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Pennsylva. Cur. Brought over £ 193,638 10 0
Brought over £ 252,122 2 0 2 Gilbert's, 25 miles from the ci
show the nature of them*) and ty, 3200 acres at 701. per hun
nine tenths of the province redred acres
2,240 00 mains undisposed of. 3 Springfield, 12 miles from the
Three fifths of all royal mines is city, 1600 acres at 75l. per hun
reserved in the grants, and dred acres
1,200 00 all grants since the year 1732. 4 Highlands, 35 miles from the
One fifth of all other mines, decity, 2500 acres at 301. per hun
livered at the pit's mouth withdred acres
750 00 out charge, is also reserved 5 Spring-town, 37 miles from
No value is put on the propriethe city, 10,000 acres at 351.
tor's right to escheated lands; per hundred acres
and, besides these advantages, 6 Vincent's, 40 miles from the
several offices are in the procity, 20,000 acres at 35l. per
prietor's gift of considerable hundred acres
value. 7 Richland's, 35 miles from the
Register General, about £200 city, 10,000 acres at 15l. per
300 hundred acres
Clerk of Philadelphia, 400 9 About 20 tracts in the several
Chester, 300 counties, mostly 500 acres each;
Bucks, 200 reckoned 10,000 at 401.
4,000 0 0
Lancaster, 200 Springet's-bury, 207 acr. at 51. 1,035 0 0 Besides several other offices of 8 On the north side of the town,
less value. These are only 50 acres at 301.
1,500 00 guessed at. Back of the said land 15 acres at 101.
The above paper has no date, but by sundry 9 Lot in the bank at the north
circumstances in it, particularly there being no vaend of the town, 200 feet at 31. 600 00
lue put on the thirds of the bank lots, because 10 A front and bank lot between
they were not then fallen in; and by the valuaVine and Sassafras street, 102
tion put on the lands (which is very different feet at 61.
from their present value) it must have been drawn
while Mr. Thomas Penn resided in Pennsylvania, 11 Bank lot between Cedar and Pine street, 204 feet at 31.
and probably more than twenty years ago: since
which time a vast addition has been made to the 12 Front lot on the side of Cedar,
value of the reserved lands, and a great quantity of 102 feet at 31.
306 00 13 Ditto between Cedar and
land has been disposed of, perhaps equal to all prePine street, 160 feet at 21.
We must therefore add to the above sum of 14 Bank lot' between the same streets, 40 feet at 21.
252,1221. 28. the following articles, viz.
1. For the increased value of the 15 Marsh land near the town,
lands of the Conestogoe manor 600 acres at 31.
1,800 00 16 Ditto 200 acres at 1s. sterling
now valued at 400l. per hunrent, and 165 per cent. is
dred acres, and in the above es
timate valued only at 401. per Lands within the draft of the town, at least 500 acres, 250
hundred, the said increased vanearest Delaware at 15l. per
lue being 3001. per hundred
on 13,400 acres, 3,750 00
2 For the increased value of Gil250 nearest Schuylkill, at 101.
bert's manor, now worth 4001. per acre
2,500 00 17 Omitted. -Streiper's tract
per hundred acres,
3 For ditto on Springfield manor, in Bucks county, 35 miles, 5000 acres, at 251.
now worth 5001. per hundred 18 The rents of the above ma
4 For ditto on Highland's manor, nors and lands being 77,072 asres, at a halfpenny per acre.
now worth 3501. per hundred
acres, 20 years purchase, and 165
5 For ditto on Springtown, now' per cent. exchange, is
5,398 12 0
36,500 00 6 For ditto on Vincent's manor,
£ 233,972 20 The government to be calculated
now worth 3001. per hundred
acres, at no less than was to have
7 For ditto on Richland's, now been paid for it, viz. 11,0001.
worth 4501. per hundred acres, at 165 per cent. is 18,150 00
43,500 00 9 For ditto on the 20 tracts, now Carried over £ 252,122 2 0 worth 3001. per hundred acres,
Carried over £ 480,722 2 0 In this calculation no notice is taken of the thirds reserved on
* By these patents, at the end of fifty years, the pro. the bank lots (a copy of the pa
prietor was to have one third of the value of the lets
and the buildings, and other improvements erected on tents J. Penn has by him to
Pennsylva. Cur. Brought forward £484,722 2 0
Brought over $1,147,894 40 8 For ditto on Springetsbury,
For eight of these nine tenths of &c. at least.
