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It is obvious from what I have Hor. It should seem to follow faid of it, that the Couplet is not from hence, that the genius may formed for such gradations as these. be a wit when he pleales; yet we On the contrary, from the same- have seen such, who have made ness in its flow, every sentiment, of the attempt without success. what nature foever, comes equally Eug. Very rarely, when they recommended to the ear, and of give into the practice of being playcourse to our attention.”(P. 5---16.) ful : thus, who has more wit than

His remarks in the second dia- Shakespear? If others have failed, logue are more general and miscel- it must have been from the influence laneous.

of a better habit : accustomed to Eug. The distinctive property unite ideas by their beauties, they of Genius is to surprise, either by overlook the little points of similioriginal Beauty, or Greatness in tude in those which are the most the idea, These are the master opposed; or, of difference, in those {prings; but there are others which which are the most united: hence, are subordinate: for a superior ge- as Cunning is but a short-fighted nius will so dress the most common Wisdom, Wit may be called the thought, or familiar image, as to fhort-fight of Genius. give it fome unexpected advantage; Hor. You make a greater difby which it becomes apparently, if ference between them than will be not really, original: the result is allowed by many. the same; we are surprized ; every Eug. I use them in that sense, such effect implies a degree of no- in which they are understood, when velty, and, consequently, of in- we say, that Ovid had wit, and vention.

Virgil genius : that this is the most Hor. Is not surprise rather the exact and received sense of these effect of wit than of genius ? words, will appear from hence,

Eug. To determine this, we that, were I to affert, that Virgil muft state the difference between had more wit than Ovid, I should them. This seems to me to depend be laughed at: yet this would be on the degrees of our penetration, the consequence of understanding and the nature of our feelings. Wit in too * inlarged a sense, or The man of wit has a limited view of making it equivalent to Genius, into the relations of ideas; and from Alp. I have been often ill sathose which he does fee, his feel- tisfied with myself, for not readily ings direct him to choole the most entering into such thoughts, as I fingular, not the most beautiful. have known were generally esteemHe works upon us by surprise mere- ed witty. You have, I chank you, ly; but the man of genius surprises Eugenio, lessened the number of my by an excess of beauty.

mortifications. I must own, I have

* In the Essay on Criticisin, it is said

True Wiuis Nature to advantage dress d, But immediately after this, the Poet adds

For works may have more wit than does 'ein good. Now, let us fubftitute the definition in the place of the thing, and it will stand thus. A work may have more of Nature drefs d to advantage than will do it good. This is imposible; and it is evident, that the confution arises from the Poct's having annexeci two different ideas to the fame word


your wishes.

always preferred Humour to Wit, An implied comparison, or, in the perhaps it was, that I more easily language of the Critics, a metaunderfood it. I should call upon phor, consists in conveying an idea you for a better explanation of this intirely by the fubftitution of an matter, were I not more intent on image: this will be best understood another.

You remember, that,, by an example. discoursing the other day, on a Angelo, in Measure for Meapassage in the Inquiry into the Beau- fure, observing, that his guilty pare ties of Painting, in which, the la. fion for Isabella, was infamed by periority of Poetry is rather hinted his knowledge of her innocence, is at than explained, you promised me shocked at the wickedness of his that you would enlarge this part of nature ; which he aggravates by the subject, and

the force of a metaphor. Eug. I understand you, Aspa

Can it be, fia; and should be glad, in this, That modefty may more betray our as in everything else, to prevent sense

Than woman's lightness! “ having I observed just now, that the

waste ground enough, distinctive property of Genius is to 6. Shall we desire to rase the Sanc. furprise, either by original Beauty, tuary, or Greatness, in the idea.

“ And pitch our evils there? Oh The principal beauties in Poe- fie, fie, fie." try, spring froin the source or ele.

