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Another attempt has been made on the life of the King of France, who was fired upon close to the palace, as he was proceeding, on the 29th of December, with his three sons, the Dukes of Orleans, Nemours, and Joinville, to the Chamber, to open the Session. The attempt proved imsuccessful; but the King's escape appears to have been most providential, the ball having struck the window of the carriage, and glanced off, the splinters of the broken class slightly wounding one of the young Princes. The assassin was immediately secured, when his name was discovered to be Meunier, a journeyman saddler by trade. Louis-Philippe maintained, throughout this fresh trial, the same personal self-possession which has attended himheretofore, and, without hesitation, he proceeded on his course to the Chamber. The Speech contained nothing of great moment. The King alluded to the attempt upon his life very briefly, but very impressively, and was unequivocally cheered by his auditors. The Speech stated that diplomatic relations with the United States had been resumed—that Switzerland had apologised for the slights upon the French Minister—that the King was interested for the Queen of Spain, and would adhere to the Quadruple Treaty, but yet not plunge France in hostilities—that the arms of France had been a little tarnished in Africa, but by the elements only—that the insurrection at Strasburg and Vendome hadonly tested the fidelity of the army—and, finally, that the finances and general commercial concerns of the country were in a prosperous condition.
The Chamber of Deputies was several days occupied with canvassing the address to Louis-Philippe. An anti-ministerial amendment, recognising the duty of France to enforce her guarantee of the nationality of Poland, under the treaty of Vienna (in 1815), was, upon the motion of M. Odillon Barrot, carried by a majority of eight. The reference to Switzerland gave opportunity for reviving all the complaints of the employment of Conseil.the spy, first sent to the Cantons to betray the French republican refugees; then, upon the imperious command of France, banished thence, in consequence of a supposed relaxation in his treachery.
The paragraph referring to the Peninsula gave rise to an angry debate, which lasted several days, but which was eventually decided in favour of Ministers.
According to an official statement made by M. Duchautel, the Minister of Finance, to the Chamber of Deputies, that the budget of 1835 offered a surplus of n million of francs; that of 1836, one of 3,400.000 francs; and that of 1837, a still larger surplus. It will be thus seen, that France is at present in a state of rapidly increasing prosperity, since the above results have taken place notwithstanding a very great reduction in the indirect taxes, customs, and duties on inland navigation, the abolition of the lottery, the gaming tax, 8a:
It appears that the influenza, which has been so prevalent in this country, has been raging in France to a very great degree. In some parts of the capital bordering upon the banks of the Seine, the mortality has been most dreadful,especially among the poorer classes in the populous neighbourhood of the Faubourg St. Antoine and the Quartier St. Jaques, where they have died from 80 to 100 a-day. The Hotel Dieu and all the hospitals are filled with patients. At Calais, Dunkirk, St. Omer, and Boulogne, the greater part of the English residents are labouring under this malady.
The siege of Bilboa has been raised, by the operations of the combined British and Christinos forces. It appears that Gen. Espartero, assisted by a small band of British engineers, artillerymen, and sailors, entered the city of Bilboa on the morning of Christmas-day, at the head of his army, after a series of contests with the enemy, in which both the General and his troops behaved with the most determined gallantry. The works raised by the Carlists were of great strength, and notliing but the enthusiasm of the troops could have enabled them to overcome the difficulties with which they had to contend. Through the aid of the British, a floating bridge was constructed for the passage of the troops across the river, and batteries were raised and served with a skill and activity that caused a great loss to the Carlists. A portion of the army having effected a landing, position after
sion to the citizens of Mexico to trade with and settle in Spain, and extending to them all the privileges enjoyed by the subjects of friendly powers.
The message of the American President, delivered to Congress, acquires an additional interest, from its being the last which General Jackson will address to the legislative body.
The message commences by congratulating Congress on the flourishing condition of the country, and recommends a reduction of the existing tariff, in consequence of the improved state of the revenue. The necessaries of life, and especially the article of Salt, are referred to as requiring a total abolition of the duties to which they are liable at present. The surplus revenue in the treasury is estimated at thirty millions of dollars. He recommends the distribution of this sum as a loan among the states, to be recalled whenever occasion requires it. The message goes on to suggest the erection of fortifications along the sea coast, and describes the Post Office department as highly prosperous. A reduction of the scale of postage, to the amount of 20 per cent, below the present charges, is strongly recommended; and another suggestion of the Postmaster-general, for the improvement of the intercourse with foreign countries, including the Canadas, is also noticed with approbation.