the province which were not 9 For ditto on all the articles of
disposed of at the time of maklots from No. 9 to 14, being
ing the estimate; note, the protrebled in value,
5,060 00 vince grant to William Penn 15 For ditto on Marsh land, now
is of three degrees of latitude, worth 201. per acre,
and five of longitude ; each de16 For ditto on the value of
gree of latitude contains 693 lands within the draft of the
statute miles, and each degree town, now worth one with ano
of longitude about lat. 40. conther, 501. per acre,*
tains 53 statute miles; so the 17 For ditto on Streiper's tract,
dimensions of the province are now worth 325l. per hundred 15,000 00
265 miles by 2081, which gives [On the next articles for the re
for its contents 55,2523 square served rent, and the value of
miles, or thirty five millions the government, we add no ad
three hundred and sixty one vance.]
thousand six hundred acres; For the thirds of the bank lots
eight tenths of this quantity, is and improvements on them, as
28,289,280 acres, which at 15l. they fell in after this estimate
108. per 100 acres (the present was made; reckoning every 20
selling price) is
4,384,838 80 feet of ground with its improve
For the yearly quit rent on 28,ments, one with another, worth
289,280 acres at a halfpenny 4801., the thirds being 1601. for
sterling per acre, is 58,9361. each 20 feet,
37,280 00 per annum, which at 165 per
cent. and 20 years purchase,
1,856,484 00 Thus far for the present value of
For the additional value on one what was then estimated, but
tenth part, at least, of those since that time, very great
eight-tenths, which being pickquantities of land have been
ed out of the best of the lands sold, and several new manors
after every purchase from the laid out and reserved ; one of
Indians, before any private perwhich, viz. that of Conedogui
son is allowed to take up any, net, is said to contain 30,000
and kept for 20 or 30 years, is
to be sold at a medium for 3001. acres; the quantity sold since the estimate, must be at least
per 100 acres advance; this on equal to what was sold before,
2,828,928 acres, is
For the three fifths of all royal as the people are doubled, and the manors probably equal
mines, and one fifth of all other in quantity: we may therefore
mines reserved to these lords suppose that a fair estimate of
proprietors, we can as yet estithe lands sold, rents and ma
mate no sum, and must leave
it a blank as we find it, but nors reserved, and new towns laid out into lots, since the
since in the ridges of mountains above estimate, would be at
not yet settled, some very, valeast equal to it, that is another
luable specimens of ores have tenth, and amount also to 573,697 20
been found by travellers, it is
time become considerable be-
For the offices we shall likewise * The lots of land within the plan of the town were make no estimation though they originally promised to be given to the purchasers of land are greatly increased in number in the country. But that has been long since discontinued; and for many years past the proprietor has shut the
and value, with the increase office,and forbid his agents even to sell any more of them;
of people; as we believe the intending to keep them all, till he can let them out on proprietaries do not raise immehigh ground rents, or on building leases. Five hundred diate money from the grants acres divided into house lots, and disposed of in this of those offices at present, they manner, will alone make a vast estate. The old proprietor likewise in his plan of the city, laid out five
being chiefly disposed of to large squares, one in each quarter, and one in the cen. bribe or reward their partizans tre of the plan, and gave the same to the inhabitants and favourites; in which howfor public uses. This he published in all his accounts of the country, and his papers of invitation and encou
ever they may find their acragement to settlers; but as no formal deed or convey.
count. ance of those squares is now to be found, the present For the escheats we likewise add proprietor has resumed them, turned them again into nothing; for though it is private property, that the number of his lots may be in.
thought a valuable article, we creased; and his surveyor-general in his lately published plan of the city, has concealed all those squares by
have no information on which running intended streets over them. A proceeding equally odious to the people, and dishonourable to the family!
