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Nov. 30. This was the anniversary meeting; his Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, Pres. in the chair.
After the President's address, a report of the proceedings of the Council during the last session was read by the Secretary, who announced, at its close, that two Copley medals had been awarded, the one to Professor Berzelius, for his systematic application of the doctrines of Definite Proportions to the Analysis of Mineral Bodies; and the other to Francis Kiernan, esq., for his Discoveries relative to the Structure of the Liver: and also that one of the royal medals, for the present year, had been awarded to Sir John W. F. Herschel, for his paper on * Nebulae and Clusters of Stars,' published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1833; and the other royal medal to George Newport, esq., for his series of 'Investigations on the Anatomy and Physiology of Insects,' contained in his papers published in the Philosophical Transactions.
The election of Council and officers for the ensuing year then took place:— President. H.R.H. the Duke of Sussex, K.G.; Treasurer, Francis Baily, esq.; Secretaries, Peter Mark Roget, M.D. John George Children, esq.; Foreign Secretary, Charles Kcenig, esq.
Other Members of the Council.—G. B. Airy, esq. A.M.; W. Allen, Esq.; J. Bostock, M.D.; the Earl of Burlington; S. H. Christie, esq.; Vise. Cole, M.P.; J. H. Green, esq.; G. B. Greenough, esq.; W. Lawrence, esq.; J. Lindley, Ph.D.; J. W. Lubbock, esq. M.A.; Rev. G. Peacock, M.A.; W. Hasledine Pepys,esq.; Rev. A. Sedgwick, M.A.; W. H. Smyth, Capt. R.N.; W. H. Fox Talbot, esq.
Dec. 8. F. Baily, esq. in the chair. The time of the meeting was chiefly occupied in the reading of the minutes of the proceedings of the anniversary; after which the sequel of Mr. Graham's paper on the Constitution of Salt was read.
Dec.\5. W. Lawrence,esq. in the chair. A paper was read, entitled, "Further Observations on the Optical Phenomena of Crystals," by W. II. F. Talbot, esq.
T. Graham, esq. was elected a fellow.
Dec. 22. Mr. Bailey in the chair. Read, observations and experiments on the solar rays, in reference to the oxy-hydrogen microscope, by the Rev. J. B. Reeve.
ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE.
Nov. 24. Col. Leake, M. P. in the chair. — The Rev. R. Cattermole, the Secretary, read a paper by G. Finlay,
esq., on the/)«-m«of Aphidna; the position of which has hitherto eluded the researches of antiquaries, notwithstanding its celebrity, as one of the twelve states which formed the Athenian confederation, previously to the organization of the Attic state by Theseus, and from its connexion with the carryiug off and concealment of Helen by that hero. Mr. Finlay concluded that Aphidna is to be sought for in that part of Diacria which lies beyond the ridge at the head of the Athenian plain, connecting Faroes and Pentelicus.
Mr. Hamilton, the Foreign Secretary, afterwards read several passages of letters lately received from his son, Mr. W. T. Hamilton, who is at present travelling in Asia Minor. The principal was an account of the remains of the ancient Tavium, at Balghar-Kioui, Kioui, on the confines of Pontus and Galatia, discovered by M. Texier. These ruins are numerous and remarkable; but the object which casts every other into the shade is, what appears to be the Temple of Jupiter, mentioned by Strabo. It presents the perfect ground-plan of a magnificent edifice, 219 feet in length and 140 in width, remaining entire to the height of six or eight feet. This, Mr. Hamilton considered the most striking monument of antiquity, which he had yet seen in Asia Minor.
Dec. 8. D. Pollock, esq. in the chair. The paper read was a translation, by Mr. Hamilton, of the second part of Kugler's Essay (Berlin, 1835) on the Polychromy of Greek Architecture and Sculpture.
ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY.
Nov. 28. Sir John Barrow, President, in the chair. Two papers were read; one a letter from Mr. Davidson, who is on his journey to Timbuctoo; and the other a communication on the 'Monuments and Relics of the Ancient Inhabitants of New Spain,' by Capt. Vetch, R.E. illustrated by 30 highly curious and interesting sculptured figures, chiefly female, from the banks of the river Panuco. These monuments, when America was first visited by the Spaniards, were in the same ruined and deserted state as we now find tbem, and the time and manner of their destruction and abandonment seems as much wrapped in obscurity, as those of their origin and construction, notwithstanding the annals of the Alcobuan empire include the end of the 12th century. In the state of Yucatan, pyramids and other remains are said to be numerous; the ruined cities near Palenque in Chiapas are of great extent, and of a very imposing character; in the state of Oaxaea are the ruins of Miltaand others; in the valley of Mexico remains prevail to a great extent; near Zacatecas are the ruins styled by the Spaniards Los Ediflciot; in the state of Chihuahua are the Casat Grande*; near Maconi and the river Panueo are the ruins of two cities; and doubtless many more are yet to be discovered.