His Celestial Majesty the Emperor of China has issued an imperial decree for the suppression of Christianity, the seizure of foreign books, and the " correction of the human heart" throughout his vast dominions.
.At a general meeting of the Roman Catholic Prelates lately held in Dublin, thefollowingresolution, respecting a State provision for the clergy, was proposed and adopted:—" That, alarmed at a report that an attempt is likely to be made, during the approaching session of Parliament, to make a State provision for the Roman Catholic Clergy of Ireland, we deem it our imperative duty not to separate without recording the expression of our strongest reprobation of any such attempt; and of our unalterable determina
tion to resist, by every means in our power, a measure which threatens so much mischief to the independence of the Irish Catholic Church, and to the purity of our holy religion in this country."
Jan. 18. The installation of Sir Robert Peel, as Lord Rector of Glasgow University, took place this day. His in. auguration speech was a masterly effort, characterised by great ability and research. —On the 20th a public dinner was given to Sir Robert by the citizens of Glasgow, in honour of his political sentiments; at which a great number of noblemen and gentlemen from various parts of Scotland attended. A temporary edifice had been erected for the purpose, which, it is stated, accommodated the extraordinary number of 3500 persons. Sir Robert was received with the greatest enthusiasm. In the speech delivered on the occasion he called upon all present to adhere to the principle on which reform was advocated, and to combine for the defence of the institutions of the country. It was his wish to see the machine of Government in the discharge of its proper duties—animating industry, encouraging production, rewarding toil, purifying wherever there was stagnation or abuse: but he entertained a well-founded objection to a constant intermeddling with its vital functions by a set of tinkers, who knew nothing of the structure of that which they thrust themselves forward to alter and improve.—In conclusion. Sir Robert observed, that he had long fought the battles of Conservatism, but he never despaired—he never doubted that the old, the ancient heart of England, and of Scotland, would rally round the institutions of their common country. He looked abroad, from the spot on which he then stood, to the moral influence of that opinion which constituted " the chief defence of nations "—he looked to it for the maintenance of that system of government which protected the rich from spoliation, and the poor from oppression—he looked to that spirit that would range itself under no tawdry banner of revolution, but unfurl and rally round "the flag which braved a thousand years the battle and the breeze." Yes, he entertained no shadow of doubt that it would continue to float in triumph, and that the constitution, tried as it had been in the storms of adversity, would come forth purified and fortified in the rooted convictions, the feelings, the affections of a religious, a moral, and a patriotic people.
INTELLIGENCE FROMVARIOUS PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.
According to the official tables of the revenue, published on the 5th of Jan. the increase in the Castoms for the year is 1,093,534/.; in the Excise, 1,199,414-/. The Stamp Duties have produced 181,112/. more than last year. Under the head of Taxes also there is an increase of 13,238£ The Post Office revenue shows returns of 72.000/. more.
It appears from the second annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners, that 365 boards have been instituted, 351
of them for unions, and 14 for single parishes. These, it is added, are placed over 7915 parishes, having a population of 6,221,940 persons. About 45 per cent, of the population of England and Wales is thus brought under the system, and the proportion of rates paid by those parishes is 65 per cent, of the total amount of rates levied.
In addition to 5000/. appropriated by Wine/tetter College towards the new buildings, Dr. Williams, the late master, has given 500/.; Dr. Moberly, the present master 250/.; Mr.Wordsworth, the second master, 100/.; Sir Wm. Heathcote 200/.; and an anonymous donor, with the initials A. B. 1000/.
New Churches.—Another church is about being built at Runcorn; subscriptions, amounting to nearly 2000/. have already been promised; an eligible plot of ground has been kindly presented as a site, together with a liberal donation in money by Messrs. Lyon and Greenhalls, of Warrington. It is expected that the building will be commenced early in spring.
The parish of St. Margaret, Leicester, which contains 80.000 inhabitants, has accommodation in its two churches for only 4000. A subscription has therefore been commenced, at the instance of the Rev. A. Irvine, for the purpose of erecting a third church, capable of containing 1200. In the course of a fortnight the sum of 2271/. 8s. 6d. has been subscribed.
