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J A N U A RY. Method to discover alum in bread.

Mix chalk with aqua-tortis ; W

AR was proclaimed pour them upon water in which the usual places, and with the usual foc and well foaked: if there be any lemnities.

aluminous acid, it will appear eviDaring last year 521 ships arrived dently soon after the mixture by à at Cadiz, 87 of which were English, gypseous or chalky concretion, 13 of them men of war, and five forming a hard mass at the bottom English prizes carried in by tbe of the vertel. French ; 99 Dutch, of which 16 His majesty this day made

6th. were men of war; 41 Danish; 22 the usual offering at the French, of which four were men of chapel-royal, of gold, myrrh, and war ; 195 Spanish, of whick 32 were frankincense; but there was men of war; 19 Portuguese, 11 Im- playing at hazard, not any ball at perial, eight Ruflian, four Maltese, night. iwo Genoese, one Savoyard, and A letter 10 a nobleman from lieutennnt five Neapolitan.

colonel Elliot, who was miracu. A list of ships taken by the French lously preserved, after being shipduring the three laft months of the wrecked on the Island of Sable. year 1761

Halifax, in Nova Scotis

May 9, 1761.

"My Lord,


“ Soon after. I did thyself the

honour of writing to you laft SepTotal 18 tember, I was ordered with a party Åmong which were 15 Virginia and to the bay Chaleur, to see the Maryland ships, outward and home- French troops there comply with ward bound; 11 Newfoundland the articles of capitulation made at men,outward and homeward bound; Montreal, and from thence was to 6 Carolina men, outward and join general Amherst at New York, homeward bound; and 16 Jamaica where I proposed spending the winand Leeward IIand men; outward ter. This induced me to take Mrs. and homeward bound : exclusive of Elliot along with me, which has led the North American illicit traders, her into such distresses, that your &c. &c.

lordship's humanity will more casily * For those taken during the first-nine months, lee cur last volume, p. 161.

32 30

Vol. V.


conceive than I can paint. A few ter being so far advanced, did not days after we failed from Chaleur, expect to see a vessel till May, the after a very great form, we ftruck time fishermen go upon that coaft, on the island of Sable, (about forty therefore proportioned my allowleagues to the eastward of this place) ance of provisions for that time ; an island barren and uninhabited, and all that we seventy persons had with neither a stick of wood upon to live upon, was four ounces of it, a stone, or a spot of earth, but flour a-day for each, with one gill one intire bank of land. After we of rum, or wine; and four pounds ftruck, the 15th of November, we of pork between fix, for seven days. were eight-and-forty hours before From this pinching allowance we we durft venture on fore, the sea were agreeably relieved by the fight being so very high; though, at the of horses, which we shot; and foon same time, we expected our vessel after we discovered borned cattle: to fall to pieces every moment, our we now got more fails and yards of whole employ was tosling over board the vessel, with which we erected such provisions as we could come at, ourselves houses, and thatched them for our future fuftenance, in case with a long fedge that grows there. we were any of us lucky enough to Notwithstanding I had given up all get on shore, which I began to de. hopes of relief, we frequently saw Ipair of, as the only boat we had vessels, who likewise faw us; but it was lost in returning to the vessel, was too dangerous for them to atafter landing a man on shore to fix tempt any thing for our preservaa rope : in doing this, two failors tion; however, they carried a report were drowned; however, it was the to Boston of people's being wreckpreservation of the rest of our lives; ed here ; and some people being for, finding it imposible to stay any missing from a fishing-town near longer on board, we fastened an that place, they sent a small vessel empty barrel to this rope, and fo, in search of them, which arrived one by one, were drawn through a the 8th of January: the could take very great surf (for near the space on board but a few men. She rea of four score yards) on shore, with- turned again to me the 18th, and out the loss even of one man of my the 20th we all arrived here as party; and Providence was pleased naked as beggars; Mrs. Elliot and even to preserve two little infants myself, and my lieutenant Dalton, that were on board, the one brought losing all our baggage." on fhore upon the father's back, and the other on its mother's. We Cautions to persons. going to Scotland, continued eight-and-forty hours

to be married. more in our wet clothes upon the By the law of Scotland, the sand, without any thing to cover names of the parties intended to us: at last, we picked up some fails, be married must be proclaimed in and next day luckily found the offi. the parish church where the parties cer's tent that was with me. Mach live, three several times. But by more provisions was drove


the an act 21 of assembly, anno 1638, inand than expected; but the win- Presbyteries are in fome necessary