A letter from M. D'Avezac, Secretary to the Geographical Society at Paris, mentions two expeditions about to sail from France for the Pacific Ocean—one com. manded by Captain Du Petit Thouar, the other by M. de la Place: their object is not science especially; but as M. Dortet de Tessan, one of the Corps des Ingenieurs Hydrographes, will be embarked, doubtless the cause of Geography will gain.
Dec. 12. After the reading of different letters and communications from various travellers,—viz. Mr. Davidson in Africa, Mr. Hamilton, in Asia Minor, and Mr. Schomburg in British Guiana,—the president, Sir J. Barrow, announced that the result ofan interview of the deputation of the society with Lord Glenelg respecting a proposed expedition of Lieutenants Gray and Lusbington in Australia, stating that the plan that had been partly laid down was not likely to be carried into effect, from the want of naval means at the Swan River, but that Government had it in contemplation to despatch a ship-of-war to survey the hitherto unexplored tract on the north-west coast, which would afford a facility to those gentlemen to penetrate to the interior, in order to determine points of great geographical interest. On this part of the coast the tides rise 36 feet: the air is humid and hazy, and there are other indications of a great river or expanse of fresh water; and it was not improbable but their observations would enable them to decide upon the existence or not of a great inland sea, which had so long excited the attention and divided the opinions of geographers.
ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY.
Dee. 3. The general meetings of the Session commenced this evening; Col. James Law Lushington, C. B. in the chair. A great variety of presents were announced for the library and museum. Colonel Smythe read a paper on some of the habits of the Thugs, a singular race of murderers in Hyderabad, which were brought before the notice of the Society in 1832, in a letter from Lieutenant Reynolds, by whose exertions several had been executed, and about three hundred more sentenced to work upon the public roads. They consider that in the exercise of their pursuits they are conciliating the
approbation of their goddess, who once formed a determination to destroy all mankind except her own race; and, owing to the secrecy and regularity of their plans, they have long perpetrated their crimes with success, burying the bodies of their victims as soon as despatched, which they effect by strangulation with a piece of cloth or a pocket handkerchief. Through the decisive and judicious conduct of the Government and authorities, this singular and barbarous race are now almost entirely extirpated.
Dec. 14. Earl Stanhope, President, in the chair. A communication was read from Sir Henry Kerr Porter, accompanying an official report delivered to the Venezuelan Government on the efficacy of the cuichuncullo, a medicinal remedy of considerable repute in the cure of elephantiasis, andanalogousdisorders throughout the Caraccas. Its generic name is viola parriflura, and it was described some years since in a letter from Dr. Bancroft, addressed to the society, as "jonidia parvi. flora," who pointed out its utility in several cases in Jamaica. The remedy was first employed by the Abbe Velasco, who derived his knowledge from the Indians, and its efficacy was described in high terms by the Medical Board of Caraccas and other authorities.
METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY. This Society resumed its meetings Nov. 22, under the presidency of Dr. Birkbeck. A paper was read on the Winds and their causes, by Professor H. W. Dooe of Berlin; and on the 13th Dec. various communications were received from all parts of the country descriptive of the late storm of wind.
Nov. 29. J. E. Gray, esq. President in the chair. A general meeting for the election of officers and council, was held this evening, it being the anniversary of the birthday of John Ray, the illustrious English botanist, and which is in future to be the anniversary of the Society. J. E. Gray, esq. was elected President, and Dr. Macreight and C. Johnson, esq. Vice Presidents.—A paper was read by Mr. Meeson, on the physiology and formation of wood.
Dec. 15. The Secretary read a communication from Dr. M'lntyre, F.L. S. on the plants growing spontaneously on and about Warley-common, Essex. He stated that the number of genera of which he had seen specimens exceeds 340, including ten genera of ferns. A communication from Mr. Dcnnes, confirming
the habitats of some rare plants found round Deal, Kent, as mentioned in Mr. Watson's "New Botanist's Guide," was also read. ST. JAMES'S ORNITHOLOGICAL 80CIETY.