The parish church of Grittleton, Wilts, haslately been considerably enlarged, at the sole charge of the Rev. W. W. Burn, M.A. of St. Edmund Hall, the Rector, the expense exceeding 1000/.
The new Church at Tredegar Iron Works, which was consecrated on the 11th of Nov. is now finished. The whole church contains sittings for upwards of 1100 persons, of which one-half are free.
Sites have been given by Lord Southampton, the Mercers' Company, Mr. Wheeler, and Rev. Joseph Midburst, for new churches about to be built from the Metropolis Churches' Fund.
The Snow Storm.—One of the heaviest falls of snow ever remembered in this country, took place during the Christmas night. It appears to have extended over every part of the kingdom, and to have commenced in the northern parts earlier than in the neighbourhood of the Metropolis. So deep were the drifts of snow, that in some of the lower grounds it was from forty to fifty feet deep; thus in many parts of the country all communication, by the usual modes of travelling, was entirely suspended. The impedi
1837.] Domestic Occurences.—Promotions and Preferments.
ments to the mails were of the most serious description. Not a single mail of the 26th, which ought to have arrived by six o'clock on Monday morning, reached the Post Office before half-past eight. Of the mails sent out from London on Monday night, the Dover went 20 miles and returned, the coachman and guard declaring the roads to be utterly impassable.
At Lewes, in Sussex, a tremendous avalanche fell at the place called the Cliff; and, shocking to relate, overwhelmed seven houses, with most of their unfortunate inmates. By great exertions several were saved, but the following unfortunate individuals lost their lives :— Wm. Gear, Joseph Wood, Mary Tayler, Pbcsby Barnden, Mima Bridgman, Mary Maria Bridgman, Jane Brooks, and Susan Haywood.
Influenza.—An influenza of a peculiar character has been raging throughout the country, and particularly in the Metropolis. It has been attended by inflammation of the throat and lungs, with violent spasms, sickness, and head-ache. So general has been its effects, that business in numerous instances has been entirely suspended. The greater number of clerks at the War Office, Admiralty, Navy Pay Office, Stamp Office, Treasury, Post Office, and other Government offices, have been prevented from attending to their daily avocations. In the Royal Naval Hospital of Greenwich there have been a great number of deaths amongst
the aged inmates. At the Royal Military College of Chelsea the deaths have been very many. At Woolwich the epi. demic has been so prevalent that forty to fifty men per day, belonging to the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Sappers and Miners, and other troops, have been admitted into the Military Hospital, amongst whom several deaths have occurred from acute inflammation of the lungs. Of the police force there were upwards of 800 incapable of doing duty. On Sunday the I3th, the churches, which have generally a full congregation, pre. sented a mournful scene by the non-attendance of many who the Sunday before were in perfect health, but theii no more, or disabled from attending. The number of burials on the same day, in the different cemeteries, was nearly as numerous as during the raging of the cholera in 1832 and 1833. In the workhouses the number of poor who have died far exceed any return that has been made for the last thirty years.
Dee. 30. The new church of St. Peter't, Pimlico, was consumed by a fire which originated in the clockroom, and extended eastward, until the whole of the inteiior, including the roof, was destroyed. Some portions of the furniture, and two valuable pictures, were snatched from the flames. The walls are standing entire. Of this edifice, built from a design of Mr. lliiki'HI'll, a view is given in the Gentleman's Magazine for April 1829.
PROMOTIONS; PREFERMENTS, &c.
Dee. 1. George Chenevix, esq. to be Surgeon to the Duke of Cambridge.
Dee. 31. Major-Gen. H. S. Keating to be K.C.B.
Jan. 9. Knighted, Thomas Baucutt Mash, esq. of St. James's Palace.