* A presbytery is a church assembly, consisting of fix or seven ministers or ele ders, and a moderator chosen from ainongst themselves.


exigents allowed to dispense with Lord's days, and in the episcopal publication of bans, and the minif- congregations, which the two parter and + kirk-leffion, upon grave ties frequent. and weighty confiderations, are in Now moft; if not all, the mar. use to dispense with part of the law, riages had in Scotland, by persons by proclaiming the parties twice in going down from England, to evade one day, and sometimes thrice, and the marriage-act, have been celethey most be called by their name brated (as I am credibly informedy and surname

in the episcopal meeting-houses, Thus ftands the law as to mar- and that without the publication of siages in the kirk of Scotland. the bans on three Lord's days, and

And by the act 10 Ann. ch. 7. certainly not between parties frefor tolerating episcopal meeting- quenting that episcopal congregahouses in Scotland, the episcopal tion, so that there can be no doubt minifters, ordained by a protestant but these marriages are irregular bishop, are allowed to preach, to and clandeftine. And what an unadminifter the facraments, and to happy situation must the parties có marry. But it is provided; that no such marriages be in, or their issue, epifcopal minifter, or ministers, re. if, when the validity of these marliding within that part of the united riages come to be litigated in Eng. kingdom called Scotland; presume land, they should be deemed invato marry any person; or persons lid, as not being had in pursuance but those whose bans have been of the laws in that country wherë daly published three several Lord's they were celebrated ! days in the epifcopal congregation It is to be hoped, indeed, that there which the two parties frequent, and marriages will be allowed good, as in the churches to which they belong were the Fleec-marriages, tho'very as parishioners, by virtue of their irregular ones; but what persons of residence, and upon the fame pains common prudence would run any and punishments as are already in- hazard at all on such an occafion? flicted by the laws of Scotland, in Ended the sessions at the

i 6th, cafes of clandestine marriage; and Old Bailey, at which civo the ministers of the parih churches received sentence of death, one of are thereby obliged to publish the whom was, a few days after, exea faid bans; and, in cale of negle&t or cuted; fixteen received sentence of refusal, it shall be fufficient to pub- transportation for seven years, aud bith the fald bans in any episcopal one for fourteen, who was the same congregation alone.

day pardoned by his majesty three From hence it appears, that no were burnt in the hand, and one marriage can be lawfully had in the whipped. eftablished church of Scotland, but As Mr. Taylor, junt archorby publishing the bans three times; smich at Limehouse, was putting and in the episcopal meeting-houses fome old iron into the fire, the the publication must be on three barrel of an old pistol happened to

+ A kirk session is the lowest ecclefiaftical court, or parish consistory, which is composed of the minister, or ministers, if more than one in the parish, and thie elders and deacon; with a clerk or beadle.


be in the parcel, which, being load- W. to N. W. aud drove them clear ed, in a little time went off, and un- of the whole squadron. They were fortunately shot him dead.

-We chained together; and if they had mention accidents of this kind from been managed with that coolness time to time, to put people on their and intrepidity, which such an enguard.

terprize requires, they might have One of the French king's guards, done fatal execution. The Brest who had given himself several Squadron, which has three battalionis wounds in the beily, and pretended on board, are ready to fail ; and that he had received them from two four large transports are gone from assassins, who would have forced Bourdeaux full of troops. their passage into the royal pre- The prince of Mecklensence

, in hopes of being promoted burg Strelitz, fecond brother 25th. for his zeal and diligence, was late. to ber majesty, arrived in London. ly hanged at Paris. It was this

During the course of this month, affair gave rise to a late report, the town was grealy alarmed by concerning a fresh attempt on the fome uncommon noises heard at a French king's life.

house in Cock-lane, West-SmithA Swede has invented a machine field; and as the manner of makfor threshing corn, by which cwo ing these noises has not as yet been men can do the work of 16; a sufficiently ascertained, though semachine much wanted in England veral persons have smarted severely at this junctu. e.

for pretending to affix a meaning The king went to the to them, we think it our duty to 19th. house of peers, and made a give the reader a summary of the speech, on occafion of his majesty's whole affair. But as it is of some having declared war against Spain, length, we have placed it at the end which speech, with his majeft's an- of the Chronicle. swers to the addresses of both houses,

Mr. Daniel Armstrong, who died the reader may fee in our last, lately at Bath, has left 500 1. to the Vol. IV. p. [303].

