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The following is a returnto an order of the House of Commons, dated February 14th, 1837, stating the fees paid by Members of Parliament on taking their seatsupon a new writ.butwhich have now been abolished, see p. 415. For the order that Mr. Speaker do issue his warrant for a new writ, fee to the clerk of the House, 6*. 8rf.—For the warrant signed by Mr. Speaker for the new writ, fee to Mr. Speaker's Secretary, 10»,— For swearing every Member without and within doors upon the clerk of the crown's return, and upon any vacancy after the session begun, filing the certificate, and entering it in the return book, fee to the clerk of the House, 1/ 5a.—For every knight of the shire when sworn into the House upon the clerk of the crown's return, upon any vacancy after the session begun, fee to the Serjeant-at-Arms, 10*. — From every burgess on such vacancy, 5».—For every member sworn, upon the clerk of the crown's return, upon any vacancy after the session begun, fee to the doorkeepers, 5*.—The total fees payable by a knight of the shire upon taking his seat upon a vacancy, are 21. 16s. 8d By a burgess, 21. 11*. 8a\—These fee9 arcpayable under the table of fees settled by the House of the 22d of February, 1731, being the same as those entered in the journals on the 26th of February, 1700. They are now vested by Act of Parliament in the commissioners for regulating the offices of the House of Commons, and form part of the fund under their management.
It appears by a return just laid before Parliament, that the sums now charged upon Church Kates amount to 706,486/.; namely, 76,519/. due to the church-building commissioners, 587,014/. due to individuals, the debts contracted under the authority of Parliament, and 42,863/. due to the commissioners for the issue of Exchequer bills.
The following statement shows the vast increase which has taken place in the populous parish of Ma:y-le-bone, since the year 1811. Amount of moneys paid from 1811 to 1831, on account of churches and chapels, to church commissioners, and expense of purchases of sites, and buildings and fittings, including a sum of 20 000/. required by the Act for district churches, 144.694/., viz.—Parish church, 71,950/.; St. Mary's, 24,914/.; All Souls, 17.241/.; Christ Church, 14,926/.; and Trinity, 15,588/. Yearly average, 7232/. Amount paid for 20 years for repairs of churches and chapels, 12,200/.; yearly
average, 610/. Amount of Church Rates collected from the inhabitants for 20 years, 217,954/.; yearly average, 10,897/. Amount paid since 1SII for sacramental wine, coals, candles, and surplus washing for 20 years, 3,580/.; yearly average, 179/. A mount of money borrowed and received by the parish on the Church Rates, and from fees and pew rents from 1811 to 1831, 247,222/. Expense of passing Church Acts of Parliament since 1811 to 1831, 1500/. The average yearly loss to the parishfrom the additional ex. pences of the district churches and their receipt of the pew rents has been 500/. Amount paid by the parish in 1831 for clergymen, clerks, vergers, pew-openers, organists.audot-hcrofficers,5118/. Amount paid by the parish as principal, interest, and annuities in 1831, 10,819/. Expenses of repairs for roads to churches in 1831, 497/. Expenses attending the third service annually since 1821, 1500/. Additional rates levied on the parishioners since 1821, yearly average, 4000/ Number of poor in the workhouse in 1811, 1098. Expenses of bars, ropes, posts, bells, clocks, dials, and organ annually, 106/. In 1811 there were no charges for church officers.
According to the last report of the directors of the London and Birmingham Railway, it appears that they will be under the necessity of borrowing an additional million for the purpose of completing the works, increasing the probable cost of the line from 2,500,000/. (the originalestimate) to no less than 4,500,000/. In order to explain the necessity, the directors have appended to their report a comparison of the parliamentary estate with that which recent experience has forced upon them. From that comparison, it appears that there is an excess to the following amounts on the different heads of expenditure:— Land and compensation . .£256,500 Contract works . . . 442,238 Rails, chairs, &c. . . . 326,845 Stations and carrying department 328,236
General charges . . . 222,721
Total increase on the estimates . . . ,1576,610
In addition to the above, the following sums will be required for purposes not contemplated when the parliamentary estimates were made, viz.:—
Extension line to Euston
Interest onloans ... 114,261
And by these the entire cost of line will be increased to 4,441) 5831.
