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HIS SOCIAL EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE, PHILOSOPHICAL, POLITICAL,

AND MORAL LETTERS AND ESSAYS,

AND HIS

DIPLOMATIC TRANSACTIONS AS AGENT AT LONDON AND MINISTER

PLENIPOTENTIARY AT VERSAILLES.

AUGMENTED BY MUCH MATTER NOT CONTAINED IN ANY FORMER IDITION

WITH A

POSTLIMINIOUS PREFACE.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

PHILADELPHIA:

M-CARTY & DAVIS, No. 171 MARKET STREET

184 0.

973.3

v. 2

LIBRARY OF THE LELAND STANFORD IR UNIVERSITY. ENTERED according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1834, by Mc Carty & Davis, in the

Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

A 40424

MAR 24. 1900

I. Ashinead & Co, I'rinters.

CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

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HISTORICAL.

Introductory Letter to some additional Papers 257

Grievances of Pennsylvania

Opinions and Conjectures concerning the Pro-

perties and Effects of electrical Matter, &c. 258

Dedication to Arthur Onslow

vii. Additional Experiments with the Leyden Bottle 266

introduction to the History

viii.

Accumulation of the electrical Fire in the elec-

Review of the Constitution and Government of trified Glass.-Effect of Lightning explained,

Pennsylvania

&c.

267

Appendix; containing sundry original Papers, Unlimited Nature of the electric Force

268

relative to the several Points of Controversy

Of the Terms, electric per se and non-electric.

between the Governors and Assemblies of

-Relation between Metals and Water, &c. 268

Pennsylvania

132

An Experiment towards discovering more of the

269

qualities of the electrical Fluid

HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL BEFORE

Mistake, that only Metal and Water were con-

THE REVOLUTION.

ductors, rectified, &c.

269

Albany Papers

176 Difference in the Electrcity of a Globe of Glass
I. Reasons and Motives on which the Plan of charged, and a Globe of Sulphur, and the pro.
Union was formed

ib. bable Course of their different Attractions and

II. Reasons against partial Unions

* 177 Repulsions, &c.

271, 272

II. Plan of a proposed Union of the several Electrical Experiment made at Marly

273

Colonies of Massachusett's Bay, New Hamp Letter of W. Watson concerning electrical Ex-

shire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, periments upon Thunder-clouds

275

New Jersey, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Remarks on the Abbé Nollet's Letters, by David

and South Carolina

178 Colden

276

Albany Papers-continued.

Curious Instance of the Effect of Oil on Water 279

I. Letter to Governor Shirley, concerning the

Rev. Mr. Farish to Dr. Brownrigg

280

Imposition of direct Taxes upon the Colo Dr. Franklin to Dr. Brownrigg

ib.

nies, without their consent

184 Mr. Tengnagel to Count Bentinck

282

II. Letter to the same; concerning direct The electrical Kite

284

Taxes in the Colonies imposed without con-

Size of Rods for Conductors to Buildings.-De-
sent, indirect Taxes, and the Albany Plan scription of a Thunder-cloud

ib.

of Union

184 of the positive and negative State of Electricity

III. Letter on the Subject of uniting the Co-

in the Clouds

289

lonies more intimately with Great Britain, Electrical Experiments

ib.

by Representatives in Parliament

186 Experiments made in pursuance of those made

The Canada Pamphlet:

by Mr. Canton; with explanations, by B.

The Interest of Great Britain considered, with

Franklin

292

regard to her Colonies and the Acquisitions Turkey killed by Electricity

293

of Canada and Guadaloupe

190 Dr. Franklin to Dr. Lining on electrical Matters 294

Plain Truth; or, Serious Considerations on the Beccaria's Work on Electricity, &c.

296

present State of the City of Philadelphia, and Dr. Franklin to Peter Collinson

297

Province of Pennsylvania. By a Tradesman Mr. Bowdoin to Dr. Franklin concerning Light.

of Philadelphia

205

ning

298

A Comparison of the Conduct of the ancient Answer to the same, by Dr. Franklin

299

Jews, and of the Anti-federalists in the United Mr. Bowdoin to Dr. Franklin on the Effect of

States of America

211 Lightning on Capi. Waddell's Compass, &c. 301

The Internal State of America ; being a true Of the Electric Spark,-Time taken up by

Description of the Interest and Policy of that Answer to the foregoing

302

vast Continent

212 Mr. Kinnersley to Dr. Franklin.-Experiments

Settlement on Ohio; Report of Lords Commis on boiling Water, &c.

303

sioners for Trade and Plantations, concerning Answer to the foregoing

306

a Grant of Lands on the river Ohio, in North Effects of Lightning in Carolina

312

America

214 Remarks by Dr. Franklin

313

Appendix, No. I. Proclamation by the King 238 On the Electricity of the Tourmalin

314

Appendix, No. II. State of the King's Quit-rents Professor Winthrop to Dr. Franklin, relating to

in North America

240 Electricity in the Atmosphere

315

Comparison of Great Britain and America as to A. Small, of London, to Dr. Franklin

316

Credit, in 1777

241 Best Method of securing a Powder Magazine

from Lightning

ib.

PHILOSOPHICAL.

Professor Winthrop to Dr. Franklin.-)

.-Electrical

Conductors

318

Essays and Correspondence.

Answer to the above

ib.

