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and confounded with one another, feparable from the new birth, I rathat our Apostle himself is some- ther think, and I will venture to say, tiincs at a loss to distinguish the as it is only raising the Catachrelis hand; and to determine, with cer- one itep higher, that the Devil was tainty, who had the largest share in here only in the office of Man-Midthe WORK, Govor the Devil; info. wife to the new birth. And Mr. much that a Manichean might have Wesley himself, on second thoughts, greatly availed himself of this unto- seems not much averse to thi con. ward circumstance. Mr. J. Wesley ceit, as appears from the following had been grieved, and the Spirit of relation." I visited (says he) a God had been grieved likewise, at poor old woman a mile or two the scandal given by some of his « from the Town. Her trials had own flock who "

blasphemed the “ been uncommon; inexpreffible « work, and imputed it either to agonies of mind joined with all “ Nature or the force of Imagina- “ forts of bodily pain, not (it seem« tion and Animal spirits, or even “ ed) from any natural cause, but to the delusion of the Devil " the direct operation of Satan :

Many (says he) were " Her joys were now as uncomdeeply convinced ;


he had little time to sleep, were delivered from that painful rs having for several months last i conviction. The Children

past seen, as it were, the unclouded to the Birth, but there was not face of God, and praised him day Arength to BRING FORTH, I fear «‘and night §." we have grieved the Spirit of the ** The exterior assistances in his Mi.

jealous God by questioning his niltry were no less signal than the inte« work f." Yet these pangs of the rior. (P.103.) -Many were “ feated NEW BIRTH becoming, on certain on a large Wall adjoining, which occasions, more violent, and more being built of loose stones, in the 8 general than ordinary, and even " middle of the Sermon all fell down found to be taking and infectie

I never saw, heard, nor ous,.--the Apostle himself was stag. read of such a thing before. The gered, and seemed ready to recant. $ whole wall and the persons fitting s. These symptoms I can no more. upon it funk down together, none “ impute to any natural cause than “ of them screaming out, and very to the Spirit of God. I make “ few altering their pollure. And

doubt it was Satan tearing not one was hurt at all ; but they " them as they were coming to “ appeared fitting at the bottom, $f Christ. And hence proceeded " just as they fat at the top. Nor " those grievous cries, whereby he was there any interruption cither

might design both to discredit the of my speaking, or of the atten"s work of God, and to affright « tion of the hearers ll.” The

fearful people from hearing that next rises in due gradation, An

word whereby their Souls might unruly mob became of a sudden as * he saved [.” But fince these harmless as the stones. Tho', had Symptoms were universal and in- they met, and opposed the ministry,

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* Ibid. p. 59

+ Ibid. p. 68.

I Journ. from September 3, 374!. to Qtober 27, 1743.

Journ. from July 20, 1749.10 O&tober 3?: 17$. p. 6Q. ! Journ. from lov. 25, 174.6.10 July 20,1750 P. 23.



together, one does not know what « human voice could have reached might have happened." The " so far 1." And as, on proper os mob had just broke open the door, occafions, every courteous Knight. 66 when we came into the lower Errant has condescended to let his

room ; and exactly while they horse into a share of the adventure, “ burst in at one door, we walked fo our Spiritual Martialiit unwilling

out at the other. Nor did one man to break 10 good a custom, has di"s take any notice of us, tho' we vided (as St. Martin did his cloak

were within five yards of each with the Beggar) the next exploit « other *." Without doubt they of price with his Beaft.“

My horse were struck blind; tho', in imitati

was exceeding lame---we could on of the modeft filence of the not discern what it was that was Evangelist, who relates the like ad

“ amiss, and yet he could scarce venture of the blessed Jesus, he for- “ fet his foot on the ground.---My. bears the express mention of that “ head ached inore than it had miracle. -The next and more " done for some months (what I here powerful operation was on his fe- aver is the naked fact; let every male friends; and these he as fairly

man account for it as he fees ftruck " The whole good). I then thought, “Can“ multitude were filent, while I not God heal eicher man

was speaking. Not a whisper beast, by any means, or without

was heard. But the moment I “ any! Immediately my weariness “ had done, the Chain fell of their si and head-ache ceased, and my tongues. I was really surprised. “ Horse's lameness in the fame in. “ Surely never was such a cackling ftant.

