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Feb. 14. Sir W. Molmcorth moved for leave to bring in a Bill, " to abolish the Property Qualification of members of Parliament," which, after some discussion, was negatived by a majority of 133 to 104.
Feb. 15. The Imprisonment for Debt Abolition Bill (except in certain cases) was read a second time, on the motion of the Attorney-General, on an understanding that the discussion should be taken on the question of going into committee.
Mr. Babies brought in a Bill to amend the Municipal Corporations' Act, so far as to afford relief to those officers elected under it, who had conscientious scruples against making the declaration required by that act.
Feb. 16. Mr. C. Lushington moved a resolution declaratory, " That it is the opinion of the house, that the sitting of the Bishops in Parliament is unfavourable in its operation to the general interests of the Christian religion in this country, and tends to alienate the affections of the people from the Established Church."—Lord J. Russell strongly resisted the motion, as not only proposing an unwarranted change in the constitution, but as unjust towards the body against whom the proceeding was levelled; for it was saying to them their interests should have no representatives in either house.—Mr. Ewart supported the motion, considering that the Bishops in the House of Lords constituted a body that did not work beneficially for religion or for legislation.— On a division, the motion was negatived by a majority of 197 to 92.
Feb. 17. The Irish Municipal CorPorations' Bill was read a second time
and committed The Attorney General
then moved the order of the day for bringing up the report of the Municipal Corporations' Act Amendment Bill. —Mr. Scarlett proposed a clause, giving to burgesses at large in all boroughs the power to elect aldermen.—The AttorneyGeneral opposed the clause, and on the House dividing, the numbers were—for the clause, 34; against it, 93: majority against the clause, 59. — Several other
amendments were proposed and discussed at considerable length, but negatived without any division, and the third reading of the Bill was fixed for the 20th.
Feb. 20. Lord /. Russell having moved that the House resolve itself into Committee on the Irish Municipal CorpoRations' Bill, Lord F. Egerton renewed his motion of the last session — " That the committee on the Bill for the regulation of Municipal Corporations in Ireland be empowered to make provision for the abolition of such corporations, and for such arrangements as may be necessary, on their abolition, for securing the efficient and impartial administration of justice, and the peace and good government of cities and towns in Ireland." His Lordship denied the version given of the arguments of those who resisted the Bill; and particularly those expressions which ascribed the refusal of municipal institutions to Ireland, because it was inhabited by Irishmen. — Mr. Ward opposed the amendment, and defended the conduct of the Irish government Mr. Maclean supported the amendment.—Mr. Bellew spoke in favour of the original motion.—Mr. P. Borthwick said, the real question at issue was, disguise it as they pleased, whether democracy should prevail over monarchy, and national infidelity over religion.—Mr. Poulter contended that the claims of the Irish people to municipal corporations were as unanswerable as they had been unanswered.— Lord Stanley supported the amendment, contending that the struggle was for Protestant or Catholic ascendancy, and that, though the ministers said they desired to maintain the Protestant establishment, their actions spoke a contrary language. He should therefore resist a measure that could only sanction tyrannous monopoly.
The question was then adjourned; and occupied the attention of the House for two successive nights; when, on a division, there appeared, for Lord Egerton's amendment, 242; for the original motion, 322; being a majority of 80 in favour of ministers.
A new Municipal law, greatly in favour of the government, and which occupied the attention of the Chamber for the period of ten days, has been passed, by a majority of 204 to 70. Thus has a material blow been struck at the remaining liberties of the French people. As
the laws of September place the press under the direct control of the ministry, and the elective law leaves the country and its representatives under a similar influence, the present regulation removes from the people their last right and shadow of self-government, and places their private affairs, the administration of their villages and communes, under the keeping of the prefects, the public government functionaries.
Foreign News.—Domestic Occurrences.