Electricity.-Wonderful Effect of Points.-Posi. Opinions and Observations concerning the uti.

tive and negative Electricity.-Electrical Kiss.

lity of long pointed Rods

320

-Counterfeit Spider.--Simple and commo. On the utility of electrical Conductors

323

dious electrical Machine

244 On the Effects of Electricity in paralytic cases 324

Observations on the Leyden Bottle, with Expe. Electrical Experiments on Amber

ib.

riments

246 On the Electricity of the Fogs in Ireland

325

Farther Experiments.-Leyden Bottle analyzed. The Shock from the Surinam Eel, or the Torpe.

-Electrical Battery.-Magical Picture.-Elec-

do, considered

326

trical Wheel or Jack.-Electrical Feast 249 On the Analogy between Magnetism and Elec-

Observations and Suppositions respecting Thun.

tricity

ib.

der-gusts

254 Mode of rendering Meat tender by Electricity 327

iii

ib.

462

Page

Page

Choice of Glass for the Leyden Experiment 328 Remarks on some of the foregoing Observations 423

Concerning the Leyden Bottle

329 Plan, by Messrs. Franklin and Dalrymple, for

Physical and Meteorological Observations

ib. benefiting distant unprovided Countries

427

On Water-spouts

332 Of the Provision made in China against Famine 428

Water-spouts and Whirlwinds

334. 340 Positions concerning national Wealth

ib.

Description of a Water-spout at Antigua

339 On the Price of Corn, and the Management of

Shooting Stars

ib. the Poor

429

Observations on the Meteorological Paper 342. 344 On Freedom of Speech and the Press

431

Answers to the foregoing.

343. 345 On Government

439, 440

Extracts from Dampier's Voyages

346. 347 On Paper Money

441

C. Colden to Dr. Franklin

347 On Coin

445

Account of a Whirlwind in Maryland

348 Rules of Health

448

On the N. E. Storms in North America

349 Rules for a Club formerly established in Phila.

Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures 350 delphia

ib.

On Cold produced by Evaporation

350. 353 Sketch of an English School

449

Concerning the Light in Sea-water

354 On Discoveries

452

On the Saltness of Sea-water

355 On the Usefulness of the Mathematics

453

On the Bristol Waters, and the Tide in Ri. Causes of Earthquakes

454

vers

356. 358 | Public Men

458

Salt Water rendered fresh by Distillation.-Me. On Smuggling

460

thod of relieving thirst by Sea-water

358 Plan for improving the Condition of the Free

Tendency of Rivers to the Sea.-Effects of the Blacks

461

Sun's Rays on Cloths of different colours 359 Remarks concerning the Savages of North

Effect of Air on the Barometer, and the Benefits America

derived from the Study of Insects

360 Memoire de Sir John Dalrymple ou Projet du

Effect of Vegetation on noxious Air

361 Lord Rocheford, pour empecher la Guerre 465

On the Inflammability of the Surface of certain On human Vanity

468

Rivers in America

ib.

On true Happiness

469

On the different Quantities of Rain which fall On Self-denial

470
at different Heights over the same Ground 362 Rivalship in Almanac making

471

On the Properties of an Hygrometer

363 The Waste of Life

On the Difference of Navigation in shoal and Dialogue I. between Philocles and Horatio, con.

deep Water

365 cerning Virtue and Pleasure

473

Improvements in Navigation

366. 374 Dialogue II. The same continued

475

On the Gulf Stream

376 Poor Richard's Almanac.-The Way to Wealth 477

On the Warmth of Sea-water

377 _Advice to a Young Tradesman

480

Journal of a Voyage from the Channel between Necessary Hints to those that would be Rich ib.

France and England towards America

379 The Way to make Money plenty in every Man's

On the Art of Swimming

381. 382 pocket

481

On the free Use of Air

383 Hints for a Reply to the Protests of certain

On the Causes of Colds

ib. Members of the House of Lords against the

On the Vis Inertiæ of Matter

ib. Repeal of the Stamp Act

499

On the different Strata of the Earth

385 Observations on Passages in a Pamphlet, en.

Theory of the Earth

ib. titled, “Good Humour, or, a Way with the

Theory of Light and Heat

387 Colonies"

Of Magnetism and the Theory of the Earth 388 Observations on Passages in a Letter from a

On the Nature of Sea Coal

389 Merchant in London to his Nephew in North

Number of Deaths in Philadelphia by Inoculation ib. America

504

Answer to the preceding

ib. Observations on Passages in an Inquiry into

Effects of Lead upon the Human Constitution 390 the Nature and Causes of the Disputes be.
The prevailing Doctrines of Life and Death 391 tween the British Colonies in America and

New-invented Pennsylvania Fire-places

392 their Mother Country"

510

On the Causes and Cure of smoky Chimneys 401 Observations on Passages in a Pamphlet, en.

Description of a new Stove for burning Pit.coal titled, “The True constitutional Means for

and consuming all its Smoke

414 putting an end to the Disputes between Great

Method of contracting Chimneys.-Modesty in Britain and the American Colonies"

516

Disputation

420

BAGATELLES,

POLITICAL ESSAYS.

The handsome and deformed Leg

• 481

The Busy body

Concerning the Increase of Mankind, peopling The Drinker's Dictionary

495

of Countries, &c.

421 / White-washing

198

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483

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