March 18. Great excitement has lately prevailed at Kensington, in consequence of summonses issued against twelve hundred rate-payers at the instance ofchurcbwardens tor non payment of rates for support of the Church during 183j. 183C, and 1837. The magistrates assembled in the board-room of the workhouse this day, and from an early hour the room was literally besiged by inhabitants. The objections were on the ground of illegality of the rate, from principle, from not having seats in Church, and from belief there were lands in the hands of the Church, quite sufficient to maintain the expenses of Divine worship without calling on the parish at large to do so. All the objections were over-ruled; the magistrates deciding that they had nothing to do with religious scruples, but were bound by law to enforce payment, and according directed distress-warrants to issue.
all further danger bad ceased. The damage done amounted to nearly 80,0001. The forth-coming volume of Dr. Lardner's Encyclopaedia, Lord Byron's works, various novels for Mr. Beutlty, the Statutes at Large, and many other works in the course of printing for the booksellers, were utterly destroyed. Of the' origin of the lire nothing is known.
March 20. About 8 o'clock. A. M., a serious tile broke out in the warehouse of the New Printing Office of Mr. Spottiswoode, the King's Printer. The office is situate in New Street Square, Fleet Street, and is of great extent. The fire commenced in the ware-room, which is about fifty feet in length by about forty in depth, and on the ground floor. The room was stored as full as it could hold with printed works in sheets. Happily the engines soon arrived; water was found in abundance; and by ten o'clock
Considerable interest has lately been excited amongst the members of the medical profession at Edinburgh, by the admission of a patient into the Royal Infirmary, who reported that she had swallowed a brass padlock! About five weeks ago, whilst amusing herself with a friend, she put the padlock into her mouth, and it instantly slipped down her throat 1 Dining the succeeding twentyfour hours she felt as if the padlock were wedged in the throat, and experienced a painful sense of suffocation, after which she felt little pain or inconvenience, and concealed the accident from her friends until Sunday, the 19th of February, w hen .-he was admitted into the hospital as a patient of Professor Lizars'. Dr. Johnston, Professor Lizars' hospital assistant, finding the patient in imminent danger, instantly, and unassisted, introduced an instrument, invented for the purpose, into the gullet, and succeeded in extracting the padlock, to the immediate and complete relief of the sufferer. The padlock measured an inch and an eighth in breadth, and two-thirds in length.
Feb. 28. A new opera, by Mr. J. Harnett, called Fair Rosamond, was produced, founded on the well-known story in our nursery history of England, of Henry II. and his paramour named Fair Rosamond. A sillier plot could not easily have been found. Mr. Barnett has striven beyond reason to compose strange music, which is, generally speaking, clever and ugly.
COVENT GARDEN THEATRE.
Jan. 4. A play by Mr. E. L. Bulwer, called The Duchess of La Valiert, was
ftraduced. It is an illustration of the ife and times of Louis XIV. of France. We do not quarrel with Mr. Bulwer for his dramatic attempt; genius is privileged to assume a variety of forms; and, in the present day, the drama is in sad want of candidates. That his play is a failure we confess. The plot is conducted too much after the unwholesome fashion of the modern French dramatic school,— vide Dumas, Hugo, Sic.
Jon. 20. A "petit comedy," called The Country Squire, or Two Days at the Hall,by Mr. Charles Dance, was produced. This drama was full of pleasant and well-seasoned dialogue; the characters well brought together, and well acted.
March 27. The Easter piece was a new melo-dramatic production, entitled, Noureddin and the fair Persian, or the Bright Star of Morn; the plot of which is taken from the well-known story in the Arabian Nights' Entertainments. The scenery was remarkably splendid.
ST. JAMES'S THEATI1E.
Feb. 20. A new burletta, by Mrs. C. Hall, entitled The French Refugee, was brought forward. The principal character of the piece was cleverly personated by Mr. Morris Barnett, and the heroine, Julie, by Miss Allison. It was completely successful.
March 6. An excellent farce, called Is she his W\fe? was brought out, which was full of humour, and met with well merited success.
PROMOTIONS; PREFERMENTS, &c.
