Indicators of Sustainability for the Mineral Extraction Industry

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CYTED-CETEM, 2002 - 524 páginas
 

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Página 520 - ... TECNOLOGÍA I. METODOLOGÍA EN CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGÍA Dr. Jesús Blanco Álvarez XVI. GESTIÓN DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN Y EL DESARROLLO TECNOLÓGICO Dra. María Carlota de Souza Paula MEDIO AMBIENTE XII. DIVERSIDAD BIOLÓGICA Dr. Peter Mann de Toledo XV. CORROSIÓN E IMPACTO AMBIENTAL SOBRE MATERIALES Dra. Ma. Carmen Andrade Perdrix XVII. APROVECHAMIENTO Y GESTIÓN DE RECURSOS HÍDRICOS Dra. Alicia Fernández Cirelli XVIII. TECNOLOGÍAS DE PREVISIÓN Y EVALUACIÓN DE DESASTRES NATURALES Dr. Hugo Alfonso...
Página 14 - ... peripheral countries. Scenario II This scenario represents a presumed sharp break away from the historic tendency of "competition" and a world political, economic and technological restructuring. These transformations favor a more equitative and more balanced development at the international level. In this scenario, the logic of the market coexists with the logic of its control and social satisfaction, where the principles of reciprocity and redistribution in the conducting of economic and social...
Página 520 - Subprogramas por Áreas Temáticas APOYO A POLÍTICAS DE CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGÍA I. METODOLOGÍA EN CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGÍA Dr. Jesús Blanco Álvarez XVI. GESTIÓN DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN Y EL DESARROLLO TECNOLÓGICO Dra. María Carlota de Souza Paula MEDIO AMBIENTE XII. DIVERSIDAD BIOLÓGICA Dr. Peter Mann de Toledo XV. CORROSIÓN E IMPACTO AMBIENTAL SOBRE MATERIALES Dra. Ma. Carmen Andrade Perdrix XVII. APROVECHAMIENTO Y GESTIÓN DE RECURSOS HÍDRICOS Dra. Alicia Fernández Cirelli XVIII. TECNOLOGÍAS...
Página 8 - ... opposes or aggregates to the traditional economic rationality. The difference lies in the how strategies should be established for attaining sustainability. In this meaning, what can be sustained, how and for how long, are answers determined socially in a process of participation of society and even of social consensus. Hence, while for the first meaning of the concept of sustainable development the internalization of environmental costs depends upon the existence of basic instruments which make...
Página 6 - ... governments concerned with long-term sustainability do not need to limit the growth of the economic product as soon as they stabilize the consumption of aggregate natural resources". Still adhering to this viewpoint, a more positive argument in favor of economic growth starts from the presupposition that poverty is largely responsible for environmental degradation. The elimination of poverty would be a condition for ecological sustainability and the role of economic growth in that process would...
Página 7 - the existence of ecological conditions necessary for providing support 1 4 for human life at a specific level of well-being through future generations." Acselrad, on this point, says: "Concerned with sustaining the basis of natural resources for future production, this concept proposes the introduction of a new environmental restriction (...). Ignoring the conflict for control over natural resources, it seeks to create conditions for saving natural resources, without, however, considering the sociopolitical...
Página 243 - FROMENT, GF and BISCHOFF, KB, 1979. Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, John While and Sons, New York, 765pp.
Página 13 - ... development are dictated by international organizations. The feasibility of the tendential scenario has its bases in the politicaleconomic hegemony of the developed countries, which make their proposals prevail, dictating the rules and institutional models that govern international affairs. It is they who preponderantly establish and benefit from pacts, blocs and political and economic alliances among nations. This scenario represents the strengthening of the "hypercolonialist...
Página 16 - Finally, attention should be drawn to one aspect which could be called "unfinished" in Scenario II, whose main difficulty results from the generalization of promises of social participation, equity and control of the environment. In the case of Scenario I, if the social security and unemployment aspects are not embodied, in rebuttal the actual continuity of the current economic rationality points to what should be done at a micro and even sector level. Whereas in Scenario II, as the paradigmatic...
Página 11 - ... world class standard" , in which the more dynamic sectors are those that are 29 more intensive in technology . Control over the new technical production paradigm (new ways of organizing production, greater flexibility in productive processes and intensive use of new technologies) is exercised by the developed countries, to by-pass environmental restrictions and to exploit their availability of natural resources. Technological innovation is seen only as a competition factor, that is, technology...

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