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2 wilderness of Sina, saying, Give orders, and let the children of 3 Israel keep the passover in its appointed season. On the fourteenth day of this first month, towards evening, thou shalt celebrate it in its season. According to its rites, and according to 4 its institution, thou shalt celebrate it. Accordingly Moses spoke to the children of Israel to keep the passover on the 5 fourteenth day of the first month, in the wilderness of Sina. And when the children of Israel were doing as the Lord com6 manded Moses, there were some men who were defiled by the dead body of a man, and could not keep the passover; so these men came to Moses and Aaron on that day, and said to 7 them, We are defiled by the dead body of a man, must we therefore be deprived of the opportunity of offering our gift to the Lord, in its appointed season, among the children of Israel: 8 whereupon Moses said to them, Stand here; and I will hear 9 what the Lord will command concerning you. Then the Lord

spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, and 10 say, If any man among you, or among your posterity, happen

to be defiled by the dead, or be on a far distant journey, he 11 shall keep the passover to the Lord in the second month. On

the fourteenth day they shall keep it towards evening. They 12 shall eat it with unleavened bread, and bitter herbs; they shall

not leave any of it till the morning; nor shall they break a 13 bone of it. They shall keep it according to the ritual of the pass

over. And if any man be clean, and not on a distant journey, and fail to keep the passover, that soul shall be cut off from among his people; because he did not offer this gift to the 14 Lord, in its appointed time, such a man shall bear his sin. And


if there come to you a proselyte in your land, and he chuse to keep the passover to the Lord, he must keep it according to its ritual, and according to its institution. You shall have one law for the prosclyte, and for him born in the land.

Now on the day when the tabernacle was erected, the cloud covered the tabernacle-the house of the testimony: and in the evening there was over the tabernacle an appearance like that of fire, which continued till the morning. Thus it was con16 tinually. The cloud covered it by day: and there was an ap17 pearance of fire during the night. And when the cloud ascend

ed from the tabernacle, the Israelites thereupon began their

march; and at what place soever the cloud halted there the Is18 raelites encamped. By the command of the Lord the Israelites were to encamp, and by the command of the Lord, they were to march. All the time the cloud overshadowed the taberna19 cle, the Israelites were to continue encamped. And when the cloud was continued over the tabernacle many days, the Israel20 ites were to keep the watch of their God, and not remove. And

such was to be the case when the cloud overshadowed the tabernacle but a few days. At the command of the Lord, they were to encamp; and at the command of the Lord, they were to 21 march. And this was to be the case when the cloud was from

evening till morning. When the cloud ascended in the mornning, they were to take up their march, whether it was day or 22 night. But while the cloud continued to overshadow it, even for a month or more, the Israelites were to continue encamped,. and not remove.


Because at the command of the Lord, they were to move, and at the command of the Lord, by the ministry of Moses, they kept the watch of the Lord; therefore the Lord spoke to

X. Moses, saying, Make for thyself two silver trumpets. Thou 2 shalt make them of ductile silver, each beaten out of one piece.

And they shall serve thee to assemble the congregation, and to 3 cause the camps to remove. When thou shalt blow with them, 4 all the congregation shall assemble at the door of the taberna

cle of the testimony; but when one is blown, all the chiefs, the 5 leaders of Israel, shall come to thee. When you blow an alarm, 6 the camps on the east shall begin their march; and when you blow a second alarm, the camps on the south shall begin their march; and when you blow a third alarm, the camps on the west shall begin their march; and when you blow a fourth 7 alarm, the camps on the north shall begin their march. They shall blow an alarm for their marching. And when you would assemble the congregation, you are to blow with them, but not 8 an alarm. The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets. This shall be a perpetual ordinance for you, throughout 9 your generations. And when you go out to battle in your land, against your enemies, who have risen up against you, you shall sound these trumpets, that you may be brought into remembrance before the Lord, and saved from your enemies.

10 In the days of your rejoicings also, and at your festivals, and at your new moons, you shall blow the trumpets, at your whole burnt offerings, and at your sacrifices of thanksgivings; and it shall be a calling of you into remembrance before the Lord-I the Lord your God.


Now in the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth day of the month, the cloud ascended from the tabernacle 12 of the testimony; whereupon the Israelites with their baggage,

marched through the wilderness of Sina, and the cloud halted 13 in the wilderness of Pharan. When the first had begun their 14 march-when the van, the division of the camp of Judas, had 15 marched, and at the head of it Naasson son of Aminadab, and 16 at the head of the army of the tribe of Issachar, Nathaniel son

of Sogar, and at the head of the army of the tribe of Zabulon, 17 Eliab son of Chailon; then were the Gersonites, and the Me

rarites, having taken down the tabernacle, to move on, carry18 ing the tabernacle. And when the division of the camp of