Feb. 4. Lord Bateman to use the surname of Bateman before that of Hanbury.
Feb. 24. 2d dragoon guards, Lieut.-Gen. SirT. G. Montressorto lieCol.—Rifle Brigade, brevet Major T. E. Kelly to be Major.—Adm. Sir L. W. lialsted to be G.C.B.
Feb. 28. Vice-Adm. Ross Donelly, and Rear-Admirals Francis Wm. Austen and George Mundy, to be K.C.B.
March 1. Vise. Falkland, to be of the Trivy Council.—Knighted, Woodbine Parish, esq. late Consul-general at Buenos Ayres; Lieut.Gen. Robert Barton; Major-Gen. Thos. Hawker; Edw. Chctham, esq. Capt. R.N.; Thos. Mansell, esq. Capt. R.N.; Thos. Coltman, esq. Justice of the Court of Common Pleas; Adam Drummond, esq. Vice-Adm. of the Blue; and Lieut.-Gen. Augustus De Butts, Roy. l-.ng. K H
'March 8. Knighted, Lieut.-Gen. Alex. Hnlkctt, K.C.H. and Lieut.-Col. Hen. Geo. Macleod, Lieut.-Govemor of St. Christopher's.
Knighted, at Dublin, Dr. Francis W. Smith, and Thomas l'inlay, esq. late High Sheriff of co. Cavan. „. . , „
March 10. Lieut,-Gen. Fir John Doveton and Major-Gen. Sir John W. Adams, E.I.C. to be G Cli —Major-Generals William Casement, Sir Joseph O'Halloran, Knt., Alex. Caldwell, Sir Robert Houstmin,Bt. R. Stevenson, James L Caldwell, James L. Lushington, James Russell, Charles Deacon, and David Leighton, all of E. I. Co's service, to be K.C.B.
1st Foot, Capt. Rich. Bennett, to be Major; 39th, Major Joseph Wakefield to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt T. Wright to be Major; Unattached, Major H. H. Farquharson to be Lt.-Col.
1) R Flaw, esq. to be Consul at Dantzic; and Joseph Egan, esq. at the Cape Verde
The brothers and sister of the Earl of Burlington to have the same precedence as if their father W. Cavendish had succeeded to the dig
mMarch 13. Harrison Gordon Codd, esq. of Kensington, (lately appointed one of the Police Magistrates at Worship-street) to be Equerry to the Duke of Sussex.
March 14. John Rice Crowe, esq. to be Consul for the province of Finmarken, in Norway ; and Henry Sarell Ongley, esq. to be Consul in the Island of Candia.
March 17. Col. J. Cassidy, to be Lieut.-Col. of the 80th regt.—Capt. John Macphail, to be Major in the army.
The Earl of Carlisle to be K.G.; the Bishop of Oxford to be Chancellor of the Garter.
March 19. Major-Gen. Sir John Harvey, KCH to be Lieut.-Governor of New Brunswick'.—Charles Augustus FitzRoy, esq. to be Lieut.-Governor of Prince Edward's Island.
March 23. Alfred Arthur Lott, of Healing, co. Lincoln, esq. in compliance with the will of his maternal grandfather Gilbert Farr, of Healing, esq. to take the name of Wallis only, and bear the arms of Wallis.
March 24. 11th Foot, Lieut.-Gen. Sir R. S. Donkin, K.C.B. to be Colonel; 23dIFoot, Major W. Ross to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt. W. Fenwick, to be Major; 80th Foot, Lieut -Gen. Sir John Taylor, K.C.B. to be Colonel; Major N. Baker, to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt. J. Bowler to be Major.
Naval Appointtnentt.-CxaX.. A. tans»aw<! and Coinm. Sainthull to the Princess Charlotte 104; Comm. <>gle to the Hercules 74; tapt. 1. Leith to the Seringapatam 46; Comm. Wickham to the Beagle 10.
Lord Greenock to command the forces in Scotland; Gen. Sir A. Norcott the Southern district in Ireland; Major-Gen. Sir Guy Lestrange the south-western district in Ireland; Major-Gen. Sir J. Douglas to be Governor of Guernsey; Col. Warre to be Commandant at Chatham.
