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dom of Valencia earlier than any he leaf expected it, ftripped of his body else, and prevailed upon a Jew employments, and sent into exile to procure him a melon made notwithstanding all the efforts of in gold set with the finest stones; his powerful protectors. But not with a large diamond at the top, long after the commencement of and a fine emerald where the stalk the present reign he was again reseemed to be broken off. This called to court, where, thoagh he was placed on the summit of a silver no longer figures as a minifter, he pillar in the midst of a large salver is yet known to have much credit, filled with peaches, and being pre- and is with great probability at leaft, sented to the queen by one of the if not justice, fofpected to have no ladies of honour, procured M. En- small hand in the late sudden changé senada an introduction at court, of system in that court. where his assiduity and address enabled him to make a much quicker progress than could be imagin
Memoirs of Count Zinzendorff. ed, to which his courteous beha. viour and boundless generosity did THere is no courtin Europe, or not a ltttle contribute; so that in a
it may be in the world, more, fhort space of time he became a jealous of its grandeur, than that of minifter.
Vienna ; and of course, the miniThus far M. Ensenada's abilities fters in no court whatever affect seemed to extend with his fortune ; greater state, or are at more pains and it was a confidence arifing from to impress a very high degree of rethis that threw him from a height verence and respect upon all who which had really made him giddy. have the honour to approach them. There was at this time a minifter But it sometimes happens, that, at the head of the Spanish councils, even to candid observers, there are whose high birth and great experi- amazing littleneffes, visible in these ence would have excused many de- otherwise great men; and broad fects, if superior talents and a pro- ftreaks of folly now and then apbity rarely seen in courts had not
pear through all the
wisdom furpassed the lustre derived from his and refined policy of these mighty quality and his employments. This statesmen. They give law to great very worthy, as well as able man, kingdoms, they decide on the fate of faw in its true light the connection potent nations, they prescribe rules between the interests of Spain and even to latest posterity, and in the Great Britain, which ever governed midst of all this attention to others, his conduct. M. Ensenada, lifted so it is ! that they have great and up by success, and believing in the glaring foibles, uncorrected in themmidst of grandeur that he was still lelves; which naturally tarnishes inconfiderable while there was yet that glory, and diminishes that eany subject above him, ftruck into fteem, in which they should seem the contrary road, as much at least to have placed their felicity. from necessity, as choice : and Lewis count Zinzendorff is cehence arose his intrigues with the lebrated for his profound ministecourts of Versailles and Naples, in rial abilities, by all the memoir wriwhich he found himselfebafted when 'ters of the prefent age, from the so
lemn marquis de Lamberti, down to would have been truly wonderful, the ingenious baron de Pollnitz. if it had not been eclipsed by 'variThis illuftrious count was defcended ous excellencies of a superior kind. from a very noble family in Austria, His skill was so great, that he was and his mother was a princess of the equally acquainted with Asiatic and house of Holstein. He had a good Italian luxury. His olios exceeded person, strong natural parts, impro- those of Spain; his paftry was much ved by a regular education, and still more delicate than that of Naples; much more improved by long.expe- his Perigord pyes were truly rience in a variety of great employ- brought from thence; his sausages ments, which he discharged with a were made at Bologna; his macadeserved reputation, and rose gradu- 'roni by the grand Duke's cook : ally to the elevated station of chan- and as for his wines, no country cellor of the court, minister for fo- that produced a grape
any repute, reign affairs; and knight of the or- but a sample of it, for the honour der of the Golden Fleece, in the of its vineyards, was to be found at reign of the emperor Charles the his all-capacious fide-board.
His Sixth. He had distinguished himself, kitchen was an epitome of the uniin the conduct of many perplexed verse; for there were cooks in it of negotiations ; and it was to his con- all nations; and in the adjacent nu. summate skill in politics we stand in- merous and spacious apartments, debted for the famous Pragmatic were to be found rarities collected Sanction, that has already made from all the quarters of the globe. such a noise in Europe, embarrasses He had, in order to collect these, it at present, and the consequences his agents for provision in every of which will probably reach, and country ; the carriages on which may perhaps again embarrass, ages they were laden came quicker and that are still to come.
