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OF

B E N J A MIN FRANKL IN.

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writtes BY HIM SELF,

1
A N D CONTINU E D BY HIS GRAND SON AND OTHERS.

wiTH

HIS SOCIAL EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE, PHILOSOPHICAL, POLITICAL,
AND MORAL LETTERS AND ESSAYS,

*
AND HIS

DIPLOMATIC TRANSACTIONS AS AGENT AT LONDON AND MINISTER
PLENIPOTENTIARY AT VERSAILLES.

AUGMENTED BY MUCH MATTER NOT CONTAIN ED IN ANY FORMER EDITION

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ENTERED according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1834, by JMcCarty & Davis, in Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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HISTORICAL.

Albany Papers - - -

I. Reasons and Motives on which the Plan of

Union was formed -

II. Reasons against partial Unions -

III. Plan of a proposed Union of the several

Colonies of Massachusett's Bay, New Hamp-

shire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York,

New Jersey, Pennsylvania, North Carolina,

and South Carolina - -

Albany Papers—continued.

I. Letter to Governor Shirley, concerning the

Imposition of direct Taxes upon the Colo-

nies, without their consent

II. Letter to the same; concerning direct

Taxes in the Colonies imposed without con-

sent, indirect Taxes, and the Albany Plan

of Union - - - -

III. Letter on the Subject of uniting the Co-

lonies more intimately with Great Britain,

by Representatives in Parliament

The Canada Pamphlet:—

The Interest of Great Britain considered, with

regard to her Colonies and the Acquisitions

of Canada and Guadaloupe

\ Plain Truth; or, Serious Considerations on the

present State of the City of Philadelphia, and

Province of Pennsylvania. By a Tradesman

of Philadelphia - - - - -

A Comparison of the Conduct of the ancient

Jews, and of the Anti-federalists in the United

States of America - -

The Internal State of America; being a true

Description of the Interest and Policy of that

vast Continent - - -

Settlement on Ohio; Report of Lords Commis-

sioners for Trade and Plantations, concerning

a Grant of Lands on the river Ohio, in North

America - -

Appendix, No. I. Proclamation by the King

Appendix, No. II. State of the King's Quit-rents

in North America - - - -

Comparison of Great Britain and America as to

Credit, in 1777

Essays and Correspondence.

Electricity.—Wonderful Effect of Points.–Posi-
tive and negative Electricity.—Electrical Kiss.
—Counterfeit Spider.—Simple and commo-
dious electrical Machine - -

Observations on the Leyden Bottle, with Expe-

riments - - - - -

Farther Experiments.—Leyden Bottle analyzed.
–Electrical Battery.—Magical Picture.–Elec-
trical Wheel or Jack.—Electrical Feast
.0bservations and Suppositions respecting Thun-
der-gusts - - -

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Introductory Letter to some additional Papers #

Opinions and Conjectures concerning the Pro-

rties and Effects of electrical Matter, &c. 258

Additional Experiments with the Leyden Bottle 266

Accumulation of the electrical Fire in the elec-
trified Glass-Effect of Lightning explained,
&c. - - - - - - 267

Unlimited Nature of the electric Force - - 268

Of the Terms, electric per se and non-electric.

—Relation between Metals and Water, &c. 268

An Experiment towards discovering more of the

qualities of the electrical Fluid - - - 269

Mistake, that only Metal and Water were con-

ductors, rectified, &c. - - - - 269

Difference in the Electrcity of a Globe of Glass

charged, and a Globe of Sulphur, and the pro-

bable Course of their different Attractions and

Repulsions, &c. - - - 271, 272

Electrical Experiment made at Marly - . 273

Letter of W. Watson concerning electrical Ex-

periments upon Thunder-clouds - - 275

Remarks on the Abbé Nollet's Letters, by David

Colden - - - - - 276

Curious Instance of the Effect of Oil on Water 279

Rev. Mr. Farish to Dr. Brownrigg - - 280

Dr. Franklin to Dr. Brownrigg - - - ib.

Mr. Tengnagel to Count Bentinck - 282

The electrical Kite - - - - 284

Size of Rods for Conductors to Buildings.—De-
scription of a Thunder-cloud - - - ib.

Of the positive and negative State of Electricity

in the Clouds - - - - - 289

Electrical Experiments - - - - ib.

Experiments made in pursuance of those made

by Mr. Canton; with explanations, by B.