The trial of the Strasburg prisoners, for the share they had in the attempt of Louis Buonaparte to raise the standard of revolt in that city, has terminated in their acquittal—and this, too, in the face of the avowal and exultation of some of the accused in the share they took in the crime for which they were arraigned. The decision was received with great joy by the populace of Strasburg. The solemn acquittal of men who made no secret of their guilt before the Court which tried them—nay, who even gloried in the acknowledgment — may be a source of exultation to the multitude; but few calm rational minds will look upon such a verdict without alarm, as furnishing the government with a strong argument against the competency of French citizens to participate in the administration of justice.
The Moniteur of the 15th of Feb. published an ordonnance, depriving Marshal Clausel of his post of governor-general and commander-in-chief of the African colonies and forces, owing, as it is supposed, to the unfortunate affair before Constantine.His successor is Count Dauremont.
The Spanish Cortes have passed a decree excluding from the succession to the throne Don Curios and his descendants— the Infant Don Miguel (of Braganza), Don Sebastian, Gabriel de Bourbon, Donna Maria Teresa, and their respective descendants.
The government is in a very unsettled state. According to recent accounts, it had quarrelled with one of its bravest and most deserving generals, Narvaez: it is even added, that he bad been arrested, and sent to Cuenca, to take his trial for disobedience of orders.
PORTUGAL. The Portuguese Cortes were opened on the 26th of Jan. by a speech from the Queen, in which,among other things, she said "It is with singular satisfaction I now see myself surrounded by therepresentatives of the nation. I trust that you
will make those alterations and modifications in our constitutional institutions which thenew wants and lights of the present epoch have rendered necessary. In this way you will consolidate public liberty and public happiness, to accomplish which is the principal object of my thoughts and my cares. Order, confidence, and public credit have revived under a reforming Administration—an Administration sincerely pledged to maintain the authority of the laws, and to diminish the public expenditure and burdens, without thereby retarding the benefits to be derived from a combined system of progress and amelioration."
The new American President is Mr. Van Buren, who had a majority of the people in all the states, except South Carolina, over the combined opposition, of 27,713: and a majority of 16,313, including South Carolina. In 1832 General Jackson's aggregate vote was 707,217; Mr. Van Buren's now is 761,632.
A letter from Troy, United States, dated Jan. 2nd, 1837, states that,—" The lower part of our city has become a modern Pompeii. Last evening, about seven o'clock, the hill at the lower part of the city slid down, covering up houses, barns, &c, with men, women, and children in them. It has covered up every thing half-way to the river, passing over Sixth, Fifth, and Fourth-streets, to Third-street. Never was there greater consternation; the whole city is in motion. Eight dead human bodies have already been found, and nineteen horses."
From Mexico we learn that the news of Santa Ana's release from confinement has not been very well received by the majority of the Mexicans. The preparations for an expedition continued, and the troops had been reinforced by a column of 1,100 men from St. Louis. Thewhole force at Matamoras did not, however, exceed 3,000 men, all of whom are said to be in a wretched condition, and living on half rations for want of provisions. The Northern Indians in their incursions had carried off all the wild horses and mules they had found.
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. See of York.—Two orders in council have been published in theLondon Gazette, ratifying thefifth and sixth propo
sitions of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners of England. The first relates to the Archbishopric of York and to the bishoprics of Durham and Ripon: the second to the bishoprics of Lichfield and Coventry and Worcester. The main objects of the first are, to charge the See of Durham with its proposed contribution towards the smaller bishoprics, and to endow the newly-constituted bishopric of Ripon. The contribution from Durham is to be made partly by a transfer of estates belonging to the see, but situate in Yorkshire, and partly by a fixed money payment to an account opened by the commissioners at the Bank of England. The annual sum thus charged upon the revenues of the See of Durham, so as to leave the bishop the annual average income of S,000/. allotted by the act, after allowing for the value of the abstracted estates, is 11,200/. The estates abstracted from Durham are transferred to the new see, with some other property, from the See of York; and a fixed annual sum of 2,200/. is to be paid to the bishop by the commissioners, which, together with the estimated value of transferred estates, is to provide him with the allotted average income of 4,500/. The effect of this form of endowment is to place the bishop of the new see as nearly as possible upon the same independent footing as the other Bishops of England and Wales. The patronage of five livings is also assigned to the Bishop of Ripon. The Archdeaconry of Coventry is transferred to Worcester. By this transfer the name will be changed from Lichfield and Coventry to Lichfield only.