Carried over £15,875,500 12 0
Pennsylva. Cur Brought over £15,875,593 12 0 per hundred acres, which will we can form any judgment
€ 1,085,000 00 concerning its value, it must
Deduct the purchase money 750 00 however be continually increasing
Remains profit 1,084,250 00 There another article, we are
Besides the profit of a tenth of greatly at a loss about, which
the seven millions of acres, reis the interest of money aris
served in manors to be sold ing to the proprietors from se
hereafter at an advance of at curities on lands possessed by
least three hundred pounds persons unable to make present
per hundred acres,
2,100,000 0 0 payment. These pay not on
And also the quit-rent to be rely quit-rent for the land but
seven millions of interest for the purchase mo
acres, at a halfpenny sterling ney. This interest* is thought
per acre, 14,5831. 6s. 8d. which to be a very considerable in
at 165 per cent. and 20 years come, but we cannot estimate it. The three lower counties on De
purchase, is worth
481,250 00 laware, which are a distinct territory and government from
Profit, in all, £ 3,665,500 00 the province of Pennsylvania, and held by a different title,
But the Indian council at Onondago not being are also a very valuable part of
satisfied with the sale of so much land at once, the proprietary estate; though
the proprietors have since been obliged to diswhat value should be put on
gorge a part of the hunting country they had not the same is at present difficult
paid for, and re-convey the same to the Indians, who, when they are disposed to sell it, may pos
sibly demand two thousand dollars more, for which Total in Pennsy.vania curren
the above account must then have credit. rency,
£ 15,875,500 12 0 One would think, that where such good barIn sterling, about ten millions !
gains are bought of the poor natives, there should But on the whole, it appears pretty clearly, that be no occasion for fraudulent art to over-reach deducting all the articles containing the valuation them, in order to take more than is granted; and of lands yet unsold, and unappropriated within that if a war occasioned by such injuries, should their patent, and the manors and rents to be here be drawn upon the innocent inhabitants, those after reserved, and allowing for any small over-va- who were the cause of the war, if they did not, as luations in their present reserved lands and in- in justice they ought, bear the whole expense of comes (though it is thought if any be it will not it, at least they would not refuse to bear a reasonbe found to exceed the under-valuation in other able part. Whether this has ever been the case instances) there cannot remain less than a million is now a subject of public inquiry. of property which they now at this time have in But let us see how the land bought in such Pennsylvania.
lumping pennyworths of the natives by the moAnd in that province there are about twenty nopolist, is huckstered out again to the king's subthousand families, to each of which, one with ano-jects. To give the reader some idea of this, after ther, there does not belong more than three hun-remarking that fifteen pounds ten shillings per dred pounds of property, if so much; which mul- hundred acres for wild land, is three times dearer tiplied by twenty thousand gives six million pounds than the proprietor of Maryland's price, and ten for the whole property of the people there. times dearer than his majesty's lands in Virginia
The proprietaries then have in present pos- and Carolina, both as good if not better countries, session a property there at least equal to one sixth we shall present him with a genuine account, of that of the people. They ought therefore to stated under the hand of the proprietor's repay the same proportion of the taxes.
ceiver-general, obtained with great difficulty by That the reader may form some judgment of the purchaser of two tracts of land, some time the profits made by this monopoly of land in Ame- after he had paid his money; when on more parrica, in favour of the house of Penn, we shall just ticular consideration of the sum paid compared mention, that the land is first purchased of the In- with the quantity bought, he imagined he had dians within the limits of their grant: the Indians paid too much. The account is as follows, viz. of late years have somewhat raised their price; and for the last great purchase in 1754, which John Fisher in right of Jacob Job. Dr. was of about seven millions of acres, they demand- To land, 423 acres 53 perches, in Pexed (how much do you think?) no less than two tang township, Lancaster county, thousand dollars, amounting, at seven and six granted to said Job, by warrant of pence currency each, to seven hundred and fifty March 19, 1742,
£ 65 12 1 pounds.
Interest from 1st March, 1732, to 19th The land so bought the proprie
March, 1742, is 10 years 18 days, 39 11 2 tor has the moderation to sell (except the best of it reserved in manors for himself) at
105 3 3 so low a price as 15l. '10s.
19th March, 1742, paid 15 00
* See Fisher's account hereafter. VOL. II. ... Y
Carried over 90 3 3
Brought over £ 50 12 1 Brought over £ 90 3 3
1d. from the 19th March Interest from 19th March, 1742, to
1742, to 20th February, 20th February, 1747, is 4 years, 11
1747, being four years months, 1 day,
26 11 11
eleven months and one Quit-rent to next month is 15 years,
14 18 9 131. 48. 7d. sterling, at 85 per cent.