Franklin - - - - - 292

Turkey killed by Electricity - - - 293

Dr. Franklin to Dr. Lining on electrical Matters 294

Beccaria's Work on Electricity, &c. - - 296

Dr. Franklin to Peter Collinson - - - 297

Mr. Bowdoin to Dr. Franklin concerning Light.

ning "- • . - - - . 298

Answer to the same, by Dr. Franklin - - 299

Mr. Bowdoin to Dr. Franklin on the Effect o

Lightning on Capt. Waddell's Compass, &c. 301

Of the Electric Spark,-Time taken up by ib.

Answer to the foregoin - - - - 302

Mr. Kinnersley to Dr. Franklin—Experiment,

on boiling Water, &c. - - - 303

Answer to the foregoing - - 306

Effects of Lightning in Carolina - - 312

Remarks by Dr. Franklin - - - - 313

On the Electricity of the Tourmalin - - 314

Professor Winthrop to Dr. Franklin, relating to

Electricity in the Atmosphere - - - 315

A. Small, of London, to Dr. Franklin - - 316

Best Method of securing a Powder Magazine

from Lightning - - - - ib.

Professor Winthrop to Dr. Franklin.—Electrical

Conductors - - - - 318

Answer to the above - - - - ib.

Opinions and Observations concerning the uti-

lity of long pointed Rods - - - 320

On the utility of electrical Conductors - - 323

On the Effects of Electricity in paralytic cases 324

Electrical Experiments on Amber - - ib.

On the Electricity of the Fogs in Ireland - 325

The Shock from the Surinam Eel, or the Torpe-

do, considered - - ... . - - 326

On the Analogy between Magnetism and Elec-

tricity - - - - ... . ib.

Mode of rendering Meat tender by Electricity - 327

Page

Choice of Glass for the Leyden Experimen - 328

Concerning the Leyden Bottle - - . 329

Physical and Meteorological Observations - ib.

On Water-spouts - - - - - 332

Water-spouts and Whirlwinds - - 334.340

Description of a Water-spout at Antigua - 339

Shooting Stars - - - - - ib

Observations on the Meteorological Paper 342.

Answers to the foregoing - - - 343.345

Extracts from Dampier's Voyages - 346. 347

C. Colden to Dr. Franklin - - - 347

Account of a Whirlwind in Maryland - - 348

On the N. E. Storms in North America - - 349

Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures - 350

On Cold produced by £ - 350. 353

Concerning the Light in -Water - • 354

On the Saltness of Sea-water • - - 355

On the Bristol Waters, and the Tide in Ri-

vers - - - 356, 358

Salt Water rendered fresh by Distillation.—Me-

thod of relieving thirst by Sea-water - - 358

Tendency of Rivers to the Sea.—Effects of the

Sun's Rays on Cloths of different colours 359

Effect of Air on the Barometer, and the Benefits

derived from the Study of Insects 360

Effect of Vegetation on noxious Air . 361

On the Inflammability of the Surface of certain ib

td.

362

363

Rivers in America - -

On the different Quantities of Rain which fall

at different Heights over the same Ground

Qn the Properties of an Hygrometer -

On the Difference of Navigation in shoal and

deep Water - - • - • 365

Improvements in Navigatio - . 366, 374

On the Gulf Stream - - • - 376

On the Warmth of Sea-water . - . 377

Journal of a Voyage from the Channel between

France and England towards America - 379

On the Art of Swimming • - 381.382

On the free Use of Air - - - - 383

On the Causes of Colds - - - ... ib.

On the Vis Inertiae of Matter - - - ib.

On the different Strata of the Earth - - 385

Theory of the Earth - - • - ib.

Theory of Light and Heat - - - • 387

Of Magnetism and the Theory of the Earth - 388

On the Nature of Sea Coal - - . 389

Number of Deaths in Philadelphia by Inoculation ib.

Answer to the preceding - - - - ib.

Effects of Lead upon the Human Constitution 390

The prevailing Doctrines of Life and Death - 391

New invented Pennsylvania Fire-places ' - 392

On the Causes and Cure of '' £ - 401

Description of a new Stove for burning Pit-coal

and consuming all its Smoke - . . . 414

Method of contracting Chimneys-Modesty in

Disputation - - - • -

POLITICAL ESSAYS. *

Concerning the Increase of Mankind, peopling

of Countries, &c. • - - - - 421

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