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which the hail hath left you; and they shall devour every tree 6 which groweth for you in the land. And thy houses and the houses of thy servants, all the houses of the Egyptians throughout the whole land, shall be filled in such a manner as thy fathers and their forefathers never saw from the time they had an existence in the land even to this day. And Moses turned and went out from Pharao.

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Upon this the attendants of Pharao said to him, How long shall this be a snare to us? Send the men away that they may serve their God. Dost thou not know that Egypt is ruined? 8 Then they brought back Moses and Aaron to Pharao; and he said to them, Go and serve the Lord your God. But who and 9 who are going? And Moses said, We must go with young and old, with our sons and daughters, and with our flocks and herds, 10 for it is the festival of the Lord. Whereupon he said to them, The Lord be so with you! as I send you away, must I also send away your substance? Take notice! you have wicked in11 tentions. No: Let the men go and worship; for this is what you desire. So they drove them out from the presence of 12 Pharao. Then the Lord said to Moses, Stretch forth thy hand against the land of Egypt, and let the locust come up against the land. And it shall devour every herb of the field and all 13 the fruit of the trees which the hail hath left. So Moses lifted

up the staff towards heaven and the Lord brought a south wind upon the land all that day and all that night, and by the morning the south wind had lifted up a swarm of locusts and wafted 14 it over the whole land of Egypt: and it settled on all the bor

ders of Egypt-an immense swarm. Such a swarm of locusts had never been before it, nor shall there ever be such a one 15 hereafter. It covered the whole surface of the ground and the land was wasted. And it devoured every herb of the ground and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. There was nothing green left among the trees, or among the herbs of the 16 field throughout all the land of Egypt. Upon this Pharao sent in haste for Moses and Aaron and said; I have sinned in the 17 sight of the Lord your God and against you; therefore forgive

this offence of mine this once more, and pray to the Lord your 18 God; and let him remove from me this pestilence. Then Moses went out from Pharao and prayed to God, and the Lord

VOL. I.

19 brought a contrary wind with great violence from the sea; and it lifted up the swarm of locusts and cast it into the Red sea, and there was not one locust left in all the land of Egypt.

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But the Lord suffered Pharao's heart to be stubborn so that 21 he did not let the Israelites go. Then the Lord said to Moses,

Stretch forth thy hand towards heaven and let there be dark22 ness over the land of Egypt-a palpable darkness. So Mo

ses stretched forth his hand towards heaven, and there was a darkness-a thick, turbid darkness over the whole land of 23 Egypt three days. And for three days one saw not another,

nor did any one rise from his place for three days; but all the children of Israel had light in all the places where they were. 24 Then Pharao sent for Moses and Aaron and said, Go and worship the Lord your God. But you must leave your flocks and 25 your herds. Your baggage may go with you. And Moses said,

But thou must give us burnt offerings and sacrifices to offer 26 to the Lord our God. Our cattle therefore must go with us. We cannot leave a hoof behind. For of them we must take to worship the Lord our God; and we do not know with what we are to worship the Lord our God, until we come there. 27 Now the Lord had suffered the heart of Pharao to continue

stubborn so that he would not let the people go, therefore Pharao said, Begone from me. Take heed to thyself not to see my face any more. For the day thou appearest before me thou 28 shalt die. Whereupon Moses said, Thou hast spoken. I will not appear again in thy presence.—

XI.

(Now the Lord had spoken to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt and said, I will inflict yet one stroke more on Pharao and on Egypt and after that he will send you away from his country. And when he shall send you away he will. drive you out altogether in haste. Speak therefore privately to the ears of the people, and let every one ask of his neighbour 2 vessels of silver and gold and raiment. And the Lord had given his people favour in the sight of the Egyptians and 3 they supplied them. The man Moses also was become very great in the sight of the Egyptians and in the sight of Pharao, and in the eyes of his attendants, therefore Moses said,)

4.

Thus saith the Lord, About midnight I will go into the 5 midst of Egypt, and every first born in the land of Egypt shall

die-from the first born of Pharao who sitteth on the throne, to the first born of the female slave who is at the grinding 6 mill, including also the first born of all the cattle. And there shall be a great cry through all the land of Egypt—such as 7 hath never been, nor shall the like be again any more. But among all the children of Israel and their cattle not even a dog shall bark at man or beast, that thou mayst know what a distinction the Lord will make between the Egyptians and the 8 Israelites. And all these thy servants will come down to me and make obeisance to me and say, Go away thou and all thy people whom thou wouldst take with thee.