Sometimes a Poet has the hapgance of its images : of these, we piness to blend these two kinds of will first examine such as are pecu- beauty in the same image : he sets liar to Poetry; after which, we out with illustrating his object by a will pass to those which are in com- direct comparison; and continues mon to Poetry and Painting. Of to support it by a metaphor. This the former class, are all images is a high degree of beauty; for, it founded on comparisons, either di. can only happen, when the comrect, or implied. The merit of parison is so exquisitely just, that these consists in a striking fimili. the qualities effential to the bor. tude between two objects, which, rowed object, are, with the utmost to common observation, have no propriety, transferred to the origiapparent or necessary connexion : nal one. Thus Bellarius, defcribhence we may judge of the merit of ing to his pupils the ruins of his a comparison, by the degree of fortunes at court. our furprise, which arises from a

Cymbeline lov'd me, combined admiration of its juitness, . And when a soldier was the theme, its novelty, and beauty. A com

my name parison is direct in the following in- Was not far off: then was I as a ftance--

tree, On her left breast Whose boughs did bend with fruit. A mo'e cinque-spotted, like the But in one night, crimson drops

A ftorm, or robbery, call it what I'th' bottom of a cowflip

you will, Cymbeline.



Shook down my mellow hangings, Eug. If we consider the nature nay, my leaves ;

and progress of the imagination, And left me bare to weather. we need not wonder, that superior

Cymbeline. spirits should be the most subject to Of this species of beauty, the these exceffes. The extremities of following is, perhaps, a ftill more poetic boldness, like those of perelegant example--

sonal courage, will often have a - She never told her love, tincture of extravagance. But, But let concealment, like a worm i' this will not be the case in men of th' bud,

subordinate talents ; trusting more Feed on her damask cheek.

to imitation than their own feelings, Twelfth Night. they move in one even tenor ; with Shakespear's images are not mere them, judgment is but an observaddresses to the fancy; they do not ance of rules; a security to their play about the surface of an object; weakness. they carry us into its essence.---As, And often, to their comfort shall where the mother of Hamlet en- they find. deavours to excuse his extrava- The Tharded Beetle in a safer hold gance.

Than is the full-wing'd Eagle...This is mere madness;

Cymb. And thus a while the fit will work The last species of beauty in on him :

comparative imagery, which I Mall Anon, as patient as the female dove, speak of here, consists in reducing a Ere that her golden couplets are metaphor to a point. disclos'd,

pi&ture is given us in a single word, His filence will fit drooping.

to make out which, in our own Had the Poet commanded at imagination, we must go through a one view the whole circle of Na- succession of ideas, then are we ture, he could not have selected surprised in the most agreeable such another contrast to madness. manner, and the beauty, of course, It is the most perfect image of a is consummate. You shall have, patient, innocent, and modest fi- Aspalia, an example of this from lence, that ever sprung from hu- your favourite author, Fletcher. man invention. It is by the fre- Amintor, in order to conceal the quency and degree of these beau: cause of his grief, had put on a ties, principally, that an original how of mirth; Merantius, his Genias is distinguished. Metaphors friend, who wanted to extort the are to him, what the Eagle was to secret from him, was not to be so Jupiter, or the Doves to Venus, imposed on. symbols of Divinity; the fure in

You may shape, Amintor, dications of Majelty and Beauty. Causes to cozen the whole world

Hor. It has been a matter of withall, wonder to many, that an imagina- And yourself too ; but 'tis not like tion, at times, so wild and ungo- a friend, vernable as that of Shakespear, To hide your soul from me; 'tis fhould, in the finer imitations of

not your nature nature, be distinguished by an un- To be thus idle; I have seep

you equalled elegance and propriety.



When a

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As you were blafted, midst of all just describing, they seem to me,

your mirth. Maid's Tragedy. to bear some resemblance to those It is by the force or elegance drawings of the capital Painters, of its allusions and images, that a in which, though the parts are ra. poetic diétion is distinguished from ther hinted than made out, yet the fimple versification. The Muses, ideas are compleat ; they both give according to Johnson, have their a delightful exercise to our minds, anvil, and a verle may be labour- in continuing and enlarging the ed into pr:cision and harmony: design. (p. 65.---P: 79.) but, the rallies of the imagination are prompt and decisive; they fpring at once into being, and are Anecdotes of Painting in England; beauties at their first conception. with foine account of the principal Thus, in the language of a Poet,

Artists; and incidental Notes on the sun is the eye of heaven: the

other Arts ; collected by the late heaven itsell-a itarry pavement ; a Mr. George Vertue ; and now dicanopy fretted with golden fire.

gested and published from his origiDoes the mind exult in its fullest nal MSS. by Mr. Horace Walpole. freedom?

