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Valle and others to be the works of Semiramis, described by Diodorus Siculus, as executed in the mountain named Bagistan: “Tepòs õpos tò xadoúpevov Bayiotavov" (ii. 13.). But Mr. Hoeck, after a laborious examination of classical and oriental authorities, and of some inscriptions in the Pehlvi language found among those monuments, would assign them to some Mouarch, or to successive Monarchs, of the Sassanidan dynasty, Sapor, Varanes, or Chosroes (p. 188.). In the neighbouring mountain of Bisutun, are other sculptures, of which one, representing a king, before whom several captives or criminals are led, Mr. Hoeck regards as of the Arsacidan age ; others of the Achæmenidan, or earliest, and some of the Sassanidan, or last period of the Persian empire before the introduction of Mohammedanism (p. 140.). Kengarer, eleven miles from Hamadan, exhibits the remains of a palace or temple; and here our ingenious author places the ancient Κογκαβάς, , noticed by Isidorus Characenensis as a city of Media (p. 144.).
Ecbatana, celebrated by Herodotus as the work of Deioces, its walls, castle, palace, temple, Tower of Daniel, and other monuments are elaborately investigated by Mr. Hoeck, who finds them in the city at present called Hamudan (p. 153.). Having entered Media Atropatena, he will not allow to Tabris or Tauris the honour of 'representing ancient Gaza, which he thinks stood between Tabris and Miana, at a place where some large hewn stones are still visible, according to Chardin. He notices several caverns at Maraga as worthy of attention (p. 160.); and the works ascribed to Semiramis in Armenia. He regards Chosroes (Nushirvan) as founder of Derbent and the Caucasian wall, though tradition has named Alexander (p. 169.). In the north of Persia, or Ariana, he would seek the Tomb of Queen Zarina, celebrated by Diodorus (ii. 34.). The cavern and statues at Bamian he examines on the authority of Hyde, Abufazel, Wilford and Elphinstone. To him they appear monuments constructed by the votaries of Budda (p. 182.). In the province of Seistan (Terra Zarangæorum) he notices the scantiness of ancient remains, where several migh be expected; and here he takes occasion to lament the untimely fate of our gallant countryman, Major Christie, who fell in a battle between the Russians and Persians. At Kykobad, Kuliput, Pulky, Jullalabat or Dushak, sone vestiges of ancient buildings invite inquiry (p. 187.), as the monument called Gumbuz near Nusky in Gedrosia, which M. Pottinger would refer to the Gabrs, or "intidels," as those who worshipped fire are denominated by the Mahommedans, (p. 190.). The epitome here given will probably convince our readers that Mr. Hoeck's volume must prove an excellent companion to travellers in Persia, and a most useful work of reference to those who study at home the antiquities of that interesting country.
TO THE RIGHT REVEREND
Some Animadversions upon a Character given of the late
LETTER, from a late Professor in the University of Oxford, to the Right Rev. Author of the Divine Legation of
“ Jam parce sepulto."
MY LORD, A LETTER, subscribed by a late Professor in the University of Oxford, and addressed to a learned prelate now living, fell into my hands no earlier than a few days ago. A very unexpected character, which is therein given of the literary taste and genius of the late Dr. Bentley, has strongly tempted me to address a few observations to the writer of that letter; and as I shall hope to do this with all becoming civility and decorum, I presume the Lord Bishop of 0 will make no scruple to avow any opinions, which a late Professor in that University thought fit to advance.
In the correspondence I have now commenced with your Lordship, it is far from my meaning to attempt at measuring weapons with you in the science of letters; I have much too bumble a sense of my own powers, and too high a respect for your Lordship’s, to entertain such a design. It is an appeal to your candour as a gentleman, not an attack upon your capacity as a scholar, that I meditate. I am willing you should enjoy, whole and unenvied, all the fame you can fairly and honestly acquire; but I would wish your Lordship to believe that no credit is to be gained, either with the present age or posterity, by attempting to demolish the reputation of another.
Add to this, that such conduct is, in your particular, grossly impolitic. You at present enjoy a temporary repose; hostilities seem for a while suspended between your Right Reverend Correspondent and you: cultivate the time; examine and improve your resources; conciliate to yourself new allies, rivet and confirm your old ones; and imitate those few wise and provident princes, who, knowing the short duration of all public felicity, employ the intervals of peace in preparations for a
You will probably find employment enough for all your talents, when the great champion, whom you have so insultingly provoked, shall enter the lists against you : the time will certainly come; and amongst the virtues which you will have occasion to exercise in that day of trial, 'tis well, my Lord, if repentance be not found to have a place.