Foundling and Lying-in hospitals. Extract of a letter from Basque Road, Mrs. Lawrence, of Bishopsgatedated Dec. 26, 1761.

street, was lately delivered of three “ Three fire-boats, of 50 tons fons. each, were lately set on float, under

Died lately. William Maple, of the command of the captain of the Dublin, Esq; aged 101. port's son, aslifted by four men of

Mr. John Rider, of Greenhill, war's boats; but through precipi- near Dublin, aged 110. tation, mistake, or accident, two of At Gratz in Vogtland, a man them blew up, and every soul pe- who had lived to the age


135 rished. The explosion was terrible; without any illness. He had seen they continued burning with great feven emperors of Germany. fury from one till day.light. As the wind blew when they took fire, they were in the stream of the Prin- FEBRU AR Y. cess Amelia, an 80 gun fhip, commanded by capt. Montague ; but The parliament of Ireprovidentially the wind shifted from land having taken under

3d. their consideration, the excessive he resolved on hiding his treasure' price of coals in the city of Dublin, in such a manner, as to escape the it was, among other regulations, re- moft Itrict examination. He dug a commended by the committee ap- ' kind of a cave in his wine-cellar, pointed to enquire into the caules which he made so large and deep, of this complaint, that the govern- that he used to go down to it with a ment should appoint persons to buy ladder ; at the entrance of it was a in a certain quantity of coals, when door with a spring lock on it, which coals are at the cheapest, and to re- on shutting would farten of itself. tail them out again at a moderate Very låtely manf. Foscue was milprofit, to such journeymen. tradef- fing'; diligent search was made men, manufacturers, and poor, as after him in every place; the ponds shall produce certificates from the were drawn, and every method minifters of their respective parishes which human imagination could of their actual poverty; a regula suggest was taken for finding him, tion that would be of valt utility to but all in vain. In a short time afthis metropolis.

ter his house was sold, and the pur6th, ,

An old man standing at chaser beginning either to rebuild

the fire-side of the 3 per cent. ir, or make some alterations in it, office at the Bank, was observed to the workmen discovered a door in pick up the coals and put them in the cellar with a key in the lock, his pocket; and afterwards went to which he ordered to be opened, and the books, and received his dividend on going down they found mons. upon 6ool. Itock. He was carried Foscue lying dead on the ground, before a magistrate, where the with a candlestick near him, but no coals were taken out of his pocket; candle in it, which he had eat: and but by reason of his age, and his on searching farther they found the extreme penitence, he was released, vast wealth that he had amassed.

An extraordinary instance of ava- It is supposed, that when monf. rice and peculation has lately been Foscue went into his cave, the discovered in France. Moni. Fol. door by some accident shut after cue, one of the farmers.general of h.m; and being out of the call of the province of Languedoc, who any person, he perished for want of had amassed considerable wealth by food. He had gnawed the flesh off grinding the faces of the poor with both his arms, as is suppoled for : in his province, and every other subsistence. Thus did this miser, die means, however low, bare, or cruel, . in the midst of his treasure, to the by which he rendered himself uni. fcandal of himself, and to the prejuversally hated, was one day ordered dice of the ilate. by the government to raise a confi- His mjesty went to the

ioth. derable fum: upon which, as an

houle of



his excuse for not complying with the alient, to-An act for raising by andemand, he pleaded extreme po.

nuities in manner

therein verty ; but fearing left some of the tioned, the sum of twelve millions, inhabitants of Languedoc thoud to be charged on the sinking fund, give information to the contrary, &c. &c.--An act for granting to his lelt his house should be searched, majelly several rates and duties

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