Membersreturned to serve in Parliament.
Anglcsea.—Vim. Owen Stanley, esq.
Rev. II. Aylirnr. Pirbright P. C. co. Surrey.
Rev. J. Baillie, Lissingion V. co. Lincoln.
Rev. H. D. Bolton, Wingfield P. C. Suffolk.
Rev. G. B. Boraston, St. Wendrow V. Cornwall.
Rev. L. B. Boston, Somerby R. co. Lincoln.
Rev. J. Caporn, Takeley V. Essex.
Rev. H. Creed, Mollis ft. Suffolk.
Rev. M. Davies, Llan Arnion Dyffryn-C'eiriog R. co. Denbigh.
Rev. J. Frith, Rathaspeck R. Ireland.
Rev. D. J. George, St. Devereux R. co. Heref.
Rev. T. G. F. Howes. Bolton R. Suffolk.
Rev. G. H. H. Hutchinson, Westport V. Wilts.
Rev. C. J. Hutton, Ilketshall St. John's R. Suffolk. „ _ ,
Rev. A. lsham, Weston Turville R. Bucks.
Rer. C. Jesson, Enville 11. co. Stafford.
Rev. W. C. Johnson, Diptford R. Devon. Rev. W. Jones, Baschurch V. Salop. Rev. J. Joyce, Dorking V. Surrey.
Rev. T. O.Leman, Brampton R. Suffolk. Rev. T. Mack, Tunstead R. Norfolk. Rev. J. Matthews, Wetwang R. York. Rev. T. B. Murray, St. Dunstan in the East R. London.
Rev. C. N. L'Oste, Moorby V. co. Lincoln. Rev. E. Payne, Swalcliffe V. Kent. Rev. L. Purbeck, Chippenham V. Wilts. Rev. E. Pollard, Evedon R. co. Lincoln. Rev. E. Thompson, Aspatria V. Cumberland. Rev. J. M. Robinson, Barrington V. co. Canib.
Kev. H. J. Rose, Houghton Conquest R. co. Bedford. . „ _ ,
Rev. T. Weighell, Marsworth V. Bucks.
Rev. E. C. Wells, Ixworth V. Suffolk.
Rev. J. R. West, Madingley V. co. Cambridge.
Rev. S. D. Wilde, Fletching V. Sussex.
Rev. C. Williams, Hauxton V. co. Cambridge.
Rev. H. Williams, Radir V.co. Glamorgan.
Rev. W. Wright, Healing R. co. Lincoln.
Chaplains. The Dean of Cloyne, to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Rev. W. H. Evered, to Baroness Sempill. Rev. J. Shackley, to the Earl of Westmoreland.
Civil Preferments. Stephen Woulfc, asq. to be Attorney-general of Ireland. To be Recorders: Bath, D. Janliue, esq.;
Gloucester, G. Chilton, esq.: Hereford, J. G. Smith, esq.; Hull, M. T. Baines, esq^.;
Leeds, R. B. Armstrong, esq.; Rye, Sir Fred. Pollock. M. Herman Merivale, M.A. to be Professor of Political Economy in the University of Oxford.
Feb. 11. At Cucklington, Somersetshire, the wife of the Rev. R. C. Phelips, a son. 18. At Child Okcfonl, Dorsetshire, the wife of
Capt. H. W. Berkeley Portman, a dau. 20.
At Exmouth, the Hon. Mrs. Osborne, a dan.
31. At Brighton, the wife of Sir Hamilton
Seymour, a dau. 24. In South Audley-st.
the Lady Gcorgiana Mitford, a son. 25. At
Breadsall Rectory, near Derby, the wife of the Rev. H. Crewe, a dau. At Plymouth, the
wife of Sir H. Blackwood, a dau. 27. In
Bruton-st. Lady Cottenham, a dau. 28. In
Manchester-sq. the wife of H. Pearse, esq. a
Lately. At Bicester, Visc'tess Chetwynd, a dau.-— At Motcombe House, Dorset, the Countess Grosvenor, a son.