The Dean and Chapter of Lincoln Cathedral have addressed a memorial to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners (of whom the Bishop of Lincoln is one) protesting against many of the recommendations contained in their report; particularly those for curtailing the pov er and patronage of the Dean and Chapter, and abolishing nearly the whole of the Prebendal Stalls. The memorial dwells strongly upon the proposition to concentrate the patronage in the bishops, and designates it as a "direct invasion of vested rights." The monopoly of patronage by the bishops they think will be the means of overlooking obscure merit, and encourage unworthy endeavours to procure interest with those who have so much to distribute.
A meeting of the clergy of the archdeaconry was lately held in Oxford, when it was resolved that petitions be presented to both Houses of Parliament, against carrying into effect the recommendations affecting Cathedral Churches, made in the Reports of His Majesty's Commissioners appointed to consider the state of the Established Church, with reference to ecclesiastical duties and revenues.
Jan. 29. The Bishop of Gloucester
and Bristol consecrated the new district church at Cainscross, near Stroud. The foundation stone was laid by Airs. Daubeney of Bath, and Mrs. Cripps of Stonehouse, on the 23th Aug. 1835. The architect is Mr. Baker of Painswick, who has produced a pleasing composition in the latest style of pointed architecture. The locality is one of extreme beauty. The interior consists of a nave and two aisles; the pillars and mouldings are light, and each pillar has a recess suited to the reception of a beam—an admirable contrivance, by means of which galleries for the accommodation of 500 persons may be built at a greatly reduced expense, when the increase of the population renders it necessary. The pews are constructed in a style which harmonizes admirably with that of the architecture. About 150 sittings are free, and the rents of the others are to be devoted to the augmentation of the income of the minister; there are also 150 free sittings in an ornamented gallery at the west end, in which is a fine organ, presented to the church by W. Cosham, esq. The chancel is very beautifully fitted up; the table, chairs, &c. were given by Mrs. Daubeney of Bath, and the carved stone altar-piece is the gift of Miss Clutterbuck. The amount expended on the edifice exceeds 3,600/., a large portion of which was raised by voluntary subscription. The church is endowed by Colonel Daubeney of Bath, who has invested 1,000/. in the funds, and a further sum as a repairing fund. The patronage has been assigned to this gentleman; and he has nominated his son, the Rev. H. W. B. Daubeney, B.A. the Incumbent. The district to be assigned to the church, comprises the villages of Ebley, Cainscross, Westrip, Dudbridge, and Paganhill.
The York Chronicle observes that 700/. and upwards has been subscribed towards building a new church at Middleborouyh, —a town which has, within the last six years, risen to grace the banks of the Tees with its large and convenient staith for the shipping of coals, its wharfs, &<•. and an increasing population of now 2,500.
LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. Court of King's Bench, Stockdale v. Hansard, Feb. 7. — This was a singular and important case, as involving the assumed privileges of the House of Commons with regard to the publication of their Journals. The action was brought by the plaintiff, a bookseller, against the defendants, for the publication of a report alleged to have been presented to the House of Commons by the inspectors of prisons, and ordered to be printed by the House. The libel complained of was, that in the report in question there was a statement of various books having been found in Newgate by the inspectors in the rooms of the prisoners, and that amongst them was one published by the plaintiff, which was of " a disgusting nature, and the plates obscene and indecent in the extreme." The defendants to this pleaded, first, that they were not guilty; next, that the alleged libel was true. During the progress of the case it was stated that there had been a plea of justification of the publication, on the ground that the defendants were the printers to the House of Commons, that the House of Commons had ordered the report to be printed by the defendants, and that they had therefore printed the report in obedience to such order of the House. The plea was struck out under the order of Mr. Justice Littledale. This plea was strongly contended for by the Attorney-General. Lord Denman, on summing up the case, distinctly stated that he was " not aware of the existence in this country of any body whatever which can privilege any servant of theirs to publish libels on any individual. Whatever arrangements may be made between the House of Commons and any publishers whom they may employ, he was of opinion that the person who publishes that in his public shop, and es
pecially for money, which can be injurious and possibly ruinous to any one of his Majesty's subjects, must answer in a court of justice to that subject, if he challenges him for that libel. He said so emphatically and distinctly; or otherwise the judge who sat there might become an accomplice in the destruction of the liberties of his country, and expose every individual who lived in it to a tyranny no man ought to submit to." Pursuant to his Lordship's directions, the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff on the first issue, and for the defendants on the second, declaring that in their opinion the book was obscene.