more regular than the posts, and. Baron de Pollnitz, with his usual those who were very well informed care and circumspection, remarks, ' believed that the expences of hisen“ That he kept the noblest and tertainments ran higher than that most elegant table at Vienna." for secret correspondence, though This, which to a common reader, very possibly they might be renderit is likely, may appear no uncom- ed fubfervient and useful to each mon circumstance, might very pro- other. bably have pleased that great mini- In his general conversation, the fter more than all the fine things he count was cautious and circumhas said of him befides. With all spect; in his conferences with other his shining talents, and profound a ministers, reserved though very pobilities, which had rendered him ad. lite ; but at his table all this state mired in so many different courts, machinery was laid aside. There, the count was less zealous of his re- to display his superior learning, he putation in the cabinet, than of his discoursed at large, and delivered honour of displaying the most fplen- the most curious as well as copious did, and the most exquisite table, lectures on all his exotic and domethat perhaps was ever kept, in that stic delicacies. In these he shewed or any other capital.
a true spirit of justice ; no man was His magnificence in this point ever less a plagiary. This pillau VOL. Y.
he had from prince Eugene, who a greater secret, he was let into thir, had it from the bashaw of Buda; In order to gratify his curiosity, he the egg soup was made after the was placed in a closet, between the mode of the marchioness de. Prie ; room where the count was, and the the Roan ducks were stewed in chamber of audience, where he had the file of the cardinal du Bois; the satisfaction of beholding the foland the lampreys came ready lowing pleasant scene. The count dressed from a great minister in seated in his elbow chair, gave the England. · His dishes furnished him fignal of his being ready for the imwith a kind of chronology; his water portant bufiness, when, preceded fouchy was borrowed from marhal by a page, with a cloth on his arm, d'Auverquerque's table, when he and a drinking-glass, one of his was first in Holland ; the pheasant principal domeftics appeared, who tourt was a discovery he made in presented a silver salver, with many Spain, where he was so lucky. as to little pieces of bread, elegantly difpick up a man, who, as a purveyor, posed; he was immediately followhad been in the service of that ed. by the first cook, who, on anoprince of bon-vivans the duke de ther falver, bad a number of small Vendosme : but he always allowed, vessels filled with so many different that the grand school of cookery kinds of gravy. His excellency was the congress at Soiffons, where then tucking his napkin into his the political conferences indeed pro- cravat, first walked and gargled his yed' ineffectual, but the entertain- mouth, and having wiped it, dipments of the several ministers were ped a piece of bread into each kind of fplendid beyond description. In a fauce, and having tafted with much word, with a true Apician elo- deliberation, rincing his palate (to quence, he generously instructed all avoid confufion) after every piece, the novices in good living; and, as at length with inexpreflible fagaciSolomon discoursed of every herb, ty decided as to destination of from the cedar of Lebanon to the them all. These grand inftruments hyfop on the wall; fo he began of luxury, with their attendants, with a champignion no bigger than then were dismissed, and the long a Dutchman's waift-coat button, . expected minifter having fully diland ended with wild boar, the glory cuffed this interesting affair, found of the German forests !
himself at liberty to discharge next On his public days, there was the duties of his political function. an half hour, and sometimes near a This is no malignant censure, but whole one, when he was altogether a gentle and genuine representation inaccessible; and with respect to his of this great man's oftentation, in employment in those feasons, as is what he chose to make his principal ever the case as to the privacies of profession. If it was right, as porprime ministers, there was a great fibly many may think it, then, tho? variety of deep as well as different faintly drawn, this is to be confiderspeculations. An inquisitive fo- ed as a panegyric : but if wrong, it reigner, however, resolved to be at is no libel, but barely an admonitothe bottom, coft what it would ;. ry exhortation to those, who in e and by a gratification to one of his very high Nation, may be a little pages, which might have procured tinged with this folly ; and a short
exercise, exercise, upon this propofition, that the French have judged worthy of a the science of eating, great as it translation, and whom they call the may be, is after all no liberal science. La Fountaine of Germany.