24 9 6
To five years quit-rent for
said land at one halfpen-
ny sterl. per acre per ann.
the time the land was John Fisher in right of Thomas Cooper, Dr.
surveyed (for quit-rent To land, 268 acres in Pextang town
ought not to be paid beship, Lancaster county, granted by
fore) to March, 1748, warrant of 8th January, 1743, to
amounting in the whole said Cooper,
41 10 9
to 41.8s. 4d. sterl, at eighInterest from 1st March, 1737, to 8th
ty five per cent. the ex
charged in the account January, 1743, is 5 years, 10
8 5 9 months, 9 days,
14 11 9 56 2 6
20th February, 1747. 19th January, 1743, paid 7 10 0
Sum due on Job's right £ 73 16 7
48 12 6 John Fisher in right of Thomas Cooper, Dr. Interest from 9th January, 1743, to
1743. To 268 acres of land in 20th February, 1747, is 4 years, 1
9th Jan. Pextan aforesaid, grantmonth, 11 days,
11 19 10
ed said Cooper by warQuit-rent to next month is 10 years,
rant this day
£ 41 10 9 51. 118. 8d. sterling, at 85 per cent. 10 6 7
By cash paid that day q 10 0
70 18 11 20th February, 1747.
9th January, 1743, balance due £ 34 0 9
To interest on 341. Os. 9d. £ 141 4 8
from 9th January, 1743, 70 18 11
to 20th February, 1747,
being four years one 212 3 7
month and eleven days. 8 7 8 10 0 Transfer, &c.
To four years and two
months quit rent for said 212 13 7
lands, viz. from January,
1743, to the 1st March, Philadelphia, 23d February, 1747.
1747, amounting in the
whole to 21. 6s. 6d. sterReceived of John Fisher, two hundred and
ling, at eighty-five per twelve pounds, three shillings and seven pence, in
4 7 24 full for 423 acres in Pextang township, granted by warrant of 19th March, 1742, to Jacob Job, and for 268 acres in the same township, by war
20th Feb. 1747. rant of 9th January, 1743, to Thomas Cooper,
Sum due on Cooper's right £ 46 15 73 both in the county of Lancaster. £ 212 3 7
In Feb. 1747, John Fisher obtained a proprie100 fees
tary palent for the lands above-mentioned. But
by the accompts then exhibited to him, and which 212 13 7
he paid, he was charged on Job's right one hunN.B. The quit-rent in full to 1st March, 1747. dred and forty-one pounds four shillings and
For the honourable proprietaries, eight pence, which is sixty-seven pounds eight LYNFORD LARDNER, Receiver Gen. shillings and a penny more than the above ac
count, and also was charged on Cooper's right, seThe purchaser not being skilled in accounts, venty pounds eighteen shillings and eleven pence, but amazed at the sum, applied to a friend to exa- which is twenty-four pounds three shillings and mine this account, who stated it over as follows, three pence three farthings more than the above viz.
accompt of Cooper's. So that by the two ac
compts it is supposed he has paid ninety-one John Fisher in the right of Jacob Job, Dr. pounds eleven shillings and four pence three far1742. To 423 acres, 50 per. of
things more than could legally be received from 19th March. land, in Pestan county,
him. Lancaster, granted to
The reason of such great difference in the acsaid Job by warrant dat
compts are as follow, viz. ed this day
£ 65 12 1 1st. That interest has been charged on the conBy cash paid that day 15. 0 0 sideration money for Job's land for ten years and
eighteen days, before the land was surveyed. Carried forward £ 50 12 1 2d. That quit-rent has also been charged for To interest on 501. 12s.
that time at 85 per cent.
3d. That the principal and interest to the time here in September, 1757, by a gentleman who of warrant and survey were added together, and had the best opportunities of being acquainted that interest was charged for that total to the time with the truth of the facts he relates. Any other the patent was granted.
proof, indeed, of their authenticity can scarce be 4th. That interest has been charged on the con thought requisite, when 'tis known that since sideration money for Cooper's land, for five years that time no one has ever offered to publish the ten months and eight days, before the land was least thing in contradiction ; although before, surveyed.
scarce a week elapsed without the newspapers 5th. That quit-rent has also been charged for furnishing us with some anonymous abuse of that time at 85 per cent.
that colony. 6th. That the principal and interest to the time of warrant and survey were added, and interest to the printer of the Citizen, or, General Ach charged for that total to the time the patent was
vertiser. granted, which is compound interest.