Morison v. Harmer, Feb. 13.— This action was brought against the defendants for having published in the Weekly Dispatch newspaper a libel, charging the plaintiff with selling and compounding certain noxious pills, composed of gamboge and aloes, which had a poisonous effect upon those who took them.—A number of witnesses of the first medical standing, deposed to the dangerous qualities of the pills, &c.—The trial lasted three days, when the jury returned a verdict for the defendants on the first issue, which related to the dangerous character of the medicine; and on another issue, relating to the solvency of the plaintiffs, they found a verdict for the plaintiffs,— damages, 200/.
PROxMOTIONS, PREFERMENTS, &c.
Dec. 21. Charles Knight Murray, esq. barrister-at-law, to be Treasurer to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for Fngland.
Jan. 10. Royal Ayrshire Militia, Major Wm. Neill to be a Lieut.-Col.
Jan. 20. S. Cole, Clerk, Doctor in Divinity, and Chaplain of Greenwich Hospital, to bear the honourable armorial distinctions granted to his late brother, SirC. Cole, Knt. R. N.
J. G. T. Sinclair, esq. to be Page of Honour to the Queen.
34th Foot. Major M. M. Fox to be Major.
Jan. 21. Brevet, to be Major-Generals in the Army—Cols. H. Shadforth, P. J. Parry, and J. K. Money.—To be Colonels in the Army, Lieut.Col. Sir T. H. Browne, T. W. Forster, A. Machlachlan, P. Burke, J. Wlietham, T. Wildman, H. Standish, and J. W. Aldred.—To be Lieut.-Col., Major G. Quill.
Kenneth-Alexander Baron Howard of Effingham, G.C.B. created Earl of Effingham, co. Surrey; Thomas Lord Ducie created Earl of Ducie and Baron Moreton of Tortworth; Chas. Lord Yarborough created Earl of Yarborough and Baron Worsley of Apuldurcombe in the Isle of Wight; Edw. Berkeley Portman, esq. created Baron Portman of Orchard Portman, co. Somerset; Thomas Alex. Fraser, esq. created Baron Lovat, of Lovat, co. Inverness j and William Hanhury, esq. created Baron Bateman, of Shobden, co. Hereford.
Jan. 23. The Right Hon. G. It. Abercrnmby to be Lieutenant and Sheriff-Principal of the shire of Stirling.
Jan- 27. 1st Dragoons, Lieut.-General Right Hon. SirR. H. Vivian. Bart, to be ColoneF.— 12th Dragoons, Lieut.-General Sir H. J. Gumming to be Colonel.
Commissariat: to be Commissaries-general to the Forces—Deputy Commissary-generals H. Cocksedge, W. Petree, and J. H. Adams.— To be Deputy Commissaries-general, Assistant Commissary-generals N. Malassez, H. J. Wild, C. Palmer, W. Miller, W. Laidley, W. Auther, J. Laidley, W. Hay ward, H. Hill, F. E. Knowles, and A. Moodie.—To be Assistant Commissaries-general,; Deputy Assistant Commissarygenerals T. Rayner, M. Bailey, J. Woolrabe, J. Davidson, J. Leggatt, W. Bailey, C. W. Beverley, E. Eyl, J. Lane, G. Swinney, W. Ragland, G. Elliott, A. Chalmers, W. F. Bowman, J. D. Watt, and J. Slade.—To be Deputy Assistant Commissaries-general, Commissariat Clerks T. J. Lamprier, G. Shepheard, R. Neill, E. T. Grindley, W. Maturin, J. W. BoveU, Vf. Dalrvmple, R. Routh, and A. Edwards.