Jan. 10. 1st Life Guards, Lieut.-Col. Hon. H. F C. Cavendish to be Col.—2d Life Guards, Lt.-Col. George Greenwood, to be Lieut.-Col. —Royal Horse Guards, Lt.-Col. W. Richardson to be Colonel.—1st Foot Guards, Col. H. D'Oyly to be Lieut.-Col. ; Col. Edward Wynyard to be Major; Lieut.-Col. H. E. Joddrell to be Major, with the rank of Colonel; Capt. P. J. Perceval to be Lieut.-Col. ; Capt. W. F. Johnston to be Lieut.-Col.—Coldstream Foot Guards, Col. F. Miles Milman to be Lieut.-Col.—Lieut.-Col. W. L. Walton to be Major, with the rank of Colonel.—Scots Fusileer Guards, Col. Douglas Mercer to be Lieut.-Col.: Urevet Col. Sir J. A. Hope to be Major; Capt. S. Norval to be Lieut.CoL—16tn Foot, Major G. M'Donald to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt. H. Clements to be Major — 39th Foot, Major Thos. Poole to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt. H. Smyth to be Major,—66th Foot, Major J. Baird to be Lieut.-Col. ; Brevet Major P. Duncan to be Major.
Jan. 10. W. Martins, esq. to be Resident Gentleman Usher in Ordinary to his Majesty.
Jan. 11. Brevet.—The list of LieutenantGenerals promoted to be Generals in the Army includes the names on the Army List commencing with Sir F. T. Hammond, and terminating with Sir Wm. Anson.—That of MajorGenerals to be Lieut.-Generals, includes the names commencing with Sir J. Elley, and terminating with that of Sir J. Nicolls.—That of Colonels to be Major-Generals includes the names commencing with the Hon. H. B. Lygon, and ending with Sir W. M. Gomm.—That of Lieut.-Colonels to be Colonels, the names included between that of C. E. Conyers and
C. R. Fox.—That of Majors to be Lieut.-Colonels, the names included between those of
D. Gregory and C. C. Johnson.—That of Captains to be Majors, the names included between those of Henry Cooper and T. E. Kelly.
Royal Artillery and Engineer*.—Lieut.-Generals J. D. Arabin, Sir J. Smith, T. K. Charleton, and C. Terrot, to be Generals.—MajorGenerals H. Shrapnel to G. Salmon, to be Lieut.-Generals.—Cols. Sir H. Elphinstone to J. W. Tobin, to be Major-Generals.—Lieut.Cols. J. Slessor to A. Macdonald, to be Colonels—Majors W. B. Tylden to E. Y. Walcott, to be Lieut.-Cols.—Captains E. Sabine to J. R. Colebrooke, to be Majors.
Royal Marine*. —1 o be Major-Generals, Colonels Sir J. B. Savage and R. M'Cleverty.— To be Lieut.-Colonels, Majors J. Wright, N. Cole, G. Peebles, E. Bailie, J. Owen, and P. Jones.—To be Majors, Captains C. Menzies, H. J. Murton, J. H. Harrison, W. Fergusson, Julius Fleming, R. Swale, J. Walker, and T. Peebles.
The Navy.—Admirals of the White, Wm. Wolseley to I. O. Manley, to be Admirals of the Red.—Admirals of the Blue Sir T. Williams to F. Sotheron, and Vice-Admirals of the Red C. W. Paterson and Sir 0. Cockburn, to be Admirals of the White.—Vice-Admirals of the Red J. Carpenter to Sir J. Harvey, and Vice-Admirals of the White Sir J. Rowley to Sir G. Parker, to be Admirals of the Blue.— Vice-Admirals of the White J. E. Douglas to E. Fellowes, and Vice-Admirals of the Blue Sir W. T. Lake to John Giffnrd. to be Vice-Admirals of the Red.—Vice-Admirals of the Blue J. West to T. Alexander, and Rear-Admirals of the Red Lord M. R. Kerr to A. P. Hollis, to be Vice-Admirals of the White.—Rear-Admirals of the Red Sir H. Heathcoteto R. H. Pearson, and Rear-Admirals of the White Sir J. T. Rodd to Robert Lloyd, to be Vice-Admirals of the Blue.—Rear-Admirals of the White Sir T. Livingstone and Sir E. Brace, and RearAdmirals of the Blue Sir J. Brenton to J. Carthew, to be Rear-Admirals of the Red.—RearAdmirals of the Blue Sir T. Briggs to Sir C. Dashwood, to be Rear-Admirals of the White.—Captains R. Curry, to J. Hayes, to be Rear-Admirals of the White.—Captains S. C. Rowley to R. Thomas, to be Rear-Admirals of the Blue.—Captains T. Brown, Sir F. A. Collier, and Sir W. H. Mucastor, to be Extra Naval Aides-de-Camp to his Majesty.—Commanders to be promoted to Captains—Slaughter, Parson, Herringham, Gordon, Brasier, Fair, M'Crea, Pole, Quin, Owen, Hewett, Maxwell, Carnac, Vassal, Maitland, Dilke, Robertson, Hargood, SirT.Raikes, Thompson, Nurse, Smart, Mundv, Dickson, and Smith.—Lieutenants to be Commanders—Robinson, Loney, Quin, Hallowes, Hi.rmer, Adams, Morgan, Watkins, Hastings, Slater, Barlow, Patten, Math ins, Duncan, Worth, Crozier, Nott, Hathorn, Ramsay, Eyres, Brisbane, Wickham, Edgeil, Usher, and Byng.