The zealous affection which you, my Lord, so well know how to express for your friends, must excuse the warmth with which I interest myself in the defence of mine. If honour calls upon us to resent an aspersion upon an absent friend, yet living; something more than honour, piety engages us to vindicate the dead. Did your Lordship, when you struck with such rancour at Dr. Bentley, flatter yourself that he had outlived all those private and tender alliances which bind and connect mankind together, and that his fame lay at the mercy of every freebooter? Far from it: the learned and the candid of all nations are the friends of his fame; and no inconsiderable number still survive, whom his private worth and virtues have left under lasting impressions of affection. The former order of men will probably think you have discovered no great tokens of discernment in this invective; or, favouring your judgment, will think your temper not altogether free from some small portion of envy and asperity. As for the latter class of people, personalities, my Lord, inflame mankind to that degree, that 'tis well if they leave you even the small shred of reputation, which you have allowed to Dr. Bentley.
Recollect, my Lord, the warmth, the piety, with which you remonstrated against Bishop W-'s treatment of in a passage of his Julian :i “ It is not in behalf of myself that I expostulate; but of one, for whom I am much more concerned, that is my father." These are your Lordship's words; amiable, affecting expression! instructive lesson of filial devotion! Alas, my Lord, that you, who was thus sen
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sible to the least speck which fell upon the reputation of your father, should be so inveterate against the fame of one, at least as eminent, and perhaps no less dear to his family. . For my own part, much as I reverence great and learned men, in my poor estimation, one generous sentiment, one benevolent emanation of the heart, is of more value and respect than all the unimpassioned productions of the understanding ; I therefore cannot help holding your correspondent in higher esteem for the generous and candid manner in which he atones for this offence, than for all the vast fund of erudition, which he has displayed in the eyes of the world, to the singular annoyance (as it should seem) of your Lordship, but to the general use and information of all mankind besides.
He tells you, that he knew not that the Mr. L.' whom he had treated with disrespect in one of his notes, was your father; that this circumstance amply justified you for every thing he complained of relative to your unkind usage of him in your prelections; in short, that he owed so much to your piety, which he considered as really edifying, that he would strike out that note against your father the first opportunity. Indeed, the whole turn of the letter, from which these expressions are selected, carries such an air of candour and polite acknowledgment, that I am surprised your Lordship, with this transaction fresh in your memory, should not have considered, when you was thus unhandsomely treating Dr. Bentley's character, that it was possible some one might be found, under the same predicament, or with the same feelings towards him, that you had experienced towards Mr. L. There is a rule, my Lord, in the Christian doctrine, which I dare say you have frequently recommended to other people, that on this occasion would have been peculiarly useful to yourself. All that can - now be done is, that, as you have thought fit to copy your learned correspondent in the least amiable part of his character, you should strive to resemble him in his more shining features; and learn of him, that even faults may be made graceful by an ingenuous manner of atoning for them. As there are some distempers, which, by being skilfully cured, leave the constitution more vigorous and healthy than if it had never been attacked by them; so there seem to be certain flaws in the moral conduct of some men, which, being well and effectually repaired, set off the character with greater lustre and advantage than it could have appeared with, had such imper
fections never been discovered. Was I worthy to prescribe to your Lordship, the task would be no very hard one that I should set you : it would be only to give your real sentiments of Dr. Bentley's merit; and I am persuaded they would tam out the most complete recantation of what you have now been pleased to amuse us with, that could be wished for.
I have entered thus circumstantially into this matter, not with a design to aggravate your Lordship's offence, but to extenuate my own. Censure which falls from you, my Lord, falls from a great height; especially when the defenceless abject, upon whom it is directed, is unhappily laid so low.
You will now permit me to transcribe the sentence of which I complain. I find it in your 80th page; I mention the page, because for the allusion it bears to any part of your subject, it might as well be sought for in any other leaf of the book. The paragraph is addressed to Bishop W-, and runs thus :“ And here more opportunely for the illustration of what I am saying, than for your own purpose, you introduce the incomparable Bentley, as standing in the foremost rank of modem critics : of grammatical and verbal critics I agree with you ; he could judge with great penetration of the age of an author by the dialect, the phrase, and the matter; by Thericlean cups and Sicilian talents; this was his proper sphere of science, and in this he excelled: but in matters of pure taste, a fine discernment of the different characters of composition, colours of style, and manners of thinking, of interior beauties and excellencies of writing, in regard to all this, what was he? Unus caprimulgus, aut fossor. What then has he to do here?"-Ay, what indeed? Your Lordship has asked a question, which I really cannot easily resolve; and, but that you have prevented me in it, the very question I should have taken the liberty of putting to your Lordship
For what answer can we give? Is it to be thought that you conceive this sovereign contempt of Dr. Bentley's taste and genius from an acquaintance with his works with his original works! I mean; for, although a great and elegant genius will break forth, even when employed in the under work of criticism and exposition, (as witness your Lordship's leamed labours on the Hebrew poesy,) yet undoubtedly it is in compositions of an original sort, where the proper estimate of the genius of an author is to be formed. Let me then, with all due respect, demand of your Lordship, from which of the original
' It is proposed to publish a new edition of these works in a short time.