Jan. 28. Right Hon. Michael O'Loghlin, to be Keeper or Master of the Rolls and Records of the Court of Chancery of Ireland. ; Jan. 30. George Lloyd Hodges, esq. to be Consul in Servia.
The brother and sister of Lord Kingsale to have the same precedence as if their father had succeeded to the peerage.
Jan. 31. The Rev. Jas. Edw. Austen, in compliance with the will of Jane Leigh Perrot, of Scarlets, Berks, to take the name of Leigh after Austen.
Feb. 2. Rt. Hon. Francis William Earl of Charlemont, to be a Baron of the United KiniII
dom, by the title of Baron Charlemont, of Charlemont, co. Armagh.; with remainder to his brother the Hon Henry Caulfeild.
Feb. 3. 8th Foot, Brevet Lieut.-Col. C. B. Turner, to be Major.—Brevet, Capt. O'Hara Baynes to be Major.
Feb. 4. Master Jas. Chas. Murray Cowell to be a Page of Honour in ordinary to his Majesty.
Feb. 6. Lieut.-Gen. Sir Thos. Macdougall Brisbane, to be G.C.B.—Major Gen. Sir John Wilson, tobeaK.C.B.
Feb. 9. John Cunningham, esq. to be one of the Lords of Session in Scotland; and Andrew Rutherfurd, Esq. to be Solicitor-general for Scotland.
Sir Robert Frankland, of Thirkleby, co. York, Bart, in compliance with the will of Sir R. Greenhill Russell, late of Chequer's court, Buckinghamshire, Bart, to take the surname of Russell in addition to that of Frankland.
Feb. 10. James Kennedy, esq. barrister-atlaw, to be his Majesty's Judge in the Mixed British and Spanish Court of Justice at the Havannah. 19th Foot, Capt. T. Hamilton to be Major. 98th Foot, Major.). Allen to be Major. Brevet, Lieut.-Col. W. Wylde to have the local rank of Colonel, and Major J. N. Colquhoun, of Lieut.-Col. while employed on a special service in Spain.
Royal Military College: Major-Gen. Sir G. Scovell, K.C.B. to be Governor; Col. J. W. Taylor to be Lieutenant.-Governor.
Feb. 15. Robert Ferguson, of Raith, esq. to be Lieut, and Sheriff Principal of the county of Fife.
Feb. 17. 1st Foot Guards, Col. Turner Grant to be Major.—40th Foot, Lt.-Gen. Sir L. Smith, to be Colonel.—47th Foot, Capt. Melville Dallell to be Major.—78th Foot, Lieut.-Gen. Paul Anderson to be Col—98th Foot, Capt. H. Eyre to be Major.—Rifle Brigade, Major Rich. Lothian Dickson to be Major.—Unattached, Major John Cox to be Lieut.-Col. ; Brevet Major J. H. Walsh to lie Major.—Garrison, Major-Gen. Chas.-Murray Lord Greenock to be Governor of Edinburgh Castle.—Brevet, Capt. Rich. Hancock to be Major in the Army. Commodore Lord John Hay to be a C. B. Naeal Appointment*.—Cant. Sir Thos. Fellows, C.B. to the Vanguard, s Com. Thomas Bushby, to the Wanderer j Com. G. St. Vincent King, to the Champion ; Com. W. G. H. Whish, to the Gannet; Rear-Adm. Sir F. L. Maitland, K.C.B. to the command of the Tagus.—To be Superintendents of the Dock-yards:—Portsmouth, Rear-Admiral F. Warren; Devonport, Rear-Adm. John Hayes: Woolwich, Capt. Sir J. Louis, Bart.; Chatham, W. P. Cumby, C.B. To be Privy Councillors for Ireland:—Lord Talbot de Malahide; Villiers Stuart, esq. Lieutenant of Waterford; John Richards, Attorney-General ; Anthony Richard Blake, Chief Remembrancer.
Rev. J. Appleton, St. Neot's V. Hunts.