March 2. At Bonchill, StafTordshire, I-ady Jane Peel, a dau. At East Woodhay Rectory, Hants, the wife of the Rev. Douglas
Hodgson, a son. 3. In Park-lane, the wife
ofW. Villiers Stuart, esq. M.P. a son.- 5.
At Embleton Vicarage, Northumberland, the
wife of the Rev. G. Rooke, a dau. At Dud
dingston House, N. B. Lady Harriet Uaillie
Hamilton, a son. In Wellieck-st.Cavendish
sq. the wife of Archdeacon Robinson, a dau. 6. In Dover-st. the wife of Robert Gosling, esq. a dau. In Saville-row, the wife of
Dr. Bright, a dau. 7. At Robert Pattison's,
esq. Wrackleford House, Dorset, the Hon.
Mrs. H. Ashley, a dau. 9. At Cheltenham,
the wife of the Rev. E. Reed, of Miserden,
Park, Gloucestersh. adau. At the vicarage,
Berrow, Somersetsh. the wife of the Rev. He
neageGibbs, ason. 10. In Canonbury-lane,
Islington, Mrs. Cornelius Paine, jun. a dau.
12. At Lilley rectory, Herts, the wifeof the
Rev. Alex. Uenn Kussell, a son. 16. At
Cuxham rectory, the wife of the Rev. F. Rowden, a son. The wife of H. F. Talbot, esq.
of Lacock Abbey, Wilts, a "dau. 19. At
Brighton, the wife of Major Graham, a dau.
MARRIAGES. Feb. 7. In Burlington-gardens, W. B. Harcourt, esq. of St. Leonard's, Berks, to Eliz. Georgiana Harriet, eldest dau. of the Hon. Col. Cavendish. 8. At St. Mary's, Bryanstone- sq. Major-Gen. Boardman to Mrs. Elizabeth Beaumont, of Montagu-street, Montagu-sq.
11. At Exeter, Drewry Ottley, esq. of
So'uthernhay, to Anna Waldron, only dau of the late Geo. Giffbrd, esii. and niece to the late
Lord Gifford. 14. At Norwood, the Rev. C.
Turner, to Sarah-Anne, dau. of T. G. Knapp,
esq. AtCork.the Hon.and Rev.W.O'Grady
to Isabella Sabina, fourth dau. of the late
Henry Hewett, of Sidney Place. At Hanley
Castle, Samuel Wall, esq. of Worthy Park, Hants, to Eliza Anne, second dau. of Sir Anthony Lechmere, Bt. of Worcestersh. 15. At
St. George's, Hanover-sq. the Karl of Wiuchelsea and Nottingham, to the Hon. Miss Emily Georgiana Bagot, eldest dau. of the Right
Hon. Sir C. Bagot. At Woolwich, Chas. M.
Deane, esq. of Winchester, to Catharine Mary,
eldest dau. of Capt. Willis, R.A. At Saint
Mary's, Bryanstone-sq. W. Johnson, esq. to Anne, relict of the Rev. Dr. Stephens, of Devonshire-place. 16. At Bath, Robert, eldest
son of Robert Radclyffe, esq. of Foxdenton Hall, Lancashire, to Agnes, second dau. of the late Rev. H. Sill, of Burton, Westmoreland.
22. At Clifton, the Rev. J. Castle Burnett, to
Emily-Eliz. 3d dau. of the late Col. Bull, R.A.
23. At Newtontony, Wilts, C. St. Lo Malet,
esq. second son of the late Sir C. W. Malet, Bart, of Wilbury, Wilts, to Jane St. Lo, only child of the late J. Clarke, esq. of Burbage,
Leicester. At Cheltenham, A. B. Chisholm,
esq. of Devonshire-st. toMatilda, 2d dau. of J.
Webster, esq. of Cheltenham, and formerly Speaker of the House of Assembly of the Bahama Islands. 25. At Clapham, H. Robinson,
esq. British Vice Consul at Patras, to Anne,
widow of the late John Kettlewell, esq. At
Christ Church, St. Marylebone, Joseph Hobbs, esq. of Mortimer-street and Kew-green, to Miss Sarah Pepper, niece to W. Penlay, esq. of Connaught-terracc, Hyde-park. 2G. At
Barwell, Leicestershire-George Win. Key, esq. 13th Hussars, to Jane Frances Matilda, second dau. of John Pearson, esq. of Tettenhall-wood, Staffordshire, and Advocate General of Bengal.
