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and the study of religion and the communion, and often attending sciences. About the year 1730, he those who administered it to the took, in the abbey of St. Gene- fick. He has been seen many times vieve, an apartment, small, retired, during the Easter week, although and inconvenient. He was near troubled with the gout, going up to the two churches of St. Genevieve the fourth or fifth story, after the and the Mount ; wherein he had minister of the parish who went to, galleries. This apartment was con
adminifter the sacrament to poor tiguous to the house of God, which fick people. alone was sufficient to make the Filled with the spirit of prayer, duke prefer it to the finest palace. he was fometimes surprised in the He at first retired to it only at the innermost recesses of his apartment, folemn festivals: but reided in it proftrate on the ground and groanmore frequently after the year 1735, ing most bitterly. But these devout and when he left the court in 1742, exercises never made the duke forget took
his constant abode there, the duties of his station. He was aland went no more to his palace, fiduous several years at the king's except to attend the council, from councils, but his indispositions and which he feldom abfented him- other reasons, made him deterfelf.
mine entirely to quit the court. After his conversion (for so he Daring his recess, however, he loft called this change of life which be- nothing of his tender attachment gan in 1726)he practised the greatest and profound respect for the king. austerities, He slept on a rough
It is well known with what concern ftraw bed, rose at four o'clock every he heard of his fickness at Metz. morning, spent several hours in When the news was brought him, he prayer, drank nothing but water, Thed tears, and hastened to Metz im. fafted rigorously, deprived himself mediately. Perhaps it is to the conalmost constantly of fire, even in the stancy and fervency of this prince, most inclement feason ; austerities that France is indebted for the prethese, especially that of taking no fervation of her king. He was ofwine, which he said sometimes had ten heard to say :
" The king is cost him a great deal of pains. He our master; we are his subjects, poured water often into his cup un- and we owe him respect and obe. dira pretence to cool it, but indeed dience.". The duke of Orleans thro' a principle of mortification. full of veneration for the piety of His apparel was plain and neat. the queen, called it " a piety of His furniture and his table were not the understanding and of the heart." at all splendid. He was in every He expressed the greateft joy at the thing a pattern of self-denial and birth of the Dauphin, and he fpoke piety. He loved to mingle in our with great complacency of the virtues . churches among the common people. of the prince, which he said “deHe reverenced the external rites of clared beforehand the happiness of religion. He attended divine fer- our grand-children.” He was convice regularly, spent five or fix hours ftant in his love to her royal highat church every funday, and holi- ness the duchess of Orleans his moday; and continued fo to do even ther, who died in 1749, and always in his last sickness, receiving the hewed the greatest paternal tender
ness to his son, the present duke of families who were perishing; he Orleans. He delighted to hear supplied them with feed for their him fpoke of, and it was easy to per- land ; in 1739 and 1740, he fet no ceive the joy he felt when the con-. bounds to his beneficence, On beversation turned on the eminent ing told that the austerities he pracqualities of this prince, and on the tised would impair his health, he prowess he shewed in the army. would answer with a smile, “It is
But what must render the memory so much faved for the poor, whom of the duke ever dear to France, he termed the courtiers of the Lord, was a most extensive charity and an and added, he would not serve his enlightened zeal for the public body at the expence of his soul,"? good, and the interests of religion. His great mind embraced the The indigent, of every age, sex, and needy of all countries. He relieved condition, were certain to receive the poor catholics of Berlin, and of relief from him. He heard their all Silesia, as well as those of the Incomplaints every day in one of the dies and America. He sent mir halls of the convent of St. Gene- fionaries to the remotest parts of the vieve, he sympathised with them, world. He founded charity schools, he alleviated their distreffes ; when and communities of men and woit was not in his power to dismiss men in several places, a college at them entirely satisfied, one might Versailles, a professorship of divisee that his heart granted them nicy in the Sorbonne, to explain what necefsity obliged him to re- the original text of the sacred fcripfuse. It is hardly to be imagined tures; he rebuilt colleges and semiwhat sums this pious prince expend. naries. At Orleans he established ed in placing children for education hospitals for lying-in women. He in colleges and nunneries, in por- employed many kilful surgeons in tioning young women, endowing in the service of the poor. He made puns, putting boys apprentices or great improvements in physic, 4. purchafing for them their freedoms, griculture, arts, and manufactures, setting unfortunate tradesmen up in He purchased, and made public, a business again, and preventing the variety of useful remedies. His ruin of others, maintaining officers gardens were filled with medicinal in the service, or granting assistance plants of all sorts, brought from the to their widows and children, most distant climates. ftoring and supporting noblemens Nor did his charitable offices obfamilies, relieving the fick and pay- ftruct his progress in literature. He ing surgeons for their attendance applied himself to the Study of the on them. The wounds of some he writings of St. Thomas, of Eftius, examined himself, and other poor of the most excellent religious treamen he fought himself in the cham- tises, of the fathers of the church bers and garrets, attended by only and the best ecclefiaftical writers, of one fervant.
the Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, and The overflowing of the Loire in Greek tongues, to convince himself 1733, having done considerable da- more and more of the fundamental. mage to the country of Orleans, the principles of his faith ; the oeconoduke saved, by the immediate re- my of religion had struck him to lief he afforded them, a number of such a degree, that he was ever firm
in the faith, and often said, “ that his so useful labours, 1 give and be the perusal of impious treatises ne- queath to the faid Abbé Francis an ver excited in him the least doubt of annuity of 1500 livres.” Those, the truth of the christian myfteries, who excelled in nothing but the and that the belief of these mysteries belles lettres and in poetry, had felnever disturbed his mind." He al- dom access to this prince. An enefo devoted some of his time to the my to praise, he feared they might ftudy of history, geography, botany, again revive the taste he had for chemiftry, natural hisory, philo- French poetry; for sometimes he Sophy, and painting, all useful he had made verses, and received no fciences; the progress he made in small praise for them. The Abbé literature is scarce to be credited. l'Advocat (to whom we are princiIn the seven or eight lalt years of pally indebied for this account) tells his life, he could repeat without us he has seen pieces of his compobook the texts of scripture, with the fition, which, tho' elegant and pretdifferences between the Hebrew, ty, the duke afterwards threw into the Greek, and the Vulgate. 'He the fire. Sensible of the importunderstood the Greek as well as the ance of time, he took care to imLatin fathers. He could translate, prove every minute. When artists with ease, the dialogues of Plato or learned men waited on him, they and other profane authors. Some, were admitted into his prefence im. who heretofore would never believe mediately ; and if he appointed the duke had attained so much them to attend a certain hour, and krawledge, can now testify the other business would not permit truth of what we have advanced him to see them, he sent his servant It must be considered that he had a to let them know it, and save them quick and piercing genius, and the trouble of waiting. that during the space of twenty-five Notwithstanding the immense years he studied many hours every fums which he dispersed at hoine day, chose the best masters in every and abroad, he discharged the debts kind of learning, and conversed with of his ancestors, 'retrieved the exthe learned of every country on fuch hausted finances, and considerably subjects as were mof familiar to augmented the demesnes, of his them. He honoured them all with house. Humble and modest in prihis protection, encouraged them by vate life, he was splendid and maghis favours, and always prefered nificent in public. He went with those whose inquiries cended to the the utmost pomp into Alsace to maradvancement of virtue and the pub- ry the queen by proxy. He belic good. He gave the Abbé Fran- haved with becoming dignity when cis a penfion, which he has continued colonel-general of the French in. in the codicil of hiswilt, explaining fantry. Chearful and innocent in thus the motives for so doing : common conversation, he was ever “ being willing, says he, to en- serious on subjects of importance. courge the Abbé Francis, to whom He never spoke ill of any absent the public are under great obliga- person, nor would he suffer others tions for a modern work upon the to do it in his presence. Ever proofs of our religion : and being equitable, even at the expence of willing to enable him to continue his own intereft, he thanked a pria
vate man whom he had furnished fortitude and composure: he spoke with money to go to law against of it, as of the demise of another himself, and who had gained his person, to those about him: and in cause, for having saved him from his last will he expatiates in the most the guilt of injustice.
pathetic manner, on his belief in The delight he found in piety the resurrection. Notwithstanding and devotion he used thus to ex- his ill-health, no body could perpress : “ I know by experience suade him to fleep more than he was that sublunary grandeur and sublu- used to do; when any one reprenary pleasure are delusive and vain, sented that it was absolutely neand are always infinitely below the cessary, and that he Mould change conceptions we form of them; but, his itraw bed for a fofter one, he on the contrary, such bappiness and replied, Phylicians have no consuch complacency may be found in cern for the soul, they only care for devotion and piery, as the sensual the body. When a man draws mind has no idea of.” His piety near his dissolution, his zeal should was real and solid. “ Zeal, he would increase. 'Tis in the arms of self-' say, must be enlightened. Zeal and denial, that a true christian is to prodence ought ever to go hand in die: I have always made it a part hand.”
of my penitence to fit in an uneasy The duke, being once sollicited posture: I am resolved to persist in by a nobieman to discard one of his it to my last moments, for I have officers from his service, because he yet practised mortification was diffolute in his conduct, and enough."