Nor did he halt any more “ made on the banks of Cayster, “either that day or the next, A “ or the common of Sedgmoor ."

very odd accident this aifo §.And to chain up the tongues of five hundred cackling gollips he held, and with great reason, an ex- Remarks on the Beauties of Poetry. ploit worth recording. Indeed he

By Daniel Webb, Esq. Dodsley. appears to have taken the most effecual method with them, that is, THE title of this ingenious to out-clamour them: For thus he piece promises rather too much, measures out his own Stentoronic Every one will, from the title, be voice.---“ Observing that several tempted to expect a system of ob" fat on the fide of the opposite servations on the various sources of “ hill, I afterwards desired one to pleasure, which combine to form “ measure the ground; and this delightful art. Bucche author's found it was sevenscore yards plan is of a more contractud na“ from the place where I had flood. ture. In his first dialogue he conYet the people chere heard per

fines himself wholly to the vertificafcctly well. I did not think


tion. In his second his design is a + Ibid. p. 96.

I Journ. from July 20, 1753. ta Oct. 28, 1754. P. 10. Ś Journ. fro.n O&t. 271743: to Nov. 172 1746.


* Ibich. p. 57.



little more extended, but is still far ing Mr. Pope's verses, we shall find, short of the compass of the subject; that in eighteen out of twenty,

the and contains only discussions on pauses reft on the fourth and last, some of the beauties of diction and or the fifth and last syllables : and sentiment. So far as the author that, almost without exception, the gows, bis work has great merit, and period is divided into two equal is by no means inferior to the beau- lines, and, as it were, link'd by ties of painting, which has been so the rhyme into a couplet. well received by the public. In For example this work we see the same critical All are but parts of one ftupendiscernment and elegance of taste ; dous whole, the same smooth, ornamented, plea. Whose body nature is, || and God fing stile.

The author has the the foul; same fault also in this as in his for. That chang'd thro' all, || and yet mer work; that of writing dialogue in all the same, without evin an attempt at diver- Great in the Earth, || as in the Æsity of character, and with very

therial frame; little of the dramatic spirit. For a Warms in the sun, || refreshes in the specimen of his first dialogue take breeze, the following:

Glows in the stars, || and blossoms in " The fole aim of versification

the trees ; is harmony. To understand this Lives thro' all life, extends thro properly, we must divide it into

all extent, two kinds. The first consists in a Spread undivided, || operates ungeneral flow of verse, most pleasing spent. to the ear, but independent on the

Effay on Man. sense: the second, in bringing the Every ear must feel the ill ef. found or measure of the verse to fect of the + monotony in these correspond with, and accompany lines; the cause of it is obvious; the idea. The former may be call this verse consists of ten syllables, ed a verbal harmony: the latter a or five feet : when the pause falls sentimental. If we consider the

on the fourth fyllable, we shall find, flow of verse merely as music, it that we pronounce the fix laft in will then be allowed,

the same time that we do the four riety is no less neceffary than sweet- first; so that the couplet is not only ness; and that a continued repeti- divided into two equal lines, but tion of the same movements, muit each line, with respect to time, is be as tirelome in poetry, as it divided into two equal partswould be in music. On examin

朱 *

that va

Και εςι λεξις κρατική πατων, και τις αν εχοι πλεισας αναπαυ· Άας τε και μεθαβολας αρμονίας ρυθμοι τε αλλος αλλοι, και τασας. φωνης α καλέμεναι προσωριαι διαφοροι, κλεπασαι τη ποικίλια τον. xopou.

Dion. Hal de Struct. O a + Διαναπαυειν τε και ταυτα φημι δειν, με αβολας ευχαρις εισφέροντα. Και γαρ και μεταβολη σαντος εργκ χρημα ηδυ.

Din. Hal, de Struct. Orat. Sect. 12.



the ear.


But this is not so in blank Warms in the sun, || refreshes in the verse ; for, the lines being made breeze,

often to run one into the other, the Glows in the stars, and blossoms second pause is sunk; the balance, in the trees.

from the equal division of each Or else the pause falls on the fifth line, is removed ; and by changing fyllable, and then the line is divide the pauses at pleasure, an open is ed with a mechanic exactness. given to an unlimited variety. As,

Observe the effects in the first Spreads undivided, I operates un- lines of Paradise Loft. spent.