Reuben had marched with their army, and at the head of it 19 Elisur son of Sedur; and at the head of the army of the tribe 20 of Symeon, Salamiel son of Surisadai; and at the head of the 21 army of the tribe of Gad, Elisaph son of Raguel, then were

the Kaathites to move on, carrying the holy things, so that 22 the tabernacle might be set up when they arrived. Then were to march the division of the camp of Ephraim, with their arand at the head of it Elisama son of Emiud; and at the head of the army of the tribe of Manasses, Gamaliel son of 24 Phadassur; and at the head of the army of the tribe of Benja25 min, Abidan son of Gadeoni. And the division of the camp

23 my,

of Dan were to march the last of all the camps, with their ar26 my, and at the head of it Achiezer son of Amisadai; and at the 27 head of the army of the tribe of Aser, Phagael son of Echran; 28 and at the head of the army of the tribe of Nephthaleim, Achire son of Ainan. These were the armies of the Israelites.


Now when they began their march Moses said to Obad, son of Raguel the Madianite, the brother in law of Moses, We are now on our march to the place which the Lord said, This I will give you. Come with us and we will deal well with thee; for the Lord hath spoken good things concerning Israel. 30 In reply to which he said, I cannot go, but must return to my

31 own land, and to my family. Whereupon Moses said, Thou must not leave us. Because thou hast been with us in the wilderness, therefore thou shalt be a senator among us, and 32 shalt share-if thou go with us, thou shalt indeed share in all those good things which the Lord will bestow upon us, and we will deal kindly with thee.

33 So they removed from the mount of the Lord, three days'

journey, and the ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them the three days' journey, to look out for them a resting 35 place. And when the ark set forward Moses said, Arise, O Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered. Let them who hate thee 36 be put to flight. And when it halted he said, Return, O Lord, to the thousand myriads of Israel.


Now while the cloud was overshadowing them by day, as they marched out of the camp, the people were wickedly XI. murmuring before the Lord, and the Lord heard, and was provoked to wrath, and a fire from the Lord was kindled 2 among them, and was consuming part of the camp, whereupon the people cried to Moses, and he prayed to the Lord, and 3 the fire ceased. So the name of that place was called Burning, because a fire from the Lord had been kindled among them.


Again the mixed multitude which was among them had a longing desire, and even the children of Israel sat down and 5 wept, saying, Who will give us flesh to eat. We recollect the fish which we ate in Egypt for nothing; and the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the cloves of 6 garlick; but now our soul is dried up, and our eyes behold 7 nothing but this manna. Now the manna was like a grain of

coriander, and its colour was the colour of chrystal, and the 8 people went out, and gathered it and ground it in mills, or beat it in mortars, and boiled it in pots, or made it up into cakes to be baked on the hearth; and in sweetness its taste was that of a 9 sweet cake, made with oil; and when the dew fell on the camp the manna came down with it.


When Moses heard them weeping in their communities, every one at his tent door, though the Lord was greatly provoked to wrath, and in the view of Moses it was evil, yet 11 Moses said to the Lord, Why hast thou afflicted thy servant;

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and why have I not found favour in thy sight, that thou 12 shouldst lay upon me the weight of this people? Have I conceived all this people? Or have I brought them forth, that thou sayest to me, Take them in thy bosom, and carry them, as a nurse would her sucking child, to the land which with 13 an oath thou hast promised to their fathers? Whence can I

have flesh to give to all this people? For they weep before me, 14 saying, Give us flesh that we may eat. I am not able alone to 15 bear this people. It is a burden too heavy for me. If thou

deal thus with me, kill me outright, if I have found favour in 16 thy sight, that I may not see my wretchedness. Whereupon the Lord said to Moses, Assemble before me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be elders of the people, and their scribes; and bring them to the tabernacle 17 of the testimony, and let them stand there with thee; and I will come down and talk with thee there, and I will take a portion of the spirit which is upon thee, and put it upon them; and they will help thee to bear the burden of this people, 18 so that thou shalt not bear them thyself alone. And thou shalt say to this people, Sanctify yourselves against to-morrow, and you shall eat flesh. Because you have wept before the Lord, saying, Who can give us flesh to eat? It is better for us to be in Egypt; therefore the Lord will give you flesh to 19 eat, and you shall eat flesh. You shall eat it, not one day, nor

two days, nor five days, nor ten nor twenty days. You shall 20 eat it a whole month, until it come out at your nostrils, and become loathsome to you, because you have distrusted the Lord who is amongst you, and have wept in his presence, and said, Why did we come out of Egypt. Thereupon Moses 21 said, The people among whom I am, are six hundred thou

sand footmen, yet thou hast said, I will give them flesh to eat, 22 and they shall eat it a whole month. Must the flocks and the herds be slaughtered for them? Will even these suffice? Or should all the fish of the sea be collected for them, would this be 23 sufficient for them? And the Lord said to Moses, Cannot the

hand of the Lord furnish a sufficiency? Thou shalt now see whe24 ther my word shall come to pass to thee or not. Then Moses went

out, and told the people the words of the Lord. And when he had assembled seventy men from among the elders of the peo

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