Dec. 13. This new society held a meeting this evening at Pimlico, Stafford Row. A list of the newly-elected members was read; among them were the names of the Duke of Bedford, the Earls of Egremont, Fitzwilliam, and Rosslyn; Viscounts Combermere, Melbourne, and Sydney; Lord Hill, Lord John Russell, and the following Members of Parliament—Mr. Childers, Sir Wm. Clayton, Mr. Ridley Colbome, Mr. Dick, Mr. Ewart, Sir George Grey, Mr. Hutt, Mr. Strutt, and SirEardley Wilniot. The secretary stated that the Earl of Egremont had announced his intention of presenting a pair of Hooper swans to the society, that Lord Derby had given a pair of summer ducks, and that the Duke of Bedford, in addition to his subscription of 1/., had sent a donation of 25/. The aviary of the Society is established on the ornamental water and islands in St. James's Park.
Nov. 25. Dr. Daubeny gave an account of the observations which he had made on several thermal waters in Germany this autumn, and noticed the recent discoveries of Ehrenburg, respecting the existence of infusoria in chalybeate springs, us well as in a fossil state in various rocks. He noticed also the observations on the earth's temperature, carried on at Brussels by Professor Quetelet.
Dec. 9. A paper was read by Professor Powell, entitled, "On Cause and Effect."
It was announced that Dr. Macbribe, Principal of Magdalen Hall, had accepted the office of President; Mr. Twiss, of University College, that of Treasurer; and Mr. Hill, of Christ Church, that of Secretary for the ensuing year.
WESTMINSTER MEDICAL SOCIETY.
Nov 19. Dr. Uwins this evening read a paper on Homoeopathy, ft consisted chiefly of a review of Hahnemann's published opinions and reasoning, with the additional enumeration of cases occurring in the author's own experience, strongly corroborating the new doctrine of infinitesimal doses. Immediately succeeding the reading of the paper, the author unfortunately left the room. The debate was nevertheless very animated. Dr. Bureaud again adduced many instances of the illusory character of the system: among others, the Report of Dr. Prechet, of Leipzic, was mentioned. The Literary Institutions, $c.
[Jan.violent disputes that lately occurred in the Homoeopathic Society of Paris, leading to its dissolution, was stated as an evidence of the absence of truth and philosophy in the doctrine; and the chemical analysis of some of the preparations by Mons. Trossaut, was instanced in proof of its empiricism. Every speaker strongly condemned the practice.
INSTITUTE or BRITISH ARCHITECTS. Dec. 5. The Institute held its first meeting for the session, when the following papers were read: A communication from Mr. Catherwood on removing houses in New York, with drawings; An essay by Mr. P. F. Robinson, on railway bridges, recommending the use of straight instead of skew arches, and a paper containing the results of a series of experiments to ascertain the strength of various works by Mr. Tredgold. Mr. Cowell exhibited his plan for altering windowsashes to facilitate the cleaningand the repairing of the same, and Mr. Bailie his new ventilating hopper. The appointment of a committee for the purpose of ascertaining whether the sculptures in the Elgin collection had been originally painted, was announced.
Dec. 19. At a meeting of the institute this evening, C. Barry, esq., V. P. in the chair, after several interesting letters were read, and donations received from honorary and corresponding members, and professors in various parts of the world, Mr. Britton read a paper " On the application of monastic, or Christian architecture to modern mansions; with reference to, and a description of Toddington, the seat of Charles Hanbury Tracy, esq. M. P." In the course of this essay, Mr. Britton traced the decline of monastic architecture, on the dissolution of religious houses by Hen. VIII., and the introduction of the Italian style by Holbein, &c, and pursued the history of the art to the revival of Gothic in the reign of Geo. III. under the auspices of Walpole, Warburton, Bentham, and others. From the absurd attempts at imitation made by Walpole, at Strawberry-hill, and by other amateurs of that time, he turned with congratulation to the vastly improved and extended knowledge of the style, so pre-eminently manifested in the recent competition for the designs for the new Houses of Parliament. During this short sketch, Mr. B. ventured upon some severe but discriminating criticisms, on the works of Inigo Jones, Sir Christopher Wren, the late Mr. Wyatt, &c, and endeavoured, (in contradiction to Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Wilkins,) to defend the architecture Literary Institutions, fyc.
at the middle ages, as being much more appropriate to this country, and to the wants of its inhabitants, than the classical, Pagan, temple-architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. The lecturer then proceeded to a minute description of the new mansion at Toddington, which excited much interest as the work of an amateur architect; the whole having been designed and erected during the last twelve years, by the accomplished proprietor of the manor. From the description of the vestibule, the cloister, the staircase, and the principal architectural facades, we should imagine that this mansion must fully support the lecturer in his assertion of the present improved taste, appreciation, and knowledge of the architecture of the middle ages.