Of man's first disobedience, and Hor. Mr. Pope, in a letter to

the fruit Mr. Walsh, speaking of the En- Of that forbidden tree, H whose glish verse, fays, there is natural- mortal taste

ly a pause at the fourth, fifth, or Brought death into the world, 1 and • fíxth syllable. It is upon these

all our woe, the ear rests, and upon the judi. With loss of Eden, || till one greatcious change and management of

er Man * which depends the variety of ver- Restore us, || and regain the blissful • fification. Of this he gives the

feat, following examples:

Sing, heavenly Muse. Af the fifth.

In these, and the lines which Where e'er thy navy | spreads her immediately follow, the pauses are canvass wings,

Thifted thro' all the ten syllables. At the fourth.

Hor. But this variety is not inHomage to thee, || and peace to all separable from the nature of blank The brings.

verse. In Addison's Cato, there is, At the sixth.

I think, the very same monotony Like tracts of leverets, ll in the which you have condemned in Mr. morning snow.

Pope: Thus, Eug. In this place, Mr. Pope The dawn is overcast, || the morntakes no notice of the second pause, ing low'rs, which always rests on the last word And heavily in clouds | brings on of each line, and is strongly mark

the day; ed by the rhyme. But, it is on The great, th' important day !! the balance between the two paus- Big with the fate l of Cato and of es, that the monotony

of the verse depends. Now, this balance is


Again, verned by the equal division of the Who knows not this ? || but what line in point of time. Thus, if you can Cato do repeat the two first examples given, Against a world, || a base degereyou will find no difference, as to the rate world, time, whether the pause falls on That courts the yoke, | and bows the fourth or fifth syllable; and

the neck to Cælar ? this, I think, will extend even to Pent up in Utica, ll he vainly forms the last example: or, if there A poor epitome 1 of Roman greatMould be any difference, it is so

ness. triling, that it will generally escape




Ajp. This is the very echo of which give such a pleasant variety, the couplet measure.

and have so powerful an effect in Eug. Nothing could be more music. to my purpose; it confirms all that Eug. Of this we have a fine I have advanced ; and proves fur- example in the following passage : ther, that the monotony of the in which you'll observe, that the couplet does not proceed, as has Poet sets out with almoft a prosaic been imagined, from the repetition weakness of verse; thence rising of the shymes, but from a fame- gradually, like the swell of an orness in the movement of the verse. gan, he soars into the highest digNo doubt, the use of rhymes was nity of sound. the first cause of confining poetic Th' infernal Serpent ; he it was, harmony to such narrow limits *.

whose guile, Mr. Addison, accustomed to the Stir'd with


revenge, secure monotony of the couplet, deceiv'd had neither the genius to bear him The mother of mankind, what thro', nor courage to attempt the

time his pride unbounded variety of the Miltonic Had cast him out from heav'n, with measures. Birds of a weak flight all his hoft move always in a line ; but, the Of rebel Angels, by whose aid arEagle, wonderful in his soarings, piring fhews in his very ftoops the power To set himself in glory ahove his of his wing. A poet, of a superior peers, spirit, mult have resources in the He trusted to have equall'd the Most variety of his numbers. The flight High, of Satan, in Paradise Lost, is not If he oppos’d; and with ambitious to be pent up in a couplet.

aim Then from pole to pole Against the throne and monarchy He views in breadth; and without of God longer pause,

Rais'd impious war in heav'n and Down right into the world's first battel proud region throws

With vain attempt.

Him the Al. His flight precipitant; and winds mighty Power with ease

Hurl'd headlong flaming from th' Through the pure marble air his

ethereal sky, oblique way,

With hideous ruin and combustion, Amongst innumerable itars.

down Hor. In comparing, as you to bottomless Perdition, there to have done, the gradations in poe- dwell tic harmony to the flight of birds, In adamantine chains, and penal by the soarings and stoops of the fire, Eagle, I presume, you mean some- Who durst defy th' Omnipotent to thing equivalent to those enforce

Par. Loft. ments and lowering of sounds,

* Αλλά καιπερ ησεως και μεγαλοπρεπως πολλα συνθεντες οι ανδρες κτοι, σερί τας μεταβολές και την ποικιλίαν και στα:υ ευτυχισιν.

Dion, tial, de Stiuct. Orat.


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