K. This, Mr. Gellert, is, no
doubt, a strong proof of your merit. Authentic conversation. between the Pray, have you
read La Fountaine ? king of Prusia and the ingenious G. Yes, Sir, but without imitato Mr. Gellert, professor in Belles Leto ing him. I have aimed at the metres at Leipfíck; extracted from a rit of being original in my way. letter, dated, Leipfick, January
K. Here you are in the right.
But what is the reason that we have 27, 1761.
not in Germany a greater numbet THE 18th of October last, about of such good authors as you ?
three o'clock in the afternoon, G. Your majesty seems prejudiced while profeffor Gellert was fitting against the Germans. in his nightgown at his desk, much K. By no means ! ont of order, he heard some body G. Against the Germart writers knock at his door,— "Pray, Sir, at least. walk in.”-“Sir, your servant, my Ķ. That may be, and the truth name is Quintus Icilius, and I am is, I have not a very high opinion extremely glad to have the pleasure of them. Whence comes it that of forming an acquaintance with one we find no good historians among so famous in the republic of let them? ters. I am not, however, come here G. We have, Sir, in Germany, in my own name only, but in that several good historians ; among of his Prussian majesty, who desires thers Cramer, the continuator of to see you, and has commanded me Bossuet, and also the learned Malto conduct you to him.” After fome excuses founded on his ill K. A German continue the Unihealth, M. Gellert accompanied versal History of Bofuet! how can major Quintus, who introduced him that be? into the apartment of his majesty, G. He has not only continued it, where the following conversation "but also performed this difficult task was carried on, by the king and the with the greatest success. One of two literati.
the most eminent professors in your King. Are you profeffor Gellert? majetty's dominions has declared Gellert. Yes, Sir.
this continuation equal in eloquence, K. The English envoy has men. and fuperior in point of exactness, tioned you to me as a person of to Bossuet's history. eminent merit. From whence are K. How does it come to pass that you?
we have no good translation of TaG. From Hanichen, near Frey- citus in the German language? berg.
G. That author is extremely K. What is the reason that we difficult to translate, and the French have no good German writers ?. translations that have been given of
Major Quintus. Your majesty has him, are entirely desticute of mebefore your eyes an excellent Ger- rit. man writer, whose productions even
K. This I acknowledge.
G. There are several causes that prove to me worse than the disease. IP bave contributed hitherto to prevent the horse I use has more health and the Germans from becoming emi- fpirits than I myself have, I dare nent in the different kinds of writ- not ride him; and if he has less, I ing. While the arts and sciences certainly thould not receive much flourished among the Greeks, the benefit from the use of him. Romans were solely occupied in the K- Why then don't you make use pernicious art of war. May we not of a carriage ? Icok upon this as the military age G. I am not rich enough for of Germany? May I not add to that. this, that they have not been ani- K. Aye, there it is that the shoe mated by such patrons of learning generally pinches the German lite as Auguftus and Lewis XIV. rati. The times, indeed, are bat
K. And yet you have had two bad at present. Augustus's in Saxony.
G. Very bad, indeed, Sire. But G. True, Sire, and we also have if your majesty would be fo geneseen good beginnings in that coun- rous as to give peace to Germany---try:
K: How can I do that? Have K. How can you expect that you not heard that I have against there should be one Augustus in me three crowned heads ?. Germany, divided as it is?
G. My chief knowledge, Sire, G. That, Sire, is notmy meaning: lies in ancient history: I have I only with that every prince would studied much less that of modern encourage, in his own' dominions, times. men of true genius.
K. Which do you prefer as an K: Were you never out of Sax- epic poet, Homer or Virgil ? ony y?"
G. Homer certainly, as an origiG. I was once at Berlin,
nal gerius, merits the preference. K. You ought to travel.
K. Virgil, however, is a more G. Sire, I have no inclination to polished writer. travelling, nor would my circum
G. We live in an age too remote ftar cez-enable me to travel had I from that of Homer's to form an ever lo much inclination to it. accurate judgment of the language
K. What kind of sickness are you and manners of that early period.. troubled with ? I suppole it is the I therefore depend upon the judgmalady of the learned.
ment of Quintilian, who gives HoG: Be it 'To: fince your majeilymer the preference. does me the honour to give it that
K. We mast not, however, pay, a I could not, without the Navish deference to the judgment of greatest vanity, have given it that the ancients. appellation myself.
G. Neither do I follow it blindK. I have had this disease as well ly. I only adopt it when antiquity as you ; and I think I can cure you. throws such a milt over an object as You have only to use exercise, ride prevents my seeing it with my own every da;, and take once a week a
eyes, and, confequently, hinders dose of rhubarb.
me from judging for myself. G. This remedy, Sire, might K. You have composed, I am