Sir,- In your paper of the ninth instant, I obTo these remarks of the accountant we shall serve the following paragraph, viz. “ The last only add, that the price of exchange between letters from Philadelphia bring accounts of the Philadelphia and London is not fixed, but rises scalping the inhabitants of the back provinces by and falls according to the demand for bills; that the Indians; at the same time the disputes beeighty-five per cent. charged for the exchange in tween the governor and the assembly are carried this account is the highest exchange that per on to as great a heighth as ever, and the messages haps was ever given in Pennsylvania, occasioned sent from the assembly to the governor, and from by some particular scarcity of bills at a particular the governor to the assembly, are expressed in time; that the proprietor himself in his estimate terms which give very little hopes of a reconciliareckons the exchange but at 65, which is indeed tion. The bill to raise money is clogged, so as to near the medium, and this charge is twenty per prevent the governor from giving his consent to cent. above it. That the valuing the currency of it; and the obstinacy of the quakers in the asthe country according to the casual rate of ex- sembly is such, that they will in no shape alter it; change with London, is in itself a false valuation, so that while the enemy is in the heart of the the currency not being really depreciated in pro- country, cavils prevent any thing being done for portion to an occasional rise of exchange ; since its relief. Mr. Denny is the third governor with every necessary of life is to be purchased in the whom the assembly has had these disputes withcountry, and every article of expense defrayed by in a few years." that currency (English goods only excepted) at As this paragraph, like many others heretofore as low rates after as before such rise of exchange ; published in the papers, is not founded in truth, that therefore the proprietor's obliging those who but calculated to prejudice the public against the purchase of him to pay their rents according to quakers and people of Pennsylvania, you are dethe rate of exchange, is unjust, the rate of ex- sired to do that injured province some justice in change including withal the risk and freight on publishing the following remarks; which would remitting money to England; and is besides a have been sent you sooner had the paper come dangerous practice, as the great sums to be yearly sooner to my hands. remitted to him, put it in the power of his own 1. That the scalping of the frontier inhabitants agents to play tricks with the exchange at plea- by the Indians is not peculiar to Pennsylvania, sure, raise it at the time of year when they are to but common to all the colonies in proportion as receive the rents, by buying a few bills at a high their frontiers are more or less extended and exprice, and afterwards lower it by refraining to buy posed to the enemy. That the colony of Virgitill they are sold more reasonably.
nia, in which there are very few, if any, quakers, By this account of the receiver-general's, it ap- and none in the assembly, has lost more inhabipears we have omitted two other articles in the es- tants and territory by the war than Pennsylvania. timation of the proprietary estate, viz,
That even the colony of New York, with all its For the quit-rents of lands many years before own forces, a great body of New England troops they are granted !
encamped on its frontier, and the regular army For the interest of the purchase-money many under lord Loudon posted in different places, has
years before the purchases are made! not been able to secure its inhabitants from scalpOn what pretence these articles of charge are ing by the Indians; who coming secretly in very founded, how far they may be extended, and small parties skulking in the woods, must somewhat they may amount to, is beyond our know- times have it in their power to surprise and deledge; we are therefore obliged to leave them stroy travellers, or single families settled in scatblank' till we can obtain more particular informa- tered plantations, notwithstanding all the care tion.
that can possibly be taken by any government for their protection: centinels posted round an army,
while standing on their guard, with arms their Although we have not in this work taken parti- hands, are often killed and scalped by Indians.
cular notice of the numerous falsehoods and How much easier must it be for such an enemy calumnies which were continually thrown out to destroy a ploughman at work in his field ? against the assembly and people of Pennsyl 2. That the inhabitants of the frontiers of Penndania, to keep alive the prejudices raised by the sylvania are not quakers, were in the beginning arts of the proprietary and his agents ; yet as of the war supplied with arms and ammunition by we think it will not be deemed improper to give the assembly, and have frequently defended themthe readers some specimen of them, we shall on selves and repelled the enemy, being withheld by that account, and as it affords additional light no principle from fighting ; and the losses they concerning the conduct and state of that pro- have suffered were owing entirely to their situapince, subjoin a paper printed and published | tion, and the loose scattered manner in which