28. At St. Pancras, Capt. John Ward,
E. I C. to Emily Jane, dau. of the late Capt. Butcher, 11th dragoons.
March 1. At Nottingham, the Rev. J. Hoby, D.I), to Eliz. dau. of the late W. Wilson, esq.
of I'luinptre House, Nottingham. At limit It,
Duncan Milne, 24th Reg. Bombay Native Inf. eldest son of the late Lieut.-Col. Milne, to Helen Patricia, dau. of the late Sir James
Dunbar, Bart. At Woolwich, Archibald
Hale Monro, esq. 92d Highlanders, to Grace,
eldest dau. of Capt. Reynolds Palmer, R.A.
At Wirksworth, the Rev. Joseph Wigram, of St. James's, Westminster, to Susan Maria, second dau. of Peter Arkwright, esq. of Rock
House, Matlock. At Ardbrunan, Cant. H.
Phillpotts, 59th Regt. second son of the Bishop of Exeter, to Anne E. Waller, dau. of the late John Young, esq. of l'hilliiottstown House, co.
Meath. At St. Martin's, James Armstrong
Figg, esq. eldest son of the late Lieut.-Col. Figg, to Marv, only dau. of the late Capt. Mayson Wright, R.N. 2. At Great Milton, Oxfordshire, T. B. M. Baskerville, esq. of Clyro Court, Radnorshire, to Eliz. Mary, niece of Sir John Guise, Bart, of Rendcomb Park Gloucestershire. At Bath, the Rev. C. H. Tyler, to Eliza, dau. of the late W. Lowndes, esq. of the Bury, Chesham. 6. At Anthony, Cornwall, the Hon. John Arthur Lysaght, eldest son of the Right Hon. Lord Lisle, to Henrietta Anne, lifth ilau. of the late John Church, esq.
of Bedford-pl. Russell-sq. London. At Wis
beach, the Rev. Fred. Le Grice, Vicar of Great Gransden, Huntingdonshire, to Eliz. dau. of Capt. Swaine, R.N At Taunton, D. Godfrey, esq. of Abingdon, to Helen, dau. of Sir
Robert Seppings, F.R.S. 8. At St. George's,
Hanover-sq. the Rev. H. Dixon, Vicar of Ferring, Sussex, to Anne, only dau. of the late
Major Austin, of Gouldhurst, Kent. 9. At
Bishop's Lydeard, the Rev. W. Wyndham Malet, son of the late Sir C. W. Malet, Bart, to Eliza Drake, dau. of E. J. Esdaile, esq. of Cothelston House, near Taunton. At Bath, the Rev. R. Meek, rector of Brixton Deverell, Wilts, to Emma, dau. of the late John Donald
Macqueen, esq. At Benendcn, Edw. Barrett
Curteis, esq. M.P. to Charlotte Lydia, dau. of Thos. Law Hodges, esq. M.P. of Hemsted,
Kent. AtSt. Mltrtin's-in-the-nelds, the Rev.
R. Boothby Heathcote, to Charlotte Sotheby, second dau. of the late Adm. and Lady Mary Anne Sotheby, and niece of Lady De Clifford.
11. At St. Marylebone, T. E. Fielder, esq.
of Doctors' Commons and Gloucester-pl. Portman-sq. to Maria, younger dau. of the late W.
Ashlin, esq. of Cranford-lodgc, Middlesex.
16. At Clifton, the Rev. H. H. Hayes, of Bath, to Letitia Catherine, eldest dau. of the late Lt.
Col. Lawrence. At Lambeth Palace, Win.
Kingsmill, of Sydmonton, esq. Hants, to Anne
Jane, itau.of the Archbishop ofCanterbury.
At Twickenham, W. F.Campbell, of Islay, esq. M.P. to Catharine Isabella, ilau. of the late S. T. Cole, of Twickenham, Middlesex, and of Stoke Lyne, Oxfordshire, and Lady Eliz. Cole,
sister to the Earl of Derby. 17. Francis
Rodd, esq. eldest son of the Rev. Dr. Rodd, of Trebartha-hall, to Mary, eldest dau. of the Rev. J. S. Rashleigh, Rector of Wickham, Hants.