Lieut.-Col. William Macbean George Colebrook to be Governor of Antigua, Montserrat and Barbuda, Saint Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla and the Virgin Islands, and Dominica. —John Edwards, esq. to be Receiver-General of Revenues in Jamaica.
John Ralph Nicholson, esq. of Arrow hall, Cheshire, in compliance with the will of his great-uncle John Shaw, esq. to take the name and arms of Shaw only.
Jan. 13. Coldstream Guards, Capt. E. D. Wigram to be Capt. and Lieut.-Col.
Jan 16. Sir James Colquhoun, of Luss, Bart, to be Lieutenant and Sheriff Principal of the shire of Dumbarton.
Royal Artillery: to beColonels-from Lieut.Cols. F. Smith to C. H. Godby.—To be Lieut.Cols. from Brevet-Majors T. Dynsley to W. D. Jones.
Jan. 17. 62d Foot, Gen. Sir F. A. Wetherall, to be Colonel.—Gen. the Hon. Sir Edw. Paget, G.C.B. to be Governor of Chelsea Hospital.
The under-memioned Officers of the East India Company's Forces to take rank by Brevet in the East Indies only: to be Generals, Lt.Gen. W. Kinsey, R. Phillips, Sir R. Blair, K.C.B., R. Bell.—To be Lieut.-Generals, Major-Gen. J. Dighten, L. Loveday, Sir J. Doveton, K.C.B., N. Forbes, Sir J. Arnold, K.C.B. J. W. Morris, T. Marriott, J. Skelton, G. Dick. To be Major-Generals, from Col. H. S. Osborne to Col. W. Gilbert, as they appear on the Army List.—To be Major, from Capt. W. Ogilvie to Capt. J. Barclay.
Jan. 20. . Coldstream Foot Guards, Capt. E.
D. Wigram to be Lieut.-Col.
Adm. Sir L. W. Halsted to be G.C.B.—ViceAdm. Ross Donnelly, and Hear Admirals F. W. Austen and G. Mundy to be K.C.B.
Xuiiii Promotion*.—Vice-Adm. Sir R. W. Otwav, Bart. K.C.B. to be Commander-inChief at Sheerness; Capt. C. Paget, to command the Howe, flag ship; Vice-Adm. the Hon. Sir C. Paget, G.C.H. to be Commanderin-Chief in the West Indies and North America; Lieut. R. J. Otway, to be Ha--Lieut.; Commander Lord Clarence Paget, to the Pearl; Commander the Hon. F. T. Pelham, to the Tweed; Capt. W. B. Mends, to the Talavera: Capt. T. B. Sullivan. C.B. to the Stag, intended to be employed as Commodore in the Pacific j Capt. H. B. Martin to the Carysfort.
Member returned to serve in Parliament.
H. co. Lincoln.
Chaplains. Rev. J. R. Wood, to the King. Rev. W. Gray, to the Earl of Dunmore. Hon. and Rev. W. C. Henniker, to Lord Henniker. Rev. R. Skipsey, to the Earl of Tyrconnel. Civil Preferments.
Capt. the Hon. Fred. Grey to be Private Secretary to his brother Lord Vise. Howick, Secretary at War.
Major-Gen. Sir H. Wheatley to be Receivcr
¥en. of the Duchy of Cornwall, and Thomas bile, esq. deputy. Rev. George Peacock to be Lowndsian Professor of Astronomy at Cambridge. Rev. J. A. Giles to be Head Master, and the Rev. R. P. Edkins Second Master of the City of London School.