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thing fhall determine me to furrender the fort, unless you fhall have totally deftroyed it, and that I fhall have no more powder to fire. I have the honour to be, fir, your moft humble, and most obedient fervant, The count D'HAUSSONVILLE.

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Count d'Hauffonville to lieut. col. Amberft.

SIR,

UNDER the uncertainty of the fuccours which I may receive either from France or its allies, and the fort being entire, and in a condition for a long defence, I am refolved to defend myself to the last extremity. The capitulation which. they may think proper to grant me will determine me to furrender the place to you, in order to prevent the effufion of blood of the men who

defend it.

Whatever refolution you come to, there is one left to me, which would hurt the interefts of the fovereign you ferve. I have the honour to be, fir, your most obedient humble fervant, Count D'HAUSSONVILLE.

Fort St. John's, Sept. 18, 1762.

Camp before St. John's, SIR, Sept. 18, 1762.

Have juft had the honour of your letter. His Britannic majefty's fleet and army co-operating here, will not give any other terms to the garrifon of St. John's than their furrendering prifoners of war.

I don't thirst after the blood of the garrifon; but you must deter. mine quickly, or expect the confequences; for this is my final determination. I am, fir, your most obedient humble fervant,

WM. AMHERST. To count d'Hauffonville.

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This is to be figned by Lord Colville, but will remain at present, as afterwards, in full force. WM. AMHERST. Le compte D'HAUSSONVILLE. Camp before St. John's, Sept. 18, 1762.

Signed,

The French troops that served in Cana, being defirous of erecting a monument in honour of Montcalm their general, who fell in the action at Quebec, when we also loft the brave Wolfe, a French colonel wrote to the academy of Belles Lettres for an epitaph, 10 be placed over Montcalm's tomb, in a church in that city; which occafioned the following letter from M. De Bougainville, member of the academy, to Mr. Pitt.

governor of Quebec, allow it to be placed in the Urfuline church. You will be pleased, fir, to pardon me for this intrufion on your important Occupations; but endeavouring to immortalize illuftrious men and eminent patriots, is doing honour to yourself.

I am with refpect, &c.
DE BOUGAINVILLE.

Mr. Pitt's anfwer.

SIR,

is a real fatisfaction to me, to fend you the king's confent on a fubject so affecting, as the epitaph compofed by the academy of infcriptions, at Paris, for the marquis de Montcalm, and which, it is defired, may be fent to Quebec, engraved on marble, to be placed on

the tomb of that illuftrious foldier : It is perfectly beautiful; and the defire of the French troops, which ferved in Canada, to pay fuch a tribute to the memory of their general, whom they faw expire at their head, in a manner worthy of them and himself, is truly noble and praise worthy.

I fhall take a pleasure, fir, in in facilitating, every way, fuch amiable intentions; and on notice of the measures taken for fhipping this marble, I will not fail immediately to tranfmit you the paffport you defire, and fend directions to the governor of Quebec for its reception.

SIR,

ΤΗ
HE honours paid, under your
ministry, to Mr. Wolfe, affure
me, that you will not difapprove of
the grateful endeavours of the
French troops, to perpetuate the
memory of the marquis de Mont-
calm. The body of this general,
who was honoured by the regret of
your nation, is interred in Quebec.
I have the honour to fend
you an
epitaph made for him by the aca-
demy of infcriptions: I beg the fa-
vour of you, fir, that you will be
pleased to examine it, and, if not
improper, obtain leave for me to fend
it to Quebec, engraved on marble,
and to be placed on the marquis de
Montcalm's tomb. Should fuch
leave be granted, may I prefume,
fir, that you will be fo good as to
inform me of it, and, at the fame
time, to fend me a paffport, that
the marble, with the epitaph en-
graved on it, may be received into
an English ship, and Mr. Murray,

I withal beg of you, fir, to be perfuaded of my juft fenfibility of that fo obliging part of the letter with which you have honoured me relating to myself, and to believe that I embrace as a happiness, the opportunity of manifefting the esteem and particular regard with which I have the honour to be, &c. London, April 10,

1761.

W. PITT.
The

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The EPITAPH was as follows:

Utroque in urbe æternum victurus
Ludovicus Jofephus de MONTCALM GOZON,
Marchio fancti Verani, Baro Gabriaci,
Ordinis fancti Ludovici Commendator,
Legatus Generalis Exercituum Gallicorum ;
Egregius et Civis & Miles,

Nullius rei appetens præterquam veræ laudis,
Ingenio felici, & literis exculto ;

Omnes Militiæ gradus per continua decora emenfus,
Omnium Belli Artium, temporum, difcriminum gnarus,
In Italia, in Bohemia, in Germania
Dux induftrius.

Mandata fibi ita femper gerens ut majoribus par haberetur,
Jam clarus periculis

Ad tutandam Canadenfem Provinciam miffus,
Parva militum manu Hoftium copias non femel repulit,
Propugnacula cepit viris armifque inftruétiffima.
Algoris, inedia, vigiliarum, laboris patiens,
Suis unice profpiciens, immemor fui,
Hoftis acer, Victor manfuetus.