Mr. T. L. Donaldson, the secretary of the institute, read a paper, illustrative of the Geological Section, just published in Professor Buckland's Bridgewater Treatise, of which section he exhibited and explained an enlarged drawing.
Amongst the donations of the evening we were gratified to observe one from several Fellows of the Institute, of their shares of the proceeds of the exhibition of the designs for the new Houses of Parliament, amounting to about £'90. This donation was received with great approbation; and, after the thanks of the meeting wire unanimously voted to the respective donors, and to Messrs. Britton and Donaldson for their interesting papers, the meeting adjourned.
Dee. 13. A meeting of this institution was held at their rooms in Lincoln'sInn-Fields; when Mr. J. Woolley gave a lecture on modern German Architecture. He observed on the improvement that had lately manifested itself strongly in the German style of buildings, which formerly, like our own, were mixed up of various styles, and often of the most heterogeneous masses. Gotthard Langhens, he stated to be amongst the first who wrought a reformation in the German architecture. Of this the Brandenburg Gate, at Berlin, is a grand and remarkable specimen. It is a fine attempt to return to the purity, grandeur, and simplicity of the true Grecian style. He justly eulogised the taste and skill of Schenkel, the Prussian architect, who followed still more successfully this reformation in architecture, as his works will show, the chief of which are the museum and the theatre at Berlin, and the grand guard house. He mentioned Schnor and other German architects in terms of admiration, and described the Gent. Mao. Vol. VII.
palaces and other public edifices erected recently by them in Munich, Dresden, and other capital cities of Germany.
There were many donations of books, drawings, &c, announced by the secretary. Amongst them was another portion of the splendid work "The Plans, Elevations, and Sections of the Alhambra," the once justly celebrated palace of the Moorish Kings of Granada. It is by Owen Jones, esq. architect, and it certainly surpasses all that we have hitherto witnessed of the magnificence and good taste of that very extraordinary people.
SOUTHWARK LITERARY SOCIETY.
Dec. 12. The first conversazione for the present season was held on this evening, at the society's house, in Bridgehouse-place. The utmost pains had been taken by the committee entrusted with the superintendence of the arrangements of the evening, to render this entertainment as highly intellectual and interesting as possible. Original papers were read by F. F. Stotham, esq. on "spontaneous combustion," and by — Meryon, esq. on the "Laocoon," illustrated by casts of that matchless group of ancient art. The introduction of music, vocal as well as instrumental, enlivened the evening; the performers being amateurs, chiefly members of the society.
The fitting up of the rooms was distinguished by a display of taste and elegance seldom witnessed, the walls of the lecture room being nearly covered with paintings by amateurs as well as modern masters; among the latter were some exceedingly pleasing pictures by Leslie, Bass, &c. with copies of paintings and mosaics from Pompeii; specimens of miminerals, fossils, and other natural productions, with many rare and curious examples of art.
So tasteful and elegant was the appearance which the lecture and readingrooms, thrown into one apartment for the occasion, presented, that a subscription was entered into by the members for the purpose of keeping up the recollection of the scene by a drawing, which was afterwards made by R. W. Bass, esq. and of which a print will be shortly published.
On Monday, Dec. 19, the King's Scholars of Westminster gave their third and last performance of the Adelphi of Terence in their Dormitory at the School; a crowded as well as classical audience evidently were present, from the enthusiasm with which they responded to the points M
made by the actors during the performance of this finished comedy. The mild and benevolent temper of Micio was well depicted by the quiet and placid enunciation of Balston.the Captain of the School. Demea, tbe testy, strict, and cautious parent, his brother, was exceedingly well represented by Howard. Feilde was excellent in Syrvs, particularly in thedrunken scene, where his free but vacant impertinence was irresistible. ^«*Amu* and Ctesipho were very genteel Athenian rakes.
The Epilogue, which we have given below, was humourously acted. It ridi.culed the centralization of philosophy on a recent occasion at Bristol, and amusingly adverted to the march of intellect, as exhibited in the puffing advertisements inserted in the broad sheet of the Times newspaper, &c.
Ergo iterum in scenam audemus prodire, Io-
Cerea queis labor est ringere corda pius.
Clarius exemplo, quale sit ira, patet:
Fiunt, an nostris festa aliena placet!t?
Hir sanr nostro tempore nemo sapit.