In two Vol. Quarto. It is---as broad, as general as the casing air.

NECDOTES of Painting in of life?

perhaps, of all others, is the most The flings and arrows of outrage- apt to excite ones curioufity, not ous fortune?

that there is any thing very promisThe properties of fleep?

ingin the subject. The reverseis rather The birth of each day's life ; fore true; but we are impatient to find labours bath;

out, what it is that can occupy two Balm of hurt minds.

quarto volumes upon an art, which Are our tender years exposed to the has hitherto made so little progress infection of vice ?---the canker galls in England. The reader will be the infants of the spring. Is the surprised to find so very entertaining night invoked to countenance deeds a work arise from such unpromising of horror and cruelty ?

materials. The first of the authors, Come, thick night! Mr. Vertue, has been deficient in no And pall thee in the dunnest smoak pains to collect, and the other, Mr. of hell.

Walpole, is deficient in no talent to Hor. How miserably naked of enliven every thing, which could these beauties are the works of our possibly tend to the illustration of ordinary songsters? Their meta- this agreeable art, so far as it was phors are like scatter'd trees in a cultivated, either by natives or fo. defert, ftarved and folitary: in reigners in this kingdom. This Shakespear, they are vigorous, knowledge is not contemptible. luxuriant, thickly spread over

Whatever concerns the arts, is of every part of his poetry.

value to thole who love them; that EugThis comparison will hold, is, to every liberal and ingenuous with respect to images in general: mind. This subject takes up the as to these, which we have been work from the earliest times, to

which it can be traced in our re- the comfort of knowing that the cords, that is, from the reign of greatest part at least are of most Henry III. and carries it down to the genuine authority.” Preface, p. 8. end of the reign of Charles I. and Any analysis of a work of this throughout abounds with curious kind would be impracticable. What stories not only of the painters, but follows in the preface is a specimen of several of the eminent persons, of the manner of this spirited who have been the subject of their writer. pencil. It contains also several “ If the observation of a dearth strokes of criticism, which shew of great names in this lift should exhow far this author is capable of cite emulation, and tend to produce having gone, had he chosen a sub- abler masters, Mr. Vertue, I believe, ject which would have given a great- and I should be glad to have the er scope to his critical abilities. His continuation of the work do greater stile is lively, peculiar, and mark- honour to our country. It would ed; very sententious and pointed; be difficule perhaps to asign a phya. more correct, and rather less charg- fical reason, why a nation that proed with witticisms than that of the duced Shakespear, should owe its Royal and Noble Authors. With re. glory in another walk of genius gard to Mr. Vertue, his merits in to Holbein and Vandyck. It canhis profession are already suffici- not be imputed to want of protectiently known to all connoisieurs. on: Who countenanced the arts His merits, as a compiler, are as more than Charles the First? That great as could be displayed in that Prince, who is censured for his want sort of employment. Even in that of taste in pensioning Quarles, is employment virtues may be display. celebrated by the same

pen ed and talents exercised. What Mr. ploying Bernini----but want of proWalpole says of him in that respect, tection is the apology for want of forms a very beautiful eulogy. genius: Milton and Fontaine did

“ One satisfaction the reader will not wsite in the back of court. have, in the integrity of Mr. Vertue; favour. A poet or a painter may it exceeded his industry, which is want an equipage or a villa, by saying much. No man living, so wanting protection: They can albigoted' to a vocation, was ever so ways afford to buy ink and paper, incapable of falfhood. He did not colours and pencils. Mr. Hogarth deal even in hypothesis, scarce in has received no honours, but univerconjecture. He visited, and revisit, fal admiration. ed every picture, every monument,

But whatever has been the com. that was an object of his researches; plaint formerly, we have ground to and being so litile a slave to his own hope that a new æra is receiving is imagination, he was cautious of date. Genius is countenanced, and trulling to that of others. In his emulation will follow: Nor is it a memorandums he always put a

bad indication of the fourishing quere against whatever was told state of a country, that it daily him of iuspicious aspect; and never makes improvements in arts and gave credit to it’till he received the sciences. They may be attended fullest satisfaction. Thus whatever by luxury, but they certainly are trifles the reader finds, he will have produced by wealth and happiness.


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