Gustavl'b IV. Ex-King Of Sweden. Feb. 7. At St. Gall, Switzerland, aged 58, Gustavus Adolphus IV. exKing of Sweden.
He was born Nov. 1, 1778, the only son of King Gustavus III. by SophiaMagdalene of Denmark, eldest daughter of King Frederick V and his first Queen the Princess Louisa of England, youngest daughter of King George the Second; and was consequently second-cousin to our present sovereign, William the Fourth. At the age of fourteen he became King of Sweden, on the assassination of hisfather March 29, 1792 (see memoir of Gustavus III. in Gent. Mag. lxii. 385). The regency was vested in hisuncle the Duke of Sudermania, who refused to assist in the war against France, to v. Inch Gustavus III. had agreed previous to his assassination. When the young king first came of age he appeared resolved to follow the same pacific system; but that wise resolution did not continue to be held for any length of time. The Empress of Russia wished to bava him mar ried to her favourite daughter, Catharine I'aulowna, afterwards successively Duchess of Oldenburgh and Queen of Wirtemburg; a marriage which would have been highly advantageous to himself and his kingdom. But when every thing was prepared, when he had actually arrived in St. Petersburgh, and the court of Russia was assembled to witness the ceremony, and only waited for the coming of the young King, he refused to sign the contract, and shut himself up in his apartment, because the Empress bad inserted a clause that his future Queen was to be allowed to profess the religion of the Greek church, which was contrary to the laws of Sweden. This occasioned great displeasure at the Court of Russia, and was in facta prelude to the unwise conduct by which the unfortunate Gustavus lost his throne.
Not very long after this unfortunate transaction, Gustavus married a Princess of Baden, and was at that place, on a visit to his father-in-law, when the Duke d'Enghein was seized by orders of Buonaparte, and dragged to Paris, in violation of the neutrality of the country of Baden, in which he had taken refuge. On hearing this, the King of Sweden immediately despatched an aid-de-camp with a letter to Buonaparte, and with orders to leave nothing untried to save the Duke j but the noble effort was useless, the deed was done before the messenger arrived. Gustavus was greatly grieved as well as enraged at Napoleon, whom he could neverforgive for that terrible transaction. He, notwithstanding the example of all theother sovereigns on the continent, persisted in refusing to recognize Buonaparte as Emperor of France; ordered his ambassador to leave Paris, and dismissed the French ambassador from Sweden; while at the same time he returned to the King of Prussia the order of the Black Eagle, with which Napoleon had been invested, saying, "That he never could, according to the laws of knighthood, consent to be I rotber companion of theassassin of the Duke d'Enghein."
When Napoleon had become Emperor, and deprived theEmperor of Germany of his title, Gustavus positively refused to recognize that arrangement, or to receive an ambassador from Francis as Emperor of Austria.
When war was renewed on the continent with France, Gustavus joined thecoalition, received a subsidy from England, and, having settled a regency at Stockholm, crossed the Baltic with a small army to his territories in Pomerania, in order to act in conjunction with Russia, according to circumstances. The battle of Austerlitz having put an end to the co-operation, Gustavus, after remaining in Pomerania nearly with as much obstinacy as hispredecessor Charles XII. did at Bender, was compelled to return to Stockholm; but he refused to take any part in theDiet held at Ratisbon. Gustavus then drew still closer bis connexion with England, and determined to persevere in resisting Napoleon's political system. He made all the opposition he could to the occupation of Hanover by Prussian troops and declared war on that nation. Having abolished servitude in Pomerania, he ordered a levy in mass of all the inhabitants, and declared war against France, at thevery moment that a French army, such as be had no power to cope with, was almost under the walls of Stralzund. The treaty of Tilsit, which soon after followed, completed themisfortunes of Sweden. Pomerania, her only continental possession, had already fallen into the hands of the French j and a coalition of France, Russia, Prussia, and Denmark, was formed against Sweden, which prepared theway for the seizure of