Fortunam virtute, virium inopiam peritia & celeritate compenfavit;
Imminens Coloniæ fatum & confilio & manu per quadriennium fuftinuit,
Tandem ingentem Exercitum Duce ftrenuo & audaci,
Claffemque omni bellorum mole gravem,
Multiplici prudentia diu ludificatus,
Vi pertractus ad dimicandum,

In prima acie, in primo conflictu vulneratus,
Religioni quam femper coluerat innitens,
Magno fuorum defiderio, nec fine hoftium moerore,
Extinctus eft

Die XIV. Sept. A. D. M DCC LIX. ætat. XLVIII.
Mortales optimi ducis exuvias in excavata humo
Quam globus bellicus decidens diffilienfque defoderat
Galli lugentes depofuerunt,

Et generofæ hoftium fidei commendarunt.

TRANSLATIO N.

Here lieth,

In either hemifphere to live for ever,

LEWIS JOSEPH DE MONTCALM GOZON,
Marquis of St. Veran, baron of Gabriac,
Commendatory of the order of St. Lewis,
Lieutenant-general of the French army;
Not lefs an excellent citizen than foldier,
Who knew no defire but that of true glory;
Happy in a natural genius, improved by literature,
Having gone through the feveral fteps of military honours
With uninterrupted luftre,
Skill'd in all the arts of war,

The

The juncture of times, and the crifis of dangers,
In Italy, in Bohemia, in Germany,
An indefatigable general.

He fo difcharged his important trufts,
That he feemed always equal to fill greater.
At length, grown bright with perils,
Sent to fecure the province of Canada,
With a handful of men

He more than once repulfed the enemy's forces,
And made himself mafter of their forts
Replete with troops and ammunition.
Inured to cold, hunger, watchings, and labours,
Unmindful of himself,

He had no fenfation but for his foldiers;
An enemy with the fiercet impetuofity,
A victor with the tendereft humanity.
Adverse fortune he compenfated with valour,
The want of ftrength with kill and activity;
And, with his counfel and fupport,

For four years protracted the impending fate of the colony,
Having with various artifices

Long baffled a great army,

Headed by an expert and intrepid commander,
And a fleet furnished with all warlike ftores,
Compelled at length to an engagement,
He fell, in the firft rank, in the first onfet,
With thofe hopes of religion which he had always cherished,
To the inexpreffible lofs of his own army,
And not without the regret of the enemy's,

XIV. September, A. D. M DCC LIX. of his age XLVIII,
His weeping countrymen

Depofited the remains of their excellent general

In a grave,

Which a fallen bomb in burfting had excavated for him, Recommending them to the generous faith of their enemies,

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CHARACTER S.

ever lived, was born at Versailles, on the 4th of August, 1703. He was fon of Philip, duke of Orleans, afterwards Regent, and of Mary Frances, of Bourbon. He discovered in his very childhood a reverence for religion; a fhining genius and enlarged understanding. He was particularly fond of natural philo fophy and natural history; but those, who had the mangement of his education, were often obliged to restrain and interrupt his ftudies, on account of the weakness of his conftitution, and the frequent indifpofitions to which he was fubject. At the time his father became regen: of France, he made his firft appearance at court. After the death of that prince, he married, in 1724, Augufta Maria, of Baden, a princess eminent for her fine qualities, and truly worthy of him. This il luftrious couple lived together in the tendereft union, but it was foon unhappily interrupted by death: for the princefs died in the year 1726. She was lamented by all ranks of people,

A death fo premature, joined with the reflections which the duke of Orleans had already made on that of the regent, made him fully

The life of Louis, late Duke of Or fenfible of the vanity of titles, preleans. eminence and earthly enjoyments He immediately proposed to himfeif a new plan of life, which he afterwards purfued, dividing his time between the duties peculiar to his rank, the exercises of a chriftian, and

B

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'HE illuftrious perfon. Some particulars of whole life are the fubject of the following piece, as the fon of that famous duke of Orleans, whofe character is too well known to need any delineation, and too profligate to furnish any example. The fon was in every thing, but parts and genius, the very reverfe of that father; and applied his great abilities of mind and fortune as faithfully to their proper purposes, as the father had perverted bis from that rational end, for which Providence has defigned fuch important gifts. It is hard to conceive a more amiable picture than that of so great a Prince, employed in the pursuit of knowledge and the exercife of piety; and devoting all his time, influence, and fortune, to the honour of his Maker, and the good of his fellow creatures; rewarding merit and relieving indigence. With whatever peculiarities his religion, country, or conftitution may have tinged his character, they will not detract from his example; nor diminifh his merit in the eyes of thofe, who in human beings confider only the great outline and general tenor of their actions, who judge of religion only by its fincerity, and of virtue by its efficacy.

L

OUIS D'Orleans Duke of Orleans, first prince of the blood royal of France, and one of the most pious and most learned princes that VOL. V.

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