In his will he expresses would sometimes inveigh against ses himself much in the same manner. ligion, answered him with spirit: In his last moments, he was solely
Learn, fir, that the king ought intent on God, nor did he cease to not to deprive the state of an ex. implore his blessing for the duke of cellent officer, because his morals Chartres. “ I have a son, (said are not fo good as could be wilhed, he to the minister who attended and he has not so great a veneration him.) whom I am going to com. for religion as one could desire. mend to the all-perfect Being; I Immorality and vice Mould be dif- entreat God that his natural virtues couraged as much as poflible, but may become Christian graces; that his majesty must not, for things fo- the qualities which gain him efteem, reign to the service, deprive of- may be serviceable to his salvation ; ficers of their employments." that his love for the king, and his
His intense application to study love for me, may be the blossoms and his severe abstinence at last of that immortal charity, which the occasioned a long and painful ill. holy Spirits and blesed Angels ness; the news of which being enjoy." spread abroad threw all France in The duke was steady to the plan to confternation. The church of he had prescribed for upwards of St. Genevieve was filled with people twenty years. He was ever anxious of all sorts, who offered up fer- for the propagation of religion, and vent prayers for the restoration of for the public good. He died on his health. The duke foresaw and the 4th of February, 1752, aged waited for death with the greatest forty eight years and fix months,
beloved by good people of all forts, rious differtations upon divers fublamented by the poor, the sick, the jects. His modesty would never unhappy.
suffer him to publish any of his He left behind a great number writings : he bequeathed them. of writings; the chief of which with his library, to the order of are, 1. A translation and comment Dominican Friars, and by his will, on some part of the Old Testament. left that order full liberty to add, 2. A literal version of the Psalms, retrench, fuppress, or even employ from the original Hebrew, with his writings, as materials in the notes and a paraphrase. This composition of such works as they work is the most compleat, which might undertake upon the fame ons pious and learned prince has subjects. For the writings of St. left; in his last illness he was em- Thomas he had a particular efteem, ployed in it, and finished it buta and this esteem he testifies, even in few days before his death : It is his last will. full of great erudition and sound One might easily fill a large vocriticism ; it contains a number of lume with a detail of his royal highvery curious and useful remarks: ness's piety, his learning, his chaIn one place he proves clearly, rity, and benevolence. ”It must be that the Greek annotations on the observed, however, that what is rePsalms, which are found in the lated in this account is not collected Catena of father Cordiers, and go from popular reports. The genunder the name of Theodorus of tleman, from whom this is taken, Heraclea, are of Theodorus of Mop- was admitted often into his comfuest : a discovery which this learn- pany, from the time of his retirecd prince fitft made, and which we ment to his death; and had ocular must attribute to his deep penetra- proof of many things here mention. g. Several dissertations a- ioned. gainft the Jews, to serve as a refu. tation of the famous Hebrew book, entitled Kilouch Emouna; i. e.
Memoirs of the life, &c. of the late The Buckler of Faith. The duke Dr. Benjamin Hoadley, lord bishop of Orleans, not satisfied with
of Winchester. Gouffet's refutation of this book, undertook to answer it himself, but did not live to compleat the THIS worthy and illustrious pre
late was born in the year 1676. design. His manuscript, though I shall pass over the earlier and incompleat, is far superior to Gouf- more privare part of his life, and will set's. He has examined and re- ingly hasten to that time when the futed the objection of the Jews. powers of this underfanding began 4. A literal translation of the E- to unfold themselves, and to shine pistles of St. Paul from the Greek, forth in the republic of letters. with a paraphrase, annotations,
His first preferment in the church, and useful remarks. 5. A trea. was the rectory of St. Peter ie Poor, tise against theatrical exhibitions. and the lecturehip of St. Mildred's 6. A solid resolution of the large in the Poultry. In the year 1706, French work, entitled the Hexaples. he published some remarks on the 7. Several other treatises and cu- late bifhop Atterbury's fermon at