfolk, the wife of Henry Stracy, esq. a dau. 4. At Lower Wallop vicarage, Hants, the wife of the Kev. W. B. 'late,
a son. At Paris, the lady of the Right Hon.
R. Cutlar Fergusson, a son and heir. At
Yeovilton rectory, Somersetshire, the Hon.
Mrs. Towry Law, a son. In Melville-street,
Edinburgh, the wife of Col. John Mayne, a son.
9. At Clifton, co. Gloucester, the wife of
Robert Rankin, esq. Chief Justice of Sierra Leone, a son. 11. At the rectory, East La- vant, Sussex, the wife of the Rev. H. Leggc, a
son. In Arlington-street, Mrs. Beresford, a
son. 13. 'lhe viscountess Deerhurst, a uau.
14. At Reading, the wife of John Richards,
iun. esq. F.S.A. a dau. 15. At Raleigh House, Brixton, the wife of the Kev. C. Joliands, of Little Munden rectory, Herts, a son.
Nor. 9. At Whitehaven, the Right Hon. Lord Thurlow, to Sarah, only dau. of P. Hodgson, esq. 15. At Cardiff, G.Allan, esq. of the Colonial Bank, Kingston, Jamaica, to Charlotte, dau. of the late Kev. W. F. Ireland,
D.D. 19. At Hampton, Capt. Courtney
Boyle, R.N. to Miss Wallace Ogle, dau. of W. W.Ogle, esq. of Causey lark, Northumberland. At St. James's, Chas. Towneley, esq.
to Lady Caroline-Harriet Molyneux, uau. of
the Earl of Sefton. 22. Capt. John Evans,
to Mary Jane Baily, eldest uau. of the Kev. John Turner, Vicar of Hennock, Devon.
At Bristol, Mr. Keene, of Penhow Castle,
to Ellen Maria Ford, eldest dau. of the Rev. S.
Williams. 23. At St. James's, Westminster,
the Rev. C. Rawlins, Vicar of Thornton. Vork, to Eleanor, dau. of the late G. Kickards, esq. of Piccadilly. 24. The Rev. P. H. Lee, Rector of Stoke Bruerne, Northamptonshire, to Mary, dau. of R. Willis, esq. of Halnead, Lancashire. J. Dawson, esq. of Limehouse, to
Caroline, eldest dau. of the Rev. Dr. kudge,
Rector of Hawkchurch, Dorsetshire. 26.
At Baughurst, Hants, the Rev. K. Pole, second son of Sir Peter Pole, Bart, to Eliz. Anne, dau. of Ric. Elm hirst, esq. of Cleathorpe, Lincolnshire. 29. J. Howell Blood, esq. of Wi
thani, Essex, to Harriett, eldest dau. of the Rev. J. Lewis, Rector of lngatestone, Essex.
Dec. 1. At Bristol, N. W. Simons, esq. of Swansea, to Frances, fourth dau. of the late Rev. J. Collins, Rector of Ox wichaud Loughor, Carmarthenshire. 7. At Dean, Lancashire,
E. R. Gale Braddyll, esq. eldest son of Lieut.Col. Braddyll, of Couisuead Priory, to Sophia, second dau. of W. Hutton, esq. of Huttou
Park. At Melcombe Regis, Thomas, second
son of the Rev. M. Onslow, Rector of Bradford Peverell, Dorsetshire, to Lucy Ann Katharine, dau. of the late Rev. John Cutts Lockwood, Vicar of Croydon, Surrey. 8. At Clifton, Gloucestershire, James Wallis, esq. late Major 46th reg. to Mary Ann, eldest dau. of the late'lhos. Breach, esq. of Hendon, Middlesex. 10. At St. George's, Hanover-sq. the Hon. Mr. Stanley, second son of the Earl of Derby, to Miss Campbell, dau. of Sir Henry
Campbell. 13. At fclirivenhani, Berks, the
Rev. T. Mills, Rector of Miction, Sutlolk, to the Hon. Elizabeth Frances Barriugtou, sister
of Viscount Barrington. 14. At Chelsea,
G. Dod, esq. of Manor-terrace, to Ilcrntione* fourth dau. of the late Major Cotton Worthing
ton. 15. At St. George's, Hanover-square,
John Clark, esq. Major 54th reg. to Charlotte Sophia, third dau. of the late Major-Gen. Sir John, and sister to the present Sir Hugh Dalrymple, Bart, of North Berwick.