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Then Moses went out from Pharao with indignation and the Lord said to Moses, Pharao will not hearken to you that I may fully compleat my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

(Though Moses and Aaron had done all those signs and those wonders in the land of Egypt in the presence of Pharao, yet the Lord suffered the heart of Pharao to be stubborn that he hearkened not to send away the Israelites out of XII. the land of Egypt. Now the Lord had spoken to Moses 2 and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It is the first for you 3 among the months of the year. Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel and say, On the tenth of this month let them take every one a sheep according to the houses of 4 patriarchal families, every one a sheep for a family; and if there be too few in the family to be sufficient for one sheep, 5 let him associate with him his next neighbour. With regard to the number of souls, every one shall collect to him a number sufficient for a sheep. Your sheep shall be without blemish, a male and in its first year. You may take either from 6 the lambs or the kids. And it shall be kept up by you until the fourteenth day of this month. Then the whole multitude of the congregation of the children of Israel shall kill it in the even7 ing. And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and on the lintel of the door of the house in which 8 they are to eat it. And that night they shall eat the flesh roasted with fire. They shall also eat unleavened bread with bitter 9 herbs. You shall not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but

only roasted with fire, head and feet and carcase together. 10 Nothing of it shall be left till the morning. And you shall not break a bone of it. And what is left of it till the morning you 11 shall burn with fire. And in this manner you shall eat it. Your

loins shall be girded. Your sandals shall be on your feet, and 12 your staves in your hands. And you shall eat it in haste. It is a PASSOVER to the Lord. For in that night I will pass through the land of Egypt, and smite all the first born in the land of Egypt, both of man and beast. And upon all the gods of the Egyptians I will execute vengeance. I am the Lord. 13 But the blood shall be to you for a sign on the houses in which you are. And when I see the blood, I will protect you and there shall be no destroying plague among you, when I smite 14 in the land of Egypt. And that day shall be to you for a me

of your

morial. And you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord 15 throughout all your generations. As an everlasting ordinance you shall celebrate it. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. And from the first day you shall remove all leaven out houses. Whoever shall eat leaven from the first to the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from among Israel. 16 And with regard to the first day, it shall be proclaimed holy; and the seventh day shall be holy to you. In them you shall not do any kind of sacrificial service, save that which must be done for every soul. This alone shall be done for you and you 17 shall keep this commandment. For on that day I will lead out your host from the land of Egypt; therefore you shall make the observance of that day an everlasting rite to your genera18 tions. Beginning at evening with the fourteenth day of the

first month, you shall eat unleavened bread until the evening 19 of the twenty first day. For seven days there must be no leaven found in your houses. Whoever shall eat leavened bread, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation of Is20 rael; whether he be a stranger or born in the land. You shall eat nothing that is leavened. But in all your habitations you must eat unleavened bread.)

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Moses therefore convened the whole senate of the children of Israel and said to them, Go take for yourselves the 22 sheep according to your families and kill the passover; and

ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and having dipped it in the

blood by the door you shall smear the lintel and the two side posts with some of the blood which is at the door; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morn23 ing. For the Lord will pass by to smite the Egyptians; and when he shall see the blood on the lintel and on the two side posts, the Lord will pass over that door and will not suffer 24 the destroyer to enter into your houses to smite. And this or

dinance you shall keep as a rite established for thee and thy 25 children for ever. And when you come to the land which the

Lord will give you as he hath spoken, you must keep up this 26 religious service. And if your children say to you, What is the 27 meaning of this religious service? then you shall say to them,

It is the sacrifice of the Passover of the Lord; because he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. Upon which 28 the people bowed down and worshipped; and the Israelites 29 went and did as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. And

when they had so done, it came to pass that at midnight the Lord smote all the first born in the land of Egypt, from the first born of Pharao, who sat on the throne to the first born of the captive in the dungeon, and even the first born of all the 30 cattle. Whereupon Pharao arose by night he and all his attendants and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in all the land of Egypt; for there was not a family in which there 31 was not one dead. And Pharao called for Moses and Aaron

by night and said to them, Arise and depart from among my 32 people, both you and the Israelites. Go and serve the Lord

your God as you say. Take your flocks and your herds and 33 go away, and bless me, I beseech you. And the Egyptians pressed the people with great earnestness to hurry them away out of the country; for they said, We shall all die.

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So the people took up, upon their shoulders, their dough which had not yet been leavened-the masses of mixed up 35 meal, bound up in their mantles-(now the Israelites had done as Moses commanded them; they had asked of the Egyptians 36 gold and silver vessels and raiment, and the Lord had given his people favour in the sight of the Egyptians and they had 37 supplied them, so they spoiled the Egyptians) and the Israelites to the number of six hundred thousand men on foot be

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